Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 Nov 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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crocodila, Belona Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821:129 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 13274] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:22 [ref. 22813]. Plate illustrating species not included in original, but later found and published by Phillips 1955:4, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 21818]. Placed on Official List in Opinion 900. Kottelat (2013) indicates that the name crocodila must be retained -- •Synonym of Belone marisrubri (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Mees 1962:44 [ref. 13277]). •Valid as Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821), subspecies crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:15 [ref. 13251], Collette 1999:2160 [ref. 24785], Afonso et al. 1999:70 [ref. 25466], Randall 1999:8 [ref. 25829], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:50 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2000:563 [ref. 25086], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:599 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:137 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Collette & Banford 2001:51 [ref. 25982], Nakabo 2002:563 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:102 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1113 [ref. 26981], Collette 2003:10, 11 [ref. 27306], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:26 [ref. 27510], Smith et al. 2003:15 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Heemstra 2004:3337 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:282 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:719 [ref. 28995], Wirtz et al. 2007:28 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:139 [ref. 30952] with subspecies, Motomura et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:166 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2012:16 [ref. 33457], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:170 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:65 [ref. 32988], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:32 [ref. 33341], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:177 [ref. 34104], Collette 2016:2127 [ref. 34601], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35354], Reiner 2019:132 [ref. 38139], Sonoyama et al. 2020:41 [ref. 37637], Akaike et al. 2021:19 [ref. 38809], Collette 2022:380 [ref. 39718]). •Valid as Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821) -- (Collette & Berry 1965:391 [ref. 13367], Parin 1967:58 [ref. 10272], Collette & Parin 1970:52 [ref. 7415], Kyushin et al. 1977:38 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:65 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:78 [ref. 6441], Collette 1986:387 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:107 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:343 [ref. 12442], Collette & Parin 1990:597 [ref. 16473], Randall et al. 1990:58 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1991:225 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:84 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:270 [ref. 23827], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1992:584 [ref. 21590], Bussing & López S. 1994:78 [ref. 23101], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:87 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:174 [ref. 27969], Murdy et al. 1997:119 [ref. 23144], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:69 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:268 [ref. 24023], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:129 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:24 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:52 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:58 [ref. 25919], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:940 [ref. 23897], Myers 1999:75 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:117 [ref. 24106], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:206 [ref. 24550], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:240 [ref. 24754], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:167 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:724 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:85 [ref. 37268], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:159 [ref. 27511], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:154 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Choi et al. 2003:219, 546 [ref. 26218] with first author as Petron, Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:125 [ref. 28072], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:64 [ref. 37547], Fricke et al. 2009:32 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32708], Ali et al. 2018:314 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:43 [ref. 36273], Carneiro et al. 2019:200 [ref. 37250], Eagderi et al. 2019:22 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36673], Collette & Bemis 2019:48 [ref. 37342], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 11 [ref. 38321], Kim et al. 2020:81 [ref. 39118], Psomadakis et al. 2020:336 [ref. 37272], Robertson et al. 2020:151 [ref. 38098], Kovačić et al. 2021:52 [ref. 39014], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:69 [ref. 39585], Fermon et al. 2022:268 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821). Belonidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, South China Sea, East China Sea, Sea of Japan), but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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