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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Carangidae: [ 122 ] records


Absalom Whitley [G. P.] 1937:133 Masc. Caranx radiatus Macleay 1881. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Pantolabus Whitley 1931 -- (Laroche et al. 1984:513 [ref. 13525], Gunn 1990:41 [ref. 20141]). Current status: Synonym of Pantolabus Whitley 1931. Carangidae.

Acanthinion Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:499, 500 Neut. Chaetodon rhomboides Bloch 1787. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:939 [ref. 2443]. Acanthinium Agassiz 1846:2 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Alectis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:84 Fem. Gallus virescens Lacepède 1802. Type by being a replacement name. As "Alectis R. [Rafinesque] Gallus Lac. [Lacepède]." An available replacement name for Gallus Lacepède 1802, preoccupied in Aves. •Valid as Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:820 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:640 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:573 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:9[ref. 20141], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:674 [ref. 21590], Lin & Shao 1999:48 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2663 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1429 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S6 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1149 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:115 [ref. 30425], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:44 [ref. 36649], Kottelat 2013:331 [ref. 32989], Parin et al. 2014:360 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2017:104 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:179 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:82 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:143 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Alepes (subgenus of Trachinus) Swainson [W.] 1839:176, 248 Fem. Trachinus (Alepes) melanoptera Swainson 1839. Type by monotypy. Alepis Agassiz 1846:14 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Alepes Swainson 1839 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:820 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:641 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:574 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:11 [ref. 20141], Iwatsuki & Kimura 1996:183 [ref. 22266], Lin & Shao 1999:49 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2664 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1150 [ref. 28997], Hoese & Gates 2006:1150 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:116 [ref. 30425], Bogorodsky et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31559], Motomura et al. 2017:104 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:179 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:82 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:143 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Alepes Swainson 1839. Carangidae.

Apolectus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:438 Masc. Apolectus stromateus Cuvier 1832. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Apolectus Bennett 1831 in fishes. •Treated as valid as Apolectus Cuvier 1832 -- (Witzell 1978 [ref. 6802]). •Synonym of Parastromateus Bleeker 1864 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:530 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz 1986:653 [ref. 5718], Lin & Shao 1999:59 [ref. 23921]). Current status: Synonym of Parastromateus Bleeker 1864. Carangidae.

Argyreiosus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:566 Masc. Zeus vomer Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. Spelled Argyreios, Argyreyosus, Argyriosus and Argyregosus in early literature. •Synonym of Selene Lacepède 1802 -- (see Opinion 569). Current status: Synonym of Selene Lacepède 1802. Carangidae.

Atropus Oken [L.] (ex Cuvier) 1817:1182 Masc. Brama atropos Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by monotypy. Based on "Les Atropus" Cuvier 1816:324 [ref. 993] (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]). See also Whitley 1935:136 [ref. 6396] for possible earlier date [not investigated]. •Valid as Atropus Oken 1817 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Kijima et al. 1986:841 [ref. 6320], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Lin & Shao 1999:49 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2665 [ref. 24833]). Current status: Valid as Atropus Oken 1817. Carangidae.

Atule Jordan [D. S.] & Jordan [E. K.] 1922:38 Fem. Caranx affinis Rüppell 1836. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Selar Bleeker 1851 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:379 [ref. 7198]). •Valid as Atule Jordan & Jordan 1922 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:641 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:309 [ref. 6207], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:574 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:13 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:50 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2664 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1151 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:117 [ref. 30425], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:105 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:82 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Atule Jordan & Jordan 1922. Carangidae.

Baillonus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:85 Masc. Caesiomorus baillonii Lacepède 1801. Type by being a replacement name. As "Baillonus R. [Rafinesque] Caesiomorus Lac. [Lacepède]." Name only but an available (unneeded) replacement for Caesiomorus Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Bassetina Whitley [G. P.] 1941:30 Fem. Caranx hullianus McCulloch 1909. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Zamora Whitley 1931, preoccupied by Zamora Roewer 1928 in Arachnida. •Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855. Current status: Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855. Carangidae.

Blepharichthys Gill [T. N.] 1861:36 Masc. Zeus ciliaris Bloch 1787. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Blepharis Cuvier 1816, not preoccupied. •Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Blepharis Cuvier [G.] 1816:322 Fem. Zeus ciliaris Bloch 1787. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:331 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Bothrolaemus Holbrook [J. E.] 1855:80 Masc. Trachinotus pampanus Cuvier 1832. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Branchialepes (subgenus of Alepes) Fowler [H. W.] 1938:46 Fem. Selar tabulae Barnard 1927. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Branchialepis in Zoological Record for 1938. •Synonym of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Current status: Synonym of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Buphthalmus (subgenus of Seriola) Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:257 Masc. Seriola songoro Smith 1959. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Caesiomorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:92 Masc. Caesiomorus baillonii Lacepède 1801. Type by subsequent designation. Cesiomorus Rafinesque 1815:84 [ref. 3584] is an incorrect subsequent spelling. Type designated by Gill 1863:437 [ref. 1669] or by Jordan 1917:61 [ref. 2407]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:39 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Campogramma Regan [C. T.] 1903:350 Fem. Lichia vadigo of Risso 1810. Type by monotypy. Apparently based on misidentified type species (not vadigo Lacepède); see Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:246 [ref. 7106]; Risso's vadigo renamed Campogramma lirio by Dollfus 1955. The genus is feminine, not neuter; name based on the special condition of the lateral line. •Valid as Campogramma Regan 1903 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:375 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:244 [ref. 7106], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:822 [ref. 13676], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:44 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Valid as Campogramma Regan 1903. Carangidae.

Carangichthys Bleeker [P.] 1852:760 Masc. Carangichthys typus Bleeker 1853. Type by monotypy (also by use of typus). •Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:373 [ref. 7198]). •Synonym of Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Carangichthys Bleeler 1852 -- (Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:156 [ref. 6441], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Kimura 2009:117 [ref. 30425], Motomura et al. 2017:165 [ref. 35490]). •Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Carangoides Bleeker [P.] 1851:343, 352, 366 Masc. Caranx praeustus Anonymous [Bennett] 1830. Type by subsequent designation. Type listed as above by Jordan 1919:248 [ref. 2410]; Jordan & Evermann 1896:928 list plagiotaenia, but that species described later. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. Kottelat (2013) should allow the Commission to be petitioned to accept Carangoides over Olistus. •Valid as Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:156 [ref. 6441], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:574 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:14 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:50 [ref. 23921], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:285 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2665 [ref. 24833], Parin 2003:S6 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1151 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:118 [ref. 30425], Parin et al. 2014:360 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2017:107 [ref. 35490], Bogorodsky et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35534], Fricke et al. 2018:180 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:83 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:144 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Carangops Gill [T. N.] 1862:238 Masc. Caranx falcatus Holbrook 1855. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Gill 1863:435 [ref. 1669]. •Synonym of Hemicaranx Bleeker 1862 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:315 [ref. 6207] but with wrong type). Current status: Synonym of Hemicaranx Bleeker 1862. Carangidae.

Carangulus (subgenus of Caranx) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1927:505 Masc. Caranx latus Agassiz 1831. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:310 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Carangus Girard [C. F.] 1858:168 Masc. Scomber carangus Bloch 1793. Type by absolute tautonymy (also designated by Jordan 1919:291 [ref. 2410]). •Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:373 [ref. 7198], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:310 [ref. 6207], Smith-Vaniz & Carpenter 2007:208 [ref. 29160], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Carangus (subgenus of Caranx) Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:355 Masc. Name correctly formed [Jordan's mention as Carangus (1917:60 and 1919:180) wrongly withdrawn by Jordan 1923:185], but Carangus Griffith & Smith apparently is not available because genus and species are without distinctive characters, and no type species is given (only with vernacular names). •In the synonymy of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:291 [ref. 24550], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Caranx Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:57 Masc. Caranx carangua Lacepède 1801. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently designated first by Desmarest 1856:242 [ref. 17401] as Caranx carougus [sic] Bloch, which is a synonym of Caranx hippos Linnaeus (see Whitley 1939:223 [ref. 25866]). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:395 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. Kottelat (2013) indicated no type designator. •Valid as Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:373 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:823 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:646 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:310 [ref. 6207], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:577 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:37[ref. 20141], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:376 [ref. 23876], Allen 1991:134 [ref. 21090], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:676 [ref. 21590], Lin & Shao 1999:54 [ref. 23921], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:291 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2665 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1429 [ref. 27083], Khalaf & Krupp 2003:56 [ref. 31543], Hoese & Gates 2006:1155 [ref. 28997], Smith-Vaniz & Carpenter 2007:208 [ref. 29160], Vreven & Snoeks 2007:415 [ref. 30078], Kimura 2009:121 [ref. 30425], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:44 [ref. 36649], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:111 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:182 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:84 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:167 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:146 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Centronotus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:309 Masc. Centronotus conductor Lacepède 1801 (= Gasterosteus ductor Linnaeus 1758). Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:900 [ref. 2443]. Lacepède cited G. conductor L. (sic, for ductor) in synonymy; and this suggests he did not intend a new species name, conductor could be regarded as a misspelling. See also Opinion 1799. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Centronotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 in fishes. •Synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:377 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Chloroscombrus Girard [C. F.] 1858:168 Masc. Micropteryx cosmopolita Agassiz 1831. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:440 [ref. 2476]. •Valid as Chloroscombrus Girard 1858 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz 1986:649 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:313 [ref. 6207], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:676 [ref. 21590], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:281 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1431 [ref. 27083]). Current status: Valid as Chloroscombrus Girard 1858. Carangidae.

Chorinemus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:367 Masc. Scomberoides commersonnianus Lacepède 1801. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Scomberoides Lacepède 1801; see account of Scomberoides for type species problem. A replacement name, but not recognized as such by Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:316 [ref. 6207]. For problem with type see Scomberoides Lacepède. •Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:190 [ref. 7106], Gunn 1990:42 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:64 [ref. 23921], Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Citula Cuvier [G.] 1816:315 Fem. Citula banksii Risso 1820. Type by subsequent monotypy. Appeared first without included species, one species added by Risso 1820. Treated as a possible senior synonym of Carangoides (e.g., by Smith-Vaniz 1986:641 [ref. 5718]) but with wrong type. With type as above, Citula would be a senior synonym of Pseudocaranx, and the ICZN should be petitioned to conserve Pseudocaranx -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2006:98 [ref. 28900]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Carangidae.

Decapterus Bleeker [P.] 1851:342, 352, 358 Masc. Caranx kurra Cuvier 1833. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:432 [ref. 2476]. •Valid as Decapterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:375 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:154 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:828 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:649 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:314 [ref. 6207], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:578 [ref. 12442], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:673 [ref. 21590], Lin & Shao 1999:56 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2663 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1431 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S6 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1158 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:122 [ref. 30425], Kimura et al. 2013:[1] [ref. 32890], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz 2015:1251 [ref. 34200], Motomura et al. 2017:113 [ref. 35490], Robertson et al. 2017:87 [ref. 35676], Fricke et al. 2018:184 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:167 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:147 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Decapterus Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Decaptus Poey [F.] 1861:374, 391 Masc. Seriola pinnulata Poey 1860. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Elagatis Bennett 1840. Current status: Synonym of Elagatis Bennett 1840. Carangidae.

Doliodon Girard [C. F.] 1858:168 Masc. Gasterosteus carolinus Linnaeus 1766. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Elagatis Bennett [F. D.] 1840:283 Fem. Elagatis bipinnulatus Bennett 1840. Type by monotypy. Type usually given as Seriola bipinnulata Quoy & Gaimard 1825, but Bennett treats only "Elagatis Bipinnulatus, n. sp."; names were selected independently, but are treated as synonyms. Genus is feminine so correct spelling is bipinnulata. •Valid as Elagatis Bennett 1840 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:376 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:153 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:830 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:652 [ref. 5718], Paxton et al. 1989:580 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:38 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:62 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2666 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1434 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S6 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1159 [ref. 28997], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz 2015:1253 [ref. 34200], Motomura et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:147 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Elagatis Bennett 1840. Carangidae.

Elaphrotoxon (subgenus of Caranx) Fowler [H. W.] 1905:76 Neut. Scomber ruber Bloch 1793. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Spelled Elaphotoxon by Jordan et al. 1930:271 [ref. 6476], and by Jordan 1920:512 [ref. 4905]. •Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). •Synonym of Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Eleria Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:774 Fem. Eleria philippina Jordan & Seale 1905. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:190 [ref. 7106], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:316 [ref. 6207], Gunn 1990:42 [ref. 20141], Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Eustomatodus (subgenus of Decapterus) Gill [T. N.] 1862:261 Masc. Decapterus kurroides Bleeker 1855. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:189 [ref. 2476]. •Synonym of Decapterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:314 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Decapterus Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Evepigymnus (subgenus of Decapterus) Gill [T. N.] 1862:261 Masc. Decapterus hypodus Gill 1862. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Decapterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:314 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Decapterus Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Ferdauia Jordan [D. S.], Evermann [B. W.] & Wakiya [Y.] in Jordan, Evermann & Tanaka 1927:662 Fem. Carangoides jordani Nichols 1922. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Gunn 1990:14 [ref. 20141]). •Synonym of Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Formio Whitley [G. P.] in McCulloch 1929:193 Masc. Apolectus stromateus Cuvier 1832. Type by being a replacement name. Treated as masculine, Art. 30.2.4. Replacement for Apolectus Cuvier 1832, preoccupied by Apolectus Bennett 1831 in fishes. Misspelled Fonnio in Zoological Record for 1929. Authorship attributed to Whitley who provided name and recognized preoccupation. •Synonym of Parastromateus Bleeker 1864 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1986:653 [ref. 5718]). Current status: Synonym of Parastromateus Bleeker 1864. Carangidae.

Gallichtys Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:168 Masc. Gallichtys major Cuvier 1833. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1919:178 [ref. 2410]. Spelled Gallichtys in 3 places and in index; Gallichthys of Agassiz 1845:26 [ref. 4889] and others is an unjustified emendation or incorrect subsequent spelling. •Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207], as Gallichthys, Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Gallus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:583 Masc. Gallus virescens Lacepède 1802. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gallus in Aves, replaced by Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (see Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207]). •Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:573 [ref. 12442], Lin & Shao 1999:48 [ref. 23921], Hoese & Gates 2006:1149 [ref. 28997], Kottelat 2013:331 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Glaucus Klein [J. T.] 1775:829 Masc. Not available, published in a work that does not conform to the principle of binominal nomenclature. Carangidae.

Glaucus Fowler [H. W.] (ex Klein in Walbaum) 1906:116 Masc. Scomber amia Linnaeus 1758. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Glaucus Klein is unavailable, as are Klein's genera reprinted in condensed form in Walbaum 1792 (Opinion 21); Fowler's action creates a genus Glaucus credited to Fowler 1906. With type as above this would be a synonym of Lichia Cuvier 1816 -- (as treated by Hureau & Tortonese 1973:377 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Lichia Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Glaucus Bleeker [P.] (ex Klein) 1863:14, 75 Masc. Glaucus rondeletii Bleeker 1863 (= Scomber glaucus Linnaeus 1758). Type by monotypy. Genus based on Glaucus of earlier authors (not available) and species on non-binominal Glaucus primus Rondeletii of Willughby 1686:Pl. S.15, fig. 1 [ref. 30164], with S. glaucus Linnaeus in synonymy; Bleeker's action creates a genus and species dating to Bleeker. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (as treated by Hureau & Tortonese 1973:383 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Glaucus Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] (ex Klein) 1917:463 Masc. Scomber glaucus Linnaeus 1758. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Based on Glaucus Klein (unavailable); creates a Glaucus Jordan & Hubbs 1917. With type as above would be a synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 (as teated by Hureau & Tortonese 1973:383 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Glaucus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Klein) 1792:585 Masc. Not available, published in a part of work rejected for nomenclatural purposes in Opinion 21 (1938). Based on Klein 1749:30 [ref. 30141], with reference to Willughby 1686:296, Pl. S.17; 297, Pl. S.15, figs 1-2; 298, Pl. S.18, fig. 3; 276, Pl. R.4, fig. 5e; etc. [ref. 30164]. Carangidae.

Gnathanodon Bleeker [P.] 1850:160 Masc. Scomber speciosus Forsskål 1775. Type by monotypy. Appeared without description as "Gnathanodon speciosus Blkr. = Caranx speciosus CV.", but new name plus existing species is sufficient for availability. Diagnosis followed in Bleeker 1862:72 [ref. 332] and 1862:352 [ref. 326]. •Valid as Gnathanodon Bleeker 1850 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:652 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Gunn 1990:39 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:58 [ref. 23921], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:290 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2664 [ref. 24833], Parin 2003:S6 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1160 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:123 [ref. 30425], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:147 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Gnathanodon Bleeker 1850. Carangidae.

Guaperva Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1802:562 (footnote) Fem. Not available, name mentioned in passing under Selene argentea. See remarks under Opinion 89 in Appendix B in Eschmeyer et al. 1990 [ref. 26735]. Carangidae.

Gymnepignathus (subgenus of Decapterus) Gill [T. N.] 1862:261 Masc. Decapterus macrosoma Bleeker 1851. Type by monotypy. Misspelled Gymneipignathus by Jordan 1919:316 [ref. 4904]. •Synonym of Decapterus Bleeker 1851 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:314 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Decapterus Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Halatractus Gill [T. N.] 1863:442 Masc. Scomber zonatus Mitchill 1815. Type by original designation. Jordan (1919:317 [ref. 4904]) states that this is a replacement for Seriola Cuvier 1816 (type Seriola dumerili), but there is no evidence in the original description that this is the case, and zonatus is clearly designated type. •Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Hemicaranx Bleeker [P.] 1862:135 Masc. Hemicaranx marginatus Bleeker 1862. Type by original designation. •Valid as Hemicaranx Bleeker 1862 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:315 [ref. 6207], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:680 [ref. 21590], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:288 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1432 [ref. 27083]). Current status: Valid as Hemicaranx Bleeker 1862. Carangidae.

Hildebrandella Nichols [J. T.] 1950:20 Fem. Citula halli Evermann & Seale 1907. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Apolectus Cuvier 1832 -- (Witzell 1978:74 [ref. 6802]), which is a synonym of Parastromateus Bleeker 1864. Current status: Synonym of Parastromateus Bleeker 1864. Carangidae.

Hynnis Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:195 Fem. Hynnis goreensis Cuvier 1833. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Hypacantha Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:67 Fem. See Hypacantus Rafinesque 1810. Also appears with this spelling as name only in Rafinesque 1815:84 [ref. 3584]. On Official Index (Opinion 1124). Carangidae.

Hypacantus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:43 Masc. Centronotus vadigo Lacepède 1801. Type by subsequent designation. On Official Index for purposes of priority (Opinion 1124); the incorrect subsequent spellings Hypacantha Rafinesque and Hypacanthus Rafinesque also placed on Official Index (Opinion 1124). Type perhaps validly designated by Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:228 [ref. 7106] with genus spelling Hypacanthus. •In the synonymy of Lichia Cuvier 1816 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:228 [ref. 7106] as Hypacanthus). Carangidae.

Hypocaranx (subgenus of Caranx) Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:92 Masc. Scomber speciosus Forsskål 1775. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:927 [ref. 2443]. •Objective synonym of Gnathanodon Bleeker 1850. Current status: Synonym of Gnathanodon Bleeker 1850. Carangidae.

Hypodis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:41 Masc. Scomber glaucus Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation (also by subsequent monotypy). Treated as masculine, Art. 30.2.4. Originally without species, one species included and type designated by Jordan 1917:79 [ref. 2407]. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Irex Valenciennes [A.] 1862:1204 Masc. Irex indicus Valenciennes 1862. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Jordan 1919:321 [ref. 4904]; two originally-included species. •Synonym of Elagatis Bennett 1840 -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1979:23 [ref. 12247]). Current status: Synonym of Elagatis Bennett 1840. Carangidae.

Kaiwarinus Suzuki [K.] 1962:204 Masc. Caranx equula Temminck & Schlegel 1844. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Kaiwarinus Suzuki 1962 -- (Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Kijima et al. 1986:841 [ref. 6320], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697]). •Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (authors). •Synomyn of Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Lateroscultatus de Buen [F.] 1926:103 As a "grupo" of Carangidae. Not available on basis of Art. 1.3.5 [see de Buen's definition of "grupo" on p. 11]; see Appendix A in Eschmeyer 1990 [ref. 20647]. Carangidae.

Laterosquamatus de Buen [F.] 1926:102 As a "grupo" of Carangidae including Lichia and Seriola. Not available on basis of Art. 1.3.5 [see de Buen's definition of "grupo" on p. 11]; see Appendix A in Eschmeyer 1990 [ref. 20647]. Carangidae.

Leioglossus Bleeker [P.] 1851:343, 352, 367 Masc. Leioglossus carangoides Bleeker 1851. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Bleeker 1852:70 [ref. 332] with type by monotypy. •Synonym of Ulua Jordan & Snyder 1908. Current status: Synonym of Ulua Jordan & Snyder 1908. Carangidae.

Leptaspis Bleeker [P.] 1851:71 Fem. Caranx leptolepis Cuvier 1833. Type by monotypy. Later as Selaroides Bleeker 1851; reason for change unstated. Kottelat 2013:336 [ref. 32989] declared this a nomen protectum, preserving the use of Seleroides. •Synonym of Selaroides Bleeker 1851 -- (Kottelat 2013:336 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Selaroides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Leptoligoplites (subgenus of Oligoplites) Fowler [H. W.] 1944:223 Masc. Oligoplites refulgens Gilbert & Starks 1904. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Oligoplites Gill 1863 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:213 [ref. 7106]). Current status: Synonym of Oligoplites Gill 1863. Carangidae.

Leucoglossa Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] in Jordan, Evermann & Tanaka 1927:660 Fem. Leucoglossa candens Jordan, Evermann & Wakiya 1927. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855. Carangidae.

Lichia Cuvier [G.] 1816:321 Fem. Scomber amia Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Regan 1903:348 [ref. 3618]. On Official List (Opinion 1124). •Valid as Lichia Cuvier 1816 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:377 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:831 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:652 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:315 [ref. 6207], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:681 [ref. 21590], Parin 2003:S7 [ref. 28536], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:44 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Lichia Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Longirostrum Wakiya [Y.] 1924:202 Neut. Caranx luna Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Selenia Bonaparte 1846, preoccupied by Selenia Hubner 1816 in Coleoptera. Usa Whitley 1927 apparently is an unneeded replacement for Longirostrum. •Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2006:98 [ref. 28900]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Carangidae.

Megalaspis Bleeker [P.] 1851:342, 352 Fem. Scomber rottleri Bloch 1793. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Megalaspis Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:653 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:581 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:40 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:59 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2663 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1161 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:123 [ref. 30425], Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Megalaspis Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Micropteryx Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:102, 104 Fem. Caranx dumerili Risso 1810. Type by being a replacement name. For authorship and date see Kottelat 1988:78 [ref. 13380]. Unneeded replacement for Seriola, regarded as preoccupied in botany but names in botany do not compete with names in zoology. •Objective synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:379 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Nauclerus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:247 Masc. Nauclerus compressus Valenciennes 1833. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:900 [ref. 2444]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Nauclerus Vigors 1825 in Aves, not replaced. •In the synonymy of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:377 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Naucrates Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:43 Masc. Centronotus conductor Lacepède 1801 (= Gasterosteus ductor Linnaeus 1758). Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Desmarest 1856:241 [ref. 17401] -- see Whitley 1939:223 [ref. 25866] but Whitley has wrong date for Desmarest; also by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:443 [ref. 2476]. See Opinion 1799 (Appendix B in Eschmeyer et al. 1990 [ref. 26735]). Also appeared as new in Billberg 1833:53 [ref. 34146] with erroneous reference to Oken; see Kullander 2016:111 [ref. 34147]. •Valid as Naucrates Rafinesque 1810 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:377 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:153 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:832 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:653 [ref. 5718], Paxton et al. 1989:581 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:582 [ref. 22532], Lin & Shao 1999:62 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2667 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1434 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S7 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1161 [ref. 28997], Smith-Vaniz 2008:576 [ref. 30654], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:44 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz 2015:1254 [ref. 34200], Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:147 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Naucratopsis Gill [T. N.] 1863:441 Fem. Seriola gigas Günther 1860. Type by monotypy. Seriola gigas Günther preoccupied by Seriola gigas Poey 1860; next available name for Günther's species is Seriola hippos Günther 1876 (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). •Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Current status: Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Oligoplites Gill [T. N.] 1863:166 Masc. Gasterosteus occidentalis Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Gill refers to Chorinemus occidentalis Cuvier & Valenciennes [Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:393 [ref. 1000]] which is Valenciennes' unneeded replacement name: "Chorinemus saltans, nob.; Gasterosteus occidentalis, Linn." Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:447 [ref. 2476]. Based on a nomen dubium -- (see Smith-Vaniz et al. 1979:5 [ref. 12247], who regards type as Chorinemus occidentalis Günther). •Valid as Oligoplites Gill 1863 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:213 [ref. 7106], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:275 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1433 [ref. 27083]). Current status: Valid as Oligoplites Gill 1863. Carangidae.

Olistus Cuvier [G.] 1829:209 Masc. Olistus malabaricus Cuvier 1833. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared first without species as above; species added by Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:137 et seq. [ref. 1002]. Type apparently first designated by Jordan 1917:129 [ref. 2407]. •Apparently a senior synonym of the widely used Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm., Nov. 1989, Gunn 1990:14 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:50 [ref. 23921]). •Valid as Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Orcynus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:84 Masc. Scomberoides noelii Lacepède 1801. Type by being a replacement name. As "Orcynus R. [Rafinesque] Scomberoides Lac. [Lacepède]." An available (unneeded) new name for Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. •Objective synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:190 [ref. 7106], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:316 [ref. 6207], Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312], Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Pampanoa (subgenus of Trachinotus) Fowler [H. W.] 1906:116 Fem. Chaetodon glaucus Bloch 1787. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Regarded as feminine if Fowler added "a" to Pampano to form the name. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207] as Pampano). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Pantolabus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:108 Masc. Caranx parasitus Garman 1903. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Pantolabus Whitley 1931 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:581 [ref. 12442], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2665 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1162 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Valid as Pantolabus Whitley 1931. Carangidae.

Parastromateus Bleeker [P.] 1864:174 Masc. Stromateus niger Bloch 1795. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Parastromateus Bleeker 1864 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664] who synonymizes Apolectidae (or Formionidae) into Carangidae, Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:653 [ref. 5718], Yamada & Nakabo 1986 [ref. 6373], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:581 [ref. 12442], Ataur Rahman 1989:264 [ref. 24860], Lin & Shao 1999:59 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2662 [ref. 24833], Ataur Rahman 2003:288 [ref. 31338], Hoese & Gates 2006:1162 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:123 [ref. 30425], Hilton et al. 2010:312 [ref. 30385], Motomura et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Parastromateus Bleeker 1864. Carangidae.

Paratractus Gill [T. N.] 1862:330 Masc. Caranx pisquetus Cuvier 1833. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:310 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Parona Berg [C.] 1895:39 Fem. Paropsis signata Jenyns 1841. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Paropsis Jenyns 1842, preoccupied by Paropsis Olivier 1807 in Coleoptera. •Valid as Parona Berg 1895 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:225 [ref. 7106], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986 [ref. 14235], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1436 [ref. 27083]). Current status: Valid as Parona Berg 1895. Carangidae.

Paropsis Jenyns [L.] 1841:65 Fem. Paropsis signata Jenyns 1841. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Paropsis Olivier 1907 in Coleoptera, replaced by Parona Berg 1895. •Objective synonym of Parona Berg 1895 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:225 [ref. 7106]). Current status: Synonym of Parona Berg 1895. Carangidae.

Pelamis Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1801:55 (footnote) Fem. Not available; Plumier non-binominal manuscript name mentioned in passing under Scomberoides saltator. See remarks under Opinion 89 in Appendix B in Eschmeyer et al. 1990 [ref. 26735]. •In the synonymy of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801 -- (Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Platysomus Swainson [W.] 1839:176, 250 Masc. Vomer brownii Cuvier 1816. Type by being a replacement name. Apparently an unneeded replacement for Vomer Cuvier (see Swainson 1839:405 [ref. 4303]). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Platysomus Agassiz 1835 in fossil fishes. •Objective synonym of Vomer Cuvier 1816. •In the synonymy of Selene Lacepéde 1802 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:318 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Selene Lacepède 1802. Carangidae.

Platyuraspis Fowler [H. W.] 1938:149 Fem. Uraspis heidi Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855. Carangidae.

Pompilus Minding [J.] 1832:108 Masc. Gasterosteus ductor Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. •Predates Pompilus Lowe. Current status: Synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Porthmeus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:255 Masc. Porthmeus argenteus Valenciennes 1833. Type by monotypy. Porthmeus Goüan 1770:42 [ref. 1863] is a nomen nudum. •Synonym of Lichia Cuvier 1816 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:377 [ref. 7198], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:315 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Lichia Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Pseudocaranx Bleeker [P.] 1863:82 Masc. Scomber dentex Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by subsequent designation. Possibly dates to an earlier Bleeker paper. Type designated by Fowler 1936:692 [ref. 6546]. See Opinion 1841 in which Pseudocaranx is placed on the Official List. •Valid as Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:833 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:654 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:582 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:583 [ref. 22532], Lin & Shao 1999:59 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2665 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1432 [ref. 27083], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2006:98 [ref. 28900], Hoese & Gates 2006:1163 [ref. 28997], Smith-Vaniz 2008:577 [ref. 30654], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:45 [ref. 36649], Smith-Vaniz 2015:1255 [ref. 34200], Brown et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Carangidae.

Rastrum (subgenus of Alepes) Fowler [H. W.] 1904:509 Neut. Alepes scitula Fowler 1904. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Alepes Swainson 1839 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Alepes Swainson 1839. Carangidae.

Regificola Whitley [G. P.] 1931:316 Masc. Seriola grandis Castelnau 1872. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Current status: Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Rhaphiolepis (subgenus of Scomberoides) Fowler [H. W.] 1905:59 Fem. Chorinemus tol Cuvier 1832. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:190 [ref. 7106], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:316 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Rhomboida Browne [P.] 1789:455 Fem. Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 89). Based on Browne 1756:455 [ref. 30188]. •In the synonymy of Vomer Cuvier 1817 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:384 [ref. 7198]). •In the synonmy os Selene Lacepède 1802 (current authors). Current status: Synonym of Selene Lacepède 1802. Carangidae.

Saurus Browne [P.] 1789:452 Masc. Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 89). Not Saurus Cuvier 1816. Based on Browne 1756:452 [ref. 30188]. Carangidae.

Scomberoides Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:50 Masc. Scomberoides noelii Lacepède 1801. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:446 [ref. 2476]; can be commersonnianus Lacepède 1801:50,53 as designated by Jordan 1917:60 [ref. 2407], if noelii is a nomen dubium (see Smith-Vaniz et al. 1979:6 [ref. 12247]). Original spelling Scomberoïdes. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:387 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Scomberoides Lacepède 1801 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:190 [ref. 7106], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:153 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:654 [ref. 5718], Paxton et al. 1989:582 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:42 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:64 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2667 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1164 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:124 [ref. 30425], Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:116 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:186 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:148 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Scyris Cuvier [G.] 1829:209 Fem. Gallus alexandrinus Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared in 1829 with species cited as "Le Gal d'Alexandrie." First technical addition of species cited by scientific name apparently was in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:145-153 [ref. 1002] (S. indica and S. alexandrina). Earliest technical subsequent designation not established. •Valid as Scyris Cuvier 1829 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:378 [ref. 7198]). •Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:308 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:331 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Alectis Rafinesque 1815. Carangidae.

Selar Bleeker [P.] 1851:343, 352, 359 Masc. Caranx boops Cuvier 1833. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently designated first by Jordan and Evermann 1896:916 [ref. 2443] or by Fowler 1918:14 [ref. 1396]; type not S. hasseltii Bleeker. Treated by author as masculine. •Valid as Selar Bleeker 1851-- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:379 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:154 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:834 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:655 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:583 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:47 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:59 [ref. 23921], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:275 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2663 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1430 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S7 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1165 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:125 [ref. 30425], Parin et al. 2014:362 [ref. 33547], Parin et al. 2014:362 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2017:118 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:187 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:148 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Selar Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Selaroides Bleeker [P.] 1851:343, 352 Masc. Caranx leptolepis Cuvier 1833. Type by monotypy. Leptaspis Bleeker 1851 is an unneeded substitute, but it appeared earlier that Leptaspis in 1851. Kottelat 2013:336 [ref. 32989] declared Seleroides as nomen oblitum. •Valid as Selaroides Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Kijima et al. 1986:841 [ref. 6320], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:583 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:49 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:60 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2664 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1166 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:126 [ref. 30425], Kottelat 2013:336 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:118 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:148 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Selaroides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Selene Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:560 Fem. Selene argentea Lacepède 1802 (= Zeus vomer Linnaeus 1758). Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:439 [ref. 2476]. On Official List (Opinion 569). •Valid as Selene Lacepède 1802 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:835 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:656 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:318 [ref. 6207], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:675 [ref. 21590], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:282 [ref. 24550], Reed et al. 2001:468 [ref. 26968], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1430 [ref. 27083], Robertson et al. 2017:88 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Selene Lacepède 1802. Carangidae.

Selenia Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:75 Fem. Caranx luna Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Selenia Hubner 1816 in Coleoptera, replaced by Longirostrum Wakiya 1924. •In the synonymy of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Current status: Uncertain as Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Carangidae.

Seriola Cuvier [G.] 1816:315 Fem. Caranx dumerili Risso 1810. Type by original designation (Opinion 461). On Official List (Opinion 461). •Valid as Seriola Cuvier 1816 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:379 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:836 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:656 [ref. 5718], Paxton et al. 1989:584 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:586 [ref. 22532], Lin & Shao 1999:63 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2667 [ref. 24833], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:648 [ref. 25968], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1434 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S7 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1166 [ref. 28997], Balanov 2008:415 [ref. 30240], Smith-Vaniz 2008:578 [ref. 30654], Bañón & Mucientes 2009:247 [ref. 30593], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:45 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:362 [ref. 33547], Martinez-Takeshita et al. 2015:357 [ref. 33834], Smith-Vaniz 2015:1256 [ref. 34200], Stuart-Smith et al. 2016:[1] [ref. 35393], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:73 [ref. 35138], Motomura et al. 2017:119 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:187 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:168 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:148 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.

Seriolichthys Bleeker [P.] 1854:195 Masc. Seriola bipinnulata Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Elagatis Bennett 1840 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:376 [ref. 7198]). Current status: Synonym of Elagatis Bennett 1840. Carangidae.

Seriolina Wakiya [Y.] 1924:222, 230 Fem. Seriola intermedia Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Seriolina Wakiya 1924 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:524 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:153 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:657 [ref. 5718], Paxton et al. 1989:585 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:50 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:63 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2666 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1168 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:126 [ref. 30425], Kottelat 2013:336 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:119 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:187 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Seriolina Wakiya 1924. Carangidae.

Solagmedens Bauchot [M.-L.] & Blanc [M.] 1963:53 Fem. Oligoplites africana Delsman 1941. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Campogramma Regan 1903 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:246 [ref. 7106]). Current status: Synonym of Campogramma Regan 1903. Carangidae.

Suareus Dardignac [J.] & Vincent [A.] in Furnestin et al. 1958:444 Masc. Caranx suareus Risso 1833. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:380 [ref. 7198] and Berry & Cohen 1974:184 [ref. 7489] with type as S. furnestini). Current status: Synonym of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Thynnus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:121 Masc. Thynnus moluccensis Gronow 1854. Type by subsequent designation. Subsequent designation not researched. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Thynnus Fabricius 1775, also by Thynnus Cuvier 1816 in fishes. •In the synonymy of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Current status: Synonym of Scomberoides Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Trachinotus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:78 Masc. Scomber falcatus Forsskål 1775. Type by monotypy. Trachynotus Agassiz 1846:373, 374 [ref. 64] and authors is an unjustified emendation; as emended is apparently preoccupied by use of name by Latreille 1829 in Coleoptera and Gravenhorst 1829 in Hymenoptera. Type species also preoccupied; next available name is Caesiomorus blochii Lacepède 1801. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:20 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Trachinotus Lacepède 1801 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:383 [ref. 7198] as Trachynotus, Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:154 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:840 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz 1986:658 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:682 [ref. 21590], Lin & Shao 1999:64 [ref. 23921], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:278 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2667 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1435 [ref. 27083], Hoese & Gates 2006:1169 [ref. 28997], Vreven & Snoeks 2007:419 [ref. 30078], Kimura 2009:126 [ref. 30425], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:45 [ref. 36649], Frabel et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32553], Hussain & Jawad 2014:253 [ref. 33657], Fricke et al. 2018:187 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:169 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:149 [ref. 36673], Smith-Vaniz & Walsh 2019:1 [ref. 36875]). Current status: Valid as Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Trachinus Swainson [W.] 1839:247, 249 Masc. Four species mentioned; genus appears to be a mixture of species now assigned to other genera. Subsequent type designation not researched. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Trachinus Linnaeus 1758. Treated by Swain 1883:276 [ref. 5966] as "Evidently a misprint for Trachurus." •In the synonymy of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810 [misspelling]. Current status: Synonym of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Trachurops Gill [T. N.] 1862:238 Masc. Scomber plumieri Bloch 1793. Type by monotypy. Type not Scomber crumenophthalmus as given by Gill 1863:432 [ref. 1669]. Proposed in 1862:238 with only Caranx plumieri mentioned. •Synonym of Selar Bleeker 1851 -- (Lin & Shao 1999:59 [ref. 23921], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:275 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Selar Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Trachurus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:124 Masc. Scomber trachurus Linnaeus 1758. Type by absolute tautonymy, trachurus included by Gronow in synonymy of T. europaeus Gronow on p. 125. Type not Trachurus cordyla Gronow 1854 as given by Jordan 1919:259 [ref. 2410]. •In the synonymy of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Current status: Synonym of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Trachurus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1801:84 (footnote) Masc. Not available; Plumier manuscript name mentioned in passing under Caranxomorus plumierianus. See remarks under Opinion 89 in Appendix B in Eschmeyer et al. 1990 [ref. 26735]. •In the synonymy of Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Trachurus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:41 Masc. Trachurus saurus Rafinesque 1810. Type by subsequent designation. Type not Scomber trachurus Linnaeus 1758, not an included species or cited synonym; Whitley 1935:137 [ref. 6396] determined that Bory de Saint-Vincent, v. 16, 1830:327 [ref. 3853] first designated saurus as type (see Berry & Cohen 1974:184-185 [ref. 7489]). Trachyurus Agassiz 1846:374 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Trachurus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:380 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz 1986:659 [ref. 5718], Ben Salem 1988 [ref. 6736], Paxton et al. 1989:586 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:588 [ref. 22532], Nekrasov 1994:9 [ref. 24544], Stepien & Rosenblatt 1996:586 [ref. 22296], Lin & Shao 1999:60 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2662 [ref. 24833], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:648 [ref. 25968], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1430 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S8 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1170 [ref. 28997], Smith-Vaniz 2008:580 [ref. 30654], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:45 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:363 [ref. 33547], Smith-Vaniz 2015:1260 [ref. 34200], Pietsch & Orr 2015:55 [ref. 34694], Bañón et al. 2016:322 [ref. 34397], Fricke et al. 2018:188 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:87 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Trachurus Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Tricropterus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:41 Masc. Scomber carangus Bloch 1793. Type by subsequent designation. Originally without species, addition of species not researched. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:915 [ref. 2443]. Spelled Trichopterus by Agassiz 1845:66 [ref. 4889] on Rafinesque 1815. •Objective synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:310 [ref. 6207], Smith-Vaniz & Carpenter 2007:208 [ref. 29160], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Turrum Whitley [G. P.] 1932:337 Neut. Turrum emburyi Whitley 1932. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Treated as neuter, Art. 30.2.4. •Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Gunn 1990:14 [ref. 20141]). •Synonym of Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Ulua Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1908:39 Fem. Ulua richardsoni Jordan & Snyder 1908. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Treated as feminine (Art. 30.2.4). •Valid as Ulua Jordan & Snyder 1908 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664], Smith-Vaniz 1986:660 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:586 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:51 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:60 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2665 [ref. 24833], Hoese & Gates 2006:1171 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:127 [ref. 30425], Ho & Shao 2011:44 [ref. 31432], Motomura et al. 2017:120 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:188 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:87 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:149 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ulua Jordan & Snyder 1908. Carangidae.

Uraspis Bleeker [P.] 1855:417, 418 Fem. Uraspis carangoides Bleeker 1855. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:916 [ref. 2443]. Type species preoccupied by Leioglossus carangoides Bleeker 1851; replaced by Caranx uraspis Günther 1860. •Valid as Uraspis Bleeker 1855 -- (Smith-Vaniz 1984:526 [ref. 13664], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:155 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:660 [ref. 5718], Gushiken 1988:443 [ref. 6697], Paxton et al. 1989:587 [ref. 12442], Gunn 1990:53 [ref. 20141], Lin & Shao 1999:61 [ref. 23921], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2664 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1432 [ref. 27083], Parin 2003:S8 [ref. 28536], Hoese & Gates 2006:1172 [ref. 28997], Kimura 2009:127 [ref. 30425], Parin et al. 2014:364 [ref. 33547], Motomura et al. 2017:120 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:87 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:169 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Uraspis Bleeker 1855. Carangidae.

Usa (subgenus of Caranx) Whitley [G. P.] 1927:299 Fem. Caranx luna Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1817. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Longirostrum Wakiya 1924, apparently not preoccupied by Longirostris. Whitley says type is Caranx cordylaoides Meuschen (not researched). •Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2006:98 [ref. 28900]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Carangidae.

Usacaranx Whitley [G. P.] 1931:316 Masc. Caranx nobilis Macleay 1881. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863 -- (Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2006:98 [ref. 28900]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudocaranx Bleeker 1863. Carangidae.

Vexillicaranx (subgenus of Caranx) Fowler [H. W.] 1905:76 Masc. Caranx africanus Steindachner 1883. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:310 [ref. 6207], Kottelat 2013:332 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caranx Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Vomer Cuvier [G.] 1816:316, 318 Masc. Vomer brownii Cuvier 1816. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1883:440 [ref. 2476]. Also in Oken 1817:1182 (= p. 1782) [ref. 3303] (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]). •Valid as Vomer Cuvier 1816 -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:384 [ref. 7198]). •Synonym of Selene Lacepède 1802 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:318 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Selene Lacepède 1802. Carangidae.

Xurel Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1927:505 Masc. Caranx vinctus Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). •Synonym of Olistus Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:334 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Carangoides Bleeker 1851. Carangidae.

Xystophorus Richardson [J.] 1845:52 Masc. Gasterosteus ductor Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Appeared without species; Fowler 1936:681 [ref. 6546] applied a species and named it as type but did not treat Xystophorus as a valid name. •Synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. Current status: Synonym of Naucrates Rafinesque 1810. Carangidae.

Zalocys Jordan [D. S.] & McGregor [E. A.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:2848 Fem. Zalocys stilbe Jordan & McGregor 1898. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also appeared in Jordan & McGregor 1899:276 [ref. 2488]. •Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepeède 1801 -- (Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:319 [ref. 6207]). Current status: Synonym of Trachinotus Lacepède 1801. Carangidae.

Zamora Whitley [G. P.] 1931:108 Fem. Caranx hullianus McCulloch 1909. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Zamora Roewer 1928 in arachnids, replaced by Bassetina Whitley 1931. •In the synonymy of Uraspis Bleeker 1855 -- (Gunn 1990:53 [ref. 20141]). Current status: Synonym of Uraspis Bleeker 1855. Carangidae.

Zonichthys (subgenus of Trachinus) Swainson [W.] 1839:39, 176, 248 Masc. Scomber fasciatus Bloch 1793. Type by subsequent designation. Misspelled Zonicthys on p. 39; description dates to p. 176. Type designated by Swain 1882:276 [ref. 5966]. •Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816 -- (Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm., Nov. 1989). Current status: Synonym of Seriola Cuvier 1816. Carangidae.