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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Stephanolepis: [ 18 ] records


auratus, Monacanthus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:77 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Genus Stephanolepis is feminine, so the species epithet should be spelled aurata. •Valid as Stephanolepis auratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (Hutchins 1977:57 [ref. 2283], Hutchins 1986:886 [ref. 5673], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:446 [ref. 28072], Matsuura 2014:13 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2018:381 [ref. 35805], Kumar et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36793]). •Valid as Stephanolepis aurata (Castelnau 1861) -- (Hutchins 2022:443 [ref. 40252]). Current status: Valid as Stephanolepis aurata (Castelnau 1861). Monacanthidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Western Cape, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia) and Madagascar east to northwestern India. IUCN (2019): Least Concern. Habitat: marine.

auriga, Monacanthus Lowe [R. T.] 1852:253 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1850 (pt 18) (art. 5); ref. 2835] Off Madeira. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Tortonese 1973:643 [ref. 7192], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

broccus, Balistes Mitchill [S. L.] 1815:467 [Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York v. 1 (art. 5) (for 1814); ref. 13292] New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

cirrhifer, Monacanthus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1850:290, Pl. 130 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Last part (15); ref. 4375] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1685 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1681-1684 (4, stuffed), D1734 (1, stuffed), 4143 (3), 4144 (8), 4145 (1); ZMB 4175 [ex RMNH] (1, stuffed), 4176 [ex RMNH] (1, stuffed), 5913 (1, dry). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:330 [ref. 25566] as cirrifer. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:209 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:359 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:397 [ref. 22896], Chen et al. 1997:182 [ref. 26476] dated 1846, Cheng & Zhou 1997:470 [ref. 26385] dated 1846, Lindberg et al. 1997:80 [ref. 23547], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1411 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:278 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:183 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:3946 [ref. 26316], Shimizu 2001:46 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1411 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:448, 694 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S33 [ref. 28536], Markevich & Balanov 2011:678 [ref. 32459], Matsuura 2014:13 [ref. 33576], Parin et al. 2014:551 [ref. 33547], Kwun et al. 2017:143 [ref. 37287], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2018:308 [ref. 36460], Kim et al. 2020:199 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:128 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Monacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam and southern China to southern Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

diaspros, Stephanolepis Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1940:528, Fig. 4 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 5 (no. 30); ref. 17233] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: BMNH 1888.12.29.204. Paratypes: BMNH 1887.11.11.344-346 (3), plus BMNH (2). •Valid as Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner 1940 -- (Tortonese 1973:643 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:280 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1338 [ref. 13677], Vanni 1993:11 [ref. 21841], Goren & Dor 1994:74 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:397 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:238 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:156 [ref. 26753], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Dulĉić & Pallaoro 2003:321 [ref. 27524], Golani 2005:64 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:117 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:75 [ref. 36649], Zenetos et al. 2010:414 [ref. 31201], Matsuura 2014:13 [ref. 33576], Psomadakis et al. 2015:335 [ref. 34104], Moazzam & Osmany 2016:4 [ref. 39994], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:180 [ref. 36273], Artüz & Fricke 2019:561 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:136 [ref. 37020], Kumar et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36793], Bariche & Fricke 2020:148 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:34 [ref. 37519], Golani 2021:88 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:63 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:308 [ref. 39448] misidentified, Hutchins 2022:444 [ref. 40252], Lipej et al. in Kapiris et al. 2024:204 [ref. 41067]). Current status: Valid as Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner 1940. Monacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf east to northwestern India; Mediterranean Sea and Sea of Marmara (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Monacanthus Valenciennes [A.] 1838:[95], Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Non-types: MNHN 0000-6326 (1, poor condition), Canary Is., B-1999 (1, poor condition) Bahia. Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:521 [ref. 21538] with holotype from Canaries and paratype from Bahia; Beaunier et al. 2009:300, 303 [ref. 28887]. Dates to Pl. 17 in 1838, p. 95 published in 1843. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527], Beaunier et al. 2009:300 [ref. 28887]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

gallinula, Monacanthus Valenciennes [A.] 1843:95 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN B-2003 (2, dry) Canary Is. Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:521 [ref. 21538], Beaunier et al. 2009:292 [ref. 28887] •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527], Beaunier et al. 2009:292 [ref. 28887]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

hispidus, Balistes Linnaeus [C.] (ex Seba) 1766:405 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolinas, U.S.A. No types known (but see Wheeler 1985). Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:73 [ref. 20705]. Genera ending in lepis are feminine, so spelling of the adjective [= rough or hairy] should be hispida. Based on 'Balistes varius dorso monocantho' of Seba 1759:106, pl. 34, fig. 2 [ref. 18716]. •Valid as Monacanthus hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:301 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:565 [ref. 25518], Boschung 1992:181 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1996:103 [ref. 24489], Murdy et al. 1997:263 [ref. 23144]). •Valid as Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Berry & Vogele 1961:71 [ref. 19549], Tortonese 1973:643 [ref. 7192], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:468 [ref. 14275], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1339 [ref. 13677], McAllister 1990:226 [ref. 14674], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527], Cervigón 1992:360 [ref. 23827], Azevedo & Heemstra 1995:7 [ref. 22269], Andreata & Séret 1996:590 [ref. 16204] in Stenophanolepis, Santos et al. 1997:114 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:122 [ref. 24952], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:505 [ref. 24550], Afonso et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25466], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:351 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:146 [ref. 27639], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:596 [ref. 26158], Matsuura 2003:1979 [ref. 27119], Menezes & Moura in Menezes et al. 2003:109 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:911 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:42 [ref. 30263], García-Hernández et al. 2009:94 [ref. 37265] as hispidus, Di Dario et al. 2013:264 [ref. 37503] as hispidus, Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Fabiano et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], Matsuura 2014:13 [ref. 33576], Costa et al. 2015:1061 [ref. 37495] as hispidus, Pinheiro et al. 2015:35 [ref. 34324], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3062 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35565], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:226 [ref. 37250] as hispidus, Reiner 2019:307 [ref. 38139] as hispidus, Ribeiro et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36717], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:703 [ref. 38945] as hispidus, Fermon et al. 2022:309 [ref. 39448], Bagley et al. 2023:324 [ref. 41241], Carvalho-Filho 2023:280 [ref. 40480], Hoff et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40463] as hispidus, Page et al. 2023:169 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada) south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Morocco south to Angola, including Azores (Portugal), Madeira (Portugal), Canary Islands (Spain), Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. IUCN (2017): Least Concern (as. Stephanolepis hispidus). Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Balistes Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:466 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated [Japan]. •Synonym of Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel 1850) -- (Gill & Hutchins 2002:107 [ref. 26079]) Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

komuki, Monacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:13, Fig. 1 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 16922] Kaminoseki Island, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: MNHN 0000-2018 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1961:522 [ref. 21538], Beaunier et al. 2009:303 [ref. 28887]. Appeared in Bleeker 1853:55 [ref. 340] without distinguishing features. •Synonym of Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel 1850). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

ocheticus, Stephanolepis Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1940:529, Fig. 5 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 5 (no. 30); ref. 17233] Suez Canal, Ismailia, Egypt. Holotype: BMNH 1970.3.3.2. Paratypes: BMNH 1925.9.19.146-147 (2). Plus additional material: BMNH (6), MNHN (1). •Synonym of Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner 1940 -- (Tortonese 1973:643 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:280 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1338 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:156 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:64 [ref. 37112]). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner 1940. Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

oppositus, Monacantus Poey [F.] 1860:331 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. No types known. Misspelled oppositns on p. 331; spelled oppositus in conspectus (p. 361) and index (p. 436), and errata (p. 442), which were published in June 1861; oppositns regarded as a misprint. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

rectifrons, Stephanolepis Fraser-Brunner [A.] 1940:531, Fig. 6 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 5 (no. 30); ref. 17233] Inyack, Delagoa Bay, southeastern Africa. Holotype: BMNH 1920.12.6.27. Paratypes: MCZ (1). Additional material: BMNH (2 skins). •Synonym of Stephanolepis auratus (Castelnau 1861) -- (Hutchins 1986:886 [ref. 5673]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis aurata (Castelnau 1861). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis aurata (Castelnau 1861). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

sebae, Monacanthus Billberg [G. J.] 1833:52 [Linnéska Samfundets Handlingar v. 1 (for 1832); ref. 34146] Carolinas, U.S.A. No types known. Based on the Balistes hispidus of Gmelin 1789:1463 [ref. 18139], allegedly different from Balistes hispidus Linnaeus 1758 according to Billberg 1833; see Kullander 2016:113 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Kullander 2016:113 [ref. 34147]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

setifer, Monacanthus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:112 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 16791] No locality. No types known. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1339 [ref. 13677], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527]). •Valid as Monacanthus setifer Bennett 1831 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:301 [ref. 23100], Robins et al. 1991:69 [ref. 14237], Boschung 1992:181 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1996:104 [ref. 24489], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:278 [ref. 25480]). •Valid as Stephanolepis setifer (Bennett 1831) -- (Berry & Vogele 1961:72 [ref. 19549], Cervigón 1992:360 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:505 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:351 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Matsuura 2003:1977 [ref. 27119], Smith et al. 2003:70 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:912 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Matsuura 2014:13 [ref. 33576], Moazzam & Osmany 2016:4 [ref. 39994] misidentified, Carneiro et al. 2019:227 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:159 [ref. 38098], Fermon et al. 2022:309 [ref. 39448] misidentified, Carvalho-Filho 2023:281 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:169 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Stephanolepis setifer (Bennett 1831). Monacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

setifer, Monocanthus DeKay [J. E.] 1842:337, Pl. 59 (fig. 194) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] New York harbor, New York, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): Cabinet of the Lyceum (whereabouts unknown). Preoccupied by Stephanolepis setifer (Bennett 1831). Original genus should have been Monacanthus. •Valid as Monacanthus setifer Dekay 1842 -- (Herrera 1896:74 [ref. 39336]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

spilonotus, Monacanthus Cope [E. D.] 1871:476 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] Gulf of Mexico. Syntypes: (3, not found). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1065 [ref. 19527]). •Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis hispida (Linnaeus 1766). Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

weberi, Stephanolepis Fowler [H. W.] & Steinitz [H.] 1956:287, Fig. 33 [not 32] [Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel v. 5B (no. 3-4); ref. 1478] Haifa, Israel, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72148. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner 1940 -- (Tortonese 1973:643 [ref. 7192], Golani 2005:64 [ref. 37112]). Current status: Synonym of Stephanolepis diaspros Fraser-Brunner 1940. Monacanthidae. Habitat: marine.


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