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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Moringuidae: [ 48 ] records


abbreviatus, Aphthalmichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:163 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 17003] Prigi, Java; Batu; Manado, Sulawesi; Ternata; Ambon, Indonesia. Syntypes: (12) BMNH 1867.11.28.312 (1) no locality (Bleeker coll.); RMNH 7183 (some of 12). •Valid as Moringua abbreviata (Bleeker 1863) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Lobel & Lobel 2004:67 [ref. 27576], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Zhang et al. 2010:223 [ref. 31511], Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Moringua abbreviata (Bleeker 1863). Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

amphomelaena, Rataboura Fowler [H. W.] 1938:190, Pl. 11 (fig. 25) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Kiritimati [formerly Christmas Island], Line Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68356. Paratypes: ANSP 68357-64 (8), 68365 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:127 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

anaelisae, Leptocephalus Tommasi [L. R.] 1960:93, Fig. 3 [Neotrópica (La Plata) v. 6 (no. 21); ref. 11955] Brazil, 2°27.5'N, 44°02.5'W, vertical tow, depth 23-125 meters. Holotype (unique): (lost). •Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858 -- (Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:701 [ref. 13285], Melo & Caires 2016:2 [ref. 34981]). Current status: Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

arundinaceus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:200, 204, 221, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. No types known. •Valid as Moringua arundinacea (McClelland 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:76 [ref. 20764]). •Declared a nomen oblitum by Castle 1968; in the synonymy of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish.

bahamensis, Anguillichthys Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927:10, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 635] Green Cay, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 34. Paratypes: YPM 35 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:19 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:68 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bicolor, Moringua Kaup [J. J.] 1856:70 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype: RMNH 3687. Also in Kaup 1856:107 [ref. 2573]. •Valid as Moringua bicolor Kaup 1856 -- (Aizawa 1992:2 [ref. 24308], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:31 [ref. 35805], Allen & Erdmann 2024:79 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Moringua bicolor Kaup 1856. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar east to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

boekei, Moringua Metzelaar [J.] 1919:17, Fig. 8 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Piescadera Bay, Curaçao. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112739. Species treated as "Moningua spec. (nov.)" in heading and figure caption, but provisionally named as above on p. 18. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:68 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevis, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:202, 204, 223 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Probably Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

cagayana, Moringua Seale [A.] 1910:493 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Cagayan, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 1621 (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883. •Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

caribbeus, Aphthalmichthys Gill [T. N.] & Smith [H. M.] 1900:974 [Science (Series 2) v. 11 (no. 286); ref. 14729] San Geronimo, Near San Juan, north shore of Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49726. Type catalog: Smith 1994:13 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

diptychus, Leptocephalus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Kennedy [C. H.] 1901:831, Fig. [Science (Series 2) v. 13 (no. 334); ref. 11072] New Providence Island, Bahamas, surface (nightlight). Holotype: USNM 49753. Paratypes: USNM 49754 (1). •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:699 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

edwardsi, Stilbiscus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1889:549 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 752); ref. 2432] Green Turtle Cay, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): USNM 41735. Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:50 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:699 [ref. 13285], Cervigón 1991:30 [ref. 24472], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:224 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:129 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1643 [ref. 25634], Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:696 [ref. 26989], Smith et al. 2003:7 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Randall 2007:71 [ref. 30952], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:22 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:4 [ref. 34324], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:74 [ref. 38844], Carvalho-Filho 2023:60 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda south to São Paulo (Brazil), incuding Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

erythreus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:201, 203, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. Syntypes: SMF 261 (1), 905 (6). •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

ferruginea, Moringua Bliss [R.] 1883:57 [Transactions of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius (N. S.) v. 13; ref. 16966] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MCZ 6156. •Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883 -- (Castle 1986:187 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:111 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:24 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:33 [ref. 15987], Larson & Williams 1997:346 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:33 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:41 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:38 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945] with question, Mundy 2005:111 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Motomura et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35490], Arndt & Fricke 2019:21 [ref. 36883], Smith 2022:83 [ref. 39684], Allen & Erdmann 2024:79 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.) and Easter Island (Chile), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, and southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

floresiana, Moringua Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916:340, Fig. 167 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 3; ref. 4604] South coast of Flores Island, Lesser Sunda Islands. Syntypes: ZMA 112615 (5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:9 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Moringua floresiana Weber & de Beaufort 1916 -- (Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268]). •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

gangeticus, Aphthalmichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1912:32, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 64; ref. 1385] Ganges River, India. Holotype: ANSP 1086 (broken). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:127 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua arundinacea (McClelland 1844) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:76 [ref. 20764] but see footnote). Current status: Uncertain as Moringua arundinacea (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish.

gracilis, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:202, 204, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 6) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. Syntypes: SMF 972 (1). •Synonym or Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

guthrianus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:201, 204, 222, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Benga, India. Syntypes: SMF 910 (1), ?ZMB 4043 (1). Castel 1968:15 gave precedence to P. arundinaceus, but at the same time declared it a nomen oblitum. •Valid as Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844)-- (Kottelat 2013:39 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844). Moringuidae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hamiltonii, Rataboura Gray [J. E.] 1831:9 [Zoological Miscellany 1831; ref. 1879] Holotype: No types known. An unnecessary replacement name for Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

hardwickii, Rataboura Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 95 (fig. 4) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Ganges, India. Holotype: lost. Published about 25 Jan. 1831. Also appeared in Gray 1831:9 [ref. 1879] as hamiltonii. The plate for this species was "pirated" from Hamilton's unpublished illustrations -- see McClelland 1839:221 [ref. 2923]. •Objective synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Moringua Snyder [J. O.] 1904:517, Pl. 3 (fig. 6) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Honolulu reef, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50865. Type catalog: Smith 1994:13 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883 or possibly valid -- (Mundy 2005:111 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Moringua hawaiiensis Snyder 1904 -- (Randall 2007:70 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym with question as Moringua gutherina (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Moringua hawaiiensis Snyder 1904. Moringuidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Island and probably Easter Island and other Polynesian islands. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Aphthalmichthys Ogilby [J. D.] 1907:9 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 20; ref. 3282] Northern coast of Australia (probably Darwin, Northern Territory). Holotype: MAMU (apparently lost). •Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:111 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:346 [ref. 23967], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995]). •Synonym of Moringua guthriana (McClelland 1844) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua ferruginea Bliss 1883. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

javanicus, Aphthalmichthys Kaup [J. J.] 1857:105, Pl. 14 (fig. 71) [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.11.28.258 (1), RMNH 3687 (1) or 3808 (1). •Valid as Moringua javanica (Kaup 1857) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:21 [ref. 6441], Castle 1986:187 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:111 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], Kottelat et al. 1993:10 [ref. 23448], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:64 [ref. 22017], Myers 1999:41 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:251 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:16 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:21 [ref. 36883], Smith 2022:83 [ref. 39684], Allen & Erdmann 2024:79 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Moringua javanica (Kaup 1857). Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Mariana Islands and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Grande Terre (New Caledonia) and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

latebrosa, Moringua Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:95, Fig. 20a [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Kwandang, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): USNM 76772. Type catalog: Smith 1994:13 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

linearis, Moringua Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 95 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India: Ganges. Holotype (unique): lost. Published about 25 Jan. 1831. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

lumbriciformis, Moringua Kaup [J. J.] 1857:107 [70] [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2008.4.21.3. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

lumbricoidea, Moringua Richardson [J.] 1845:113, Pl. 56 (figs. 7-11) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] No locality (probably China). Holotype: BMNH 2015.6.19.1 Reeves coll. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822)-- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

lumbricoides, Moringua Gray [J. E.] in Kaup 1857:107 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Not available, name mentioned in synonymy of Moringua lumbricoides of Kaup. Nomen Nudum. Moringuidae.

macrocephalus, Aphthalmichthys Bleeker [P.] 1863:165 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 17003] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.276 (1) Timor. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Moringua macrocephalus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:64 [ref. 23876], Zhang et al. 2010:222 [ref. 31511] as Moringua macrocephala, Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Valid as Moringua macrocephalus (Bleeker 1863). Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macrochir, Moringua Bleeker [P.] 1853:124 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon, Indonesia; Cauer, Sumatra. Syntypes (2): out of RMNH 7182 (1) Cauer, ?7183 (many); BMNH 1867.11.28.306 (1) Ambon. Kottelat 2013 has this under Bleeker 1855:71; with different type. •Valid as Moringua macrochir Bleeker 1853 -- (Dingerkus & Séret 1992:175 [ref. 22392], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Zhang et al. 2010:221 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:71 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Ho et al. 2015:150 [ref. 34130] with question, Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805], Eudeline 2022:132 [ref. 39191], Allen & Erdmann 2024:79 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Moringua macrochir Bleeker 1853. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mayotte (France) and Madagascar east to Phoenix Islands and Line Islands (Kiribati). Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Anguilla (Pterurus) Swainson [W.] 1839:334 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Ganges, India. Holotype: lost. Based on Ham. p. 25 -- which is Hamilton 1822:25 [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for Muraena raitaborus Hamilton 1822. •Objective synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mayeri, Mayerina Silvester [C. F.] 1915:214 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 14; ref. 4027] Sand flats around mangrove swamp west of Guanica Harbor, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: PU 3073 (apparently lost). Paratypes: PU 3126 (1). Originally published as Mayerina mayeri, but later published and figured as new as Aphthalmichthys mayeri in Silvester 1918:19 [ref. 15257]. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:67 [ref. 13285], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:129 [ref. 25013] in genus Aphthalmichthys). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

medius, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:223 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Not available, name only; appeared under Ptyobranchus brevis as, "probably the young of P. medius." •In the synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae.

microchir, Moringua Bleeker [P.] 1853:124 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Cauer, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1867.11.28.295 (1) Ambon; RMNH 7182 (1) Cauer, 7183 (many). •Valid as Moringua microchir Bleeker 1853 -- (Castle 1986:188 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], Kottelat et al. 1993:10 [ref. 23448], Myers 1999:41 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:39 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:193 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:193 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Paxton et al. 2006:239 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:72 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Motomura et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805], Keith et al. 2021:22 [ref. 38257], Eudeline 2022:132 [ref. 39191], Smith 2022:83 [ref. 39684], Allen & Erdmann 2024:80 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Moringua microchir Bleeker 1853. Moringuidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Mayotte (France), Madagascar and Mascarenes (Mauritius) east to Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and Grande Terre (New Caledonia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

mucronatus, Neoconger Girard [C. F.] 1858:171 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] St. Joseph Island, Texas, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 861. Paralectotypes: MCZ 36006 [ex USNM 861] (1), USNM 204928 [ex USNM 861] (3). Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. See also Girard 1859:77 [ref. 13405]. Lectotype selected by Smith & Castle 1972:200 [ref. 21919]. •Valid as Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:51 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:80 [ref. 25518], Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:701 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:46 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:31 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:32 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:225 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221] as mocronatus, Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:696 [ref. 26989], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Melo & Caires 2016:2 [ref. 34981] with question, Carvalho-Filho 2023:60 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858. Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico south to Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

multidentatus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:201, 203, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. No types known. Spelled multidentata on pp. 201 and 203, as multidentatus on p. 223 (the later correctly formed). •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

oculata, Rataboura Fowler [H. W.] 1934:278, Fig. 39 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Tifu Bay, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 92352. Type catalog: Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

parvidentatus, Ptyobranchus McClelland [J.] 1844:202, 203, 223, Pl. 9 (fig. 5) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2928] Bengal, India. Syntypes: SMF 963 (1). Spelled parvidentata on pp. 202 and 203, as parvidentatus on p. 223; the later correctly formed. •Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

penni, Moringua Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:96, Fig. 20b [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 130660. Paratypes: USNM 52040 (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:13-14 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Moringua penni Schultz 1953 -- (Roberts 1978:26 [ref. 8886], Fricke et al. 2014:17 [ref. 33932]). •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 19=822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Moringua penni Schultz 1953. Moringuidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

raitaborua, Muraena Hamilton [F.] 1822:25, 364 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River basin, India. No types known. Unpublished drawing shown in Gray, 1831, v. 1, pl. 19; also reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 17 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:45 [ref. 24860] as rataboura, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:77 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:10 [ref. 23448], Karmakar 2000:27 [ref. 25662] as raitabarua, Ataur Rahman 2003:58 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:45 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34492], Bleher 2018:74 [ref. 36647], Behera et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38421], Jamandre 2023:160 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean drainages: India, Nepal and Bangladesh (and possibly China, Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, etc. on Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

robusta, Moringua Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1923:185, Pl. 7 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 2117] Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 9664 (presumed destroyed). •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

sanchezi, Merinthichthys Howell Rivero [L.] 1934:343, Fig. 3 [Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural v. 8 (no. 6); ref. 3767] Matanzas, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33453. •Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889) -- (Smith 1989:68 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua edwardsi (Jordan & Bollman 1889). Moringuidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

semperviridens, Moringua McCann [C.] 1967:211, Figs. 1-3 [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Zoology v. 8 (no. 20); ref. 7975] Edge of reef flat at south end of Tauhunu Island, northern Cook Islands. Holotype (unique): NZOI 20. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

socialis, Moringua Günther [A.] 1910:406, Pl. 169 (fig. A) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 6 (no. 17); ref. 14460] Society Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

torrei, Chrinorhinus Howell Rivero [L.] 1932:9 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 13; ref. 3765] Sand banks in front of La Chorrera, Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 32786. •Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858 -- (Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Neoconger mucronatus Girard 1858. Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.

tuberculatus, Leptocephalus Castle [P. H. J.] 1965:131, Fig. 1 (F-H) [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Zoology v. 7 (no. 7); ref. 9203] Manly Beach, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA. 2477. Paratypes: AMS I.32237-001 [ex IA.2477] (1). •Valid as Neoconger tuberculatus (Castle 1965) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Smith 1999:1638 [ref. 24661], Paxton et al. 2006:240 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Valid as Neoconger tuberculatus (Castle 1965). Moringuidae. Distribution: New South Wales, Australia (leptocephalus larvae). Habitat: marine.

vermiformis, Neoconger Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:57 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off northwestern Mexico, Gulf of California, Mexico, 30°21'00"N, 114°25'15"W, Albatross station 3035, depth 30 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 44292. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 22 (3), USNM 125074 (8). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48-49 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917]. Lectotype selected by Smith & Castle 1972:200 [ref. 21919]. •Valid as Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert 1890 -- (Smith 1989:60 [ref. 13285], Bussing & López S. 1994:44 [ref. 23101], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Page et al. 2023:57 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert 1890. Moringuidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

wui, Aphthalmichthys Fang [P.-W.] 1942:80 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 67 (no. 3); ref. 13123] Foochow [Fuzhou], Fukien [Fujian], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1941-0121. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:97-98 [ref. 20810]. •Questionably a synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:40 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Moringua raitaborua (Hamilton 1822). Moringuidae. Habitat: marine.


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