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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Scyliorhinidae: [ 78 ] records


acanthonotum, Scyllium De Filippi [F.] in De Filippi & Verany 1857:193 [9], Fig. 2 [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Near Albenga, Province of Savona, Liguria, northwestern Italy, Gulf of Genoa, Ligurian Sea, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as Scyllium n. sp. in De Filippi 1853:169 [separate p. 7], Fig. 2 [ref. 17378]. On p. 9 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

acutidens, Scyllium Vaillant [L. L.] 1888:60, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Expéditions scientifiques du "Travailleur" et du "Talisman"; ref. 4496] Eastern Atlantic. Holotype: MNHN 1884-0385 (poor condition). Paratypes: MNHN 1884-0384 (1), 1884-0385 (1, poor condition), 1884-0386 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. Originally Scyllium ? acutidens. •Questionably a synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Uncertain as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1494 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] South Africa. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:16-17 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:94 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:67 [ref. 28072], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:60 [ref. 37302], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Ebert et al. 2021:52 [ref. 38234], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448], Human & Ebert 2022:490 [ref. 39666]). Current status: Valid as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: Gabon; Northern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), ?Madagascar, ?Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

albipinnum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Motomura [H.] & White [W. T.] 2008:148, Figs. 1-2, 3a [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29683] East of Maria Island, Tasmania, 42°48'S, 148°26'E, depth 445-463 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 5314-11. Paratypes: 15 specimens at CSIRO. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia. Habitat: marine.

albomaculata, Scyliorhinus canicula var. Pietschmann [V.] 1906:98 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 21; ref. 15169] West coast of Morocco, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

atlanticum, Scyllium De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:527 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Not available, no distinguishing features. From France, ne. Atlantic Ocean. Nomen Nudum. Scyliorhinidae.

besnardi, Scyliorhinus retifer Springer [S.] & Sadowsky [V.] 1970:95, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 83 (no. 7); ref. 7783] Near continental shelf edge, 33°26'S, 51°21'W, southern Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), southwestern Atlantic, R/V Prof. W. Besnard station 419, depth 190 meters. Holotype: USNM 204376. Paratypes: IOSP 81BS (1, dissected), 82BS (1); USNM 204377 (1). Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:4 [ref. 21812]. Original type locality (northern Uruguay) is erroneous (see Koerber 2024:28 [ref. 41192]). •Valid species as Scyliorhinus besnardi Springer & Sadowsky 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Soares et al. 2016:514 [ref. 34158], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: southern Brazil to Argentina (if valid). Habitat: marine.

boa, Scylliorhinus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:17 [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1335-S. Correct spelling of original genus is Scyliorhinus. Proposed conditionally, but treated as available. •Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:51 [ref. 14275], Compagno 1984:357 [ref. 6846], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:94 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Castro 2011:336 [ref. 31457], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:31 [ref. 37485], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:532 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:8 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Carvalho-Filho 2023:301 [ref. 40480], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40663]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cuba south to Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

breviculus, Squalis (Scyliorhinus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Nomen Nudum. Scyliorhinidae.

cabofriensis, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gomes [U. L.] & Carvalho [M. R. de] 2016:503, Figs. 1-7 [Zootaxa 4066 (no. 5); ref. 34158] Off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 40730. Paratypes: MCP, MNRJ, UERJ. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016 -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:18 [ref. 36701], Lopes et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37494], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Carvalho-Filho 2023:301 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cabofriensis Soares, Gomes & Carvalho 2016. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: marine.

canicula, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:234 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europe"]; localities include Penzance, Cornwall, England, Northeastern Atlantic; Rome and Venice, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1866.9.12.4. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:31 [ref. 36701] with collection as NHMUK. Originally based on at least 18 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:68 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus ex rufo varius; Rondelet 1554:380 [ref. 30354] as Cabicula (Canicula) Aristotelis, Salviani 1558:Pl. (p. 137) [ref. 30229] as Maior Catulus, Jonston 1649:25, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [ref. 30579] as Catulus maior, Willughby 1686:62 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:20 [ref. 30231] as Catulus major vulgaris. •Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:99 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Capapé 1987:22 [ref. 39326], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Santos et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Capapé et al. 1999:48 [ref. 25276], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:11 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:9 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:15 [ref. 30517], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:7 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1262 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Biscoito et al. 2018:484 [ref. 37562], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:62 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:21 [ref. 37250], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701], Bariche & Fricke 2020:12 [ref. 37515], Kabasakal 2020:77 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Arroyo Martínez 2021:44 [ref. 38962], Giovos et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38895], Golani 2021:7 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:10 [ref. 39014], Bañón & Mano 2022:10 [ref. 40121], Barone et al. 2022:28 [ref. 39527], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448] misidentified, Balàka et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40410], Shakman et al. 2023:463 [ref. 40810]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; northeastern Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway south to Senegal, including Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

capense, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:11 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Lectotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.141. Paralectottypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.144 (1), 1953.5.10.2 (1), 1953.5.10.3 (1); RMNH incat. (1, whereabouts unknown); SMNS 4360 [ex UTZI] (1). Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701]. Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Based on multiple sources, including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH). Also based on a specimen and drawing by Wilhelm von Rapp (UTZI), named Scyllium capense, specimen now in SMNS. •Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:359 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:75 [ref. 25472], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:63 [ref. 37302], Soares & Carvalho 2019:32 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Russell & van Oijen 2021:437 [ref. 38177], Ebert et al. 2021:54 [ref. 38234], Human & Ebert 2022:492 [ref. 39666], Leeney 2024:53 [ref. 40985]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus capensis (Müller & Henle 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Namibia south to Cape of Good Hope(South Africa), then to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa). Habitat: marine.

catulus, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:9 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] [Im mittelländischen Meer und Ocean] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Based on many literature sources; name from Cuvier; not Squalus catulus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701], Bariche & Fricke 2020:12 [ref. 37515]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catulus, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Fricke 2008:8 [ref. 30182], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Biscoito et al. 2018:484 [ref. 37562], Soares & Carvalho 2019:21 [ref. 36701], Bañón & Mano 2022:10 [ref. 40121]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

catum, Cephaloscyllium IUCN A name appearing in an IUCN listing in 2006; the species was not described under this name. No longer listed by the IUCN. •A premature and unavailable name for Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008 (pers. comm. P. Last, 19 Apr. 2011). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Unknown. Scyliorhinidae.

cervigoni, Scylliorhinus Maurin [C.] & Bonnet [M.] 1970:129, Fig. 3 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 18878] Fosse de Cayar, off Cap Vert, Senegal, depth 270-430 meters. Neotype: ZMH 102563. Neotype selected by Soares & Carvalho 2019:49 [ref. 36701]. Genus should have been Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970 -- (Compagno 1984:361 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1266 [ref. 34544], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:64 [ref. 37302], Reiner 2019:28 [ref. 38139], Soares & Carvalho 2019:42 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448], Leeney et al. 2023:2 [ref. 40693], Leeney 2024:54 [ref. 40985]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet 1970. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Namibia, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

circulopullum, Cephaloscyllium Yano [K.], Ahmed [A.] & Gambang [A. C.] in Yano, Ahmed, Gambang, Idris, Solahuddin & Aznan 2005:159, Pls. 102-105 [Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darussalam; ref. 29537] Off Tanjong Sirik, about 5°10'N, 11°00'E, Sarawak, Malaysia, depth about 120-160 meters. Holotype: IK 0002725. Paratypes: IK 0002726 (1). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:2 [ref. 29807] as sarawakensis, Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036] as sarawakensis, Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524] as sarawakensis, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211] as sarawakensis). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Sarawak, Malaysia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

comoroensis, Scyliorhinus Compagno [L. J. V.] 1988:609, Figs. 1, 3-5, 6A, 7A, 8A-B [Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 16229] Moroni, Grande Comore, Comoro Islands, 11°40'S, 43°15'E, depth 400 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0701. •Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988 -- (Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:11 [ref. 35805], Soares & Carvalho 2019:50 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Human & Ebert 2022:493 [ref. 39666]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno 1988. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Comoro Islands and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

cooki, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:130, Figs. 1-2 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Arafura Sea, Northern Teritory, 9°46'S, 130°25"E, depth 225 meters. Holotype: NTM S 13147-022. Paratypes: CSIRO H 6638-02 (1); NTM S 12288-038 (1), 13147-016 (1); MNHN 2007-1927 (1), 2007-1928 (1), 2007-1929 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Larson et al. 2013:6 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Arafura Sea off Australia and eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

dentoides, Squalus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 111 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Also in Ninni 1872:10 [ref. 17995] as name in synonymy. Nomen Nudum. Scyliorhinidae.

diana, Asymbolus Sprackland [R. G.] 1999:no page number [Key to the sharks and rays of the world; ref. 25187] Published electronically; listed in Zoological Record for 1999/2000. Not available, electronic publication not acceptable in the 1999 Code. Name provided to a published Asymbolus sp. account in a publication by different authors. Scyliorhinidae.

duhamelii, Catulus Garman [S.] 1913:73 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 36; ref. 1545] Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic Sea and off Nice, France) and Atlantic coasts of Europe. Lectotype: MCZ 63-S. Paralectotype: MCZ 60-S (1). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. Lectotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). •Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913) -- (Almeida & Biscoito 2019:62 [ref. 37302], Soares & Carvalho 2019:57 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Kovačić et al. 2021:10 [ref. 39014], Balàka et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40410]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus duhamelii (Garman 1913). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Central Mediterranean Sea: eastern Algeria and Tunisia to Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea (western Greece). Habitat: marine.

elegans, Squalus Blainville [H. de] 1825:73, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Faune Française; ou histoire naturelle Livr. 13 & 14; ref. 4991] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Compagno 1984:358 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:20 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatum, Cephaloscyllium Chan [W. L.] 1966:232, Figs. 6-7; Pl. 3 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 148; ref. 806] South China Sea, about 35 miles east-southeast of Cape Bantagan, Vietnam, 15°55.7'N, 109°28.5'E, depth 112-172 fathoms. Holotype: BMNH 1965.8.11.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1965.8.11.2-5 (4). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:297 [ref. 6846], Allen & Swainston 1988:20 [ref. 25477] with author as Chen, Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Last & Stevens 1994:197 [ref. 23873], Allen 1997:40 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:17 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1289 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Shao et al. 2008:236 [ref. 29952], Ebert & Wilms 2013:96 [ref. 33035], Nakaya et al.2013:102 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan, South China Sea, Philippines and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

fernandezi, Scyliorhinus Weibezahn [F. H.] 1953:3, Fig. 1 [Novedades Cientificas, Contribuciones Ocasionales del Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Serie Zoológica No. 9; ref. 12670] Three miles north of the port of La Guaira, Distrito Federal, Venezuela, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MHNLS 3052 [not MHNLS 7717, ex. AFY 149]. Type catalog: Lasso et al. 1997:41 [ref. 23639]. Species epithet appeared in original description as fernándezi. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:9 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus boa Goode & Bean 1896. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

formosanum, Cephaloscyllium Teng [H.-T.] 1962:48, Fig. 11 [Classification and distribution of the Chondrichthyes of Taiwan; ref. 12623] Off Tungkang [Tongkang], southwestern coast of Taiwan, 22°25'N, 120°25'E, depth about 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): TFRI 4339 (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432]. •Questionably a synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:116 [ref. 33036]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium formosanum Teng 1962 -- (Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Ebert et al. 2013:316 [ref. 33045], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium formosanum Teng 1962. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan endemic. Habitat: marine.

garmani, Halaelurus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:235, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] East Indies [possibly in error]. Holotype (unique): USNM 43749. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Compagno et al. 2005:27 [ref. 29145], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:65 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus garmani (Fowler 1934). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines Habitat: marine.

gatta, Squalus Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1847:col. 111 [Sinonimia moderna delle specie registrate nell' opera intitolata: ...; ref. 17994] Not available, Chiereghini name mentioned in synonymy. Nomen Nudum. Scyliorhinidae.

griseum, Scyllia van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:315 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar I Deel (no. 20); ref. 4513] Not available; name only from Java (see Kottelat 1987:369 [ref. 5962]; see also Alfred 1961:81 [ref. 20553]). Did not appear in van Hasselt 1824 [ref. 5104]. Nomen Nudum. Scyliorhinidae.

hachijoensis, Scyliorhinus Ito [N.], Fujii [M.], Nohara [K.] & Tanaka [S.] 2022:333, Figs. 1-3, 4A-B, 5-6, 8A-B [Zootaxa 5092 (no. 3); ref. 38987] Off the east coast of Hachijojima Island, Tokyo, Japan, depth 200 - 300 meters. Holotype: NSMT P135960. Paratypes: MSM, NSMT, SPMN. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Scyliorhinus hachijoensis Ito, Fujii, Nohara & Tanaka 2022. Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus hachijoensis Ito, Fujii, Nohara & Tanaka 2022. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Izu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

haeckelii, Catulus Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1907:163, Pl. 8 (figs. 1-2) [Arquivos do Museu Nacional de Rio de Janeiro v. 14; ref. 17763] Near Rio de Janeiro, 25-30 miles east-southeast of ilha Rasa, Brazil, depth 80 meters. Holotype (unique): MNRJ 494. Type catalog: Miranda Ribeiro 1955:406 [ref. 12732], Miranda Ribeiro 1961:4 [ref. 22041 or 22040]. Genus spelled Catulus on plate and in index (p. 214). As Catulos haeckelli on pp. 390 and 391, as Catulus haeckellii on p. 406 in Miranda Ribeiro 1953 [ref. 12732]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907) -- (Compagno 1984:362 [ref. 6846] as haeckeli, Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Soto 2001:63 [ref. 26637], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Soares et al. 2016:513 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:20 [ref. 35565], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:68 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Carvalho-Filho 2023:300 [ref. 40480], Gadig et al. 2024:25 [ref. 40775]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus haeckelii (Miranda Ribeiro 1907). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahia (Brazil) south to Uruguay and northern Argentina. Habitat: marine.

hesperius, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:603, Figs. 7d, 9a, 15b, 27d [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Eastern coast of Panama, 9°03'N, 81°22'W, Oregon station 3598, Caribbean Sea, depth 360-400 meters. Holotype: USNM 187732. Additional material: (12) USNM. Type catalog: Howe & Springer 1993:7 [ref. 21812]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966 -- (Compagno 1984:363 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Cervigón 1992:185 [ref. 23827], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:454 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:22 [ref. 27192], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Castro 2011:338 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:43 [ref. 34211], Hacohen-Domené et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35107], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:70 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 3 [ref. 38986], Page et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Caribbean Sea from Mexico and Guatemala south to Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

hiscosellum, Cephaloscyllium White [W. T.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:172, Figs. 1-3 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29685] West of Leander Point, Western Australia, 29°15'S, 113°56'E, depth 320-325 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 2590-07. Paratypes: 18 specimens at CSIRO, WAM. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

isabella, Squalus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Broussonet) 1788:6 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Southwestern Pacific. Holotype: apparently lost. Based on 'L'Isabelle' of Broussonet 1784:648 [ref. 20282]. Isabella is treated as a noun in apposition, originally spelled with a capital I (see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). •Possible the same as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (White 2008:63 [ref. 30617]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) (spelled isabellum by authors) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846], Paulin et al. 1989:21 [ref. 24556], Nakaya in Amaoka et al. 1990:60 [ref. 16024], Senou & Masuda 1998:5 [ref. 24388], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:21 [ref. 29807], Nakaya et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34218] as isabellum, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211] as isabellum, Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Limited to New Zealand [ref. 34218]. Habitat: marine.

isabella, Squalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1489 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] New Zealand. Objectively invalid, preoccupied by Squalus isabella Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846] as isabellum"). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

isabellina, Scylia Billberg [G. J.] 1833:51 [Linnéska Samfundets Handlingar v. 1 (for 1832); ref. 34146] New Zealand. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Squalus isabella Gmelin 1789; see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

laticeps, Scyllium Duméril [A. H. A.] 1853:84, Pl. 3 (figs. 2a-b) [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 5; ref. 17425] Tasmania, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9378 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:68 [ref. 20739]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (Compagno 1984:299 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:9 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:135 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:198 [ref. 23873], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683], White 2008:61 [ref. 30617], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: southern New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

leopardinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Not available, name only in the synonymy of Scyllium pantherinum; based on RMNH museum name. •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

lima, Scyllium Richardson [J.] 1843:29 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science v. 12 (12th meeting [1842]); ref. 12502] Eaheenomauwee, New Zealand. Originally Scyllium ? lima. Based on Squalus isabella Brousonnet and unpublished illustration by Parkinson. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846] as isabellum). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabella (Bonnaterre 1788). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatum, Cephaloscyllium Schaaf-Da Silva [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:7, Figs. 5b, 6, 7b, 10a [Figs. are out of order] [Zootaxa No. 1872; ref. 29807] Su-ao [Suao], eastern coast of Taiwan, 24°35.7'N, 121°50.7'E. Holotype (unique): CAS 224877. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium maculatum Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Nakaya et al. 2013:102 [ref. 33036], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

maeandrinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Rapp) 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Name only, not available; in the account of Scyllium pantherinum; based on museum name and drawing by W. von Rapp (UTZI). •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714] with author as van Rapp, Ebert et al. 2021:53 [ref. 38234]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

marleyi, Poroderma Fowler [H. W.] 1934:234 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 53427. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:154 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poroderma marleyi Fowler 1934 -- (Compagno 1984:348 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:94 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138]). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

meadi, Scyliorhinus Springer [S.] 1966:600, Fig. 14 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Bulletin v. 65 (no. 3) (for 1965); ref. 4174] Off Cape Kennedy, Florida, U.S.A., 28°21'N, 78°51'W, Silver Bay station 3711, depth 329 meters. Holotype (unique): USNM 188049. •Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966 -- (Espinosa Pérez & Huidobro Campos 1995:114 [ref. 22757], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:15 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], McLaughlin & Morrissey 2004:482 [ref. 28052], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:14 [ref. 28815], Castro 2011:340 [ref. 31457], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Soares et al. 2016:533 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Soares & Carvalho 2019:78 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 3 [ref. 38986], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40663], Page et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus meadi Springer 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: South Carolina and Florida (U.S.A.), Bahamas; Mexico (northwestern Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

myops, Squalis (Scyliorhinus) Blainville [H. de] 1816:121 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris v. 8; ref. 306] Not available, name only. Nomen Nudum. Scyliorhinidae.

nascione, Cephaloscyllium isabella forma Whitley [G. P.] 1932:324, Fig. 2 (no. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 6); ref. 4674] 24 miles north-northeast of Montague Island, New South Wales, Australia, depth 90 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.2829. Proposed as a forma, but because nascione was subsequently used as a valid species name prior to 1985, it is to be treated as subspecific when proposed by Whitley. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium nascione Whitley 1932 -- (Compagno 1984:300 [ref. 6846], Paxton et al. 1989:72 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:136 [ref. 22532], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853) -- (Last & Stevens 1994:198 [ref. 23873], Hoese et al. 2006:86 [ref. 28999], Last et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29683]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril 1853). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:11 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Possibly an unpublished work. See also Squalus ocellaris Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler in Graells 1887:185 [ref. 30438]. Author erroneously given as 'Lin.' (Linnaeus). •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

ocellaris, Squalus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] in Graells 1887:185 [Revista de los Progresos de las Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales, Madrid v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 30438] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only; not available. Name from Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:11 [ref. 17319], possibly an unpublished work. •In the synonymy of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pantherinum, Scyllium Smith [A.] in Müller & Henle 1838:13 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1845.7.3.145 (stuffed); RMNH uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown); UTZI uncat. (1, whereabouts unknown). Appeared first as name only in Smith 1838:85 [ref. 4034]. Some authors regard Smith alone responsible for the description. Based on multiple sources including manuscript name by A. Smith (BMNH), specimen in RMNH, and drawing by W. von Rapp (UTZI), so could date to all three authors. •Valid as Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) [often seen as Müller & Henle 1838] -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:95 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Fricke 1999:17 [ref. 24106], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714], Weigmann 2016:42 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:61 [ref. 37302], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Ebert et al. 2021:53 [ref. 38234], Human & Ebert 2022:491 [ref. 39666]). Current status: Valid as Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: Northern Cape around Cape of Good Hope to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

pantherinum, Scyllium Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Smith) 1845:no pagination, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Near Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Apparently independent of Scyllium pantherinum Smith in Müller & Henle 1838. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scyllium pantherinum Smith 1838. •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pardelotum, Cephaloscyllium Schaaf-Da Silva [J. A.] & Ebert [D. A.] 2008:3, Figs. 1, 5a, 7a [Zootaxa No. 1872; ref. 29807] Tungkang [Tongkang], off southern Taiwan, 22°27.6'N, 120°26.4'E. Holotype (unique): CAS 224876. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium pardelotum Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:18 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966 -- (Nakaya et al. 2013:102 [ref. 33036], Weigmann 2016:36 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan 1966. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

parvum, Cephaloscyllium Inoue [S.] & Nakaya [K. (1)] 2006:78, Figs. 1-3, 6A [Species Diversity v. 11; ref. 28852] Off Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia. Holotype: HUMZ 109126. Paratypes: HUMZ 109124 (1), 109125 (1), 109127 (1), 170770 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 (often as sarawakensis) -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:25 [ref. 29807], Last el al. 2010:36 [ref. 32461], Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

pictum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:134, Figs. 3-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Tanjung Luar fish landing site, Lombok, Indonesia, 8°45'S, 116°35'E. Holotype: MZB 15502. Paratypes: CSIRO H 5875-01 (1), 5875-02 (1), 5889-01 (1), 6128-07 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

punctata, Scyllium africanum var. Lampe [M.] 1914:209 [Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903 v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 13334] Nr. 20. •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

retiferum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1881:233 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 8 (no. 11); ref. 14294] Off Delaware, U.S.A., 38°22'35"N, 73°33'40"W, depth 89 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 825-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881) -- (Compagno 1984:365 [ref. 6846], Robins & Ray 1986:22 [ref. 23100], Able & Flescher 1991:231 [ref. 22443], Boschung 1992:20 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:67 [ref. 23897], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Branstetter in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:36 [ref. 26158], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Moore et al. 2003:167 [ref. 27076], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:36 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Castro 2011:342 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:83 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Moral-Flores & Paleo-Delgado 2018:97 [ref. 36431], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36861], Soares & Carvalho 2019:87 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 3 [ref. 38986], Page et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus retifer (Garman 1881). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Connecticut south to Florida (U.S.A.), and Gulf of Mexico (Mexico, U.S.A.); Caribbean Sea off Mexico and Venezuela. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Scyliorhinus Pietschmann [V.] 1908:133 [2] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 45 (no. 10); ref. 18555] Japan. Syntypes: (6) NMW 76980-81 (1, 2), 78638 (1). On p. 2 of separate. Apparently appeared first as above, and later illustrated and described in more detail in Pietschmann 1908:699, Figs. 9-14, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 14332]. •Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

sarawakensis, Cephaloscyllium Yano [K.], Ahmed [A.] & Gambang [A. C.] in Yano, Ahmed, Gambang, Idris, Solahuddin & Aznan 2005:147, Pls. 92-101 [Sharks and rays of Malaysia and Brunei, Darussalam; ref. 29537] Off Tanjong Sirik, Sarawak, Malaysia, 4°48'N, 109°56'E to 5°19'N, 111°16'E, depth 118-165 meters. Holotype: IK-0002723. Paratypes: IK-0002724 (1), NSMT-P 67617 (1). Plus 2 paratypes and many non-type specimens. Cephaloscyllium is neuter, therefore mandatory change to sarawakense. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005 (often as sarawakensis) -- (Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:25 [ref. 29807], Last el al. 2010:70 [ref. 32461], Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Nakaya et al. 2013:110 [ref. 33036], Ebert et al. 2013:317 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524] as sarawakensis, Weigmann 2016:37 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium sarawakense Yano, Ahmed & Gambang 2005. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Taiwan, southern China. Habitat: marine.

signourum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:137, Figs. 5-7 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Off Lihou Reefs, Queensland, Australia, 17°20'S, 152°00'E, depth 600-700 meters. Holotype: QM I 25956. Paratypes: QM I 20641 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:101 [ref. 35860]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northeastern Australia (also possibly New Caledonia, Fiji and Vanuatu). Habitat: marine.

silasi, Scyliorhinus (Halealurus) Talwar [P. K.] 1974:779, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 14 (no. 2) [1972]; ref. 19703] Arabian Sea off Quilon, Kerala, India, 9°N, 76°E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI F6562/2. Paratypes: ZSI F6563/2 (1), F6564/2 (1), F6566/2 (1). See Das 2003:370 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium silasi (Talwar 1974) -- (Compagno 1984:301 [ref. 6846], Manilo 1992:20 [128] [ref. 39140], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Akhilesh et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Psomadakis et al. 2020:169 [ref. 37272] as cf. silasi). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium silasi (Talwar 1974). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Oman east to India. Habitat: marine.

speccum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.], Séret [B.] & White [W. T.] 2008:140, Figs. 8-9 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29682] Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 17°35'S, 118°55'E, depth 150 meters. Holotype: WAM P 31317-001. Paratypes: CSIRO CA 4109 (1), H 1210-01 (1), 1634-01 (1), 1636-01 (1), 2027-01 (1); WAM P 28272-001 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White 2008 -- (Clark & Randall 2011:27 [ref. 31133], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

stellaris, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and North Sea [original: "in Mari Europæo"]; localities include North Sea; Marseille, France, Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: BMNH 1976.7.30.10. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:16 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701]. Originally based on at least 12 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:69 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:97 [ref. 30349] as Squalus cinereus, pinnis ventralibus discretis; Rondelet 1554:383 [ref. 30354] and Gesner 1558:199 [ref. 30350] as Canicula saxatil(is), Willughby 1686:63 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:22 [ref. 30231] as Catulus maximus, Gronovius 1756:45 (v. 2) [ref. 20783] as Squalus dorso vario inermi, pinnis ventralibus discretis. •Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Springer 1973:19 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:100 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:366 [ref. 6846], Capapé 1987:22 [ref. 39326], Springer 1990:93 [ref. 19319], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Fricke 1999:15 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:12 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:8 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Compagno 2016:1263 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34661], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:63 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:22 [ref. 37250], Soares & Carvalho 2019:97 [ref. 36701], Bariche & Fricke 2020:12 [ref. 37515], Kabasakal 2020:79 [ref. 37952], Kovačić et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37519], Serena et al. 2020:502 [ref. 37963], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Arroyo Martínez 2021:46 [ref. 38962], Giovos et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38895], Kovačić et al. 2021:10 [ref. 39014], Bañón & Mano 2022:10 [ref. 40121], Barone et al. 2022:28 [ref. 39527], Fermon et al. 2022:93 [ref. 39448], Balàka et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40410], Shakman et al. 2023:463 [ref. 40810]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus stellaris (Linnaeus 1758). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; northeastern Atlantic: Shetland Islands and southern Norway south to Gabon. Habitat: marine.

stevensi, Cephaloscyllium Clark [E.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:25, Figs. 2-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 31133] East coast of Papua New Guinea, northwest of Mt. Koia, 10°15'S, 150°46.48'E, depth 244 meters. Holotype: USNM 359091. Paratypes: CSIRO H6820-01 (1); USNM 329583 (1), 358812 (1), 358814 (head only). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall 2011 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35860], White & Ko'ou 2018:25 [ref. 35922], Fricke et al. 2019:38 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall 2011. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Britain and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) endemic. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Squalus Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:407 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] False Bay, Western Cape Province, South Africa. No types known. Lichtenstein (editor, p. 407, footnote) treats as a synonym of "Squalus africanus Bl. S. p. 129". Name also mentioned in passing (in synonymy) as manuscript name by Forster of in Müller & Henle 1838:12 [ref. 3069]; not available from that source. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

submaculatum, Poroderma Smith [A.] 1838:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (pt. 5) for 12 Sept. 1839 (no. 57); ref. 4034] Not available, name only. •Questionably in the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846]). •In the synonymy of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae.

sufflans, Scyliorhinus (Cephaloscyllium) Regan [C. T.] 1921:413 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 3672] About 24-35 kilometers off Umvoti River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 220-238 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1921.3.1.2. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Regan 1921) -- (Compagno 1984:302 [ref. 6846], Bass 1986:89 [ref. 5635], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:221 [ref. 36138], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S91 [ref. 27377], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Fricke et al. 2018:10 [ref. 35805], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Ebert et al. 2021:52 [ref. 38234], Human & Ebert 2022:489 [ref. 39666]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium sufflans (Regan 1921). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) north to Mozambique, including Comoros and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

tokubee, Scyliorhinus Shirai [S.], Hagiwara [S.] & Nakaya [K.] 1992:9, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 1); ref. 19241] Off Shirahama, Izu Peninsula, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: HUMZ 107358. Paratypes: HUMZ 113574 (1), 113578 (1), 117472 (1), 117496 (1); NSMT-P 34976 (1). Additional material: HUMZ 111034 (1, poor condition). •Valid as Scyliorhinus tokubee Shirai, Hagiwara & Nakaya 1992 -- (Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Ebert et al. 2013:320 [ref. 33045], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211]). •Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 46701]). Current status: Synonym of Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan to Japan [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

torazame, Catulus Tanaka [S.] 1908:6, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Misaki, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 953 (lost). Paratypes: ZUMT (1, lost). Type catalog: Aizawa et al. 2022:194 [ref. 39648]. •Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908) -- (Compagno 1984:367 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:41, 295 [ref. 8057], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno & Niem 1998:1292 [ref. 23787], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:393 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:28 [ref. 29145] with question, Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:122 [ref. 32408], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Dyldin 2015:50 [ref. 34524], Motomura et al. 2015:12 [ref. 34709], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:106 [ref. 36701], Kim et al. 2020:37 [ref. 39118], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Sonoyama et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37637], Ito et al. 2022:345 [ref. 38987]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torazame (Tanaka 1908). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan north to southern Korea and Japan, including southern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

torrei, Scylliorhinus Howell Rivero [L.] 1936:43, Pl. 9 [Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History v. 41 (no. 4); ref. 12257] Off Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 1457-S. Type catalog: Gutiérrez de los Reyes et al. 2015:44 [ref. 36079]. Original genus should have been spelled Scyliorhinus. •Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936 -- (Compagno 1984:368 [ref. 6846], Shirai et al. 1992:13 [ref. 19241], Compagno 1999:480 [ref. 25589], Compagno 2003:455 [ref. 26984], Kiraly et al. 2003:16 [ref. 28226], Bunkley-Williams & Williams 2004:95 [ref. 27795], Soares et al. 2015:358 [ref. 33716], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:118 [ref. 36701], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40663]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero 1936. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cuba south to Puerto Rico (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

ugoi, Scyliorhinus Soares [K. D. A.], Gadig [O. B. F.] & Gomes [U. L.] 2015:348, Figs. 1-8 [Zootaxa 3937 (no. 2); ref. 33716] Southern Bahia, central Brazilian coast. Holotype: MNRJ 42619. Paratypes: MZUSP 110448 (1), 110449 (1); UERJ. Lima et al. 2023:308 [ref. 40221] •Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015 -- (Soares et al. 2016:530 [ref. 34158], Weigmann 2016:44 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2019:126 [ref. 36701], Lopes et al. 2020:48 [ref. 37494], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593], Carvalho-Filho 2023:301 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Scyliorhinus ugoi Soares, Gadig & Gomes 2015. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Barbados and Puerto Rico south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

umbratile, Cephaloscyllium Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1903:602, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 26 (no. 1324); ref. 2460] Nagasaki, Japan, 32°43'N, 129°50'E. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 12693 (stuffed dry skin). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:8-9 [ref. 12291]. •Questionably a synonym of Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Compagno 1984:298 [ref. 6846]). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903 -- (Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:4 [ref. 6441], Nakaya in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:39, 294 [ref. 8057], Chen et al. 1997:2 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:26 [ref. 26385], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:129 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:579 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:287 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:129 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:51, 470 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:392 [ref. 28370], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:13 [ref. 29807], Ho & Shao 2011:17 [ref. 31432], Shinohara et al. 2011:38 [ref. 31715], Yamashita et al. 2012:121 [ref. 32408], Naylor et al. 2012:49 [ref. 32267] see remarks, Ebert et al. 2013:317 [ref. 33045], Akhilesh et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33217], Shinohara et al. 2014:232 [ref. 33330], Dyldin 2015:49 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:37-38 [ref. 34211], Miyazaki et al. 2019:122 [ref. 37957], Kim et al. 2020:37 [ref. 39118], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593] as umbratille). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler 1903. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Malaysia and Vietnam to southern China and Taiwan, north to southern Korea and Japan, including southern Sea of Japan. Habitat: marine.

uter, Catulus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan & Evermann 1896:25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2443] Coast of California, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880) -- (Compagno 1984:303 [ref. 6846], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27705], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:62 [ref. 29808], Castro 2011:318 [ref. 31457], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398]). Current status: Synonym of Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:160, Figs. 1-4 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29684] East of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, 32°58'S, 152°13'E, depth 132-134 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 3714-01. Paratypes: 10 specimens at AMS, CSIRO, QM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008 -- (Nakaya et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34218] as cf. variegatum, Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211], Soares & Carvalho 2020:379 [ref. 37593]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Scyllium Smith [A.] 1845:unnumbered pp., Pl. 25 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Algoa Bay, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.130 (dry). Published earlier, and preoccupied by Scyllium variegatum Müller & Henle 1838; objective synonym of Poroderma variegatum (Müller & Henle 1838). •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

variegatum, Scyllium Smith [A.] in Müller & Henle 1838:14 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1845.7.3.130 (dry). Appeared first as name only and not available in Smith 1837:85 [ref. 4034]. Evidently Smith alone is responsible for the description, so authorship is regarded as Smith in Müller & Henle, see Jones et al. 2015 [ref. 34086]. •Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838) -- (Compagno 1984:349 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:13 [ref. 28714], Ebert et al. 2021:53 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma pantherinum (Smith 1838). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

ventriosum, Scyllium Garman [S.] 1880:167 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 6 (no. 11); ref. 17881] Off Valparaíso, Chile, 33°05'S, 71°40'W. Holotype (unique): MCZ 496-S. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xxxviii [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Scyllium ventriosum Garman 1880 -- (Herrera 1896:8 [ref. 39336] as ventricosum). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:32 [ref. 9277], Compagno 1984:303 [ref. 6846], Pequeño 1989:13 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:20 [ref. 22193], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:928 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:31 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:36 [ref. 24555], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27705], Nelson et al. 2004:52 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:6 [ref. 37547], Inoue & Nakaya 2006:86 [ref. 28852], Schaaf-Da Silva & Ebert 2008:62 [ref. 29808], Castro 2011:318 [ref. 31457], Page et al. 2013:50 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34398], Kells et al. 2016:66 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:54 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36194], Burton & Lea 2019:29 [ref. 37205], González-Acosta et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:16 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:39 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium ventriosum (Garman 1880). Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: central California (U.S.A.) south to Guerrero (Mexico), including Gulf of California (Mexico); ?Ecuador south to Chile. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Squalus Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1798:no page number, Pl. 346 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] African coast. Holotype (unique): BMNH. Apparently preoccupied by Squalus vittatus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Compagno 1984:347 [ref. 6846], Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

vittatus, Squalus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:516 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. No types known. Based on literature sources. Apparently predates Squalus vittatus Shaw 1798. •Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789) -- (Human 2006:6 [ref. 28714]). Current status: Synonym of Poroderma africanum (Gmelin 1789). Scyliorhinidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Catulus Valmont de Bomare [J. C.] 1764:? [Dictionnaire raisonné universel d'histoire naturelle, ...; ref. 4507] Published in a rejected work (Opinion 89). Suppressed. Scyliorhinidae.

zebrum, Cephaloscyllium Last [P. R.] & White [W. T.] 2008:165, Figs. 7-8 [CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022; ref. 29684] East of Flinders Reef, Queensland, Australia, 17°32'S, 149°343'E, 444-454 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 1323-02. Paratypes: CSIRO H 1323-03 (1). •Valid as Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last & White 2008 -- (Weigmann 2016:38 [ref. 34211]). Current status: Valid as Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last & White 2008. Scyliorhinidae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.


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