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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Chlorophthalmidae: [ 26 ] records


acutifrons, Chlorophthalmus Hiyama [Y.] 1940:171, Figs. 2, 3A [Japanese Journal of Zoology, Transactions and Abstracts v. 9 (no. 1) (art. 8); ref. 13587] Kumano-Nada, Japan, depth 500 meters. Syntypes: described specimen plus smaller specimens. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus acutifrons Hiyama 1940 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:62 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:171, 347 [ref. 8057], Shinohara et al. 1996:163 [ref. 26605], Kim & Kim 1997:166 [ref. 25732], Paxton & Niem 1999:1922 [ref. 24746], Nakabo 2000:362 [ref. 25086], Paxton in Randall & Lim 2000:591 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847] as cf. acutifrons, Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Shinohara et al. 2001:299 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:89 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:362 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:199, 533 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:408 [ref. 28370], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Gomon 2015:549 [ref. 34251], Fujiwara et al. 2019:397 [ref. 36526], Psomadakis et al. 2020:312 [ref. 37272], Fricke & Durville 2020:8 [ref. 37648], Sonoyama et al. 2020:26 [ref. 37637], Prokofiev 2020:740 [ref. 37924], Nikki et al. 2021:491 [ref. 41005], Gomon 2022:206 [ref. 39699]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus acutifrons Hiyama 1940. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: southern India and Myanmar east to Australia, north to Japan, south to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

agassizi, Chlorophthalmus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1840:fasc. 28, punt. 144, Pl. 121 (fig. 2) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 514] Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ANSP 7939-51 (13, 1 without head), MNHN A-3739 (1), USNM 10161 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1950:8 [ref. 19576], Böhlke 1984:56 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Nielsen 1973:167 [ref. 6885], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1984:413 [ref. 13675] as agassizii, Robins & Ray 1986:81 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:192 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:232 [ref. 12442], Klausewitz 1989:255 [ref. 13650], McAllister 1990:97 [ref. 14674], Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012], Cervigón 1991:158 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:69 [ref. 23239], Galil & Goren 1994:48 [ref. 23163], Andreata & Séret 1996:583 [ref. 16204], Santos et al. 1997:38 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:42 [ref. 24952] as agassizii, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:556 [ref. 23897], Uiblein et al. 1999:61 [ref. 24045], Paxton & Niem 1999:1922 [ref. 24746], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Pakhorukov 2001:378 [ref. 25409], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:42 [ref. 26753], Chen 2002:94 [ref. 26587], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Tighe in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:194 [ref. 26158], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:193 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:916 [ref. 27003], Nelson et al. 2004:87 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:22 [ref. 37112], Mundy 2005:193 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:480 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2007:59 [ref. 29533], as Chlorophthalmus agassizii Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Bineesh et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33219], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Goren & Galil 2015:510 [ref. 33910], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:67 [ref. 37485], Russell 2016:1830 [ref. 34572], Nión et al. 2016:37 [ref. 35565], Fricke et al. 2018:71 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:105 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:101 [ref. 38139], Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:16 [ref. 37828], Bariche & Fricke 2020:38 [ref. 37515], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 8 [ref. 38321], Iglésias et al. 2020:291 [ref. 37987], Kovačić et al. 2020:14 [ref. 37519], Robertson et al. 2020:153 [ref. 38098], Bañón & Maño 2021:55 [ref. 38883], Golani 2021:23 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:25 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:180 [ref. 39448], Page et al. 2023:90 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Circumglobal, except eastern Pacific (including Caribbean Sea and Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

albatrossis, Chlorophthalmus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:579, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 2526] Sagami Bay, Japan. Holotype: USNM 51446. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8394 (6), USNM 51447 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:17-18 [ref. 12291]. •Possible synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012]). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus albatrossis Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:97, 334 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:62 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:171, 348 [ref. 8057], Okamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:128 [ref. 16024], Kim & Kim 1997:164 [ref. 25732], Paxton & Niem 1999:1922 [ref. 24746], Nakabo 2000:363 [ref. 25086], Paxton in Randall & Lim 2000:591 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:299 [ref. 25995], Chen 2002:95 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:363 [ref. 26001], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Choi et al. 2003:199, 533 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:408 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:193 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2011:359 [ref. 31242], Shinohara et al. 2011:40 [ref. 31715], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Shinohara et al. 2014:238 [ref. 33330], Motomura et al. 2015:14 [ref. 34709], Fricke et al. 2019:66 [ref. 36673], Fujiwara et al. 2019:397 [ref. 36526], Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:16 [ref. 37828], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Koeda et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38857]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus albatrossis Jordan & Starks 1904. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Chlorophthalmus Poll [M.] 1953:86, Fig. 36 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12713] 45 miles west of Ambrizette, Angola, 12°08'S, 7°16'E, southeastern Atlantic, depth 240-270 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 147. Paratypes: IRSNB 148-159 (2, 1, 104, 33, 11, 5, 8, 3, 3, 6, 1, 1), 653 (1); MRAC 95191-246 (56). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:9 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:34 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012]). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus atlanticus Poll 1953 -- (Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:139 [ref. 25472], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Fermon et al. 2022:180 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus atlanticus Poll 1953. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to northern Namibia. Habitat: marine.

basiniger, Chlorophthalmus Prokofiev [A. M.] 2020:737 [939], Fig. [Fig. 1] [Journal of Ichthyology v. 60 (no. 6); ref. 37924] Vietnam, 10 - 15°N, about 110°E. Holotype: IOM 3556. Paratype: IOM 3557 (1). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus basiniger Prokofiev 2020. Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus basiniger Prokofiev 2020. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam and possibly the Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Japan. Habitat: marine.

bicornis, Chlorophthalmus Norman [J. R.] 1939:25, Fig. 6 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] Gulf of Aden, station 177, depth 274-366 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1939.5.24.457. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus bicornis Norman 1939 -- (Paxton & Niem 1999:1922 [ref. 24746], Paxton in Randall & Lim 2000:591 [ref. 25122], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874]). •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus corniger Alcock 1894 -- (Bineesh et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33219]). Current status: Synonym of Chlorophthalmus corniger Alcock 1894. Chlorophthalmidae. Habitat: marine.

borealis, Chlorophthalmus Kuronuma [K.] & Yamaguchi [M.] 1941:272 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 53 (no. 5); ref. 12153] Off Choshi, northeastern tip of Boso Peninsula, Japan (purchased at Choshi Fish Market). Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (19). •Possible synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012]). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus borealis Kuronuma & Yamaguchi 1941 -- (Okamura in Okamura et al. 1982:97, 334 [ref. 8256], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:62 [ref. 6441], Shinohara et al. 1996:163 [ref. 26605], Nakabo 2000:363 [ref. 25086], Paxton in Randall & Lim 2000:591 [ref. 25122], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Nakabo 2002:363 [ref. 26001], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus borealis Kuronuma & Yamaguchi 1941. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Chlorophthalmus Mead [G. W.] 1958:362, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 48 (no. 11); ref. 12088] Off northern Brazil, 1°51'N, 46°50'W, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 156892. Paratypes: (371) ANSP 82170 (10); BMNH 1958.11.20.1-9 (10); MCZ 39969 (17), 40531 (22, 1 c&s), 40560 (16); RMNH 21654 (10), 25157 (10); CAS-SU 62613 (1); TU 18374 (4); UF 202555 [ex UMML 2555] (6); USNM 159358-62 (25, 2, 7, 84, 250). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:56 [ref. 13621], Bart & Taylor 1993:31 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus brasiliensis Mead 1958 -- (Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27192], Thompson 2003:916 [ref. 27003], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:68 [ref. 37485], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Klautau et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37903]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus brasiliensis Mead 1958. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: northern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

candida, Pelopsia Facciolà [L.] 1883:145 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 1289] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Nielsen 1973:167 [ref. 6885], Klausewitz 1989:255 [ref. 13650], Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012]). Current status: Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840. Chlorophthalmidae. Habitat: marine.

chalybeius, Hyphalonedrus Goode [G. B.] 1881:484 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 177); ref. 1833] Off New England, U.S.A., depth 120-142 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 25892 (5), USNM 26092 (7). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus chalybeius (Goode 1881) -- (Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874]). •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Mead 1966:175 [ref. 37346], Nielsen 1973:167 [ref. 6885], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1984:413 [ref. 13675], Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012]). Current status: Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840. Chlorophthalmidae. Habitat: marine.

corniger, Chlorophthalmus Alcock [A. W.] 1894:133 [19], Pl. 6 (fig. 5) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] Bay of Bengal, 13°51'12"N, 80°28'12"E, Investigator station 152 or 162, depth 145-250 fathoms. Lectotype: ZSI F13713. Paralectotypes: ZSI F13712 (1), F13714 (1), F13715 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:103 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:35 [ref. 22148]. On p. 19 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 15 (fig. 8) [ref. 20532]. Lectotype selected by Bineesh et al. 2014:516 [ref. 33219]. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus corniger Alcock 1894 -- (Paxton & Niem 1999:1922 [ref. 24746], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Bineesh et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33219], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Psomadakis et al. 2020:312 [ref. 37272], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 8 [ref. 38321], Nikki et al. 2021:491 [ref. 41005], Gomon 2022:207 [ref. 39699]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus corniger Alcock 1894. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Somalia, Gulf of Aden and Persian Gulf east to Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

fraserbrunneri, Chlorophthalmus Poll [M.] 1953:92, Fig. 36 bis [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12713] Atlantic, 30 miles south-west of Pointe-Noire, 5°15'S, 11°29'E, depth 225-240 meters. Holotype: IRSNB 160. Paratypes: (143) IRSNB 161-167 (30, 21, 20, 28, 13, 3, 2); MRAC 95247-94 (48). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:9 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:34 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Parasudis fraserbrunneri (Poll 1953) -- (Merrett 1990:352 [ref. 15012], Russell 2016:1830 [ref. 34572], Fermon et al. 2022:181 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Parasudis fraserbrunneri (Poll 1953). Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ichthyandri, Chlorophthalmus Kotlyar [A. N.] & Parin [N. V.] 1986:369, Figs. [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 65 (no. 3) (for 21 Feb.); ref. 5850] Southeastern Pacific, above the submarine ridges Naska and Sala y Gomes, 25°40'S, 85°27'W, depth 350 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47261. Paratypes: (33) IOM (10); ZIN 47262-64 (8, 5, 3); ZMMU P-16303-05 (1, 1, 5). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:49 [ref. 25714], Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:78 [ref. 37828]. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus ichthyandri Kotlyar & Parin 1986 -- (Pequeño 1989:32 [ref. 14125], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Fujiwara et al. 2019:401 [ref. 36526], Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:17 [ref. 37828], Fricke & Durville 2020:8 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus ichthyandri Kotlyar & Parin 1986. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca and Sala-y-Gomez ridges. Habitat: marine.

imperator, Chlorophthalmus Fujiwara [K.], Wada [H.] & Motomura [H.] 2019:397, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4555 (no. 3); ref. 36526] Daikakuji Seamount, Emperor Seamount Chain, central North Pacific, 32°13'47"N, 172°50'48"E - 32°15'39"N, 172°53'17"E, depth 596-605 meters. Holotype: KAUM-I. 120091 [ex SNFR 21135]. Paratypes: KAUM-I. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus imperator Fujiwara, Wada & Motomura 2019 -- (Fricke & Durville 2020:8 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus imperator Fujiwara, Wada & Motomura 2019. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Emperor Seamount Chain, central North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

mascarensis, Chlorophthalmus Kobyliansky [S. G.] 2013:373, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 53 (no. 6); ref. 32874] Submarine rise, 9°24.6'S, 60°08.3'E, northern Mascarene Ridge, Indian Ocean, depth 430-350 meters. Holotype: ZMMU 23090. Paratypes: IORAS 005007 (5), ZMMU P-2309 (9). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus mascarensis Kobyliansky 2013 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:71 [ref. 35805], Fujiwara et al. 2019:401 [ref. 36526], Fricke & Durville 2020:8 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus mascarensis Kobyliansky 2013. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: northern Mascarene Ridge. Habitat: marine.

mento, Chlorophthalmus Garman [S.] 1899:253, Pl. 54 (figs. 1-1c) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Gulf of Panama, 7°16'45"-7°33'12"N, 79°16'-79°56'30"W, Albatross station 3385, 3386, 3389, depth 210-286 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28509-11 (10, 1, 1); USNM 57848 (2). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus mento Garman 1899 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:54 [ref. 23101], Sulak in Fischer et al. 1995:1006 [ref. 22829], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:252 [ref. 28944], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Robertson et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35676], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36248], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus mento Garman 1899. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica south to Peru, including Cocos and Galápagos islands. Habitat: marine.

nigromarginatus, Chlorophthalmus acutifrons Kamohara [T.] 1953:5, Figs. 3A, 4 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 12699] Mimase fish market, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 1541. Paratypes and non-types: BSKU 1653-59 (7), 1707-12 (6), 7218 (1). Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:2 [ref. 19282]. •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus acutifrons Hiyama 1940, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Paxton et al. 1989:232 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus Kamohara 1953 -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:62 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:647, 753 [ref. 8056], Paxton & Niem 1999:1922 [ref. 24746], Nakabo 2000:362 [ref. 25086], Paxton in Randall & Lim 2000:591 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:90 [ref. 26587], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Shinohara et al. 2001:299 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:362 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:408 [ref. 28370], Paxton et al. 2006:480 [ref. 28995], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Larson et al. 2013:47 [ref. 32988], Bineesh et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33219], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Fricke et al. 2019:66 [ref. 36673], Fujiwara et al. 2019:397 [ref. 36526], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Prokofiev 2020:740 [ref. 37924]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus Kamohara 1953. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

pectoralis, Chlorophthalmus Okamura [O.] & Doi [M.] in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:173, Pl. 120 [Fishes of the Okinawa Trough and the adjacent waters; ref. 8057] Off Cape Ashizuri, Tosa Bay, Japan, depth about 350 meters. Holotype: BSKU 30020. Paratypes: BSKU 33071-72 (1, 1). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus pectoralis Okamaura & Doi 1984 -- (Nakabo 2000:363 [ref. 25086], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Shinohara et al. 2001:299 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:363 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:408 [ref. 28370], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Gomon 2015:550 [ref. 34251], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Prokofiev 2020:740 [ref. 37924] as cf. pectoralis). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus pectoralis Okamura & Doi 1984. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan south to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

productus, Chlorophthalmus Günther [A.] 1887:193, Pl. 50 (fig. D) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 22 (pt 57); ref. 2013] Off Matuku, Fiji Islands, Challenger station 173, depth 315 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.12.7.205-206 (2). •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840 -- (Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1984:413 [ref. 13675], Merrett 1990:351 [ref. 15012]). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus productus Günther 1887 -- (Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus productus Günther 1887. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Fiji Islands, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

proridens, Chlorophthalmus Gilbert [C. H.] & Cramer [F.] 1897:406, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 19 (no. 1114); ref. 1635] Hawaiian Islands, 21°08'N-21°09'N, 157°43'W-157°53'W, Albatross station 3475 and 3476, depth 351 and 298 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 47715 (7 in.). Paratypes: (6) CAS-SU 4916 (2), USNM 47715 (2 of 3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:18 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus proridens Gilbert & Cramer 1897 -- (Pequeño 1989:32 [ref. 14125], Sulak in Fischer et al. 1995:1006 [ref. 22829], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Mundy 2005:193 [ref. 28379], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:252 [ref. 28944], Randall 2007:105 [ref. 30952], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Fujiwara et al. 2019:397 [ref. 36526], Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:17 [ref. 37828], Fricke & Durville 2020:8 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus proridens Gilbert & Cramer 1897. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic; records from Chile need verification. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Chlorophthalmus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] 1904:15, Pl. 35 [Marine Investigations in South Africa v. 3; ref. 1646] Lion's Head, bearing N.63°E. distant 34 miles, South Africa, depth 154 fathoms. Syntypes: (3) SAM 12654 (2, poor condition). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus punctatus Gilchrist 1904 -- (Sulak 1986:264 [ref. 5720], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:139 [ref. 25472], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Bineesh et al. 2014:514 [ref. 33219], Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Gomon 2022:207 [ref. 39699]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus punctatus Gilchrist 1904. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa north to Mozambique. Habitat: marine.

scillae, Pelopsia Facciolà [L.] 1883:146, Pl. (fig. 2) [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 1289] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840. Current status: Synonym of Chlorophthalmus agassizi Bonaparte 1840. Chlorophthalmidae. Habitat: marine.

truculentus, Chlorophthalmus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:61, Pl. 19 (fig. 72) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 158 fathoms. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Parasudis truculenta (Goode & Bean 1896) -- (Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:167 [ref. 14275] as trunculentus, Robins & Ray 1986:81 [ref. 23100] as trunculenta, Scott & Scott 1988:193 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:97 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:158 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:70 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:557 [ref. 23897], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:48 [ref. 27192], Moore et al. 2003:193 [ref. 27076], Thompson 2003:916 [ref. 27003], Nelson et al. 2004:87 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Costa et al. 2015:1061 [ref. 37495], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:69 [ref. 37485], Klautau et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37903], Robertson et al. 2020:153 [ref. 38098], Eduardo et al. 2022:7 [ref. 39574], Fermon et al. 2022:181 [ref. 39448] with question, Page et al. 2023:90 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Parasudis truculenta (Goode & Bean 1896). Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massuchusetts (U.S.A.) south to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

vityazi, Chlorophthalmus Kobyliansky [S. G.] 2013:376, Figs. 4-5 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 53 (no. 6); ref. 32874] Continental slope of Madagascar, 12°24.8'S, 48°26.2'E, Indian Ocean, depth 480 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-23092. Paratypes: IORAS 00507 (15), ZMMU P-23093 (6). •Valid as Chlorophthalmus vityazi Kobyliansky 2013 -- (Gomon et al. 2014:[C] 1029 [ref. 37655], Fricke & Durville 2020:9 [ref. 37648], Gomon 2022:208 [ref. 39699]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus vityazi Kobyliansky 2013. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Mozambique to Madagascar; Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

vulcanus, Chlorophthalmus Fricke [R.] & Durville [P.] 2020:3, Figs. 1-4 [FishTaxa v. 17; ref. 37648] About 9 km west of Saint-Gilles-les-Bains, La Réunion, southwestern Indian Ocean, circa 31°03'32''S, 55°08'08''E, depth 300 - 400 meters. Holotype (unique): MHNRE 2020.1.1. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus vulcanus Fricke & Durville 2020. Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus vulcanus Fricke & Durville 2020. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: La Réunion, western Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

zvezdae, Chlorophthalmus Kotlyar [A. N.] & Parin [N. V.] 1986:374, Fig. [Zoologicheskii Zhurnal v. 65 (no. 3) (for 21 Feb.); ref. 5850] Nazca Ridge, 25°39'S, 84°37'W, southeastern Pacific. Holotype: ZIN 47265. Type catalog: Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:80 [ref. 37828]. •Valid as Chlorophthalmus zvezdae Kotlyar & Parin 1986 -- (Pequeño 1989:32 [ref. 14125], Sato & Nakabo 2002:25 [ref. 25953], Kobyliansky 2013:373 [ref. 32874], Balushkin & Prirodina 2020:17 [ref. 37828], Fricke & Durville 2020:8 [ref. 37648]). Current status: Valid as Chlorophthalmus zvezdae Kotlyar & Parin 1986. Chlorophthalmidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.


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