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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Triacanthodidae: [ 31 ] records


abei, Paratriacanthodes Tyler [J. C.] 1997:310, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 110 (no. 2); ref. 23168] Macclesfield Bank, South China Sea, 16°19.3'-16°22.2'N, 114°29'-114°24.5'E, depth 366-384 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 342571. •Valid as Paratriacanthodes abei Tyler 1997 -- (Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Mullasseri et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35334]). Current status: Valid as Paratriacanthodes abei Tyler 1997. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: South China Sea: Macclesfield Bank. Habitat: marine.

albomaculosus, Mephisto Matsuura [K.], Psomadakis [P. N.] & Tun [M. T.] 2018:[2], Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 1); ref. 35961] Off Tanintharyi coast, Myanmar, Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean, 10°21.85'N, 96°44.83'E, depth 376-379 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 132271. Third author corrected. •Valid as Mephisto albomaculosus Matsuura, Psomadakis & Tun 2018 -- (Psomadakis et al. 2020:602 [ref. 37272], Bemis et al. 2020:94 [ref. 37603]). Current status: Valid as Mephisto albomaculosus Matsuura, Psomadakis & Tun 2018. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: Bay of Bengal (India) east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

alcocki, Halimochirurgus Weber [M.] 1913:571, Pl. 9 (fig. 6) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Arafura Sea, 5°48.2'S, 132°13'W, Siboga station 253, depth 304 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 104123. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:109 [ref. 19236] as holotype [original wrongly says "3 Ex. 73 mm."]. •Valid as Halimochirurgus alcocki Weber 1913 -- (Tyler 1968:226 [ref. 6438], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1982:409 [ref. 8256], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:177 [ref. 23219], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1393 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1393 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495], Hoese et al. 2006:1862 [ref. 29067], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2019:319 [ref. 36673], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 30 [ref. 38321] misidentified). Current status: Valid as Halimochirurgus alcocki Weber 1913. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines east to Guam and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

anomalus, Triacanthus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1850:295, Pl. 129 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Last part (15); ref. 4375] Entrance to Omura Bay, Nagasaki, Japan Lectotype: RMNH 4118a. Paralectotypes: RMNH D1691-1694 (4, stuffed), 25399 [ex 4188] (2); ZMB 1769 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:211 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Triacanthodes anomalus (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Tyler 1968:115 [ref. 6438], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:625, 742 [ref. 8056], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:605 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:178 [ref. 26476] dated 1847, Lindberg et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23547], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1394 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1394 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:446, 690 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:443 [ref. 28370], Shinohara et al. 2011:58 [ref. 31715], Shinohara et al. 2014:278 [ref. 33330], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Kim et al. 2020:197 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:127 [ref. 37637], Koeda et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38857]). Current status: Valid as Triacanthodes anomalus (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bombifrons, Bathyphylax Myers [G. S.] 1934:10, Fig. 1 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 91 (no. 9); ref. 3107] China Sea off Hong Kong, 21°54'00"N, 115°42'00"E, Albatross station 5308, depth 62 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 93299. •Valid as Bathyphylax bombifrons Myers 1934 -- (Tyler 1968:176 [ref. 6438], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:175 [ref. 23219], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Santini 2006:198 [ref. 28985], Hoese et al. 2006:1862 [ref. 29067], Shao et al. 2008:265 [ref. 29952], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Bathyphylax bombifrons Myers 1934. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

centriscoides, Halimochirurgus Alcock [A. W.] 1899:78 [Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 1899; ref. 93] Gulf of Mannar, west of Sri Lanka, 7°15'N, 77°46'E, Investigator station 257, depth 143 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F781/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:162 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1900: Pl. 31 (fig. 3) [ref. 20536]. •Valid as Halimochirurgus centriscoides Alcock 1899 -- (Tyler 1968:218 [ref. 6438], Allen & Swainston 1988:148 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:236 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Hoese et al. 2006:1862 [ref. 29067], Shao et al. 2008:265 [ref. 29952], Larson et al. 2013:230 [ref. 32988], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Kawai et al. 2020:104 [ref. 37787], Psomadakis et al. 2020:602 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Halimochirurgus centriscoides Alcock 1899. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa east to Andaman Sea off Thailand. Habitat: marine.

danae, Atrophacanthus Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1950:3, Figs. 1-4 [Dana Report No. 35; ref. 1497] Sulawesi Sea, 3°20'N, 123°50'E, depth 600 meters wire out. Holotype: ZMUC (lost). Paratypes: (183) ANSP 109016 (2) 102139 (5); BMNH 1959.4.23.5-16 (12), 1860.5.4.1 (1, glycerine); MLCS (139 in 6 lots); ZMUC P88109-17 (9), P88121-41 (21). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:84 [ref. 9588], Böhlke 1984:162 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Atrophacanthus japonicus (Kamohara 1941) -- (Tyler 1968:166 [ref. 6438]). Current status: Synonym of Atrophacanthus japonicus (Kamohara 1941). Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.

eriomma, Johnsonina Myers [G. S.] 1934:5, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 91 (no. 9); ref. 3107] North of Tobago Island, West Indies, 18°40'15'N, 60°50'15"W, depth 100-300 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93113. Paratypes: USNM 93114-16 (3, 1, 1). •Valid as Johnsonina eriomma Myers 1934 -- (Tyler 1968:151 [ref. 6438], Matsuura 2003:1962 [ref. 27119], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Johnsonina eriomma Myers 1934. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western central Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ethiops, Triacanthodes Alcock [A. W.] 1894:137 [23], Pl. 7 (fig. 6) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 90] Bay of Bengal, 13°51'12"N, 80°12'12"E, Investigator station 162, depth 145-250 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F13709. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:162 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:46 [ref. 22148]. On p. 23 of separate. Figured in Alcock 1895: Pl. 15 (fig. 9) [ref. 20532] and spelled aethiops on legend page and plate. •Valid as Triacanthodes ethiops Alcock 1894 -- (Tyler 1968:124 [ref. 6438], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Tyler 1986:889 [ref. 5723], Allen & Swainston 1988:148 [ref. 25477], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:186 [ref. 23219], Lindberg et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:236 [ref. 23977], Adam et al. 1998:16 [ref. 23610], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1394 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1394 [ref. 26193], Hoese et al. 2006:1863 [ref. 29067], Larson et al. 2013:231 [ref. 32988], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Psomadakis et al. 2020:603 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Triacanthodes ethiops Alcock 1894. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fraserbrunneri, Mephisto Tyler [J. C.] 1966:3, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 385; ref. 4474] Bay of Bengal, 10°39'N, 97°06'E, depth 159 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ANSP 103314. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:162 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Mephisto fraserbrunneri Tyler 1966 -- (Tyler 1968:134 [ref. 6438], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Matsuura et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35960], Bemis et al. 2020:90 [ref. 37603], Psomadakis et al. 2020:603 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Mephisto fraserbrunneri Tyler 1966. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Somalia east to Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

goslinei, Hollardia Tyler [J. C.] 1968:108, Figs. 35-37 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 16; ref. 6438] Mona Loa, Kona coast, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: ANSP 109175. Paratypes: BPBM 5570 (1), 14198 [ex UH 3086] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:162 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Hollardia goslinei Tyler 1968 -- (Mundy 2005:522 [ref. 28379], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Hollardia goslinei Tyler 1968. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Ridge and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

herrei, Paratriacanthodes Myers [G. S.] 1934:9 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 91 (no. 9); ref. 3107] Off Point Tagolo Light, Mindanao, Philippines, 8°47'00"N, 123°31'15"E, Albatross station 5519, depth 182 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93293. Paratypes: USNM 93302 (2). Type catalog: Tyler 1968:145 [ref. 6438]. •Valid as Paratriacanthodes herrei Myers 1934 -- (Tyler 1968:145 [ref. 6438], Tyler 1997:313 [ref. 23168], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:183 [ref. 23219], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Mullasseri et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35334]). Current status: Valid as Paratriacanthodes herrei Myers 1934. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hollardi, Hollardia Poey [F.] 1861:348, Pl. 18 (fig. 11) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): USNM 15454 (skin only). •Valid as Hollardia hollardi Poey 1861 -- (Tyler 1968:106 [ref. 6438], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:464 [ref. 14275], Cervigón 1996:131 [ref. 24489], Matsuura 2003:1962 [ref. 27119], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:890 [ref. 28815], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Lopes et al. 2009:200 [ref. 36844], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:186 [ref. 37485], Robertson et al. 2020:164 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Hollardia hollardi Poey 1861. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Florida (U.S.A.) south to northern Brazil, including southern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Triacanthodes Matsuura [K.] 1982:386, Figs. 1-3, 7, 8a [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 8446] Indian Ocean, 10°35'S, 61°35'E, depth 96-98 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 19160. Paratypes: HUMZ 73174-77 (4), 73403-04 (2), 73406 (1), 73460 (1, stained), 73461 (2), 81501 (1); NSMT-P 19726-27 (1, 1). •Valid as Triacanthodes indicus Matsuura 1982 -- (Lindberg et al. 1997:46 [ref. 23547], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Triacanthodes indicus Matsuura 1982. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Triacanthodes Matsuura [K.] & Fourmanoir [P.] 1984:32, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo) v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 17439] Isle de Pines, New Caledonia, depth 360-415 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 22373. Paratypes: MNHN 1983-0634 (1). Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:294 [ref. 28887]. •Valid as Triacanthodes intermedius Matsuura & Fourmanoir 1984 -- (Matsuura & Tyler 1997:187 [ref. 23219], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Beaunier et al. 2009:293 [ref. 28887], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Triacanthodes intermedius Matsuura & Fourmanoir 1984. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

japonica, Tydemania Kamohara [T.] 1941:166, Fig. 1 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 13016] Shikoku, Kochi Prefecture, Japan, over 100 fathoms. Holotype (unique): destroyed in 1945. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:5 [ref. 19282]. •Valid as Atrophacanthus japonicus (Kamohara 1941) -- (Tyler 1968:166 [ref. 6438], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Adam et al. 1998:16 [ref. 23610], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1395 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1395 [ref. 26193], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Atrophacanthus japonicus (Kamohara 1941). Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Triacanthodes anomalus Kamohara [T.] 1943:133, Fig. 2 upper [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 13 (no. 17); ref. 9220] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Syntypes: (3) BSKU (lost). Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 7170. Neotype designated by Kamohara 1961:5 [ref. 19282], but that designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid; Tyler 1968:131 [ref. 6438] indicated that the Kamohara's neotype was not the same species as T. anomalus japonicus; Eschmeyer 1998:807 [ref. 23416] did not regard Tyler's mention of Kamohara's neotype as establishing a neotype. •Synonym of Triacanthodes ethiops Alcock 1894 -- (Tyler 1968:131 [ref. 6438]). Current status: Synonym of Triacanthodes ethiops Alcock 1894. Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Triacanthodes Longley [W. H.] 1935:88 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] Tortugas, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 101319. •Valid as Parahollardia lineata (Longley 1935) -- (Tyler 1968:74 [ref. 6438], Robins & Ray 1986:298 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:179 [ref. 23239], Matsuura 2003:1962 [ref. 27119], Nelson et al. 2004:183 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:892 [ref. 28815], Hartel et al. 2008:330 [ref. 29890], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Parahollardia lineata (Longley 1935). Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

macraulos, Halimochirurgus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:367, Fig. 117 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Off northern Mindanao Island, Philippines, 8°45'30"N, 123°33'45"E, Albatross station 5517, depth 169 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93169. Paratypes: USNM 93474-77 (1, 2, 1, 2). Type catalog: Tyler 1968:233 [ref. 6438]. •Synonym of Halimochirurgus alcocki Weber 1913 -- (Tyler 1968:226 [ref. 6438]). Current status: Synonym of Halimochirurgus alcocki Weber 1913. Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Hollardia Tyler [J. C.] 1966:1, Figs. 1-2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 382; ref. 9083] Northwestern Providence Channel off Little Bahama Bank along middle of southern coast of Grand Bahama Island, 26°5'N, 78°24'W, depth 182-205 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 103246. Paratypes: ANSP 97396 (1, c&s); MCZ 28107-108 (1, 1), 38724 (2), 38737 (1), 38743 (1), 38763 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:162 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Hollardia meadi Tyler 1966 -- (Tyler 1968:94 [ref. 6438], Robins & Ray 1986:298 [ref. 23100], Matsuura 2003:1962 [ref. 27119], Nelson et al. 2004:183 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:891 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Hollardia meadi Tyler 1966. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

myersi, Paratriacanthodes Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1941:426, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 1493] Kai Islands, Indonesia, depth 129 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.512. Type catalog: Tyler 1968:124 [ref. 6438]. •Synonym of Triacanthodes ethiops Alcock 1894 -- (Tyler 1968:124 [ref. 6438]). Current status: Synonym of Triacanthodes ethiops Alcock 1894. Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.

navigatoris, Tydemania Weber [M.] 1913:571, Pl. 7 (fig. 4) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Madura Sea, 7°15'S, 115°15.6'E, Siboga station 12, depth 289 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 104643. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:109 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Tydemania navigatoris Weber 1913 -- (Tyler 1968:184 [ref. 6438], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:627, 743 [ref. 8056], Tyler 1986:890 [ref. 5723], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1393 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1393 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:443 [ref. 28370], Hoese et al. 2006:1864 [ref. 29067], Larson et al. 2013:231 [ref. 32988], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2018:376 [ref. 35805], Kawai et al. 2020:105 [ref. 37787], Psomadakis et al. 2020:603 [ref. 37272], Shibuya et al. 2021:20 [ref. 38504]). Current status: Valid as Tydemania navigatoris Weber 1913. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines, north to Tosa Bay (southern Japan), south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

omen, Bathyphylax Tyler [J. C.] 1966:1, Fig. 1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 395; ref. 9086] Off Kenya, eastern Africa, 2°50'S, 40°31'E, Anton Bruun station 421H, depth 159 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ANSP 103313. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:162 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Bathyphylax omen Tyler 1966 -- (Tyler 1968:181 [ref. 6438], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Santini 2006:198 [ref. 28985], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Bathyphylax omen Tyler 1966. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

platycheilus, Macrorhamphosodes Fowler [H. W.] 1934:365, Fig. 115 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Sombrero Island, Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5118 [not 5115], depth 340 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93170. Paratypes or additional material: (17) SU 40195 (3); USNM 93478-80 (1, 1, 6), 93482-84 (4, 1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:143 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Macrorhamphosodes platycheilus Fowler 1934 -- (Tyler 1968:209 [ref. 6438], Allen & Swainston 1988:148 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:236 [ref. 23977], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Hoese et al. 2006:1862 [ref. 29067], Larson et al. 2013:230 [ref. 32988], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Psomadakis et al. 2020:602 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Macrorhamphosodes platycheilus Fowler 1934. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

pruvosti, Bathyphylax Santini [F.] 2006:195, Figs. 1-3 [Cybium v. 30 (no. 3); ref. 28985] Dumont d'Urville, Marquesas Islands, 9°47'S, 139°38'W, depth 500 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-4526. Paratypes: MNHN 2000-4519 (3), 2000-4554 (5), 2000-4576 (2), 2001-0025 (2), 2003-0950 (3), 2003-1006 (6), 2005-0779 (3). •Valid as Bathyphylax pruvosti Santini 2006 -- (Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Bathyphylax pruvosti Santini 2006. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

retrospinis, Paratriacanthodes Fowler [H. W.] 1934:364, Fig. 114 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of Taiwan, 21˚36'00''N, 117˚27'00''E, Albatross station D.5517, depth 421 meters. Holotype: USNM 93171. Paratypes: (6) USNM 93485 (3). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:63 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Paratriacanthodes retrospinis Fowler 1934 -- (Tyler 1968:145 [ref. 6438], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1982:305, 409 [ref. 8256], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Tyler 1986:889 [ref. 5723], Tyler 1997:313 [ref. 23168], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:180 [ref. 23219], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1395 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315] as Paratiracanthodes [sic], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1395 [ref. 26193], Hoese et al. 2006:1863 [ref. 29067], Ho & Shao 2011:63 [ref. 31432], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Mullasseri et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35334], Fricke et al. 2018:375 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Paratriacanthodes retrospinis Fowler 1934. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Mozambique and Madagascar; China to southern Japan; eastern Australia to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

schmidti, Parahollardia Woods [L. P.] 1959:223, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1959 (no. 3); ref. 12039] Western Caribbean Sea, 16°36'N, 82°37'W, Oregon station 1868, depth 175 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 185607. Paratypes: FMNH 64390-92 (1, 5, 1), USNM 185607 (?3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:63 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Parahollardia schmidti Woods 1959 -- (Tyler 1968:86 [ref. 6438], Matsuura 2003:1962 [ref. 27119], Roa-Varón et al. 2003:21 [ref. 27814], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576]). Current status: Valid as Parahollardia schmidti Woods 1959. Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: western Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

triacanthus, Halimochirurgus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:365, Fig. 116 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea off southern Luzon Island, Philippines, 13°59'20"N, 120°75'45"E, Albatross station D.5110, depth 135 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93168. Paratypes: USNM 98829 (1). Type catalog: Tyler 1968:233 [ref. 6438]. •Synonym of Halimochirurgus alcocki Weber 1913 -- (Tyler 1968:226 [ref. 6438]). Current status: Synonym of Halimochirurgus alcocki Weber 1913. Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.

tuticoriensis, Solenostomus Venkataramanujam [K.], Venkataramani [V. K.] & Deveraj [M.] 1993:201, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 35; ref. 23771] Tuticorin Bay, Tamil Nadu, southern India. Holotype: FCRM [Tuticorin]. Paratypes: FCRM (7), Mar. Biol. Station at Porto Nova, Annamalai Univ., India (2). •Synonym of Macrorhamphosodes platycheilus Fowler 1934 -- (Orr & Fritzsche 1997:888 [ref. 23269]). Current status: Synonym of Macrorhamphosodes platycheilus Fowler 1934. Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.

uradoi, Halimochirus Kamohara [T.] 1933:389 [English p. 392], Figs. 1-3 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 45 (no. 539); ref. 19715] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 9406. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:5-6 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. Generic name should have been Halimochirurgus. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:5-6 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. Tyler's 1968:208 [ref. 6438] mention of Kamohara's neotype is not regarded as establishing a neotype. •Valid as Macrorhamphosodes uradoi (Kamohara 1933) -- (Tyler 1968:194 [ref. 6438], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1982:303, 409 [ref. 8256], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:625, 742 [ref. 8056], Tyler 1986:889 [ref. 5723], Matsuura 1987:105 [ref. 6710], Paulin et al. 1989:242 [ref. 24556], Matsuura in Amaoka et al. 1990:330 [ref. 16024], Matsuura & Tyler 1997:178 [ref. 23219], Orr & Fritzsche 1997:888 [ref. 23269], Adam et al. 1998:16 [ref. 23610], Nakabo 2000:1393 [ref. 25182], Matsuura 2001:3904 [ref. 26315], Shinohara et al. 2001:337 [ref. 25995], Nakae & Sasaki 2002:7 [ref. 25980], Nakabo 2002:1393 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:443 [ref. 28370], Hoese et al. 2006:1863 [ref. 29067], Shao et al. 2008:265 [ref. 29952], Shinohara et al. 2014:278 [ref. 33330], Matsuura 2014:4 [ref. 33576], Stewart 2015:1713 [ref. 34196], Fricke et al. 2018:374 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:320 [ref. 36673], Misawa et al. 2020:278 [ref. 38138], Koeda et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38857]). Current status: Valid as Macrorhamphosodes uradoi (Kamohara 1933). Triacanthodidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa and Madagascar east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Triacanthodes Nichols [J. T.] & Firth [F. E.] 1936:2, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 883; ref. 13728] Southeast to south-southeast of Cape Henry, Virginia, U.S.A., depth 50-60 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMNH 13568. •Synonym of Parahollardia lineata (Longley 1935) -- (Tyler 1968:74 [ref. 6438]). Current status: Synonym of Parahollardia lineata (Longley 1935). Triacanthodidae. Habitat: marine.


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