Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 April 2024

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the genus Enchelycore: [ 28 ] records


anatina, Muraena Lowe [R. T.] 1838:192 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 2 (pt 3, art. 14); ref. 2831] Off Madeira. Neotype: BMNH 1869.3.7.1. Neotype designated by Böhlke et al. 1989:136 [ref. 13286]. •Valid as Lycodontis anatinus (Lowe 1838) -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Valid as Enchelycore anatina (Lowe 1838) -- (Ben-Tuvia & Golani 1984:541 [ref. 25573], Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:539 [ref. 13676], Edwards & Glass 1987:624 [ref. 9166], Böhlke et al. 1989:136 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:139 [ref. 19379], Santos et al. 1997:19 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:54 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:132 [ref. 25013], Smith 2002:4 [ref. 26440], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27192], Golani 2005:16 [ref. 37112], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Fricke et al. 2007:23 [ref. 29533], Smith 2012:7 [ref. 32155], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516], Smith & Brito 2016:1624 [ref. 34557], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581], Brown et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:60 [ref. 37250], Bariche & Fricke 2020:33 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:11 [ref. 37519], Golani 2021:13 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:20 [ref. 39014], Ibrahim et al. 2022:62 [ref. 39386]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore anatina (Lowe 1838). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, Canary, Cape Verde Islands; southern-central Atlantic: Saint Helena Island. Habitat: marine.

anguina, Muraena Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:18 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Central America. No types known. •Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:142 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:140 [ref. 19379], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

bayeri, Gymnothorax Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:124, Figs. 23f, 26 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Lagoon coral head at Kieschiechi Island, Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 20 feet. Holotype: USNM 141608. Paratypes: FMNH 62583 [ex USNM 141604] (1); USNM 116053 (1), 141605-07 (1, 1, 1), 141609 (1), 152976-77 [ex UW] (1, 1), 202542 [ex UW 8742] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367], Smith 1994:17 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:96 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Enchelycore bayeri (Schultz 1953) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:127 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Winterbottom et al. 1989:7 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:35 [ref. 15987], Randall & Golani 1995:852 [ref. 21744], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:35 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:44 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:200 [ref. 25086], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:200 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:96 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:36 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:246 [ref. 29005], Shibukawa et al. 2007:187 [ref. 29475], Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:79 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:18 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:153 [ref. 34130], Golani & Fricke 2018:20 [ref. 36273], Smith et al. 2019:13 [ref. 37159], Smith & Böhlke 2022:41 [ref. 39681], Allen & Erdmann 2024:87 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore bayeri (Schultz 1953). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: western Mascarenes (La Réunion), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Line Islands, Society Islands and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to Taiwan, south Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bikiniensis, Gymnothorax Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:116, Figs. 23e, 24 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Cherry Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands. Holotype: USNM 141575. Paratypes: FMNH 62584 [ex USNM 141573] (1); USNM 116054 (1), 141571-72 (1, 2), 141573 (orig. 2, now 1), 141574 (1), 141576 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367], Smith 1994:17 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:97 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Enchelycore bikiniensis (Schultz 1953) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Chen et al. 1994:47 [ref. 22258], Myers 1999:44 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & Smith 2002:97 [ref. 26380], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:36 [ref. 28239], Zhang et al. 2010:254 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:153 [ref. 34130]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore bikiniensis (Schultz 1953). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brunneus, Gymnothorax Nichols [J. T.] 1920:59 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 33; ref. 3173] Castle Harbor, Bermuda. Holotype (unique): AMNH 7309. •Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:143 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:140 [ref. 19379], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:133 [ref. 25013], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

carychroa, Enchelycore Böhlke [J. E.] & Böhlke [E. B.] 1976:138, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 127; ref. 7364] West of Delaporte Point, Great Bahama Bank, New Providence Island, Bahamas, depth 12 feet. Holotype: ANSP 100000. Paratypes: (589) ANSP (321, 2 c&s), CAS, FMNH 83913 (2), GCRL, LACM (2 lots, 2), MCZ (6 lots, 32), MBUCV (4 lots, 12), MNHN 1975-0891 (8), MZUSP, UF (15 lots), UF [ex UMML] (40 lots), USNM 214784-85 (2, 9), ZMB 24095 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:130 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:34 [ref. 12367], Bauchot et al. 1993:98 [ref. 20810], Smith 1994:16 [ref. 21917], Provenzano et al. 1998:8 [ref. 24196]. •Valid as Enchelycore carychroa Böhlke & Böhlke 1976 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:54 [ref. 23100], Böhlke et al. 1989:140 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:139 [ref. 19379], Cervigón 1991:35 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:367 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:232 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:133 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:23 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:5 [ref. 34324], Smith & Brito 2016:1638 [ref. 34557], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581], Brown et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36444], Robertson et al. 2020:159 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:73 [ref. 38844], Fermon et al. 2022:114 [ref. 39448] with question, Page et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore carychroa Böhlke & Böhlke 1976. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Caribbean Sea; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island and Saint Helena Island; eastern Atlantic: Bioko (Equatorial Guinea). Habitat: marine.

congeroides, Muraena Bleeker [P.] 1860:87 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 2); ref. 375] Benkulen, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.338. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.248 (1) Sumatra. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:103-104 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:104 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

crudelis, Eurymyctera Kaup [J. J.] 1856:59 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 3776. Paralectotypes: whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:104 [ref. 26380] Lectotype selected by Böhlke & Smith 2002:104 [ref. 25226]. •Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:104 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

eritima, Rhinamuraena Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:196, Fig. 6 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype (unique): USNM 51717. Type catalog: Smith 1994:24 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:109 [ref. 26380]. The original genus is correctly Rhinomuraena. •Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:109 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

euryrhina, Enchelycore Kaup [J. J.] 1856:60 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Locality unknown. Holotype: MNHN B-2362. Paratypes: MNHN B-2363 (1), B-2501 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:98 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:73 [ref. 2573]. •Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:142 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:140 [ref. 19379], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

hemprichii, Muraena Klunzinger [C. B.] (ex Ehrenberg) 1871:613 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea; Red Sea. Surviving syntype: ZMB 4048 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:114 [ref. 26380]. Based on Muraena hepatica in manuscript of Ehrenberg with underlying ZMB holotype, and on material from Kosseir, Egpt.. •Synonym of Lycodontis hepaticus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:28 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Gymnothorax hepaticus (Rüppell 1830) -- (authors). •Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:114 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155], Smith et al. 2019:15 [ref. 37159]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

kailuae, Muraena Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:165 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Kailua, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50614. Type catalog: Smith 1994:21 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:117-118 [ref. 26380] •Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:118 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

kamara, Enchelycore Böhlke [J. E.] & Böhlke [E. B.] 1980:173, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 132; ref. 8739] Tongareva Atoll, on lagoon side of some small islets south of Molokai Island [Penrhyn Atoll, northern Cook Islands, South Pacific], depth 3-5 feet. Holotype: USNM 221161. Paratypes: ANSP 143055-56 (1, 1); CAS 39752 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:130 [ref. 13621], Smith 1994:16 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:118 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Enchelycore kamara Böhlke & Böhlke 1980 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Myers 1999:46 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Smith 2002:118 [ref. 26380], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Prokofiev 2005:704 [ref. 28366], Shibukawa et al. 2007:187 [ref. 29475], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore kamara Böhlke & Böhlke 1980. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kauila, Muraena Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:424, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50684. Type catalog: Smith 1994:21-22 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:118 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:118 [ref. 26380], Mundy 2005:115 [ref. 28379], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

lampra, Muraena Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:423, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50680. Type catalog: Smith 1994:22 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:119 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & Smith 2002:119 [ref. 26380], Mundy 2005:115 [ref. 28379], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

lichenosa, Aemasia Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:883, Fig. 20 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1239); ref. 2508] Wakanoura, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea, Western North Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 6480. Paratypes: USNM 49976 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:46 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:14 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:121 [ref. 26380]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:548 [ref. 31656]. Galápagos population may be a separate species -- Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]. •Valid as Enchelycore lichenosa (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Allen & Robertson 1994:44 [ref. 22193], Chen et al. 1994:47 [ref. 22258], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:159 [ref. 24023], Nakabo 2000:200 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2002:200 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:121 [ref. 26380], Smith 2002:4 [ref. 26440], Shibukawa et al. 2007:187 [ref. 29475], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Zhang et al. 2010:252 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Ho et al. 2015:153 [ref. 34130], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Dale et al. 2021:312 [ref. 38298], Oomori et al. 2022:26 [ref. 39429]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore lichenosa (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Japan; eastern Pacific: Panama south to Colombia, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

macrosiphon, Gymnothorax Bleeker [P.] 1872:154 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. Based on a painting, no types known. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:123 [ref. 26380]. •Nomen dubium -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:123 [ref. 26380]). •Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Zhang et al. 2010:251 [ref. 31511] with author as Reeves 1933). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

mosaica, Fimbrinares Whitley [G. P.] 1948:72 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Point Banks, near Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia, depth 5 feet. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.3926. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:129 [ref. 26380]. •Synonym of Enchelycore ramosa (Griffin 1926) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:128 [ref. 12442] as ramosus, Böhlke & McCosker 2001:97 [ref. 25226], Böhlke & Smith 2002:129 [ref. 26380], Randall 2005:37 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:246 [ref. 29005], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore ramosa (Griffin 1926). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

nigricans, Muraena Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Gronow) 1788:34 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Central America, Caribbean Sea. No types known. Based on 'Muraena unicolor: maxillis elongatis teretiusculis ...' of Gronow 1763:39 [ref. 1910]. •Valid as Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:55 [ref. 23100], Böhlke et al. 1989:142 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:139 [ref. 19379], Cervigón 1991:34 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:367 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:233 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:133 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:69 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1643 [ref. 25634], Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Böhlke & Smith 2003:707 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Prokofiev 2005:704 [ref. 28366], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Smith et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29432] with author as Kaup, Wirtz et al. 2007:25 [ref. 30263], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:23 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:5 [ref. 34324], Smith & Brito 2016:1625 [ref. 34557], Reiner 2019:59 [ref. 38139], Robertson et al. 2020:159 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:97 [ref. 38945], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:73 [ref. 38844], Fermon et al. 2022:114 [ref. 39448], Carvalho-Filho 2023:50 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea and Trindade Archipelago (Brazil); eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Gabon, including Cape Verde Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

nigrocastaneus, Gymnothorax Cope [E. D.] 1871:483 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 16032. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:130 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:143 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:140 [ref. 19379], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.

nycturanus, Enchelycore Smith [D. G.] 2002:2, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 104; ref. 26440] Off Scottsburgh, Hospital Reef, Aliwal Shoal, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, southwesern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB 46473. Paratypes: SAIAB 65489 (1), USNM 369313 (1). •Valid as Enchelycore nycturanus Smith 2002 -- (Smith & Böhlke 2006:36 [ref. 28678], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581], Smith & Böhlke 2022:42 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore nycturanus Smith 2002. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Aliwal Shoal (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

octavianus, Gymnothorax Myers [G. S.] & Wade [C. B.] 1941:89, Pl. 16 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 3133] Octavia Bay, Colombia (Pacific). Holotype: USNM 101801. Paratypes: LACM 21701 (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:19 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:133 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Enchelycore octaviana (Myers & Wade 1941) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Allen & Robertson 1994:44 [ref. 22193], McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1308 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:161 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:41 [ref. 25640], Böhlke & Smith 2002:133 [ref. 26380], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:17 [ref. 37547], Prokofiev 2005:704 [ref. 28366], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]. Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Love et al. 2021:33 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore octaviana (Myers & Wade 1941). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California Sur and southern Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

pardalis, Muraena Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:268, Pl. 119 [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 3742. Paralectotypes: RMNH D2028 (1, stuffed), 3778 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:135 [ref. 26380]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:191 [ref. 12876], Böhlke & Smith 2002:135 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Muraena pardalis Temminck & Schlegel 1846 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:22 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:200 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2000:176 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:200 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:73 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2015:14 [ref. 34709]). •Valid as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:7 [ref. 13251], Chen et al. 1994:47 [ref. 22258], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:66 [ref. 22017], Randall 1995:54 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:42 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:221 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Choi et al. 2003:141, 490 [ref. 26218], Böhlke & Smith 2002:135 [ref. 26380], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:37 [ref. 28239], Prokofiev 2005:704 [ref. 28366], Mundy 2005:115 [ref. 28379], Shibukawa et al. 2007:187 [ref. 29475], Randall 2007:82 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:15 [ref. 30213], Zhang et al. 2010:251 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:79 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:153 [ref. 34130], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581], Fricke et al. 2018:34 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Eudeline 2022:134 [ref. 39191], Oomori et al. 2022:26 [ref. 39429], Smith & Böhlke 2022:42 [ref. 39681], Murase et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40935], Allen & Erdmann 2024:88 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore pardalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Aliwal Shoal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Mayotte (France), Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to Korea, Chiba Prefecture (Japan) and Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

propinqua, Enchelycore Mohapatra [A.], Smith [D. G.], Mohanty [S. R.], Mishra [S. S.] & Tudu [P. C.] 2017:596, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4319 (no. 3); ref. 35581] Visakhapatnam fishing harbour (actual trawl site is not known), Andhra Pradesh, India. Holotype (unique): ZSIF 12113/2. •Valid as Enchelycore propinqua Mohapatra, Smith, Mohanty, Mishra & Tudu 2017. Current status: Valid as Enchelycore propinqua Mohapatra, Smith, Mohanty, Mishra & Tudu 2017. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

ramosus, Gymnothorax Griffin [L. T.] 1926:539, Pl. 94 [Transactions of the New Zealand Institute v. 56; ref. 15589] Whangaroa and Bay of Islands, North Auckland districts, New Zealand. Holotype: AIM. Paratypes: AIM (1). •Valid as Enchelycore ramosus (Griffin 1926) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:128 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Pequeño 1989:24 [ref. 14125], Francis 1993:157 [ref. 25479]). •Valid as Enchelycore ramosa (Griffin 1926) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:68 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:118 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:33 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:30 [ref. 25488], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:97 [ref. 25226], Smith 2002:4 [ref. 26440], Randall 2005:37 [ref. 28239], Prokofiev 2005:704 [ref. 28366], Smith & Böhlke 2006:36 [ref. 28678], Allen et al. 2006:246 [ref. 29005], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:108 [ref. 36167], Stewart & McCosker 2015:228 [ref. 34233], Mohapatra et al. 2017:598 [ref. 35581]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore ramosa (Griffin 1926). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: South Pacific: eastern Australia east to Easter Island, south to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

sanctaehelenae, Muraena Günther [A.] 1870:115 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Saint Helena Island, southern central Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.3.11.3. Originally as sanctae helenae. •Synonym of Lycodontis anatinus (Lowe 1841) -- (Blache et al. 1973:225 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Enchelycore anatina (Lowe 1838) -- (Edwards & Glass 1987:624 [ref. 9166], Böhlke et al. 1989:136 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:139 [ref. 19379], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:132 [ref. 25013], Smith 2012:7-8 [ref. 32155] but possibly valid, Brown et al. 2019:155 [ref. 36444] but possibly valid). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore anatina (Lowe 1838). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena (if valid). Habitat: marine.

schismatorhynchus, Muraena Bleeker [P.] 1853:301 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] [Benculen] Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.248. Also appeared in Bleeker 1853:71 [ref. 339]. •Valid as Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Böhlke et al. 1989:135 [ref. 13286], Winterbottom et al. 1989:7 [ref. 13251], Chen et al. 1994:48 [ref. 22258], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:46 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:200 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:31 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847] [but later deleted in author's circular of Jan. 2002], Nakabo 2002:200 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:37 [ref. 28239], Prokofiev 2005:704 [ref. 28366], Smith & Böhlke 2006:37 [ref. 28678], Shibukawa et al. 2007:187 [ref. 29475], Motomura et al. 2010:70 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:253 [ref. 31511], Allen & Erdmann 2012:79 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:9 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:18 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:153 [ref. 34130], Golani & Fricke 2018:20 [ref. 36273], Dalleau-Coudert et al. 2019:116 [ref. 40104], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Smith et al. 2019:15 [ref. 37159], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651], Huang et al. 2022:100 [ref. 39626], Smith & Böhlke 2022:42 [ref. 39681], Allen & Erdmann 2024:88 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Enchelycore schismatorhynchus (Bleeker 1853). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) and Chagos Archipelago east to Society Islands, Marquesas Islands and French Polynesia, north to Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

umbrosus, Gymnothorax Poey [F.] 1875:67, Pl. 9 (figs. 1-2) [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 11 (nos 3-4) (art. 6); ref. 18564] Cuba. Holotype: USNM 13062. Type catalog: Smith 1994:20 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:143 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:140 [ref. 19379], Smith 2012:8 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Enchelycore nigricans (Bonnaterre 1788). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Habitat: marine.


CalAcademy Footer