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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Liopropoma: [ 39 ] records


aberrans, Perca Poey [F.] 1860:125, Pl. 12 (figs. 2-3) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Published July 1860. •Valid as Liopropoma aberrans (Poey 1860) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:2 [ref. 6429], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Wirtz & Schliewen 2012:151 [ref. 32169], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Baldwin & Johnson 2014:7 [ref. 33312], Baldwin & Robertson 2014:75 [ref. 33311], Parenti & Randall 2020:104 [ref. 37354], Carvalho-Filho 2023:123 [ref. 40480], Esmaeili et al. 2023:220 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:196 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma aberrans (Poey 1860). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cuba south to Espirito Santo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

africanum, Chorististium Smith [J. L. B.] 1954:866, Fig 1; Pl. 27 (fig. B) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 7 (no. 83) (art. 106); ref. 4094] Tekomaji Island, Mozambique, 10°50'S, 40°40'E. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 155. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 842-844 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Liopropoma africanum (Smith 1954) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:28 [ref. 6429], Winterbottom et al. 1989:26 [ref. 13251] as africana, Randall & Kunzmann 1998:480 [ref. 23919], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:91 [ref. 30492], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Fricke et al. 2018:154 [ref. 35805], Parenti & Randall 2020:104 [ref. 37354], Heemstra 2022:85 [ref. 39742], Esmaeili et al. 2023:220 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma africanum (Smith 1954). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa, Gulf of Aden, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Andaman Sea and Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

aragai, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:20, Pl. 4D [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, about 100 meters. Holotype (unique): FAKU 205237 (ex SMBL 73181). Type catalog: Koeda et al. 2019:62 [ref. 37178]. •Valid as Liopropoma aragai Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Lee 1990:65 [ref. 19830], Nakabo 2000:729 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:729 [ref. 26001], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2019:62 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:104 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:220 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma aragai Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan to Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

aurora, Pikea Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:178 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Hilo, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50675. Paratypes: FMNH 4248 (1); CAS-SU 6074 (4), 7484 (1); USFC 2734 [? = USNM 126553] (1); USNM 126553 [ex USBF 1044] (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:65 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Liopropoma aurora (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:16 [ref. 6429], Mundy 2005:348 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:199 [ref. 30952], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Parenti & Randall 2020:104 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:220 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma aurora (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

brocki, Ypsigramma Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:379, Fig. 60 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon coral head off Kieshiechi Island, Rongelap Atoll, western Pacific, depth 20 feet. Holotype: USNM 141876. Paratypes: USNM 154675 (1). •Synonym of Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:26 [ref. 6429], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Habitat: marine.

carmabi, Chorististium Randall [J. E.] 1963:98, Pl. 2 (fig. B) [Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands v. 19 (no. 80); ref. 5209] 6 miles south of La Parguera, 17°52'12"N, 65°2'30"W, Puerto Rico, depth 180 feet. Holotype: USNM 179001. Paratypes: ANSP 98680 (1); RMNH 24609 (1); UPRM 1130 (1); USNM 179002 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Liopropoma carmabi (Randall 1963) -- (Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:76 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:23 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Wirtz & Schliewen 2012:151 [ref. 32169], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Baldwin & Johnson 2014:7 [ref. 33312], Baldwin & Robertson 2014:75 [ref. 33311], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:40 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:14 [ref. 34324], Pinheiro et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36820], Parenti & Randall 2020:104 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho 2023:123 [ref. 40480], Esmaeili et al. 2023:221 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:196 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma carmabi (Randall 1963). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas south to Espirito Santo (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

collettei, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:30, Pl. 3A [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Northwestern end of Kaneohe Bay, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 3-9 meters. Holotype: BPBM 14652. Paratypes: ANSP 134570 (1); BPBM 22616-17 (1, 1), 31044 (1), 31046 (1); USNM 217915 (1), 219867 (1), 219868 (publ. as 2, now 1), 220628 (1), 285948 (2), 285954 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma collettei Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Mundy 2005:349 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:199 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:306 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Fricke et al. 2014:62 [ref. 33932], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:221 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma collettei Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

danae, Flagelloserranus Kotthaus [A.] 1970:20, Fig. 15 [Dana Report No. 78; ref. 2670] West of Virgin Islands, Lesser Antilles, 17°43'N, 64°56'W, depth about 35 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P43208. Paratypes: ZMUC uncat. (373). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:61 [ref. 9588]. •A juvenile Liopropoma; almost certainly a synonym of a described species (W. Smith-Vaniz, 30 March 2011). •Valid as Liopropoma danae (Kotthaus 1978) -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Uncertain as Liopropoma danae (Kotthaus 1970). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [if valid] Habitat: marine.

dorsoluteum, Liopropoma Kon [T.], Yoshino [T.] & Sakurai [Y.] 1999:67, Figs. 1, 2A [Ichthyological Research v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 23738] Okinawa Fish Market (from Yaeyama Island), Okinawa, Japan. Holotype: URM-P 29743. Paratypes: NSMT-P 55181 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma dorsoluteum Kon, Yoshino & Sakurai 1999 -- (Nakabo 2000:728 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:728 [ref. 26001], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:221 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma dorsoluteum Kon, Yoshino & Sakurai 1999. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia (Lombok); Taiwan to Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

emanueli, Liopropoma Wirtz [P.] & Schliewen [U. K.] 2012:150, Figs. 1-2 [Spixiana (München) v. 35 (no. 1); ref. 32169] Dive site "Danger" near Tarrafal, Santiago Island, Cape Verde Islands, 15°15'51.22"N, 23°45'35.41"W, below overhanging large boulder, depth 20 meters. Holotype: ZSM 41221. Paratypes: ZSM 41222 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma emanueli Wirtz & Schliewen 2012 -- (Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Reiner 2019:178 [ref. 38139], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:221 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma emanueli Wirtz & Schliewen 2012. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands; São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

erythraeum, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:15, Pl. 4B [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, about 100 meters. Holotype: SMBL 73415 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: (2) SMBL 73146 (1) [not seen at FAKU]. Replacement name for Pikea rubre Yoshino & Araga 1975, preoccupied in Liopropoma by Lipropoma rubre Poey 1861. •Valid as Liopropoma erythraeum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:15 [ref. 6429], Kon et al. 1999:69 [ref. 23738], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:728 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:728 [ref. 26001], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:221 [ref. 40327]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Liopropoma erythraeum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan to Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

eukrines, Chorististium Starck [W. A., II] & Courtenay [W. R., Jr.] 1962:159, Figs. 1 a-b [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 75; ref. 6501] 2 1/2 miles south-southwest of Alligator Reef lighthouse, Monroe County, Florida, U.S.A., depth 150 feet. Holotype: ANSP 94357. Paratypes: USNM 196728 (1), 208564 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Liopropoma eukrines (Starck & Courtenay 1962) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:143 [ref. 23100], Randall & Taylor 1988:3 [ref. 6429], Bullock & Smith 1991:124 [ref. 36591], Boschung 1992:107 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:163 [ref. 28815], Wirtz & Schliewen 2012:151 [ref. 32169], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Baldwin & Johnson 2014:7 [ref. 33312], Baldwin & Robertson 2014:75 [ref. 33311], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:221 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:196 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma eukrines (Starck & Courtenay 1962). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina to Florida Keys (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

fasciatum, Liopropoma Bussing [W. A.] 1980:147, Fig. 1 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 6904] Off Isla del Caño, 17 kilometers west of Osa Peninsula, Pacific coast of Costa Rica, depth 240 meters. Holotype (unique): LACM 38650-1. •Valid as Liopropoma fasciatum Bussing 1980 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:288 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:337 [ref. 24023], McCosker et al. 1997:24 [ref. 22816], Thomson et al. 2000:98 [ref. 25640], Béarez & Jiménez Prado 2003:108 [ref. 37318], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:111 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:146 [ref. 39279], Esmaeili et al. 2023:222 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:196 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma fasciatum Bussing 1980. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Ecuador, including Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

flavidum, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:35, Pl. 3C [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Reef off Avera, Rurutu, Austral Islands, depth 58 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 13701. •Valid as Liopropoma flavidum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Randall 2005:171 [ref. 28239], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:222 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma flavidum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: South Pacific: Austral Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

incandescens, Liopropoma Pinheiro [H. T.], Shepherd [B.], Greene [B. D.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2019:99, Figs. 1-2 [ZooKeys No. 863; ref. 36820] West side of Ahnd (Ant) Atoll, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, 6.75589N, 157.91933E, depth 130 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 246199. •Valid as Liopropoma incandescens Pinheiro, Shepherd, Greene & Rocha 2019 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:222 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma incandescens Pinheiro, Shepherd, Greene & Rocha 2019. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Micronesia. Habitat: marine.

incomptum, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:17, Fig. 4 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Outer reef slope off Kranket Island, Madang, New Guinea, depth 61 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 13436. •Valid as Liopropoma incomptum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Allen & Erdmann 2012:307 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Fricke et al. 2014:62 [ref. 33932], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:222 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma incomptum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Madang (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Labracopsis Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:50 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 7) (for 8 Mar. 1883); ref. 20489] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW 76565 (2). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:235 [p. 27 of separate] Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [ref. 4246]. •Valid as Chorististium japonicum (Döderlein 1883) -- (Shen & Lin 1984:21 [ref. 13822]). •Valid as Liopropoma japonicum (Döderlein 1883) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:473, 670 [ref. 8056], Randall & Taylor 1988:13 [ref. 6429], Lee 1990:66 [ref. 19830], Kon et al. 1999:70 [ref. 23738], Nakabo 2000:729 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Okamoto & Ida 2001:97 [ref. 25278], Nakabo 2002:729 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:310, 592 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:430 [ref. 28370], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:222 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma japonicum (Döderlein 1883). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

latifasciata, Pikea Tanaka [S.] 1922:595, Pl. 147 (fig. 405) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 32; ref. 4334] Tanabe, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 8000. Paratypes: ZUMT 3423 (1, lost). •Valid as Liopropoma latifasciatum (Tanaka 1922) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:471, 669 [ref. 8056], Randall & Taylor 1988:15 [ref. 6429], Lee 1990:66 [ref. 19830], Myers 1999:117 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:728 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:321 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:728 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:310, 593 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:430 [ref. 28370], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:4 [ref. 35354], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Gumanao et al. 2022:134 [ref. 39933], Esmaeili et al. 2023:223 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma latifasciatum (Tanaka 1922). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philipines and Taiwan north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

lemniscatum, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:23, Fig. 5 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Nahu fish market, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: BPBM 19185. Paratypes: BPBM 19929 (1); USNM 213787 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma lemniscatum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Kon et al. 1999:68 [ref. 23738], Nakabo 2000:728 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:728 [ref. 26001], Allen & Erdmann 2012:307 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:49 [ref. 32130], Wirtz & Schliewen 2012:149 [ref. 32169], Koeda et al. 2019:65 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:8 [ref. 39607], Esmaeili et al. 2023:223 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma lemniscatum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Palau, north to Taiwan and Tokara Islands (southern Japan). Habitat: marine.

lineata, Ypsigramma Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:375, Fig. 59 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon reef off Namu Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 141872. Paratypes: FMNH 62617 [ex ?USNM 142311] (1); USNM 141873-75 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:26 [ref. 6429], Lee 1990:67 [ref. 19830], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Habitat: marine.

longilepis, Liopropoma Garman [S.] 1899:45 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] South of Gulf of Panama, 7°33'N, 78°34'20"W, Albatross station 3397, depth 85 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28778 (3), USNM 153602 [ex MCZ 28778] (1). •Valid as Liopropoma longilepis Garman 1899 -- (Heemstra in Fischer et al. 1995:1577 [ref. 22830], McCosker et al. 1997:24 [ref. 22816] as liolepis, Thomson et al. 2000:98 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:191 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36248], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Love et al. 2021:147 [ref. 39279], Esmaeili et al. 2023:223 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:197 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma longilepis Garman 1899. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Panama. Habitat: marine.

lunulatus, Grystes Guichenot [A.] 1863:C-4 [Faune ichthyologique 2nd Partie, Annexe C.; ref. 1943] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1318. •Valid as Liopropoma lunulatum (Guichenot 1863) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441], Randall & Taylor 1988:22 [ref. 6429], Fricke 1999:202 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:729 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:729 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:426 [ref. 31739], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Nair et al. 2013:1 [ref. 32542], Baldwin & Robertson 2014:75 [ref. 33311], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Koeda et al. 2019:69 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Heemstra 2022:86 [ref. 39742], Esmaeili et al. 2023:223 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma lunulatum (Guichenot 1863). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues); southwest coast of India east to Society Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

luteoroseus, Anthias (Odontanthias) Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:136 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1984:38 [ref. 19232]. Original as luteo-roseus. Based on 'Barbier jaune et rose' of Liénard 1843:59 [ref. 20927]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Liopropoma lunulatum (Guichenot 1863) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:22 [ref. 6429], Fricke 1999:203 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Heemstra 2022:86 [ref. 39742]). Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma lunulatum (Guichenot 1863). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Habitat: marine.

maculata, Pikea Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:50 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 7) (for 8 Mar. 1883); ref. 20489] Tokyo, Japan and Tokyo Bay. Holotype (unique): NMW 38846. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:234 [p. 26 of separate] Pl. 6 (figs. 1-1b) [ref. 4246]. •Valid as Chorististium maculatum (Döderlein 1883) -- (Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1982:221, 374 [ref. 8256]). •Valid as Liopropoma maculatum (Döderlein 1883) -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441], Randall & Taylor 1988:12 [ref. 6429], Nakabo 2000:729 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:729 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Mundy 2005:349 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:199 [ref. 30952], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Pinheiro et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36820], Parenti & Randall 2020:107 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:223 [ref. 40327], Nakamura et al. 2023:4 [ref. 40940]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma maculatum (Döderlein 1883). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Taiwan, Ruykyu Islands (Japan) and Kyushu-Palau Ridge to Korea, southern Japan and Guam (Micronesia); Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Taeniodon Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:235 [27] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 47 (pt 1); ref. 4246] On p. 27 of separate. Not available, name mentioned in passing; from Tokyo, Japan. •In the synonymy of Liopropoma maculatum (Döderlein 1883). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma maculatum (Döderlein 1883). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae.

meteori, Flagelloserranus Kotthaus [A.] 1970:11, Fig. 1 [Dana Report No. 78; ref. 2670] Off the northwestern coast of New Guinea, 0°18'S, 132°52'E, depth about 100 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P43207. Paratypes: ZMUC uncat. (137). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:61 [ref. 9588]. •Synonym of Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:26 [ref. 6429], Randall et al. 1990:121 [ref. 15987], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Habitat: marine.

mitratum, Liopropoma Lubbock [R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1978:191, Fig. 2 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 64 (no. 3); ref. 8913] 30 meters outside fringing reef, Al Korae, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1976.7.13.8. Paratypes: BPBM 17892 (1); HUJ 8300 (1); SMF 13614 (1); USNM 216427-28 (1, 2). Type catalog: Golani 2006:25 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Liopropoma mitratum Lubbock & Randall 1978 -- (Dor 1984:101 [ref. 29757], Randall & Taylor 1988:34 [ref. 6429], Randall et al. 1990:120 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:27 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:120 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:117 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Hagiwara 2001:2 [ref. 25498], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:171 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1029 [ref. 29000], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:427 [ref. 31739], Allen & Erdmann 2012:307 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:107 [ref. 37354], Matsunuma et al. 2021:44 [ref. 38940], Heemstra 2022:86 [ref. 39742], Esmaeili et al. 2023:223 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma mitratum Lubbock & Randall 1978. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to Amami Islands and Osumi Islands (southern Japan), south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

mowbrayi, Liopropoma Woods [L. P.] & Kanazawa [R. H.] 1951:633, Fig. 134 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 31 (no. 53); ref. 12812] On beach after a storm, south shore of Bermuda. Holotype (unique): FMNH 48544. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:52 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Liopropoma mowbrayi Woods & Kanazawa 1951 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:143 [ref. 23100], Randall & Taylor 1988:3 [ref. 6429], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:212 [ref. 25013], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:24 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], Wirtz & Schliewen 2012:151 [ref. 32169], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Baldwin & Johnson 2014:7 [ref. 33312], Baldwin & Robertson 2014:75 [ref. 33311], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:41 [ref. 33341], Parenti & Randall 2020:107 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Esmaeili et al. 2023:224 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:197 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma mowbrayi Woods & Kanazawa 1951. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas south to northern South America, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

multilineatum, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:41, Pl. 2C [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] South side of Tanavulu Pt., Florida Island, Solomon Islands, 9°02'44"S, 160°04'07"E, depth 18-37 meters. Holotype: BPBM 15662. Paratypes: AMS I.25107-014 (1); BMNH 1987.3.31.1 (1); BPBM 15546 (1), 15939 (1); USNM 235750 (1), 235793 (2), 278050 (1), 285943 (2); WAM P.28024-007 (1), P.28186-017 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:19 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Liopropoma multilineatum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Randall et al. 1990:120 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1997:122 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:120 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:117 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2472 [ref. 24815], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:172 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1030 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:308 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:121 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:107 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:224 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma multilineatum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Fiji, north to the Philippines, south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

olneyi, Liopropoma Baldwin [C. C.] & Johnson [G. D.] 2014:7, Figs. 5-7, 8A [PLoS ONE v. 9 (no. 5): e97661; ref. 33312] Curaçao, near 12.0832 N, 68.8991W, west of Substation Curaçao downline, depth 154 meters. Holotype: USNM 426805. Paratypes: (adults) USNM 406130 (1), 414828 (1), 426808(1), 426809 (1), 426810 (1), 426815 (1), 422698 (1), 426868 (1); VIMS 13590 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma olneyi Baldwin & Johnson 2014 -- (Baldwin & Robertson 2014:1 [ref. 33311], Parenti & Randall 2020:107 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Esmaeili et al. 2023:224 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma olneyi Baldwin & Johnson 2014. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida Straits, Gulf of Mexico, Sint Eustatius and Curaçao. Habitat: marine.

pallidum, Chorististium Fowler [H. W.] 1938:199, Pl. 9 (fig. 20) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] Kiritimati [formerly Christmas Island], Line Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68397. Paratypes: ANSP 68398 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Liopropoma pallidum (Fowler 1938) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:33 [ref. 6429], Matsuura & Tachikawa 1994:144 [ref. 21905], Myers 1999:117 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:727 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:727 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:172 [ref. 28239], Shao et al. 2008:247 [ref. 29952], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:107 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:224 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma pallidum (Fowler 1938). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, Line Islands, Austral Islands, Society Islands, Pitcairn Group. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Liopropoma Akhilesh [K. V.], Bineesh [K. K.] & White [W. T.] 2012:44, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3439; ref. 32130] Off Mangalore, Kochi Fisheries Harbor, Kerala State, southwestern India. Holotype: CMFRI GB.31.139.31.1. Paratypes: CMFRI GB.31.139.31.1 (1); CSIRO H 7218-02 (1); MZB LM648 (1) •Valid as Liopropoma randalli Akhilesh, Bineesh & White 2012 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38701], Heemstra 2022:86 [ref. 39742], Esmaeili et al. 2023:215 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma randalli Akhilesh, Bineesh & White 2012. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Gulf of Oman (Oman); southwest coast of India; Lombok (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

rubre, Liopropoma Poey [F.] 1861:418 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: (2) MCZ 9691 (1, as holotype). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:193 [ref. 22926] with a holotype. Originally Liopropoma ? rubre. •Valid as Liopropoma rubre Poey 1861 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:143 [ref. 23100], Randall & Taylor 1988:3 [ref. 6429], Cervigón 1991:368 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:434 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:212 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1326 [ref. 27060], Smith et al. 2003:24 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:128 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:164 [ref. 28815], Wirtz & Schliewen 2012:151 [ref. 32169], Page et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32708], Baldwin & Johnson 2014:7 [ref. 33312], Baldwin & Robertson 2014:75 [ref. 33311], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:41 [ref. 33341], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354], Robertson et al. 2020:162 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:79 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:71 [ref. 39585], Esmaeili et al. 2023:225 [ref. 40327], Page et al. 2023:197 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma rubre Poey 1861. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) and Bahamas to northern South America, including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

rubre, Pikea Yoshino [T.] & Araga [C.] in Masuda, Araga & Yoshino 1975:217, Pl. 49 (fig. f) [Coastal fishes of southern Japan; ref. 2902] Bank off Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth about 100 meters. Holotype: SMBL 73145 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: SMBL 73146 (1) [not seen at FAKU]; URB 78-0117 (1). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Liopropoma rubre Poey 1861 when treated in Liopropoma; replaced by Liopropoma erythraeum Randall & Taylor 1988. •Valid as Pikea rubre Yoshino & Araga 1975 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Liopropoma erythraeum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:105 [ref. 37354]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma erythraeum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Habitat: marine.

santi, Liopropoma Baldwin [C. C.] & Robertson [D. R.] 2014:74, Figs. 2-4, 5A, 6A [ZooKeys No. 409; ref. 33311] Curaçao, off Substation Curaçao downline, near 12°05.069'N, 68°53.886'W, depth 241 meters. Holotype: USNM 426811. Paratypes: USNM 426813 (1), 424824 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma santi Baldwin & Robertson 2014 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:225 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma santi Baldwin & Robertson 2014. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Curaçao Island (southern Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

semilunifera, Glaucosoma Bliss [R.] (ex Steindachner) 1883:47 [Transactions of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius (N. S.) v. 13; ref. 16966] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MCZ 5986 (1), USNM 153568 [ex MCZ 5986] (1). •Synonym of Liopropoma lunulatum (Guichenot 1863) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:22 [ref. 6429], Fricke 1999:203 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2020:106 [ref. 37354], Heemstra 2022:86 [ref. 39742]). Current status: Synonym of Liopropoma lunulatum (Guichenot 1863). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Habitat: marine.

susumi, Chorististium Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:256, Fig. 48 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa Islands. Holotype: USNM 51738. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8671 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:69 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Dor 1984:101 [ref. 29757], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:133 [ref. 6441], Randall & Taylor 1988:22 [ref. 6429], Paxton et al. 1989:499 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:26 [ref. 13251], Lee 1990:67 [ref. 19830], Randall et al. 1990:121 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:27 [ref. 25356], Kuiter 1997:122 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:121 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:117 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:203 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:727 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:727 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:172 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1030 [ref. 29000], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:427 [ref. 31739], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:92 [ref. 30492], Motomura et al. 2010:99 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:308 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Fricke et al. 2014:63 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:155 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Koeda et al. 2019:61 [ref. 37178], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354], Heemstra 2022:87 [ref. 39742], Esmaeili et al. 2023:225 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma susumi (Jordan & Seale 1906). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Aliwal Shoal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), Middleton Reef (Australia) and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

swalesi, Chorististium Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1930:186 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 10; ref. 1477] Tongian Bay, Tongian Island, Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 89983. Paratypes: USNM 93393 (1). •Valid as Liopropoma swalesi (Fowler & Bean 1930) -- (Randall & Taylor 1988:10 [ref. 6429], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:308 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354], Esmaeili et al. 2023:225 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma swalesi (Fowler & Bean 1930). Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

tonstrinum, Liopropoma Randall [J. E.] & Taylor [L. R., Jr.] 1988:38, Pl. 2b [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 16; ref. 6429] Augulpelu Reef, Palau Is, depth 33.5-52 meters. Holotype: BPBM 9531. Paratypes: BPBM 13833 (1), 18723 (1), 19962 (1), 19982 (1), 22375 (1); MNHN 1976-0135 (1); USNM 223145 (1), 223287 (1), 235792 (1); WAM P.26082-015 (1), P.26087-011 (3), P.26121-002 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:19 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:20 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Liopropoma tonstrinum Randall & Taylor 1988 -- (Myers 1999:117 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall et al. 2002:156 [ref. 26192], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall 2005:172 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:309 [ref. 31980], Akhilesh et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32130], Koeda et al. 2015:19 [ref. 33828], Parenti & Randall 2020:108 [ref. 37354], Matsunuma et al. 2021:45 [ref. 38940], Esmaeili et al. 2023:225 [ref. 40327]). Current status: Valid as Liopropoma tonstrinum Randall & Taylor 1988. Liopropomatidae: Liopropomatinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Palau, Caroline Islands and Society Islands, north to Osumi Islands (southern Japan), Habitat: marine.


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