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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Neoniphon: [ 30 ] records


achromopterus, Flammeo Fowler [H. W.] 1904:236, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 56; ref. 1365] Samoa. Holotype (unique): ANSP 14141. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:113 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Kotlyar, pers. comm., 3/03). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

angulosus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:430, 477, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Indian seas. Syntypes: MNHN A-5419 (1, dry, poor condition), B-2164 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:97 [ref. 19171], Bauchot 1970:19 [ref. 20740]. Based on Commerson drawing with underlying specimens at MNHN. •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

angustifrons, Holocentrus Ogilby [J. D.] 1908:32 [Annals of the Queensland Museum No. 9 (pt 1); ref. 3285] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): QM I.1115. Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

anjouanae, Holocentrus Fourmanoir [P.] in Fourmanoir & Guézé 1962:7 [Publications de l'Institut de Recherche Scientifique de Madagascar.; ref. 22868] Anjouan, Comoro Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Neoniphon aurolineatus (Liénard 1839) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:3 [ref. 5144], Randall 2007:151 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon aurolineatus (Liénard 1839). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

argenteum, Holocentrum Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:502 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] New Guinea. Lectotype: MNHN A-2638. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-2531 (1), A-2639 (2). Type catalog: Klausewitz & Bauchot 1967:124-125, Fig. 3 on p. 123 [ref. 20909], Bauchot 1970:13-14 [ref. 20740]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Bauchot 1967:124 [ref. 20909]. Original genus should have been spelled Holocentrus. •Valid as Flammeo argenteus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:112 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:3 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:416 [ref. 5707], Paxton et al. 1989:378 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:17 [ref. 13251], Kotlyar 1996:82 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:68 [ref. 23977], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:83 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:131 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2235 [ref. 24790], Nakabo 2000:492 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:492 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:30 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:92 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066], Fricke et al. 2011:373 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:172 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:42 [ref. 33932], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:82 [ref. 34690], Fricke et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36673], Randall & Heemstra 2022:390 [ref. 39719]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles) and Mascarenes (Mauritius) east to Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, Tonga, and Rapa (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

armatus, Neoniphon Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:5 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:36 [ref. 20740]. •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:379 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

aurolineatum, Holocentrum Liénard [F.] 1839:32 [Rapport Annuel sur les travaux de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice No. 10; ref. 17536] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): NHMI (not found). Original as auro-lineatum. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:21, 22 [ref. 30339]. •Valid as Neoniphon aurolineatus (Liénard 1839) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:3 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:416 [ref. 5707], Paxton et al. 1989:378 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:64 [ref. 15987], Kotlyar 1996:83 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:68 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:64 [ref. 25919], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:83 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:131 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2235 [ref. 24790], Nakabo 2000:492 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Nakabo 2002:492 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:92 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:308 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2005:131 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:151 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:34 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:172 [ref. 31980], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:83 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35333], Kotlyar 2017:34 [ref. 35137], Fricke et al. 2018:114 [ref. 35805], Durville et al. 2021:310 [ref. 38802], Randall & Heemstra 2022:391 [ref. 39719]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon aurolineatus (Liénard 1839). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, Comoros, Aldabra (Seychelles) and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.) and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), Philippines, south to northern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

brachypterus, Holocentrus Poey [F.] 1865:184 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 1; ref. 13954] Cuba. Possible types: NMW 78712 (1). •Synonym of Holocentrus vexillarium (Poey 1860) -- (Woods 1955:109 [ref. 12538], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:186 [ref. 25013]). •Synonym of Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

christianum, Holocentrum Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:219 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Possible types: ZMB 494 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:35 [ref. 20740]. Also appeared as Rüppell 1829:83, 85 [ref. 3843]. •Synonym of Flammeo sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:71 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Golani & Fricke 2018:45 [ref. 36273]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

coruscum, Holocentrum Poey [F.] 1860:158 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35195]. •Valid as Holocentrus coruscus Poey 1860 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:114 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:245 [ref. 24472], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1016 [ref. 23897]). •Valid as Sargocentron coruscum (Poey 1860) -- (Kotlyar 1996:84 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 1998:200 [ref. 24674], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:185 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:104 [ref. 26784], Greenfield 2003:1201 [ref. 27041], Smith et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:34 [ref. 33341], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35195], Page et al. 2023:107 [ref. 40505]). •Valid as Neoniphon coruscum (Poey 1860) -- (Dornburg et al. 2012:436 [ref. 32550], Robertson et al. 2020:156 [ref. 38098], Martínez-Servín et al. 2023:114 [ref. 40726]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon coruscum (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

farer, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:44 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P.4042. Unneeded alternative name for Sciaena sammara Fabricius 1775. Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182] acted as first reviser and gave preference to S. sammara. •In the synonymy of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

fuscostriatus, Holocentrus Seale [A.] 1901:69 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 73. Paratypes: (24) ANSP 83956 (14), BPBM 74 (13), USNM 109373 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:113 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775) -- (Kotlyar, pers. comm., 3/03). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

hasta, Neoniphon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:537 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4899] Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not at QM. •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:379 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

laeve, Holocentrum Günther [A.] 1859:47 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Louisiade Archipelago, western Pacific; Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, western Pacific; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1850.7.21.79 (1, stuffed), 1855.11.7.46 (1, stuffed), 1858.4.21.? (1) Ambon. Also listed was Plate VI. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Synonym of Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:3 [ref. 5144], Fricke et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

marianum, Holocentrum Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:219 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2599. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:16-17 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Holocentrus marianus Cuvier 1829 -- (Woods 1955:99 [ref. 12538], Robins & Ray 1986:113 [ref. 23100], Dennis & Bright 1988:4 [ref. 39782], Cervigón 1991:249 [ref. 24472], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1017 [ref. 23897]). •Valid as Flammeo marianus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dornburg et al. 2012:736, Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:33 [ref. 33341] as marinus). •Valid as Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kotlyar 1996:83 [ref. 23292], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:104 [ref. 26784], Greenfield 2003:1200 [ref. 27041], Smith et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807], Randall 2005:92 [ref. 28239], Page et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32708], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Robertson et al. 2020:156 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:74 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:72 [ref. 39585], Martínez-Servín et al. 2023:114 [ref. 40726], Page et al. 2023:107 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier 1829). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Trinidad and Tobago, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

nasutus, Holocentrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:640 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Suriname. •Questionably a synonym of Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier 1829) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Uncertain as Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier 1829). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

operculare, Holocentrum Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:501 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Carteret Harbour, Lambom Island, near Cape Saint-George, southern New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific, ca. 4°48'S, 152°51'E. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2655. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:17 [ref. 20740]. •Valid as Flammeo opercularis (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:112 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Neoniphon opercularis (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:416 [ref. 5707], Paxton et al. 1989:378 [ref. 12442] as operculare, Winterbottom et al. 1989:17 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:64 [ref. 15987], Kotlyar 1996:83 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:68 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:64 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:64 [ref. 25919], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:83 [ref. 23965], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2244 [ref. 24790], Nakabo 2000:492 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:601 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:144 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:492 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:135 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:93 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066], Fricke et al. 2009:34 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:373 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:173 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:42 [ref. 33932], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:84 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:114 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:351 [ref. 37272], Randall & Heemstra 2022:391 [ref. 39719]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon opercularis (Valenciennes 1831). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals and western Mascarenes (La Réunion) east to Line Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

pencei, Neoniphon Copus [J. M.], Pyle [R. L.] & Earle [J. L.] 2015:4, Figs. 1-3 [Biodiversity Data Journal 3.e4180; ref. 33666] Rarotonga, Cook Islands, east side, Matavera, off Charles J. Boyle's house, depth 115 meters. Holotype: BPBM 41197. Paratypes: BPBM 41196 (10), CAS 237596 (1), USNM 431482 (1). •Valid as Neoniphon pencei Copus, Pyle & Earle 2015. Current status: Valid as Neoniphon pencei Copus, Pyle & Earle 2015. Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Rarotonga, Cook Islands. Habitat: marine.

platyrrhinum, Holocentrum Klunzinger [C. B.] 1870:725 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 20; ref. 2621] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: BMNH 1871.7.15.33 (1), ZIN 2660 (1), ZMB 7896 (1). •Synonym of Flammeo sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:71 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Golani & Fricke 2018:45 [ref. 36273]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

puncticulatus, Holocentrus Barbour [T.] 1905:117, Pl. 2 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 46 (no. 7); ref. 15336] Flatts Inlet, Bermuda, depth about 10 feet. Holotype (unique): MCZ 29054. •Synonym of Sargocentron coruscum (Poey 1860) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:185 [ref. 25013], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35195]). •Synonym of Neoniphon coruscum (Poey 1860). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon coruscum (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

riparium, Holocentrum Poey [F.] 1875:111 [37] [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 13 Jan. 1875); ref. 3509] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 10934 (4), 10936 (4). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:183 [ref. 22926]. On p. 37 of separate. •Synonym of Holocentrus vexillarium (Poey 1860) -- (Woods 1955:109 [ref. 12538]). •Synonym of Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

rostratum, Holocentrum Poey [F.] 1860:157 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 10969 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:183 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Holocentrus marianus Cuvier 1829 -- (Woods 1955:99 [ref. 12538]). •Synonym of Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kotlyar, pers. comm., 3/03). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon marianus (Cuvier 1829). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

rubrofuscus, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:343, 389 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Near Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:49 [ref. 20740]. Based on Commerson manuscript. •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 1999:132-133 [ref. 24106]). •Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

sammara, Sciaena Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:48, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4042 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pls. 15-16 [ref. 20847]. Spelled samara in Rüppell 1829:85 [ref. 3843]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Flammeo sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:71 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:112 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:416 [ref. 5707], Allen & Swainston 1988:42 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:379 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:17 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:64 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:17 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:95 [ref. 22896], Kotlyar 1996:83 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:66 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:64 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:64 [ref. 25919], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:83 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:132 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2245 [ref. 24790], Randall 1999:9 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:492 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:601 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:144 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:492 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:226, 550 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:617 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 27510] dated 1831, Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:135 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:93 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:309 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:151 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:34 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:52 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2011:373 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:173 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:73 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:42 [ref. 33932], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:85 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:2 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:114 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:45 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:67 [ref. 36871], Ota 2020:10 [ref. 38493] as samara, Psomadakis et al. 2020:351 [ref. 37272], Yoshigou 2021:50 [ref. 38991], Mehanna & Osman 2022:665 [ref. 39407]). •Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182], Randall & Heemstra 2022:392 [ref. 39719], Noushad K. et al. 2024:45 [ref. 40947]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Kochi Prefecture (Japan), Ogasawara Islands (Japan) and Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), south to Western Australia at 20°33'S, Lord Howe Island (Australia), Tonga and Rapa (French Polynesia); eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea migrant). Habitat: marine.

scythrops, Flammeo Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:174 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50633. Paratypes: AMNH 2285 (1); ANSP 24214 (1); BPBM 1691 (1); CAS [old no.] 1491 (1, lost in 1906), 417 [ex IU 9804] (1); FMNH 3967 (1); MCZ 28893 (1); CAS-SU 7455 (3, now 1), 7456 (11, now 8); USNM 50634 (1), 126575 [ex USFC 2705] (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:63 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:36 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Flammeo scythrops Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Allen & Cross 1983:7 [ref. 8381], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:113 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Neoniphon aurolineatus (Liénard 1839) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:3 [ref. 5144], Randall et al. 1990:64 [ref. 15987], Randall 2005:92 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:308 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:151 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon aurolineatus (Liénard 1839). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

sicciferum, Holocentrum Cope [E. D.] 1871:465 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] New Providence Island, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): ANSP 14138. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:114 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Holocentrus vexillarium (Poey 1860) -- (Woods 1955:109 [ref. 12538]). •Synonym of Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

stercusmuscarum, Holocentrum Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:503 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2637. Type catalog: Klausewitz & Bauchot 1967:125, Fig. 4 on p. 123 [ref. 20909], Bauchot 1970:18-19 [ref. 20740]. Originally as stercus muscarum. •Synonym of Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:3 [ref. 5144]). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon argenteus (Valenciennes 1831). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific from the African coast to Tuamotu (Gambier Island) [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

suborbitale, Holocentrum Gill [T. N.] 1863:86 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1679] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Syntypes: ?CAS 79588 [ex IU 6101] (1), USNM 2319 and 2320 (mixed, total 40). Sargocentron is neuter, so suborbitale would be the correct spelling. •Valid as Sargocentron suborbitalis (Gill 1863) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:95 [ref. 22193], Schneider & Krupp in Fischer et al. 1995:1185 [ref. 22829], Kotlyar 1996:85 [ref. 23292], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:212 [ref. 24545], Allen & Robertson 1997:822 [ref. 41086], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:276 [ref. 24023], Kotlyar 1998:203 [ref. 24674] as suborbitale, Thomson et al. 2000:60 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:70 [ref. 37547], Béarez & Séret 2009:146 [ref. 36646], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34871] as suborbitalis, Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:608 [ref. 34923], Love et al. 2021:101 [ref. 39279] as suborbitale, Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:6 [ref. 40981], Page et al. 2023:107 [ref. 40505]). •Valid as Neoniphon suborbitalis (Gill 1863) -- (Dornburg et al. 2012:436 [ref. 32550], Fourriére et al. 2016:443 [ref. 34668], González-Murcia et al. 2019:292 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon suborbitalis (Gill 1863). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern tip of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Ecuador, including central and southern Gulf of California (Mexico), Clipperton Island (France) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

tortugae, Holocentrus Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [J. C.] 1905:236, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 24 (for 1904); ref. 2538] Garden Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 8412. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:63 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Sargocentron coruscum (Poey 1860) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:185 [ref. 25013], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35195]). •Synonym of Neoniphon coruscum (Poey 1860). Current status: Synonym of Neoniphon coruscum (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Habitat: marine.

vexillarium, Holocentrum Poey [F.] 1860:158 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 10935 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:182-183 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 10935 as holotype. •Valid as Holocentrus vexillarius Poey 1860 -- (Woods 1955:109 [ref. 12538], Robins & Ray 1986:114 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:246 [ref. 24472]). •Valid as Adioryx vexillarius (Poey 1860) -- (Boschung 1992:91 [ref. 23239]). •Valid as Sargocentron vexillarium (Poey 1860) -- (Kotlyar 1996:86 [ref. 23292] as vexillarius, Kotlyar 1998:200 [ref. 24674], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:186 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:104 [ref. 26784], Greenfield 2003:1202 [ref. 27041], Smith et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:34 [ref. 33341], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:30 [ref. 35195], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:72 [ref. 39585]). •Valid as Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860) -- (Dornburg et al. 2012:436 [ref. 32550], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Robertson et al. 2020:156 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:74 [ref. 38844], Martínez-Servín et al. 2023:114 [ref. 40726], Page et al. 2023:107 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon vexillarium (Poey 1860). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.


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