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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Melichthys: [ 16 ] records


bispinosus, Melichthys Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:125 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Clarion and Socorro Islands. Syntypes: (many). •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:420 [ref. 40250]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

erythropterus, Oncobalistes Fowler [H. W.] 1946:213, Fig. 73 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72087. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845) -- (Randall & Klausewitz 1973:63 [ref. 7581], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:471 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscolineatus, Balistes Seale [A.] 1901:9, Fig. 4 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 14358] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 664. Paratypes: ANSP 88511 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

indicus, Melichthys Randall [J. E.] & Klausewitz [W.] 1973:(60) 64, Figs. 4-6 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 54 (nos 1/3); ref. 7581] Goy Huyong, Similian Islands, Thailand [Andaman Sea, eastern Indian Ocean], 8°29'N, 97°39'E, depth 1-4 meters. Holotype: ANSP 105837. Paratypes: BPBM 12513 [ex SMF 4328] (1); MNHN 1954-0040 (2); RMNH 7286 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 665 (1), 666 (1), 667 (1); SMF 4258 (1), 5234 (1), 8662 (3), 8751 (1), 10972 (23). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:26 [ref. 13621], Beaunier et al. 2009:292 [ref. 28887]. •Valid as Melichthys indicus Randall & Klausewitz 1973 -- (Dor 1984:275 [ref. 29757], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:68 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:73 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:393 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:579 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:327 [ref. 31171], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1062 [ref. 31980], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:607 [ref. 37272], Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921], Gloerfelt-Tarp & Kailola 2022:293 [ref. 41223], Matsuura 2022:420 [ref. 40250], Noushad K. et al. 2024:46 [ref. 40947]). Current status: Valid as Melichthys indicus Randall & Klausewitz 1973. Balistidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Madagascar, western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius), Lakshadweep (India), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Myanmar and Sumatra, Java and Bali (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Balistes vidua Abe [T.] 1958:178 [Records of Oceanographic Works in Japan Spec. No. 2; ref. 12041] Japan. Syntypes: ZUMT 23700 (1), 42402 (1), 44407 (1). Based on specimens and literature sources. •Synonym of Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845) -- (Randall & Klausewitz 1973:63 [ref. 7581], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

kib, Balistes Montrouzier [X.] 1857:495 [217] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887]. On p. 217 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in synonymy under Balistes lineatus; from Woodlark I., South Pacific. •Nomen nudum -- (Parenti 2021:664 [ref. 38921]). •In the synonymy of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Beaunier et al. 2009:296 [ref. 28887]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

kibitar, Balistes Montrouzier [X.] 1857:494 [216] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Beaunier et al. 2009:297 [ref. 28887]. On p. 216 of reprint. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

mauritianus, Balistes Regan [C. T.] 1903:414, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 3620] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MHNG 665.43. Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:472 [ref. 21535], Weber 1998:13 [ref. 32707]. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Fricke 1999:580 [ref. 24106], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Balistes Bloch [M. E.] 1786:27, Pl. 152 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] No locality [? China]. Lectotype: ZMB 5901 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: lost. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:50 [ref. 24282]. Plate is labeled Balistes ringens. Based in part on Balistes ringens Linnaeus 1758. On p. 24 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:50 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Kyushin et al. 1977:346 [ref. 19756], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:296 [ref. 9277], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:303 [ref. 23100], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Edwards & Glass 1987:668 [ref. 9166], Allen & Swainston 1988:150 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:68 [ref. 13251], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Randall et al. 1990:454 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1992:266 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:295 [ref. 22193], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:908 [ref. 22829], Cervigón 1996:79 [ref. 24489], Allen & Robertson 1997:834 [ref. 41086], Lindberg et al. 1997:61 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:238 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:66 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:630 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:386 [ref. 25488], Randall & Mundy 1998:331 [ref. 24063], Myers 1999:281 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:579 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:346 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25466], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1396 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3924 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1396 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Matsuura 2003:1968 [ref. 27119], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:109 [ref. 27192], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Smith et al. 2003:69 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:179 [ref. 37547], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:899 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Allen et al. 2006:1872 [ref. 29098], Wirtz et al. 2007:42 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:151 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1063 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Wirtz et al. 2013:136 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:86 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33516], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Pinheiro et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34324], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3054 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Robertson et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34961], Kells et al. 2016:338 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:321 [ref. 36673], Reiner 2019:303 [ref. 38139], Robertson et al. 2020:151 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:78 [ref. 38844], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:73 [ref. 39585], Fermon et al. 2022:310 [ref. 39448] possible, Love et al. 2021:223 [ref. 39279], Matsuura 2022:420 [ref. 40250], Carvalho-Filho 2023:277 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:170 [ref. 40505], Vela-Espinosa et al. 2023:12 [ref. 40981]). Current status: Valid as Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, southern Gulf of California/Mexico). Habitat: marine.

niger, Capriscus Swainson [W.] 1839:326 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] No locality. Holotype (unique): dry skin (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Melichthys indicus Randall & Klausewitz 1973 -- (Parenti 2021:654 [ref. 38921] with question). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

nycteris, Pachynathus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:199 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50821. •Synonym of Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845) -- (Randall & Klausewitz 1973:62 [ref. 7581], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:471 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

pellucidus, Balistes Hermann [J.] 1804:299 [Observationes zoologicae; ref. 2146] Ascension Island. No types known. •Doubtful species; needs redescription if valid -- (Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516]). •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

piceus, Balistes Poey [F.] 1863:180 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 18561] Havana, Cuba. Poey specimens and/or syntypes: ZMB 5920 (1), 8192 (1). •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

radula, Balistes Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1848:21, Pl. 6 (figs. 1-4) [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; ref. 3744] Pacific. No types known. As the name appeared above it is a name and description in synonymy and not available (not treated as valid); subsequent validation not researched. •In the synonymy of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607], Moore 1967:693 [ref. 22820], Randall & Klausewitz 1973:60 [ref. 7581], Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1059 [ref. 19527], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:470 [ref. 30952], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

sillone, Balistes Le Danois [Y.] 1961:519 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 6) (1960); ref. 21538] Indian seas. Holotype: MNHN A-8497. Still researching. Appeared as vernacular name Le Baliste Sillonné in Lacepède 1798:370, Pl. 18 (fig. 1). Latinized by Le Danois as silloné [availability from Le Danois needs research]. •Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786) -- (Berry & Baldwin 1966:447 [ref. 20607]). Current status: Synonym of Melichthys niger (Bloch 1786). Balistidae. Habitat: marine.

vidua, Balistes Richardson [J.] (ex Solander) 1845:128, Pl. 59 (figs. 9-12) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Polynesia and Tahiti, Society Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1972.8.16.1 (1). •Valid as Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845) -- (Randall & Klausewitz 1973:62 [ref. 7581], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:158 [ref. 25477], Allen & Swainston 1988:150 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:454 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:610 [ref. 27969] with author as Solander, Lindberg et al. 1997:60 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:238, 250 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:632 [ref. 24023], Chen et al. 1997:179 [ref. 26476] with author and date as Solander 1844, Kuiter 1997:386 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:454 [ref. 25919], Randall & Mundy 1998:331 [ref. 24063], Allen & Swainston 1988:150 [ref. 25477], Myers 1999:282 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:580 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1396 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:455 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3924 [ref. 26315] with authorship as Solander 1844, Nakabo 2002:1396 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830] with author and date as Solander 1844, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495] with author as Solander 1844, Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624] as Solander 1845, Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:623 [ref. 28239] with author as Solander in Richardson, Mundy 2005:524 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1873 [ref. 29098], Randall 2007:471 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957] with author as Solander and dated 1844, Motomura et al. 2010:232 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1063 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:192 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:110 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:230 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:322 [ref. 36673], Parenti 2021:655 [ref. 38921], Matsuura 2022:420 [ref. 40250], Page et al. 2023:170 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Melichthys vidua (Richardson 1845). Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: South Africa, East Africa and western Mascarenes (La Réunion) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands (Kiribati), Marquesas Islands and Gambier Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Great Barrier Reef (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga; eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico). Habitat: marine.


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