Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the family or subfamily Epigonidae: [ 56 ] records


affinis, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:180, Fig. 3 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 121; ref. 6006] Eastern Atlantic, 3°02'S, 0°44'E, depth 300 meters over 2000 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47333. Paratypes: USNM 276948 (2), ZIN 47334 (10), ZMMU P-16678 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus affinis Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Pakhorukov 1999:658 [ref. 24883], Prokofiev 2006:5 [ref. 28960], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:86 [ref. 31686], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2432 [ref. 34618], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus affinis Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Vavilov Ridge off Angola and eastern Central Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

angustifrons, Epigonus Abramov [A. A.] & Manilo [L. G.] 1987:45, Fig. 1 [Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists Biological Series] v. 92 (no. 2); ref. 9179] Southwestern Indian Ocean, 36°33'S, 52°05'E, depth 560-610 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47266 (not received). Paratypes: ZIN 47267-68 (1, not received), 47268 (?, not received); ZMMU P-16298 (2), P-16299 (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus angustifrons Abramov & Manilo 1987 -- (Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], McCosker & Long 1997:127 [ref. 22828], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Okamoto & Gon 2018:264 [ref. 35958], Okamoto et al. 2020:165 [ref. 37661]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus angustifrons Abramov & Manilo 1987. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic; southwestern Indian Ocean; southern Indian Ocean: Saint-Paul seamount. Habitat: marine.

atherinoides, Hynnodus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:618, Pl. 79 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Pailolo Channel, Hawaii Islands, Albatross station 3867, depth 284-290 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51601. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8660 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:72 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Epigonus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Mayer 1974:170 [ref. 6007]). •Valid as Epigonus atherinoides (Gilbert 1905) -- (Mochizuki in Okamura et al. 1982:227, 377 [ref. 8256], Mochizuki & Shirakihara 1983:202 [ref. 8302], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:151 [ref. 6441], Parin & Abramov 1986:176 [ref. 6006], Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Gon 1999:2613 [ref. 24835], Nakabo 2000:780 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:780 [ref. 26001], Mundy 2005:357 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:217 [ref. 30952], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Okamoto 2016:182 [ref. 34930], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Okamoto et al. 2018:147 [ref. 36123], Okamoto 2018:246 [ref. 36338]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus atherinoides (Gilbert 1905). Epigonidae. Distribution: Pacific: Japan, Kyushu-Palau Ridge, Hawaiian Islands, Sala-y-Gomez Ridge (southeastern Pacific), New Britain (Papua New Guinea), Australia and Society Islands. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Microichthys Fricke [R.], Ordines [F.] & Williston [A.] 2020:5, Figs. 2, 3, 4 [Ichthyological Research v. 67 (no. 3); ref. 37281] Off Azores Islands, 113 km east of São Miguel Island, northeastern Atlantic Ocean, 37°47'42"N, 23°52'00"W, depth 0 - 350 meters. Holotype: MCZ 149633. Paratypes: MCZ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Microichthys atlanticus Fricke, Ordines & Williston 2020. Current status: Valid as Microichthys atlanticus Fricke, Ordines & Williston 2020. Epigonidae. Distribution: Azores Islands, Mid-Atlantic Ridge zone north of Azores, northeastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bairdianus, Sphyraenops Poey [F.] 1861:350, Pl. 18 (fig. 12) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. •Valid as Sphyraenops bairdianus Poey 1861 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:514 [ref. 12442], Suda & Tominaga 1983:292 [ref. 5795], Gon 1999:2613 [ref. 24835], Nakabo 2000:781 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:781 [ref. 26001], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], Hoese et al. 2006:1115 [ref. 29082], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213]). Current status: Valid as Sphyraenops bairdianus Poey 1861. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion (Mascarenes); southeastern Indian Ocean; western Pacific, antiequatorial. Habitat: marine.

bispinosus, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] & Gon [O.] 2018:267, Figs. 5, 6A, 7A [Zootaxa 4382 (no. 2); ref. 35958] Off northern Madagascar, western South Indian Ocean, 11°58.41'S, 49°22.26'E, depth 453-455 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 189476. Paratypes: BMNH 2017.6.9.1 (1), KAUM-I, SAIAB, USNM. •Valid as Epigonus bispinosus Okamoto & Gon 2018. Current status: Valid as Epigonus bispinosus Okamoto & Gon 2018. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

carbonarius, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2011:156, Figs. 1, 2a, 2e, 3 [Ichthyological Research v. 58 (no. 2); ref. 31269] Off Nuku Hiva Island, 8°58'S, 140°04'W, Marquesas Islands, southern Pacific, depth 391-408 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2010-0983. Paratypes: MNHN 2010-0984 to 0986 (3). •Valid as Epigonus carbonarius Okamoto & Motomura 2011 -- (Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus carbonarius Okamoto & Motomura 2011. Epigonidae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands (types). Habitat: marine.

carpenteri, Brephostoma Alcock [A. W.] 1889:383 [9] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 81] [Southern] Bay of Bengal, summit of Carpenter Ridge [eastern Indian Ocean], 6°18'N to 6°16'N, 90°40'E to 90°44'E, depth 1370-1520 fathoms. No types known. On p. 9 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [ref. 20534]. •Valid as Brephostoma carpenteri Alcock 1889 -- (Mundy 2005:338 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Brephostoma carpenteri Alcock 1889. Epigonidae. Distribution: Probably circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas, including Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

cavaticus, Epigonus Ida [H.], Okamoto [M.] & Sakaue [J.] 2007:132, Figs. 2, 3 4A, 5A [Ichthyological Research v. 54 (no. 2); ref. 29159] Virgin Hole, southern fringing reef of Ngemelis Island, Palau, from a cave, depth 20 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 72637. Paratypes: FSKU-P 19991 (1), 19992 (1, c&s), 19993 (1); KAUM-I.33 (1); NSMT-P 72638-40 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Epigonus cavaticus Ida, Okamoto & Sakaue 2007 -- (Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus cavaticus Ida, Okamoto & Sakaue 2007. Epigonidae. Distribution: Palau. Habitat: marine.

chilensis, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] 2012:243, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a, 4a, 5a [Ichthyological Research v. 59; ref. 32096] Off southern Chile, 42°57'S, 75°07'W, depth 315-340 meters. Holotype: FAKU-CP504. Paratypes: FAKU-CP505 (1), CP508 (1), CP309 (1), CP311(1) •Valid as Epigonus chilensis Okamoto 2012 -- (Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus chilensis Okamoto 2012. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: off Chile. Habitat: marine.

coccoi, Microichthys Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1852:1 [Fische und deren Skelette; ref. 3846] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1069. •Valid as Microichthys coccoi Rüppell 1852 -- (Tortonese 1973:367 [ref. 7192], Mayer 1974:199 [ref. 6007], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:808 [ref. 13676], Arruda 1997:82 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:15 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:81 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:82 [ref. 29533], Battaglia et al. 2014:101 [ref. 35432], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2434 [ref. 34618], Ordines et al. 2018:20 [ref. 35885], Carneiro et al. 2019:240 [ref. 37250], Fricke et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37281]). Current status: Valid as Microichthys coccoi Rüppell 1852. Epigonidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea: Balearic Islands, Italy, Greece and Turkey. Habitat: marine.

constanciae, Pomatomichthys Giglioli [E. H.] 1880:20 [Elenco ... e dei pesci italiani; ref. 1617] Strait of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUF 3089. Type catalog: Vanni 1991:224 [ref. 20099]. •Synonym of Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810) -- (Tortonese 1973:366 [ref. 7192], Mayer 1974:152 [ref. 6007] with question). •Valid as Epigonus constanciae (Giglioli 1880) -- (Mayer & Tortonese 1977 [ref. 7053], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:806 [ref. 13676], Gon 1986:558 [ref. 5657], Parin & Abramov 1986:185 [ref. 6006], Mayer 1990:716 [ref. 18249], De Ranieri & Sbrana 1992:177 [ref. 22393], Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:156 [ref. 25472], Golani 1996:26 [ref. 22271], Golani 2005:38 [ref. 37112], Wirtz et al. 2007:11, 31 [ref. 30263], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Ruiz-Pico et al. 2012:578 [ref. 32865], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:49 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2432 [ref. 34618], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Carneiro et al. 2019:239 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:182 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:68 [ref. 37515], Golani 2021:47 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus constanciae (Giglioli 1880). Epigonidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Namibia, including Azores, Madeira, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

crassicaudus, Epigonus (Xystramia) de Buen [F.] 1959:196 [Boletim do Museu Nacional de Chile v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 697] Off Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): EBMC 10183. •Valid as Epigonus crassicaudus de Buen 1959 -- (Mayer 1974:197 [ref. 6007], Parin & Abramov 1986:189 [ref. 6006], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:202 [ref. 14235] as crassicaudatus, Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus crassicaudus de Buen 1959. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

ctenolepis, Epigonus Mochizuki [K.] & Shirakihara [K.] 1983:199, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 8302] Off Owase, Mie Prefecture, Pacific coast of central Japan. Holotype: FUMT-P 1567. Paratypes: FUMT-P 1568 (1). •Valid as Epigonus ctenolepis Mochizuki & Shirakihara 1983 -- (Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:151 [ref. 6441], Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Nakabo 2000:781 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:781 [ref. 26001], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:389 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:50 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus ctenolepis Mochizuki & Shirakihara 1983. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

cuvieri, Pomatomus Cocco [A.] 1829:143 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810) -- (Mayer 1974:152 [ref. 6007], Mayer 1990:717 [ref. 18249], Okamoto & Gon 2018:284 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Synonym of Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810). Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

denticulatus, Epigonus Dieuzeide [R.] 1950:89, Figs. 1-11 [Bulletin des Travaux, Station d'Agriculture et de Pêche de Castiglione (Nouv. sér.) v. 2; ref. 12946] Algeria, southwestern Mediterranean Sea, depth 100-500 meters. No types known. •Valid as Epigonus denticulatus Dieuzeide 1950 -- (Tortonese 1973:366 [ref. 7192], Mayer 1974:175 [ref. 6007], Mochizuki in Okamura et al. 1982:227, 376 [ref. 8256], Mochizuki & Shirakihara 1983:205 [ref. 8302], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:151 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:485, 676 [ref. 8056], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:806 [ref. 13676], Gon 1986:558 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:180 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], McAllister 1990:141 [ref. 14674], Mayer 1990:716 [ref. 18249], Mochizuki in Amaoka et al. 1990:258 [ref. 16024], Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:156 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:563 [ref. 22532], Fricke 1999:236 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:780 [ref. 25086], Pakhorukov 2001:379 [ref. 25409], Shinohara et al. 2001:323 [ref. 25995], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:81 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:780 [ref. 26001], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], Shinohara et al. 2005:432 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:358 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:237 [ref. 28815], Hoese et al. 2006:1114 [ref. 29082], Fricke et al. 2007:82 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:562 [ref. 30616], Krupp et al. 2009:226 [ref. 30682], Fricke et al. 2009:53 [ref. 30213], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Okamoto 2012:242 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144], Ruiz-Pico et al. 2012:578 [ref. 32865], Stewart & Gon 2015:1221 [ref. 34199], Bañón et al. 2016:322 [ref. 34397], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2433 [ref. 34618], Okamoto & Gon 2018:271 [ref. 35958], Okamoto 2018:245 [ref. 36338], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359], Carneiro et al. 2019:239 [ref. 37250], Bariche & Fricke 2020:68 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37519], Misawa et al. 2020:276 [ref. 38138], Okamoto et al. 2020:166 [ref. 37661], Golani 2021:47 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus denticulatus Dieuzeide 1950. Epigonidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea; Tasman Sea). Habitat: marine.

devaneyi, Epigonus Gon [O.] 1985:225, Fig. 3 [Pacific Science v. 39 (no. 2); ref. 8158] Off south end of Necker Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 311-347 meters. Holotype: BPBM 22429. Paratypes: BPBM 30277 (2). •Valid as Epigonus devaneyi Gon 1985 -- (Abramov 1992:20 [ref. 21251], Mundy 2005:358 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:217 [ref. 30952], Okamoto & Motomura 2011:155 [ref. 31269], Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus devaneyi Gon 1985. Epigonidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

draco, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] 2015:121, Figs. 1-2, 4A, 5A [Species Diversity v. 20; ref. 34091] Solomon Islands, 7°43'34"S, 158°29'24"E, depth 391-623 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2006-0589. Paratypes: CAS, MNHN. •Valid as Epigonus draco Okamoto 2015 -- (Okamoto 2016:184 [ref. 34930], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Okamoto et al. 2018:142 [ref. 36123]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus draco Okamoto 2015. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:177, Fig. 2 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 121; ref. 6006] Nazca Ridge, 21°25'S, 81°37'W, eastern Pacific, depth 25 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47332. Paratypes: IOM (3), USNM 276946 (2), ZIN 47651 (17), ZMMU P-16677 (29). Plus additional material. Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus elegans Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus elegans Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Nazca Ridge. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Brinkmannella Parr [A. E.] 1933:26, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 6); ref. 3373] Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas, 23°37'25"N, 77°15'10"W, 7000 feet wire out. Holotype: YPM 2837. •Valid as Brinkmannella elongata Parr 1933 -- (Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085]). •Synonym of Brephostoma carpenteri Alcock 1889 -- (Fedoryako 1976:183 ref. [1313], Mundy 2005:338 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Brephostoma carpenteri Alcock 1889. Epigonidae. Distribution: Bahamas [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:55, fig'd [Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists Biological Series] v. 91 (no. 3); ref. 8055] Off Saya de Malha Bank, western Indian Ocean, 11°00'S, 50°42'E, depth 320 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47138. Paratypes: (6) IOM uncat. (4), ZIN 47139 (2). •Valid as Epigonus elongatus Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Okamoto & Gon 2018:272 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus elongatus Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

exodon, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2012:85, Figs. 1-4A [Zootaxa No. 3453; ref. 32144] 21°03′S, 55°09′E, Réunion Island, western Indian Ocean, depth 450-480 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1991-0155. Paratypes: MNHN 2012-0134 (1). •Valid as Epigonus exodon Okamoto & Motomura 2012 -- (Okamoto & Gon 2018:273 [ref. 35958], Okamoto et al. 2020:167 [ref. 37661]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus exodon Okamoto & Motomura 2012. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mayotte (Comoros, France) and Réunion (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

fragilis, Scepterias Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:45, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 2487] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: FMNH 55204 [ex CM 3900]. Other material or paratypes: (3). Type catalog: Henn 1928:91 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:78 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Epigonus fragilis (Jordan & Jordan 1922) -- (Mayer 1974:169 [ref. 6007], Gon 1985:222 [ref. 8158], Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], Mundy 2005:358 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:218 [ref. 30952], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Okamoto 2019:80 [ref. 36850], Okamoto et al. 2020:2 [ref. 37432]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus fragilis (Jordan & Jordan 1922). Epigonidae. Distribution: Northwestern and central Pacific: Japan; Marcus Island, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Ridge and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

glossodontus, Epigonus Gon [O.] 1985:222, Figs. 1-2 [Pacific Science v. 39 (no. 2); ref. 8158] Small caves in vertical face, Mamala Bay, off Pearl Harbor, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 366 meters. Holotype: BPBM 28611. Paratypes: BPBM 30278 (4). •Valid as Epigonus glossodontus Gon 1985 -- (Abramov 1992:20 [ref. 21251], Chave & Mundy 1994:367 [ref. 22375], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:217 [ref. 30952], Okamoto & Motomura 2011:155 [ref. 31269], Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus glossodontus Gon 1985. Epigonidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

heracleus, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:183, Fig. 5 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 121; ref. 6006] South Pacific, 43°35'S, 161°25'W, depth 650-670 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47626. Paratypes: ZIN 47627-28 (1, 9), 47652 (5); USNM 276947 (3); ZMMU P-16679 (13). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus heracleus Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Okamoto 2011:105 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Parin et al. 2012:242 [ref. 31975], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus heracleus Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Seamounts and ridges in the southwestern Pacific (New Zealand area). Habitat: marine.

idai, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] & Gon [O.] 2018:274, Figs. 6B, 7B, 11 [Zootaxa 4382 (no. 2); ref. 35958] Off Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean, 20°35.6'S, 35°58.3E, depth 709-721 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 82171. Paratype: SAIAB. •Valid as Epigonus idai Okamoto & Gon 2018. Current status: Valid as Epigonus idai Okamoto & Gon 2018. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Epigonus Idrees Babu [K. K.] & Akhilesh [K. V.] 2020:21, Figs. 1-6 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 36; ref. 37870] Offshore of desalination plant, Kavaratti Island, Lakshadweep, India, 10.576°, 72.649°, depth 350 - 400 meters. Holotype: BNHS MF94. Paratype: BNHS MF95 (1). •Valid as Epigonus indicus Idrees Babu & Akhilesh 2020. Current status: Valid as Epigonus indicus Idrees Babu & Akhilesh 2020. Epigonidae. Distribution: Kavaratti Island, Lakshadweep, India, Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

lenimen, Scepterias Whitley [G. P.] 1935:230 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 4683] Great Australian Bight, south from Eucla, Western Australia, depth 350-450 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.3368. Paratypes: AMS E.3554 (3), E.3581-82 (1, 1), E.5490 (1), IA.6303 [ex AMS E.3354] (1). •Valid as Epigonus lenimen (Whitley 1935) -- (Mayer 1974:193 [ref. 6007], Parin & Abramov 1986:187 [ref. 6006], Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:180 [ref. 24556], Mochizuki in Amaoka et al. 1990:259 [ref. 16024], Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Gomon et al. 1994:564 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2006:1114 [ref. 29082], Gomon 2008:563 [ref. 30616], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Parin et al. 2012:242 [ref. 31975], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Stewart & Gon 2015:1222 [ref. 34199], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Fricke et al. 2018:176 [ref. 35805], Okamoto & Gon 2018:276 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus lenimen (Whitley 1935). Epigonidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: western South Indian Ocean, Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

lifouensis, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2013:2, Figs. 1, 2a [Ichthyological Research v. 60 (no. 4); ref. 32772] 21°40'59"S, 167°31'59"E, south of Lifou Island, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, depth 575 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-0018. Paratypes: MNHN 2003-1826 (1), •Valid as Epigonus lifouensis Okamoto & Motomura 2013 -- (Okamoto et al. 2018:148 [ref. 36123], Okamoto 2018:244 [ref. 36338]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus lifouensis Okamoto & Motomura 2013. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean: Macclesfield Bank (South China Sea), Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia) and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

lugubris, Florenciella Mead [G. W.] & De Falla [J. E.] 1965:268, Figs. 2, 3 (right) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 134 (no. 7); ref. 2955] Equatorial Indian Ocean, 1°58'S, 60°06'E to 2°06'S, 60°02'E, depth to 510 meters. Holotype: MCZ 43089. Paratypes: ANSP 128493 [ex MCZ 45894] (8); MCZ 45894 (orig. 57, now 27), 49815-17 (1, 1, 6) 50984 (1, c&s), 50985 (1, c&s), 50986 (2); SIO 75-603 [ex MCZ 45894] (8); UF [ex UMML] (1); USNM 202590 (1), 214031-32 (8, 1); ZMUC [ex MCZ 45894] (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:20 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Florenciella lugubris Mead & De Falla 1965 -- (Gon 1986:559 [ref. 5657], Prokofiev 2007:715 [ref. 30241]). Current status: Valid as Florenciella lugubris Mead & De Falla 1965. Epigonidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean and western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

machaera, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] 2012:248, Figs. 2b, 4b, 5b,7, 8a, 9a [Ichthyological Research v. 59; ref. 32096] Chatham Rise, east of New Zealand, 43°18'S, 175°02'W, depth 727-746 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 42741. Paratypes: AMS I.45910-001 (1); NSMT-P 10599 (1), 106600 (1), 106601 (1), 106602 (1), 106603 (1), 106604 (1). •Valid as Epigonus machaera Okamoto 2012 -- (Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Stewart & Gon 2015:1223 [ref. 34199], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus machaera Okamoto 2012. Epigonidae. Distribution: Chatham Rise, east of New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Epigonus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:64 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810) -- (Tortonese 1973:366 [ref. 7192], Mayer 1974:152 [ref. 6007], Mayer 1990:717 [ref. 18249], Hoese et al. 2006:1115 [ref. 29082], Okamoto & Gon 2018:284 [ref. 35958], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810). Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

macrops, Epigonus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & von Bonde [C.] 1924:14, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa v. 3 (no. 7) (1922); ref. 1649] Southwestern Cape, South Africa, Pickle stations 344 and 347, depths 510 and 670 fathoms. Syntypes: (2) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 669 (1). Type information: Winterbottom 1974:7 [ref. 19544]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Epigonus by Oxyodon macrops Brauer 1906. •Synonym of Epigonus robustus (Barnard 1927) -- (Mayer 1974:189 [ref. 6007], Gomon et al. 1994:565 [ref. 22532]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Epigonus robustus (Barnard 1927). Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

macrops, Oxyodon Brauer [A.] 1906:288, Fig. 172 [Die Tiefsee-Fische v. 15; ref. 632] West coast of Sumatra, 3°22'01"S, 101°11'05"E, Valdivia station 186, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ZMB 17678 (1). •Valid as Epigonus macrops (Brauer 1906) -- (Mayer 1974:159 [ref. 6007], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:323 [ref. 14275], Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Abramov 1992:20 [ref. 21251], McCosker & Long 1997:127 [ref. 22828], Gon 1999:2613 [ref. 24835], Gon in Randall & Lim 2000:614 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:238 [ref. 28815], Hoese et al. 2006:1114 [ref. 29082], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Okamoto et al. 2012:123 [ref. 32293], Okamoto & Nakayama 2016:79 [ref. 34508], Okamoto & Gon 2018:277 [ref. 35958], Idrees Babu & Akhilesh 2020:26 [ref. 37870], Klautau et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37903]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus macrops (Brauer 1906). Epigonidae. Distribution: Circumglobal, but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

marimonticolus, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:53, fig'd [Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists Biological Series] v. 91 (no. 3); ref. 8055] West of Agalega Shoals, western Indian Ocean, 10°18'S, 56°03'E, depth 400-420 meters. Holotype: ZIN 43133. Paratypes: (12) IOM uncat. (4), ZIN 47134-35 (2, 1), ZMMU P-12288 (5). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus marimonticolus Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Prokofiev 2006:5 [ref. 28960], Krupp et al. 2009:226 [ref. 30682], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:50 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Okamoto & Gon 2018:278 [ref. 35958], Idrees Babu & Akhilesh 2020:25 [ref. 37870]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus marimonticolus Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Arabian Sea and western South Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

marisrubri, Epigonus Krupp [F.], Zajonz [U.] & Khalaf [M. A.] 2009:224, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 30682] Northern of Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, Jordan, depth 52 meters. Holotype: SMF 24661. Paratypes: SMF 31636 (1). •Valid as Epigonus marisrubri Krupp, Zajonz & Khalaf 2009 -- (Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Okamoto & Gon 2018:279 [ref. 35958], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:80 [ref. 36273], Idrees Babu & Akhilesh 2020:26 [ref. 37870]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus marisrubri Krupp, Zajonz & Khalaf 2009. Epigonidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

mayeri, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] 2011:102, Figs. 2-3, 4a-5a [Ichthyological Research v. 58 (no. 2); ref. 31268] Off Angola, eastern central Atlantic, 9°55'S, 5°25'E, depth 396 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 100044. Paratypes: HUMZ 100045 (1). •Valid as Epigonus mayeri Okamoto 2011 -- (Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus mayeri Okamoto 2011. Epigonidae. Distribution: Off Angola (from types). Habitat: marine.

megalops, Hynnodus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1912:445, Pl. 38 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 41 (no. 1868); ref. 3576] Between Burias and Luzon Island, 12°51'30"N, 123°26'15"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5388, depth 226 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 70255. Paratypes: USNM 147373 (2), 147375 (1). •Synonym of Epigonus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Mayer 1974:170 [ref. 6007]). •Synonym of Epigonus atherinoides (Gilbert 1905) -- (Mochizuki & Shirakihara 1983:202 [ref. 8302]). •Valid as Epigonus megalops (Smith & Radcliffe 1912) -- (Okamoto 2016:178 [ref. 34930], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus megalops (Smith & Radcliffe 1912). Epigonidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

merleni, Epigonus McCosker [J. E.] & Long [D. J.] 1997:126, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 44 (no. 2); ref. 22828] Off Cabo Hammond, Isla Fernandina (00°28'S, 91°37'W), Galápagos Islands (floating on surface). Holotype (unique): CAS 86581. •Valid as Epigonus merleni McCosker & Long 1997 -- (Prokofiev 2006:5 [ref. 28960], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957]). •Synonym of Epigonus macrops (Brauer 1906) -- (Okamoto et al. 2012:123 [ref. 32293], Okamoto & Gon 2018:277 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Synonym of Epigonus macrops (Brauer 1906). Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

notacanthus, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:174, Fig. 1 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 121; ref. 6006] Sala y Gomez ridge, 22°06'S, 81°17'W, eastern Pacific, depth 230 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47328. Paratypes: IOM (1), ZIN 47329-30 (8, 1), USNM 276945 (3), ZMMU P-16674-76 (4, 6, 1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:81-82 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus notacanthus Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], Pequeño 1997:83 [ref. 23536], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus notacanthus Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Epigonus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:233, Pl. 66 (fig. 236) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 237 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28032. •Valid as Epigonus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Mayer 1974:170 [ref. 6007], Mochizuki in Okamura et al. 1982:227, 377 [ref. 8256], Gon 1985:222 [ref. 8158], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:239 [ref. 28815], Hoese et al. 2006:1114 [ref. 29082], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:50 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus occidentalis Goode & Bean 1896. Epigonidae. Distribution: Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

oceanica, Scombrosphyraena Fourmanoir [P.] 1970:27, Fig. 5 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 1356] Santo, southwestern Pacific, 16°30'S, 166°58'E (stomach content). Holotype: LACM (specimen of 4.8 cm). Paratypes: (5) MNHN 1970-0037 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:26 [ref. 15502]. Original author used "lectotype" instead of holotype for the primary type. •Valid as Scombrosphyraena oceanica Fourmanoir 1970 -- (Fraser & Fourmanoir 1971 [ref. 21274]). •Synonym of Sphyraenops bairdianus Poey 1861 -- (Suda & Tominaga 1983:292 [ref. 5795]). Current status: Synonym of Sphyraenops bairdianus Poey 1861. Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

okamotoi, Epigonus Fricke [R.] 2017:117, Figs. 1-4 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 35535] Western Pacific Ocean, Solomon Sea, Papua New Guinea, West New Britain Province, off southwestern New Britain, Ainto Bay, 06°06'04.7988"S, 149°12'12.5136"E - 06°07'38.3376"S, 149°12'06.4152"E, depth 315-624 meters. Holotype (unique): NTUM 12701. •Synonym of Epigonus draco Okamoto 2015 -- (Okamoto et al. 2018:142 [ref. 36123]). Current status: Synonym of Epigonus draco Okamoto 2015. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Britain (Papua New Guinea) (if valid). Habitat: marine.

oligolepis, Epigonus Mayer [G. F.] 1974:179, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 146 (no. 3); ref. 6007] Florida Straits southeast of Key West, U.S.A., Combat station 436, 24°13'N, 81°42'W, depth 300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 207718. Paratypes: MCZ 48848 (1); USNM 109430 (3), 207719 (18, 15 c&s), 207720 (1 c&s), 207721-22 (1, 2). •Valid as Epigonus oligolepis Mayer 1974 -- (Abramov 1992:20 [ref. 21251], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:240 [ref. 28815], Okamoto & Motomura 2011:155 [ref. 31269], Okamoto 2012:242 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:7 [ref. 32772], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:158 [ref. 37485]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus oligolepis Mayer 1974. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

pandionis, Apogon Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1881:160 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 211); ref. 18148] Off Chesapeake Bay, 37°25'N, 74°18'W, U.S.A., depth 157.5 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 26228. •Valid as Epigonus pandionis (Goode & Bean 1881) -- (Mayer 1974:163 [ref. 6007], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:322 [ref. 14275], Gon 1986:558 [ref. 5657], Edwards & Glass 1987:639 [ref. 9166], Mayer 1990:717 [ref. 18249], Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], Cervigón 1993:30 [ref. 24474], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:156 [ref. 25472], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:241 [ref. 28815], Krupp et al. 2009:226 [ref. 30682], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2433 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:175 [ref. 36444], Klautau et al. 2020:9 [ref. 37903]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus pandionis (Goode & Bean 1881). Epigonidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena Island; eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

parini, Epigonus Abramov [A. A.] 1987:1010, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 27 (no. 6); ref. 13520] South Pacific, 53°35'S, 140°40'W, depth 200-240 meters. Holotype: ZIN 47851. Paratypes: USNM 285049 (2); ZIN 46181 (10), 47852-54 (17, 5, 1); ZMMU P-17003 (14). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:82 [ref. 25714]. •Valid as Epigonus parini Abramov 1987 -- (Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Mochizuki in Amaoka et al. 1990:260 [ref. 16024], Meléndez 1999:141 [ref. 24261], Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Stewart & Gon 2015:1224 [ref. 34199]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus parini Abramov 1987. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pectinifer, Epigonus Mayer [G. F.] 1974:186, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 146 (no. 3); ref. 6007] Off Grenada, 12°01'N, 61°53'30"W, Oregon station 5043, depth 210-250 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 207725. Paratypes: ABE 64-2085 (1), 64-2245 (1), 64-2248 (1); MCZ 48850 (2), 48851 (1 c&s), 49813 (1); UF 230378 [ex UMML 30378] (1); USNM 207726-28 (1, 10, 9), 207729 (2 c&s). •Valid as Epigonus pectinifer Mayer 1974 -- (Mochizuki & Shirakihara 1983:205 [ref. 8302], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:151 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura et al. 1985:483, 675 [ref. 8056], Parin & Abramov 1986:186 [ref. 6006], Abramov 1992:22 [ref. 21251], Nakabo 2000:781 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:324 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:781 [ref. 26001], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Gon 2003:1394 [ref. 27085], Shinohara et al. 2005:432 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:359 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:242 [ref. 28815], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Parin et al. 2012:242 [ref. 31975], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Okamoto & Gon 2018:280 [ref. 35958], Okamoto 2018:245 [ref. 36338]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus pectinifer Mayer 1974. Epigonidae. Distribution: Cosmopolitan: southwestern Indian Ocean, western North Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, Tasman Sea, Australia, New Zealand, Emperor Seamounts and Japan. Habitat: marine.

robusta, Rosenblattia Mead [G. W.] & De Falla [J. E.] 1965:263, Figs. 1, 3 (left) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 134 (no. 7); ref. 2955] 46°53'S, 179°48'W to 46°42'S, 179°32'W, depth 1878 meters. Holotype: SIO 61-45. Paratypes: LACM 10073-78 (1 ea.); MCZ 50020 (2), 50759 (1); SIO 61-41 (1), 61-45 (1), 734193-604 (2); USNM 202589 (1). •Valid as Rosenblattia robusta Mead & De Falla 1965 -- (Gon 1986:560 [ref. 5657], Paxton et al. 1989:557 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:180 [ref. 24556], Mochizuki in Amaoka et al. 1990:264 [ref. 16024], Meléndez 1999:141 [ref. 24261], Hoese et al. 2006:1115 [ref. 29082], Roberts 2015:1231 [ref. 34193], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565] as Rosemblattia). Current status: Valid as Rosenblattia robusta Mead & De Falla 1965. Epigonidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Parahynnodus Barnard [K. H.] 1927:70 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] Off Cape Point, South Africa, Pieter Faure station 17361, depth 460 fathoms [841 meters]. Holotype (unique): SAM 13080. Also appeared in Barnard 1927:525, Pl. 22 (fig. 4) [ref. 194]. •Valid as Epigonus robustus (Barnard 1927) -- (Mayer 1974:189 [ref. 6007], Gon 1986:559 [ref. 5657], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:200 [ref. 14235], Parin & Abramov 1986:180 [ref. 6006], Paxton et al. 1989:553 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:180 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Mochizuki in Amaoka et al. 1990:261 [ref. 16024], Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:156 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:565 [ref. 22532], Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Trunov 1999:466 [ref. 24579], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Hoese et al. 2006:1114 [ref. 29082], Gomon 2008:563 [ref. 30616], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Okamoto 2012:242, 250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Stewart & Gon 2015:1225 [ref. 34199], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Fricke et al. 2018:176 [ref. 35805], Okamoto & Gon 2018:282 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus robustus (Barnard 1927). Epigonidae. Distribution: Southern circumglobal: South Indian Ocean, Australia, New Zealand and western South Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

sanzoi, Microichthys Spartà [A.] 1950:202 [3], Figs. 1-8 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 26 (n. s., v. 5) (no. 2); ref. 12921] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): Istituto Talassografico di Messina (lost). •Mention -- (Mayer 1974:199 [ref. 6007]). •Valid as Microichthys sanzoi Spartà 1950 -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:808 [ref. 13676], Battaglia et al. 2014:101 [ref. 35432], Fricke et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37281]). Current status: Valid as Microichthys sanzoi Spartà 1950. Epigonidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea: Strait of Messina, Italy. Habitat: marine.

telescopus, Pomatomus Risso [A.] 1810:301, Pl. 9 (fig. 31) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: MNHN B-0862 (dry, poor condition). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-0750 (1, dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:376 [ref. 21554], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:65 [ref. 12478]. Lectotype apparently established by Tortonese 1973:366 [ref. 7192] but use of "type" for MNHN B-0862. Name spelled Pomatomus telescopium by Berthelot 1840:68 [ref. 30346]. •Valid as Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810) -- (Totonese 1973:366 [ref. 7192], Mayer 1974:152 [ref. 6007], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:806 [ref. 13676], Mayer 1990:717 [ref. 18249], Paulin et al. 1989:180 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165, 166 [ref. 36134], Mochizuki in Amaoka et al. 1990:262 [ref. 16024], Abramov 1992:21 [ref. 21251], Gon 1986:559 [ref. 5657], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:156 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:562 [ref. 22532], McCosker & Long 1997:127 [ref. 22828], Santos et al. 1997:83 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:82 [ref. 24952], Saldanha & Biscoito 1997:199 [ref. 24962], Porteiro et al. 1999:15 [ref. 24203], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:81 [ref. 26753], Moore et al. 2003:226 [ref. 27076], Hoese et al. 2006:1115 [ref. 29082], Fricke et al. 2007:82 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:564 [ref. 30616], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:58 [ref. 31169], Parin et al. 2012:241 [ref. 31975], Okamoto 2012:242 [ref. 32096], Okamoto & Motomura 2012:84 [ref. 32144], Ruiz-Pico et al. 2012:578 [ref. 32865],, Okamoto & Motomura 2013:6 [ref. 32772], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Stewart & Gon 2015:1226 [ref. 34199], Bañón et al. 2016:322 [ref. 34397], Gon in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2434 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:128 [ref. 36550], Okamoto & Gon 2018:283 [ref. 35958], Carneiro et al. 2019:240 [ref. 37250], Rafrafi-Nouira et al. 2019:470 [ref. 36991], Reiner 2019:183 [ref. 38139], Kovačić et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus telescopus (Risso 1810). Epigonidae. Distribution: Circumglobal, antitropical (including Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.

thai, Epigonus Prokofiev [A. M.] & Bussarawit [S.] in Parin, Prokofiev & Bussarawit 2012:241, Fig. 2 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 52 (no. 3); ref. 31975] Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea, off west coast of Thailand, 6°44'710"N, 98°06'095"E, depth 303-313 meters. Holotype (unique): PMBC 26430. •Valid as Epigonus thai Prokofiev & Bussarawit 2012 -- (Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:50 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Kawai et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37785], Psomadakis et al. 2020:411 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus thai Prokofiev & Bussarawit 2012. Epigonidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Myanmar to Andaman Sea coast of western Thailand. Habitat: marine.

trewavasae, Epigonus Poll [M.] 1954:91, Fig. 27 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 3A); ref. 12663] Atlantic, 8 [or 48] miles southwest of Moite Seca, 6°08'S, 11°30'E, depth 280-290 meters. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 206. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:25 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:39 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Epigonus trewavasae Poll 1954 -- (Mayer 1974:183 [ref. 6007]). •Synonym of Epigonus constanciae (Giglioli 1880) -- (Mayer & Tortonese 1977 [ref. 7053], Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:806 [ref. 13676], Gon 1986:558 [ref. 5657], Mayer 1990:716 [ref. 18249]). Current status: Synonym of Epigonus constanciae (Giglioli 1880). Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

trunovi, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Prokofiev [A. M.] in Parin, Prokofiev & Bussarawit 2012:239, Fig. 1 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 52 (no. 3); ref. 31975] Southeastern Atlantic, Valdivia Bank. Holotype: ZMMU 21892. Paratypes: ZMMU 21893 (1). •Synonym of Epigonus angustifrons Abramov & Manilo 1987 -- (Okamoto & Gon 2018:264 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Synonym of Epigonus angustifrons Abramov & Manilo 1987. Epigonidae. Habitat: marine.

tuberculatus, Epigonus Okamoto [M.] & Motomura [H.] 2013:5, Figs. 2b, c, 4, 5 [Ichthyological Research v. 60 (no. 4); ref. 32772] 14°45'S, 95°24"E to 14°45'S, 95°22'E, south of Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indian Ocean, depth 473-570 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 5677-08. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5677-09 (1). •Valid as Epigonus tuberculatus Okamoto & Motomura 2013. Current status: Valid as Epigonus tuberculatus Okamoto & Motomura 2013. Epigonidae. Distribution: South of Cocos-Keeling Islands. Habitat: marine.

waltersensis, Epigonus Parin [N. V.] & Abramov [A. A.] 1986:182, Fig. 4 [Trudy Instituta Okeanologii Imeni P.P. Shirshova = Transactions of the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology v. 121; ref. 6006] Madagascar submarine ridge, Walters Shoal, 33°06'S, 44°04'E, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 740-760 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 47335. •Valid as Epigonus waltersensis Parin & Abramov 1986 -- (Abramov 1992:23 [ref. 21251], Okamoto 2011:107 [ref. 31268], Okamoto & Fukui 2011:390 [ref. 31623], Okamoto 2012:250 [ref. 32096], Okamoto et al. 2011:89 [ref. 31686], Okamoto & Aungtonya 2013:51 [ref. 33347], Okamoto 2015:125 [ref. 34091], Fricke 2017:119 [ref. 35535], Fricke et al. 2018:176 [ref. 35805], Okamoto & Gon 2018:285 [ref. 35958]). Current status: Valid as Epigonus waltersensis Parin & Abramov 1986. Epigonidae. Distribution: Western South Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.