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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Cosmocampus: [ 31 ] records


albirostris, Corythoichthys Kaup [J. J.] (ex Heckel) 1856:25 [Catalogue of lophobranchiate fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2575] Bahia; Mexico. Syntypes: BMNH 1978.9.12.4 (1), Mexico; SMNS 24579 (2), Bahia (not found in 2005); NMW (1, not found in 1995). •Valid as Cosmocampus albirostris (Kaup 1856) -- (Dawson 1982:121 [ref. 6764], Robins & Ray 1986:125 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:94 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1053 [ref. 23897], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:189 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Fritzsche & Vincent 2003:1222 [ref. 27044], Smith et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Kuiter 2009:235 [ref. 30404], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:170 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:35 [ref. 33341], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Robertson et al. 2020:163 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho 2023:102 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus albirostris (Kaup 1856). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and South Carolina (U.S.A.) south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. IUCN (2015): Least concern. Habitat: marine.

arctum, Siphostoma Jenkins [O. P.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1889:137 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 698); ref. 2342] Guaymas Bay, Sonora, Gulf of California, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 39639. •Valid as Bryx arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889) -- (Fritzsche 1980:195 [ref. 1511], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:130 [ref. 9277]). •Valid as Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889), subspecies arctus -- (Thomson et al. 2000:67 [ref. 25640]). •Valid as Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889) -- (Dawson 1985:48 [ref. 6541], Allen & Robertson 1994:97 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:292 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:287 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:102 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:71 [ref. 37547], Kuiter 2009:235 [ref. 30404], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Kells et al. 2016:124 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:56 [ref. 37205], Love et al. 2021:102 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: northern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

ascendens, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1876:375 [179] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 8 Nov. 1876); ref. 14211] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 179 of separate. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

balli, Corythoichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1925:24 [Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum No. 22; ref. 15538] Waikiki Reef, Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 3414. Paratypes: ?BPBM 10537 [ex BPBM 3414] (2), USNM 109377 (1). •Valid as Cosmocampus balli (Fowler 1925) -- (Dawson 1985:49 [ref. 6541], Mundy 2005:318 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:160 [ref. 30952], Kuiter 2009:237 [ref. 30404], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus balli (Fowler 1925). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

banneri, Syngnathus Herald [E. S.] & Randall [J. E.] 1972:135, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 39 (no. 11); ref. 2097] About 1/2 mile off harbor of Ishigaki City, Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, western North Pacific, depth 20-35 feet. Holotype: BPBM 8695. Paratypes: CAS 14375 (1). •Valid as Cosmocampus banneri (Herald & Randall 1972) -- (Dawson 1985:51 [ref. 6541], Dawson 1986:447 [ref. 5650], Paxton et al. 1989:415 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:19 [ref. 13251], Ho et al. 1993:6 [ref. 22789], Goren & Dor 1994:19 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:100 [ref. 22896], Senou & Ono 1998:6 [ref. 24383], Myers 1999:90 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:149 [ref. 24106], Paulus 1999:2270 [ref. 24794], Allen 2000:86 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:523 [ref. 25086], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:26 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:523 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:28 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Fricke 2004:19 [ref. 28269], Randall 2005:106 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:817 [ref. 29073], Kuiter 2009:239 [ref. 30404], Fricke et al. 2011:375 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:191 [ref. 31980], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Golani & Fricke 2018:49 [ref. 36273], Moots 2022:447 [ref. 39722], Stiller et al. 2022: Additional file p. 23 [ref. 39142]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus banneri (Herald & Randall 1972). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Comoros, Seychelles and Mascarenes (Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Marshall Islands and Fiji and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

brachycephalus, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1868:444 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Havana, Cuba. Lectotype: MCZ 11726. Paralectotypes: MCZ 54085 [ex MCZ11726] (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:184 [ref. 22926] wrongly with a holotype and paratype. Lectotype selected by Dawson 1962:132 [ref. 6764]. •Valid as Cosmocampus brachycephalus (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:128 [ref. 6764], Robins & Ray 1986:125 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:268 [ref. 24472], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:189 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Fritzsche & Vincent 2003:1222 [ref. 27044], Smith et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:19 [ref. 28815], Kuiter 2009:236 [ref. 30404], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:35 [ref. 33341], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:75 [ref. 38844], Martínez-Servín et al. 2023:117 [ref. 40726]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus brachycephalus (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

brederi, Corythoichthys Parr [A. E.] 1930:30, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 4); ref. 3370] Cat Island, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 2528. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:26 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Cosmocampus albirostris (Kaup 1856) -- (Dawson 1982:122 [ref. 6764]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus albirostris (Kaup 1856). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

caldwelli, Syngnathus Herald [E. S.] & Randall [J. E.] 1972:133, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 39 (no. 11); ref. 2097] Anakena Cove, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 4.6 meters. Holotype: LACM 6560-3. Paratypes: UBC 65440 (1), 65449 (2); BPBM 6596 (1), 10856 (2); CAS 13922 (1), 24202 (2); LACM 6560-41 (2); USNM 203409 (1). •Synonym of Parasyngnathus howensis Whitley 1948 -- (Fritzsche 1981 [ref. 21286]). •Synonym of Cosmocampus howensis (Whitley 1948) -- (Dawson 1985:52 [ref. 6541], Kuiter 2009:235 [ref. 30404]). •Valid as Cosmocampus caldwelli (Herald & Randall 1972) -- (J. Randall, July 2013). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus caldwelli (Herald & Randall 1972). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

cayorum, Corythroichthys Evermann [B. W.] & Kendall [W. C.] 1898:128, Pl. 7 (fig. 7) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 17 (art. 5) (for 1897); ref. 1281] Near Crawfish Bar, Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 48784. Paratypes: USFC 526 (1, ? now at USNM), CAS-SU 6313 (1), USNM 127138 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:60 [ref. 12291]. Original genus should have been Corythoichthys. •Synonym of Cosmocampus brachycephalus (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:128 [ref. 6764]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus brachycephalus (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

coccineus, Syngnathus Herald [E. S.] 1940:57 [Report Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-1938 v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 2095] Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands, depth 3 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 101688. Paratypes: LACM 20113 [ex AHF 7] (1); CAS-SU 34340 (1); USNM 92120 (1), 101690 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:62 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Bryx coccineus (Herald 1940) -- (Fritzsche 1980:196 [ref. 1511]). •Synonym of Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889), but a valid subspecies -- (Dawson 1985:49 [ref. 6541], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:287 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:67 [ref. 25640], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957]). •Valid as Cosmocampus coccineus (Herald 1940) -- (Kuiter 2009:238 [ref. 30404], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus coccineus (Herald 1940). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Nayarit (Mexico) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

darrosanus, Syngnathus Dawson [C. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1975:269, Figs. 4-5 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 88 (no. 25); ref. 7416] Off eastern side of D'Arros Island, Amirante Isles, depth 0-2.1 meters. Holotype: ANSP 128815. Paratypes: GCRL 13302 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:159 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cosmocampus darrosanus (Dawson & Randall 1975) -- (Dawson 1985:52 [ref. 6541], Paxton et al. 1989:416 [ref. 12442], Myers 1999:90 [ref. 23965], Paulus 1999:2270 [ref. 24794], Allen & Adrim 2003:28 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:618 [ref. 27495], Paxton et al. 2006:817 [ref. 29073], Kuiter 2009:239 [ref. 30404], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Fricke et al. 2018:122 [ref. 35805], Moots 2022:448 [ref. 39722]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus darrosanus (Dawson & Randall 1975). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Mariana Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

elucens, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1868:443 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Havana, Cuba. No types known. •Valid as Syngnathus elucens Poey 1868 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:126 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:269 [ref. 24472]). •Valid as Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:132 [ref. 6764], Boschung 1992:94 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1054 [ref. 23897], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:228 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:189 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Fritzsche & Vincent 2003:1222 [ref. 27044], Menezes & Moura in Menezes et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27192] dated 1810, Smith et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Kuiter 2009:236 [ref. 30404], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:35 [ref. 33341], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

flavirostris, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1876:374 [178] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 8 Nov. 1876); ref. 14211] Havana, Cuba. No types known. On p. 178 of separate. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

heraldi, Bryx (Simocampus) Fritzsche [R. A.] 1980:193, Fig. 5C [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 42 (no. 6); ref. 1511] Isla San Félix, Chile, depth 9-12 meters. Holotype: SIO 65-626. Paratypes: GCRL 15755 [ex SIO 65-645] (1); SIO 65-624 (1), 65-626 (2), 65-634 (1), 65-655 (1). •Synonym of Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889), but a valid subspecies -- (Dawson 1985:49 [ref. 6541], Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125], Thomson et al. 2000:67 [ref. 25640]). •Valid as Bryx heraldi Fritzsche 1980 -- (Pequeño 1997:82 [ref. 23536], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906]). •Valid as Cosmocampus heraldi (Fritzsche 1980) -- (Kuiter 2009:235 [ref. 30404], Dyer & Westneat 2010:602 [ref. 31446], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus heraldi (Fritzsche 1980). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Desventuradas Islands (Chile). Habitat: marine.

hildebrandi, Syngnathus Herald [E. S.] 1965:366 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 32 (no. 12); ref. 9215] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 117251. Paratypes: USNM 73235 (1), 73239 (1), 109826 (1), 134312 (1). •Valid as Syngnathus hildebrandi Herald 1965 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:126 [ref. 23100]). •Valid as Cosmocampus hildebrandi (Herald 1965) -- (Dawson 1982:139 [ref. 6764], Boschung 1992:95 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1055 [ref. 23897], Fritzsche & Vincent 2003:1222 [ref. 27044], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Kuiter 2009:237 [ref. 30404], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus hildebrandi (Herald 1965). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

howensis, Parasyngnathus Whitley [G. P.] 1948:77 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.5473. •Valid as Parasyngnathus howensis Whitley 1948 -- (Fritzsche 1981 [ref. 21286]). •Valid as Cosmocampus howensis (Whitley 1948) -- (Dawson 1985:52 [ref. 6541], Paxton et al. 1989:416 [ref. 12442], ?Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125] as howensi, Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Paulus 1999:2270 [ref. 24794], Johnson 1999:726 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:10 [ref. 25829], Paxton et al. 2006:817 [ref. 29073], Kuiter 2009:235 [ref. 30404], Stewart 2015:1054 [ref. 34254], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus howensis (Whitley 1948). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Southern Pacific: New South Wales (Australia) to Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

independencia, Syngnathus Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:153, Fig. 34 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Independencia Bay, Peru. Holotype: USNM 127853. Paratypes: Gov't of Peru (1), USNM 127854 (now 2). •Synonym of Bryx (simocampus) coccineus (Herald 1940) -- (Fritzsche 1980:196 [ref. 1511]). •Synonym of Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889) -- (Dawson 1985:49 [ref. 6541]). •Probably a synonym of Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:102 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus arctus (Jenkins & Evermann 1889). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

investigatoris, Syngnathus Hora [S. L.] 1926:461, Pl. 11 (fig. 4) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 27 (pt 6); ref. 2207] Mergui Harbor, Myanmar, depth 6 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F10723/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:141 [ref. 20743], Dawson 1985:53 [ref. 6541]. See Das 2003:369 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Syngnathus investigatoris Hora 1926 -- (Dawson 1981:87 [ref. 21124]). •Valid as Cosmocampus investigatoris (Hora 1926) -- (Dawson 1985:53 [ref. 6541], Randall 1995:101 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:133 [ref. 23922], Paulus 1999:2270 [ref. 24794], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:603 [ref. 25122], Kuiter 2009:238 [ref. 30404], Allen & Erdmann 2012:191 [ref. 31980], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Eagderi et al. 2019:133 [ref. 37020], Moots 2022:448 [ref. 39722]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus investigatoris (Hora 1926). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf east to Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

linea, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1876:374 [178] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 8 Nov. 1876); ref. 14211] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: (2). On p. 178 of separate. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

lumbricoides, Syngnathus Maugé [A. L.] 1981:61, Fig. 1 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 8574] Iftay, southwestern coast of Madagascar. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0677. Paratypes: MNHN 1979-0678 (2). •Synonym of Syngnathus darrosanus Dawson & Randall 1975 -- (Dawson 1985:52 [ref. 6541]). •Synonym of Cosmocampus darrosanus (Dawson & Randall 1975). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus darrosanus (Dawson & Randall 1975). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

marmoreus, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1876:374 [178] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 8 Nov. 1876); ref. 14211] Havana, Cuba. No types known. On p. 178 of separate. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

maxweberi, Syngnathus (Parasyngnathus) Whitley [G. P.] 1933:66 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] Saleh Bay, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112623. Replacement name for Syngnathus punctatus Weber 1913, preoccupied by Syngnathus punctatus Rafinesque 1810. •Valid as Cosmocampus maxweberi (Whitley 1933) -- (Dawson 1980:221 [ref. 21123], Dor 1984:76 [ref. 29757], Dawson 1985:53 [ref. 6541], Paxton et al. 1989:416 [ref. 12442], Goren & Dor 1994:19 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:90 [ref. 23965], Paulus 1999:2270 [ref. 24794], Allen & Adrim 2003:28 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:107 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:817 [ref. 29073], Kuiter 2009:238 [ref. 30404], Allen & Erdmann 2012:190 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:46 [ref. 33932], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Golani & Fricke 2018:49 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36673], Moots 2022:449 [ref. 39722]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus maxweberi (Whitley 1933). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Syngnathus Günther [A.] 1870:166 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Locality given as: ? Vanuatu; ? South America. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1847.5.14.39 (1) S. America, 1860.7.18.63 (dry). •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:132 [ref. 6764]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

picturatus, Syngnathus Poey [F.] 1876:374 [178] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 8 Nov. 1876); ref. 14211] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 178 of separate. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

pipulus, Syngnathus Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1932:115 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 5); ref. 9330] The Reach, Bermuda. Holotype (unique): USNM 170914 [ex NYZS 25152]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:134 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:133 [ref. 6764], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:189 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

profundus, Corythoichthys Herald [E. S.] 1965:364 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 32 (no. 12); ref. 9215] About 90 miles off Melbourne, Florida, 27°56'N, 79°05'W, U.S.A., depth 100 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 198096. •Valid as Cosmocampus profundus (Herald 1965) -- (Dawson 1982:125 [ref. 6764], Robins & Ray 1986:125 [ref. 23100], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Fritzsche & Vincent 2003:1222 [ref. 27044], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Kuiter 2009:239 [ref. 30404], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615], Pimentel et al. 2020:6 [ref. 38051]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus profundus (Herald 1965). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Syngnathus Weber [M.] 1913:113, Fig. 39 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Saleh Bay, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia, Siboga station 313, depth 36 meters. Holotype: ZMA 112623. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:81 [ref. 19236]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Syngnathus punctatus Rafinesque 1810, replaced by Syngnathus (Parasyngnathus) maxweberi Whitley 1933. •Synonym of Cosmocampus maxweberi (Whitley 1933) -- (Dawson 1980:221 [ref. 21123], Paxton et al. 1989:416 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:817 [ref. 29073]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus maxweberi (Whitley 1933). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

retropinnis, Cosmocampus Dawson [C. E.] 1982:135, Figs. 1, 2 (top) [Zoologica Scripta v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 5440] Northeastern Atlantic, 18°22'N, 18°14'W, Dana station 4007, depth estimated 0-35 meters over 2425 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P39646. Paratypes: GCRL 17056-57 (1, 1); USNM 225317 (1); ZMUC P39644-45 (1, 1), P39647-49 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Cosmocampus retropinnis Dawson 1982 -- (Dawson 1990:658 [ref. 17542], Kuiter 2009:238 [ref. 30404], Fritzsche 2016:2234 [ref. 34608], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 1 [ref. 35615]). Current status: Valid as Cosmocampus retropinnis Dawson 1982. Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

robertsi, Siphostoma Jordan [D. S.] & Rutter [C. L.] 1897:97 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 49; ref. 10644] Kingston, Jamaica. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 4988. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:61 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:133 [ref. 6764]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

walcotti, Syngnathus Nichols [J. T.] 1937:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 934; ref. 15292] St. John Island, Virgin Islands, West Indies. Holotype (unique): AMNH 13685. •Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868) -- (Dawson 1982:134 [ref. 6764]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus elucens (Poey 1868). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.

zatropis, Siphostoma Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:264 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Snapper banks off Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 30865. •Synonym of Cosmocampus albirostris (Kaup 1882) -- (Dawson 1982:121 [ref. 6764]). Current status: Synonym of Cosmocampus albirostris (Kaup 1856). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Habitat: marine.


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