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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Uropterygius: [ 38 ] records


alboguttatus, Uropterygius Smith [J. L. B.] 1962:427, Pl. 60 (fig. E) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 23; ref. 6435] Assumption Island, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 411. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 845-849 (2, 2, 1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:156 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius xanthopterus Bleeker 1859 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:176 [ref. 5645]). •Valid as Uropterygius alboguttatus Smith 1962 -- (Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829] (changed from xanthopterus Bleeker 1859 on attached errata sheet), Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & Smith 2002:156 [ref. 26380], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:51 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:163 [ref. 34130], Smith & Böhlke 2022:73 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius alboguttatus Smith 1962. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

concolor, Uropterygius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:83, Pl. 20 (fig. 4) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 746. Paralectotypes: SMF 7422 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:157-158 [ref. 26380]. Lectotype established by Böhlke 1982:40 [ref. 26388], also by Dor 1984:30 [ref. 29757]. May involve more than one species -- Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155]. •Valid as Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838 -- (Dor 1984:30 [ref. 29757], Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:26 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:175 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:133 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:10 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:7 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:64 [ref. 22017], Randall & Golani 1995:871 [ref. 21744], Myers 1999:51 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:196 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Sakai et al. 2001:85 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:196 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:157 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495] as Rüppell 1837, Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:258 [ref. 29005], Fricke et al. 2009:18 [ref. 30213], Zhang et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:97 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Larson et al. 2013:26 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:40 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:23 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:52 [ref. 36673], Smith et al. 2019:63 [ref. 37159], Smith & Böhlke 2022:74 [ref. 39681], Huang et al. 2023:274 [ref. 40092]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Mariana Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cyamommatus, Uropterygius Huang [W.-C.], Liao [T.-Y.] & Tan [H. H.] 2023:270, Figs. 3-7 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 71; ref. 40092] Whip Cave, a cave system with a narrow cave mouth and lower chambers filled with anchialine water affected by tidal changes, Christmas Island, Australia, 10°25.377ʹS, 105°42.081ʹE. Holotype: WAM P.35403.001. Paratypes: (4) NMMB, WAM, ZRC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Uropterygius cyamommatus Huang, Liao & Tan 2023. Current status: Valid as Uropterygius cyamommatus Huang, Liao & Tan 2023. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Southwest Pacific: anchialine caves in Christmas Island, Australia and Panglao Island, the Philippines. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dentatus, Uropterygius Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:152, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Northern ocean reef, Johnston Island, Pacific. Holotype (unique): USNM 141637. Type catalog: Smith 1994:24 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380]. The Hawaiian population has much higher vertebral numbers, so sentatus may be a valid species -- Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155]. •Either a synonym of Uropterygius supraforatus (Regan 1909) or a valid species -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380]). •Synonym of Uropterygius supraforatus (Regan 1909) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:271 [ref. 24493], Randall 2005:53 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:127 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:98 [ref. 30952], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius supraforatus (Regan 1909). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

diopus, Uropterygius Böhlke [J. E.] 1967:91, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 118 (no. 4); ref. 602] Sandy Cay, near Nassau, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 0-20 feet. Holotype: ANSP 106286. Paratypes: ANSP (12 lots, 16 spec., 1 c&s); LACM 6828-1 (5), 6370-17 (1); MCZ 41475 (1); UF 10687 (2), 11312 (6), 11364 (5); UF [ex UMML] (16, 7 lots); UMML 185417 (6); UMMZ; UPRM; USNM 107046 (1), 199285-88 (1, 1, 1, 2). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:130 [ref. 13621], Smith 1994:24-25 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Uropterygius diopus Böhlke 1967 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:52 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:? [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:370 [ref. 23827]). •Synonym of Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur 1825) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:127 [ref. 13286], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:136 [ref. 25013], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur 1825). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciolata, Gymnomuraena Regan [C. T.] 1909:438 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 14420] Duke of York Island, Tokelau Islands, Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1877.2.24.84. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius fasciolatus (Regan 1909) -- (Myers 1999:51 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:97 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33932], Koeda & Hibino 2017:207 [ref. 40088]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius fasciolatus (Regan 1909). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau and Phoenix Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan); south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

fusca, Gymnomuraena Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1866:524 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1866; ref. 3439] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMB 6180. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838 -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fuscoguttatus, Uropterygius Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:156, Fig. 33 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon off Amen Island, Bikini Atoll., Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 30 feet. Holotype: USNM 141680. Paratypes: FMNH 62588 [ex USNM 141678] (1); USNM 141675-77 (1, 1, 2), 141679 (1), 141681 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:84 [ref. 12367], Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:158-159 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius fuscoguttatus Schultz 1953 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:10 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:42 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:266 [ref. 24493], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:51 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:126 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:258 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:96 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:98 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:40 [ref. 35805], Smith & Böhlke 2022:74 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius fuscoguttatus Schultz 1953. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Comoros, Madagascar and Maldives east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.) and Pitcairn Group, north to Marshall Islands, south to Western Australia, Chesterfield and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

genie, Uropterygius Randall [J. E.] & Golani [D.] 1995:872, Figs. 7-9 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 56, No. 3; ref. 21744] Ras Muhammad, Sinai Peninsula, South Sinai Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 5863. Paratypes: USNM 312814 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380], Type catalog: Golani 2006:21 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Uropterygius genie Randall & Golani 1995 -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:23 [ref. 36273], Smith et al. 2019:66 [ref. 37159], Smith & Böhlke 2022:74 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius genie Randall & Golani 1995. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

golanii, Uropterygius McCosker [J. E.] & Smith [D. G.] 1997:1011, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 22980] Strait of Jubal, southern end of Sinai Peninsula at Ras Muhammed, Egypt, Red Sea, depth 0-10 meters. Holotype: USNM 312830. Paratypes: HUJ 5266 (2); USNM 312831 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius golanii McCosker & Smith 1997 -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], DiBattista et al. 2015:19 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Smith et al. 2019:66 [ref. 37159], Smith & Böhlke 2022:75 [ref. 39681], Huang et al. 2023:274 [ref. 40092]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius golanii McCosker & Smith 1997. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

goslinei, Uropterygius McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:167, Figs. 3c, 5 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 7267] Kayangel Atoll, Palau Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: CAS 35253. Paratypes: AMS I.17600-001 (1); ANSP 117434 (1), 124812 (1); BPBM 19927 (1); CAS 13972 (1), 29103 (1); USNM 215282 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:130 [ref. 13621], Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:159-160 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius goslinei McCosker & Randall 1977 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830]). •Synonym of Uropterygius fasciolatus (Regan 1909) -- (see Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380], Allen & Erdmann 2012:97 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius fasciolatus (Regan 1909). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

inornatus, Uropterygius Gosline [W. A.] 1958:225, Figs. 1e, 2a [Pacific Science v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 12067] Off Waikiki reef, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 25-35 feet. Holotype: USNM 175007. Paratypes: BPBM [ex UH 1686] (2, possibly lost), BPBM [ex UH 1788] (1, possibly lost); BPBM 14204 [ex UH 2362] (2). Type catalog: Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius inornatus Gosline 1958 -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:10 [ref. 13251], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Böhlke & Randall 2000:268 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:126 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:97 [ref. 30952], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Smith & Böhlke 2022:75 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius inornatus Gosline 1958. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Chagos Archipelago east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), south to Tonga and Pitcairn Island. Habitat: marine.

insuetus, Anarchias Whitley [G. P.] 1932:272, Fig. 1 [Great Barrier Reef Expedition, 1928-29: scientific reports. v. 4 (no. 9); ref. 4676] Low Isles, off Port Douglas, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.4458. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380]. Species misspelled insuentus in Eschmeyer 1998 [ref. 23416]. •Valid as Anarchias insuetus Whitley 1932 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:127 [ref. 12442] as insuentus). •Nomen dubium -- (Böhlke & McCosker 2001:97 [ref. 25226]). •Probably a synonym of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838 -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380]). •Incertae sedis -- (Allen et al. 2006:259 [ref. 29005]). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Australia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

juliae, Leptocephalus Tommasi [L. R.] 1960:91, Fig. 1 [Neotrópica (La Plata) v. 6 (no. 21); ref. 11955] Off Recife, Brazil, 7°41'S, 34°25'W, station 355, depth 0-91 meters. Holotype (unique): (lost). •Synonym of Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur 1825) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:126 [ref. 13286], Smith 1989:903 [ref. 13285], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Melo & Caires 2016:2 [ref. 34981]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur 1825). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

kamar, Uropterygius McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.] 1977:164, Figs. 3b, 4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 41 (no. 3); ref. 7267] Itsandra, Grande Comore Island, Comoro Islands, Indian Ocean, depth 25 meters. Holotype: CAS 35251. Paratypes: ANSP 124794 (3), 134217 (11); CAS 35252 (20); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 4557 (5); BPBM 12051 (1), 9442 (2), 16471 (4), 16606 (1), 17005 (1), 17047 (1); USNM 215281 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:130 [ref. 13621], Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius kamar McCosker & Randall 1977 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:175 [ref. 5645], Winterbottom et al. 1989:11 [ref. 13251], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:52 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:259 [ref. 29005], Allen & Erdmann 2012:98 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33932], Smith & Böhlke 2022:76 [ref. 39681], Huang et al. 2023:274 [ref. 40092]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius kamar McCosker & Randall 1977. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros and Agalega Island east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Islands, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

knighti, Anarchias Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan & Seale 1906:205, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51716. Paratypes: USNM 147772 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:46 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:15 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160-161 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:269 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:160 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:52 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:126 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:97 [ref. 30952], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Gymnomuraena Bleeker [P.] 1864:54 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 408] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.335. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380]. More than one species may be involved -- Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]. •Valid as Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:26 [ref. 6441], Allen & Robertson 1994:49 [ref. 22193], Chen et al. 1994:62 [ref. 22258], McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1313 [ref. 22830], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:64 [ref. 22017], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:228 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:161 [ref. 24023], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:59 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:269 [ref. 24493], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Thomson et al. 2000:46 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:61 [ref. 27807], Randall 2005:52 [ref. 28239], Love et al. 2005:19 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:126 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:97 [ref. 30952], Loh et al. 2008:140 [ref. 29930], Fricke et al. 2009:18 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:73 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:232 [ref. 31511], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:98 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:163 [ref. 34130], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:24 [ref. 36883], Smith et al. 2019:67 [ref. 37159], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Dale et al. 2021:316 [ref. 38298], Love et al. 2021:34 [ref. 39279], Smith & Böhlke 2022:76 [ref. 39681], Page et al. 2023:52 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius); Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia); eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Peru, including Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico), Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) Habitat: marine.

mactanensis, Uropterygius Huang [W.-C.], Balisco [R. A.], Evacitas [F. C.] & Liao [T.-Y.] 2023:Figs. 2, 4-6, 8 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 103 (no. 3); ref. 40263] Intertidal zone of Cordova, Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines, 10°14'48.3"N, 123°56'17.0"E. Holotype: PNM 15711. Paratypes: AMS, DOS, NMMBP, UPC, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Uropterygius mactanensis Huang, Balisco, Evacitas & Liao 2023. Current status: Valid as Uropterygius mactanensis Huang, Balisco, Evacitas & Liao 2023. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Mactan Island and probably Mindanao, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

macularia, Muraenophis Lesueur [C. A.] 1825:107, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 5 (pt 1); ref. 17523] Sandy Cay, near Nassau, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 0-20 feet. Neotype: ANSP 106286. Neotype designated by Böhlke et al. 1989:128 [ref. 13286] -- original locality Barbados, neotype also is holotype of Uropterygius diopus Böhlke 1967. •Valid as Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur 1825) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:126 [ref. 13286], Smith 1989:903 [ref. 13285], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:136 [ref. 25013], Collette et al. 2003:99 [ref. 26784], Böhlke & Smith 2003:718 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:34 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:61 [ref. 27807], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:24 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516], Smith & Brito 2016:1641 [ref. 34557], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:103 [ref. 38945], Page et al. 2023:52 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius macularius (Lesueur 1825). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

makatei, Uropterygius Gosline [W. A.] 1958:227, Figs. 1f, 2b [Pacific Science v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 12067] West of the phosphate dock, Makatea, northern Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia, South Pacific. Holotype (unique): USNM 175008. Type catalog: Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius makatei Gosline 1958 -- (Randall & Golani 1995:874 [ref. 21744], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692]). •Status uncertain -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380]). •Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864) -- (Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:59 [ref. 35264], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Smith et al. 2019:68 [ref. 37159]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

marmorata, Gymnomuraena Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:648, 649 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:125 [ref. 20810], Böhlke & Smith 2002:161-162 [ref. 26380] Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Scuticaria marmorata (Lacepède 1803) -- (Loh et al. 2008:140 [ref. 29930], Kottelat 2013:43 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Uropterygius marmoratus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:26 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:133 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:42 [ref. 15987], Anderson et al. 1998:21 [ref. 23611], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:42 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:270 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:197 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:197 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:52 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:127 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:259 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:97 [ref. 30952], Shao et al. 2008:238 [ref. 29952], Zhang et al. 2010:231 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:99 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:163 [ref. 34130], Hashimoto & Motomura 2021:1 [ref. 38461], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:520 [ref. 38842], Smith & Böhlke 2022:76 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius marmoratus (Lacepède 1803). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Maldives; Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), north to Amami-Oshima (southern Japan), south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

micropterus, Muraena Bleeker [P.] 1852:298 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Wahai, northern Ceram, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.326. Paralectotypes: RMNH 7217 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:26 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:175 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:133 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:42 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1994:62 [ref. 22258], Randall & Golani 1995:874 [ref. 21744], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:197 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:197 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Allen et al. 2006:259 [ref. 29005], Loh et al. 2008:140 [ref. 29930], Motomura et al. 2010:74 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:232 [ref. 31511], Allen & Erdmann 2012:99 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Yoshida et al. 2013:22 [ref. 34464], Ho et al. 2015:163 [ref. 34130], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:41 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Huang et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 35898], Smith et al. 2019:69 [ref. 37159], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:521 [ref. 38842], Wada et al. 2021:36 [ref. 38521], Eudeline 2022:149 [ref. 39191], Smith & Böhlke 2022:77 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker 1852). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (SouthAfrica), East Africa, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Mayotte (France) and Madagascar east to Phoenix Islands, north to Amami Islands (southern Japan). Habitat: brackish, marine.

nagoensis, Uropterygius Hatooka [K.] 1984:20, Figs. 1-4 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8217] Nago fish market, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, western North Pacific. Holotype (unique): FAKU 51431. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius nagoensis Hatooka 1984 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:26 [ref. 6441], Randall & Golani 1995:875 [ref. 21744], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Nakabo 2000:197 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847] as cf. nagoensis, Nakabo 2002:197 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Allen et al. 2006:259 [ref. 29005], Allen & Erdmann 2012:99 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33932], Ho et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34130], Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Smith et al. 2019:70 [ref. 37159], Eudeline 2022:149 [ref. 39191], Smith & Böhlke 2022:77 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius nagoensis Hatooka 1984. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Mayotte (France); Ryukyu Islands; Papua New Guinea east to Society Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

nectura, Gymnomuraena Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:356 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 290); ref. 12308] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 15442. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:49 [ref. 22193], Böhlke & Randall 2000:269 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:52 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:97 [ref. 30952], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

oligospondylus, Uropterygius Chen [I-S.], Randall [J. E.] & Loh [K.-H.] in Loh, Chen, Randall & Chen 2008:141, Figs. 1H, 2C, 3, 4A, 5 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 19; ref. 29930] Offshore of Changbin, Taitung, southeastern Taiwan, 23.311°N, 121.453°E, depth 15 meters. Holotype: TOU-AE 1862. Paratypes: BMPM 16129 (1), USNM 352431(1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:22 [ref. 31432] •Valid as Uropterygius oligospondylus Chen, Randall & Loh 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:22 [ref. 31432], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155], Ho et al. 2015:7 [ref. 34116], Ho et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34130], Hibino et al. 2020:178 [ref. 37819], Koreeda et al. 2020:14 [ref. 38486], Huang et al. 2023:273 [ref. 40092]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius oligospondylus Chen, Randall & Loh 2008. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Amami Islands and Volcano Islands (southern Japan), Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

pantherinus, Ichthyophis Lesson [R. P.] 1831:131, Poissons Pl. 13 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Kosrae, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:125 [ref. 20810], Böhlke & Smith 2002:162-163 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius marmoratus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:270 [ref. 24493]). •Status uncertain -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:162 [ref. 26380]). •Questionably in the synonym of Scuticaria marmorata (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kottelat 2013:43 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Uropterygius marmoratus (Lacepède 1803). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

polyspila, Gymnomuraena Regan [C. T.] 1909:438 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 14420] Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.12.14.23. Additional material: BMNH (1) Zanzibar. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius polyspilus (Regan 1909) -- (Dor 1984:30 [ref. 29757], Winterbottom et al. 1989:11 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:7 [ref. 25356], Randall & Golani 1995:876 [ref. 21744], Randall 1995:58 [ref. 22896], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:60 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Randall 2000:270 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:53 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:127 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:98 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:100 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155] as polyspina, Golani & Fricke 2018:24 [ref. 36273], Smith et al. 2019:71 [ref. 37159], Eudeline 2022:150 [ref. 39191], Smith & Böhlke 2022:78 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius polyspilus (Regan 1909). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Mayotte (France) and Mascarenes (Mauritius) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands and Society Islands, north to Philippines, south to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

polystictus, Uropterygius Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1941:85, Pl. 15 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 3133] Southern Seymour Island, Galápagos Islands (Ecuador), tide pool. Holotype: LACM 23345 [ex AHF 16]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 36552 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48 [ref. 12291], Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius polystictus Myers & Wade 1941 -- (McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1314 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:228 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:162 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:46 [ref. 25640], Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380], Nelson et al. 2004:61 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:19 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Love et al. 2021:34 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:52 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius polystictus Myers & Wade 1941. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern tip of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

reidi, Uropterygius Schultz [L. P.] 1943:32, Pl. 5 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef of Tau Island at Siulagi Point, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 116077. Paratypes: MCZ 37250 [ex USNM 116078] (1); USNM 116078 (orig. 2, now 1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:269 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:52 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:97 [ref. 30952], Loh et al. 2008:140 [ref. 29930], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius macrocephalus (Bleeker 1864). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Anarchias Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1923:230, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 2117] Sitanki, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP (3) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker 1852). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

supraforata, Gymnomuraena Regan [C. T.] 1909:439 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 14420] Savai'i Island, Samoa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.1.83. Additional material: BMNH (3) Tahiti. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius supraforatus (Regan 1909) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:11 [ref. 13251], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:271 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830] as suprafortatus, Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:53 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:127 [ref. 28379], Böhlke & Smith 2002:163 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:53 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:127 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:98 [ref. 30952], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155], Smith & Böhlke 2022:78 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius supraforatus (Regan 1909). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: Comoros, Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Clipperton Island, north to Philippines and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

tinkhami, Uropterygius Fowler [H. W.] 1945:59, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 97; ref. 13142] Saipan Island, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: ANSP 71585. Paratypes: ANSP 71586 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:131 [ref. 13621], Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Smith 2012:37 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius micropterus (Bleeker 1852). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

unicolor, Uropterygius Kaup [J. J.] 1856:69 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] A lapsus for Uropterygius concolor Rüppell (Smith 2012:55 [ref. 32155]). •In the synonymy of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:18 [ref. 30213]). Misspelling. Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae.

vermiformis, Anarchias Smith [J. L. B.] 1962:429, Pl. 53 (fig. H); Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 23; ref. 6435] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 319. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:175 [ref. 5645], Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380] with question, Smith 2012:36 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Uropterygius concolor Rüppell 1838. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

versutus, Uropterygius Bussing [W. A.] 1991:97, Figs. 1-3 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 19494] Mainland Pacific Costa Rica, eastern side of islet, 1 kilometer east of Isla Alcatraz, Islas Trotugas, 9°47'02"N, 84°53'32"W, depth 1-4 meters. Holotype: LACM 32517-52. Paratypes: LACM (13 lots, 43 spec.), UCR (7 lots, 22 spec.), USNM 308980 (5). Type catalog: Smith 1994:26 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:165 [ref. 26380], Angulo et al. 2015:386 [ref. 35212].. •Valid as Uropterygius versutus Bussing 1991 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:49 [ref. 22193], McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1314 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:228 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:163 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:46 [ref. 25640], Böhlke & Smith 2002:165 [ref. 26380], Nelson et al. 2004:61 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:19 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Dale et al. 2021:316 [ref. 38298], Love et al. 2021:35 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:52 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius versutus Bussing 1991. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

wheeleri, Uropterygius Blache [J.] 1967:1716, Figs. 6-9 [Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire (Serie A) Sciences Naturelles v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 20672] Cape Verde Islands, eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MB T140a (lost in fire, 1978). Paratypes: MB T140b-c (2), 1825 (1); MNHN 1956-0088 (1); IFAN 50-1241 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:103 [ref. 20810]. •Valid as Uropterygius wheeleri Blache 1967 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:126 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:14 [ref. 19379], Andreata & Séret 1996:581 [ref. 16204], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972], Smith & Brito 2016:1642 [ref. 34557], Reiner 2019:63 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:114 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius wheeleri Blache 1967. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal, Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

xanthopterus, Uropterygius Bleeker [P.] 1859:350 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 19; ref. 368] Patjitan, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.271. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:165 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius xanthopterus Bleeker 1859 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:176 [ref. 5645], Winterbottom et al. 1989:11 [ref. 13251], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:65 [ref. 22017], Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:60 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1657 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829] but changed in errata sheet to alboguttatus, Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Smith 2002:165 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Fricke et al. 2009:18 [ref. 30213], llen & Erdmann 2012:100 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33932], Ho et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34130], Koeda 2018:23 [ref. 39516], Psomadakis et al. 2020:275 [ref. 37272], Smith & Böhlke 2022:78 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius xanthopterus Bleeker 1859. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Comoros and western Mascarenes (La Réunion) east to Line Islands, Society Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to West Papua. Habitat: marine.

xenodontus, Uropterygius McCosker [J. E.] & Smith [D. G.] 1997:1006, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 60 (no. 3); ref. 22980] Chesterfield Bank, 19°53.5'S, 158°28.2'E, southeastern side of lagoon, Coral Sea, southwestern Pacific, depth 6-9 meters. Holotype: BPBM 33558. Paratypes: BPBM 8941 (1), CAS 41183 (1), USNM 141683 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:165 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Uropterygius xenodontus McCosker & Smith 1997 -- (Myers 1999:52 [ref. 23965], Böhlke & Smith 2002:165 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:53 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:128 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:75 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2011:351 [ref. 31242], Smith 2012:38 [ref. 32155], Huang et al. 2023:274 [ref. 40092]). Current status: Valid as Uropterygius xenodontus McCosker & Smith 1997. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Chesterfield Islands (New Caledonia), Samoa, Marshall Islands, Johnston Atoll. Habitat: marine.


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