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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Nomeidae: [ 61 ] records


albula, Gobius Meuschen [F. C.] 1781:(278) [Index to Gronovius, Zoophylacium Gronovianum; ref. 19701] Not available, published in a rejected work (Opinion 261). •In the synonymy of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:842 [ref. 22532]). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae.

amplipinnis, Caristioides Whitley [G. P.] 1948:88, Fig. 8 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 1); ref. 4710] Washed ashore on Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.1395. •Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Haedrich 1990:1018 [ref. 19509], Gomon et al. 1994:843 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1796 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

arafurae, Psenes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1953:260 [United States Fish and Wildlife Service Research Report No. 20; ref. 5594] Unjustified emendation of Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889. •Synonym of Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889. Current status: Synonym of Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

arafurensis, Psenes Günther [A.] 1889:13, Pl. 2 (fig. G) [Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challenger v. 31 (pt 78); ref. 2017] Arafura Sea, western Pacific, surface net. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1889.7.20.55. •Valid as Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Haedrich 1986:849 [ref. 5659], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509], Kuiter 1993:381 [ref. 23929], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:176 [ref. 25472], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:604 [ref. 24023], Adam et al. 1998:14 [ref. 23610], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:291 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:567 [ref. 24106], Last in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:963 [ref. 25182], Last 2001:3778 [ref. 26309], Myoung et al. 2001:197 [ref. 25731], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:963 [ref. 26193], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S51 [ref. 28443], Shinohara et al. 2005:441 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:512 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:807 [ref. 28815], Hoese & Bray 2006:1796 [ref. 29000], Randall 2007:454 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1042 [ref. 31980], Shinohara et al. 2014:273 [ref. 33330], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Koeda et al. 2016:107 [ref. 35333], Lee et al. 2016:2 [ref. 36310], Motomura et al. 2017:178 [ref. 35490], Cabebe & Motomura 2019:120 [ref. 37815], Kawai et al. 2020:54 [ref. 37785], Psomadakis et al. 2020:579 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37637], Sutton et al. 2020:266 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889. Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including southern Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

argyromelas, Seriola Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:no. p., Pl. 262 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] "L'Ile de Prince," Guinea. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

athenae, Cubiceps Haedrich [R. L.] 1965:502, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1965 (no. 4); ref. 18239] Middle Atlantic Bight, 38°34'N, 71°22'W, at surface. Holotype: MCZ 42974. Paratypes: USNM 198058 (1). Additional non-type material: (1, c&s). •Valid as Cubiceps athenae Haedrich 1965 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Robins & Ray 1986:269 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:271 [ref. 24488]). •Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872 -- (Butler 1979:236 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:166 [ref. 22696]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

auratus, Psenes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:264 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Bay of Bengal. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0170 (poor condition). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:229 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

baxteri, Cubiceps McCulloch [A. R.] 1923:15, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 15410] On a beach at Lord Howe Island, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.686. •Possibly a synonym of Cubiceps caeruleus Regan 1914 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357]). •Valid as Cubiceps baxteri McCulloch 1923 -- (Butler 1979:228 [ref. 8841], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Haedrich 1986:847 [ref. 5659], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:236 [ref. 24556], Haedrich 1990:1014 [ref. 19509], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:176 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:839 [ref. 22532], Agafonova 1994:173 [ref. 22696], Haedrich in Fischer et al. 1995:1325 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:602 [ref. 24023], Adam et al. 1998:14 [ref. 23610], Nakabo 2000:965 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Last 2001:3777 [ref. 26309], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:965 [ref. 26193], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S46 [ref. 28443], Mundy 2005:511 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1794 [ref. 29000], Shao et al. 2008:264 [ref. 29952], Gomon & Last 2008:801 [ref. 30651], Stewart & Last 2015:1664 [ref. 34320], Kells et al. 2016:322 [ref. 35888], Sutton et al. 2020:264 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps baxteri McCulloch 1923. Nomeidae. Distribution: Atlantic; Pacific, antiequatorial: Japan east to Baja California (Mexico), south to Hawaiian Islands; New South Wales (Australia) and Lord Howe Island to southern Chile. Habitat: marine.

benardi, Psenes Rossignol [M.] & Blache [J.] 1961:384, Fig. [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 9376] West of Mayumba, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea, 3°38'S, 9°22'E, depth 450-650 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1961-306. Paratypes: MNHN 1961-0307 (2). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:230 [ref. 21543] with holotype and paratypes. See both accounts of Psenes guttatus. •Valid or perhaps a synonym of Psenes guttatus Fowler 1934 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889 -- (Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509], Lee et al. 2016:2 [ref. 36310]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleus, Cubiceps Regan [C. T.] 1914:15 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 13 (no. 73); ref. 3661] Three Kings Islands, north of New Zealand, about 34°09'S, 172°09'E. Lectotype: BMNH 1913.12.6.29. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1913.12.4.28 (1). Lectotype selected by Butler 1979:233 [ref. 8841]. •Valid as Cubiceps caeruleus Regan 1914 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Astakhov 1978:144 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:231 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1986:848 [ref. 5659], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:236 [ref. 24556], Shcherbachev et al. 1989:165 [ref. 36134], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:320 [ref. 16024], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:176 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:839 [ref. 22532], Agafonova 1994:166 [ref. 22696], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:602 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:809 [ref. 24025]], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:292 [ref. 24555], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S46 [ref. 28443], Hoese & Bray 2006:1794 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Last 2008:802 [ref. 30651], Stewart & Last 2015:1665 [ref. 34320], Nión et al. 2016:54 [ref. 35565], Sutton et al. 2020:264 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps caeruleus Regan 1914. Nomeidae. Distribution: Southern Hemisphere: South Atlantic, southern and eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Atimostoma Smith [A.] 1845:no pagination, Pl. 24 [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] North of Cape Town, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.74 (stuffed and mounted). •Valid as Cubiceps capensis (Smith 1845) -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Astakhov 1978:144 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:233 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1986:848 [ref. 5659], Scott & Scott 1988:472 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:181 [ref. 14674], Haedrich 1990:1014 [ref. 19509], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:176 [ref. 25472], Agafonova 1994:172 [ref. 22696], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:339 [ref. 25013], Last 2001:3777 [ref. 26309], Moore et al. 2003:231 [ref. 27076], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S31 [ref. 28536], McCosker et al. 2004:157 [ref. 27804], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S46 [ref. 28443], Mundy 2005:511 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:803 [ref. 28815], Hoese & Bray 2006:1794 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30213], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:519 [ref. 33547], Stewart & Last 2015:1666 [ref. 34320], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Sutton et al. 2020:265 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps capensis (Smith 1845). Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas of Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

carinatus, Cubiceps Nichols [J. T.] & Murphy [R. C.] 1944:245, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 83 (art. 4); ref. 3189] About 180 miles southwest, 5°W, of Cape Mala, Panama. Holotype: AMNH 16165. Paratypes: AMNH 15960 (1). •Valid as Cubiceps carinatus Nichols & Murphy 1944 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872 -- (Butler 1979:236 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:166 [ref. 22696], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:292 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872. Nomeidae. Distribution: Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

chapmani, Psenes Fowler [H. W.] 1906:119, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 58; ref. 1372] Atlantic, NW of Cape Verde Islands, 24°21'N, 34°32'W, at surface. Holotype: ANSP 14621. Paratypes: ANSP 14622-28 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509]). •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833, but if cyanophrys comprises several species, then chapmani is available for the Western Atlantic -- (Haedrich 2003:1869 [ref. 27117]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

cyanophrys, Psenes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:260, Pl. 265 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6852. Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:229 [ref. 21543]. •Valid as Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:84 [ref. 5357], Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:423 [ref. 14275], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:234 [ref. 6441], Haedrich 1986:849 [ref. 5659], Robins & Ray 1986:270 [ref. 23100], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Boschung 1992:172 [ref. 23239], Allen & Robertson 1994:284 [ref. 22193], Haedrich in Fischer et al. 1995:1325 [ref. 22829], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:533 [ref. 27969] in Psennes with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Chen et al. 1997:162 [ref. 26476], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:605 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:291 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:567 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:340 [ref. 25013], Last in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:964 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Myoung et al. 2001:197 [ref. 25731], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Last 2001:3779 [ref. 26309], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:964 [ref. 26193], Moore et al. 2003:231 [ref. 27076], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495] with author as Cuvier, Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:213 [ref. 27510], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S53 [ref. 28443] with author as Cuvier, Mundy 2005:512 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:808 [ref. 28815], Hoese & Bray 2006:1796 [ref. 29000], Randall 2007:454 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1042 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:273 [ref. 33330], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Koeda et al. 2016:107 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:179 [ref. 35490], Robertson et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35676], Fricke et al. 2018:366 [ref. 35805], Cabebe & Motomura 2019:121 [ref. 37815], Carneiro et al. 2019:173 [ref. 37250], Fricke et al. 2019:314 [ref. 36673], Guabiroba et al. 2020:703 [ref. 37571], Kawai et al. 2020:55 [ref. 37785], Psomadakis et al. 2020:579 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37637], Sutton et al. 2020:266 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas (including southern Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

dyscritus, Nomeus Whitley [G. P.] 1931:315 [Australian Zoologist v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 4672] Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.1928. •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:84 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509], Gomon et al. 1994:841 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1795 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

edwardsii, Psenes Eigenmann [C. H.] 1901:35, Fig. [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 21 (No. 475); ref. 11077] 30 miles south of Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 49745. •Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Haedrich 1990:1018 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Psenes Guichenot [A.] 1866:138 [Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg v. 12 (= Ser. 2, v. 2); ref. 14054] Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4163 (3). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:230 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1986:849 [ref. 5659], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S53 [ref. 28443], Fricke et al. 2018:366 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Seriola Lowe [R. T.] 1843:82 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1843 (pt 11); ref. 2832] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843) -- (Haedrich 1967:80 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:316 [ref. 7348], Astakhov 1978:140 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:234 [ref. 8841], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1184 [ref. 13677], Scott & Scott 1988:473 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:181 [ref. 14674], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696], Santos et al. 1997:111 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:112 [ref. 24952], Porteiro et al. 1999:42 [ref. 24203], Moore et al. 2003:231 [ref. 27076], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:804 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:112 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:71 [ref. 36649], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Carneiro et al. 2019:172 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:21 [ref. 37519], Sutton et al. 2020:263 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843). Nomeidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Mauritania, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: marine.

gronovii, Gobius Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1205 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Habitat in oceano americano zona torridae [Western Atlantic; Brazil, southwestern Atlantic]. No types known. •Valid as Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:83 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1185 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1986:848 [ref. 5659], Robins & Ray 1986:270 [ref. 23100], Suda et al. 1986:319 [ref. 22518], Scott & Scott 1988:474 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:236 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:182 [ref. 14674], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509], Boschung 1992:171 [ref. 23239], Kuiter 1993:380 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:841 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:284 [ref. 22193], Haedrich in Fischer et al. 1995:1325 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:604 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:112 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:292 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:567 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:340 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:752 [ref. 25471], Last in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:965 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Last 2001:3778 [ref. 26309], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:965 [ref. 26193], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:430 [ref. 28072], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443], Mundy 2005:512 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:806 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Hoese & Bray 2006:1795 [ref. 29000], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:453 [ref. 30952], Gomon & Last 2008:803 [ref. 30651], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957] dated 1788, Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:273 [ref. 33330], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:85 [ref. 33341], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Fricke et al. 2018:365 [ref. 35805], Cabebe & Motomura 2019:120 [ref. 37815], Carneiro et al. 2019:173 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:284 [ref. 38139], Psomadakis et al. 2020:579 [ref. 37272], Sutton et al. 2020:262 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

guamensis, Psenes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:266 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2323 (poor condition). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:229 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Psenes Fowler [H. W.] 1934:442, Fig. 24 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: ANSP 60245. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]. This name used by Fowler 1906:121 [ref. 1372] for another species of Psenes -- apparently when chapmani was intended; Psenes stigmapleuron Fowler 1939 is a replacement name for Psenes guttatus Fowler 1934. •Valid or perhaps a synonym of Psenes whiteleggii Waite 1894 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Psenes whiteleggii Waite 1894 -- (Haedrich 1986:850 [ref. 5659]). •Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894) -- (Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Psenes Fowler [H. W.] 1906:121 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 58; ref. 1372] Appeared by mistake for chapmani (chapmani used in main heading and one other use). Treated by Haedrich 1967: 88 [ref. 5357] (see also Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]) as name only. Perhaps best regarded as two names for the same taxon (linked through color description [and bottle labels]), for which chapmani is selected over guttatus. Fowler 1924 used the name guttatus for another species of Psenes, and later (1939) replaced that guttatus with stigmapleuron. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

hillii, Psenes Ogilby [J. D.] 1915:119 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 3; ref. 3293] Cowan Cowan, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.2165. Paratypes: QM I.1788 (1) •Probably a synonym of Psenes whiteleggii Waite 1894 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Cubiceps squamiceps (Lloyd 1909) -- (Johnson 1999:752 [ref. 25471]). •Questionably a synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894) -- (Last 2001:3776 [ref. 26309]). •Valid as Psenes hillii Ogilby 1915 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1796 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Psenes hillii Ogilby 1915. Nomeidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

ischanus, Icticus Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:242, Pl. 27 (fig. 4) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57097 [ex CM 6036a]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:90 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:49 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:319 [ref. 7348], Haedrich 1990:1018 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

ismaelensis, Cubiceps Dieuzeide [R.] & Roland [J.] 1955:343, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin des Travaux, Station d'Agriculture et de Pêche de Castiglione (Nouv. sér.) No. 7; ref. 12269] Coast of Algeria, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1187 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1990:1018 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

javanicus, Psenes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:264 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2989 (1, poor condition), 0000-2990 (1), A-6710 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:229 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S53 [ref. 28443], Fricke et al. 2018:366 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Psenes Abe [T.], Kojima [S.] & Kosakai [T.] 1963:31 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 11 (nos 1/2); ref. 3831] Believed to be Kii Peninsula, Japan. Holotype: SMBL 198 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: ZUMT 52309 (1), ABE coll. (4), uncat. (1). Type catalog: Harada 1991:223 [ref. 20030]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

kotlyari, Cubiceps Agafonova [T. B.] 1988:549 [54], Fig. 5 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 13479] Northern Indian Ocean, 8°39'S, 111°15'E, depth 560-600 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15799. Paratypes: ZMMU P-15799 (6). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:86 [ref. 25714]. On p. 54 of English translation. •Valid as Cubiceps kotlyari Agafonova 1988 -- (Agafonova 1994:168 [ref. 22696], Last 2001:3777 [ref. 26309] dated 1989, Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S46 [ref. 28443] dated 1998, Hoese & Bray 2006:1794 [ref. 29000], Ho et al. 2010:265 [ref. 33328], Psomadakis et al. 2020:578 [ref. 37272], Kawai et al. 2020:53 [ref. 37785]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps kotlyari Agafonova 1988. Nomeidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea off Thailand east to Philippines, north to Taiwan, south to northern Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

leucurus, Psenes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:265 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-2334 (1), A-6711 (2), A-6712 (3). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:230 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357] with question, Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Hoese & Bray 2006:1796 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

longimanus, Cubiceps Fowler [H. W.] 1934:442, Fig. 23 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ANSP 55058. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Cubiceps longimanus Fowler 1934 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872 -- (Butler 1979:236 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1986:848 [ref. 5659], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

lowei, Cubiceps Osório [B.] 1909:15 [Memorias do Museu Bocage, Lisboa Fasc. 1; ref. 3317] Cape Verde Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843) -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Astakhov 1978:140 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:234 [ref. 8841], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1184 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Cubiceps Agafonova [T. B.] 1988:543 [48], Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 13479] Northern Indian Ocean, 1°44'N, 66°18'E, depth 100-150 meters over more than 3000 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-15801. Paratypes: ZMMU P-15801 (5), ZMMU uncat. (2). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:86 [ref. 25714]. On p. 48 of English translation. •Valid as Cubiceps macrolepis Agafonova 1988 -- (Agafonova 1994:170 [ref. 22696], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S46 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps macrolepis Agafonova 1988. Nomeidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Nomeus Valenciennes [A.] 1840:no page number, Pl. 56 (fig. 2) [Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation; ref. 17868] Intertropical in sea of the Indies. Holotype: MNHN A-5405 (poor condition). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:228 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:84 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1185 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Psenes Lütken [C. F.] 1880:518 [110], 601, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, Naturvidenskabelig og mathematisk afdeling, Kjøbenhavn (Ser. 5) v. 12; ref. 17569] Northeastern Atlantic [north and south of Azores], 39°N, 25°04'W and 34°40'N, 27°26'W, depth 600-700 fathoms. Syntypes: ZMUC 30-38 (9), 83 (1). Type information: Nielsen 1974:72 [ref. 9588]. On p. 110 of separate. Originally "Psenes maculatus n. sp. ?" •Valid as Psenes maculatus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:424 [ref. 14275], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1186 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1986:850 [ref. 5659], Robins & Ray 1986:270 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:477 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:182 [ref. 14674], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Boschung 1992:172 [ref. 23239], Kuiter 1993:380 [ref. 23929], Santos et al. 1997:111 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:112 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:567 [ref. 24106], Last in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:963 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Myoung et al. 2001:196 [ref. 25731], Nakabo 2002:963 [ref. 26193], Moore et al. 2003:231 [ref. 27076], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S32 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S53 [ref. 28443], Shinohara et al. 2005:441 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:512 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:454 [ref. 30952], Shao et al. 2008:264 [ref. 29952], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:520 [ref. 33547], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Cabebe & Motomura 2019:122 [ref. 37815], Carneiro et al. 2019:173 [ref. 37250], Sutton et al. 2020:266 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Psenes maculatus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in temperate seas, antitropical. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Nomeus Bennett [E. T.] 1831:146 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 5778] Atlantic coast of northern Africa. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1855.12.26.584-585 (9). •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:84 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

mauritii, Eleotris Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:66, 546 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Brazilian seas. No types known. Appeared as 'Nomeus mauritii C.' in Griffith & Smith 1834:193 [ref. 1908]. •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:83 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1185 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Trachelocirrhus Doûmet [P. N.] 1863:222, Pl. 15 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 2) v. 15; ref. 1138] Sète, southern France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1942-0049 or 1942-0029. Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:229 [ref. 21543]. •Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843) -- (Haedrich 1967:80 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Astakhov 1978:140 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:234 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

melo, Trachinotus Richardson [J.] 1846:270 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Macao; China Seas. Holotype (unique): Cambridge Philosophical Soc. (whereabouts unknown). Type information: Whitehead 1970:217 [ref. 11606]. •Family Nomeidae -- (W. Smith-Vaniz, pers. comm.). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatus, Cubiceps Günther [A.] 1872:661, Pl. 61 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.7.20.156. •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

nanus, Cubiceps Agafonova [T. B.] 1988:547 [53], Fig. 4 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 28 (no. 4); ref. 13479] Northwestern Indian Ocean, 20°05'N, 63°37'E, depth 15-45 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-17177. Paratypes: ZMMU P-17177 (12, with holotype). Additional material: ZMMU P-12305 (17). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:87 [ref. 25714]. On p. 53 of English translation. •Valid as Cubiceps nanus Agafonova 1988 -- (Agafonova 1994:169 [ref. 22696], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S46 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps nanus Agafonova 1988. Nomeidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Arabian Sea. Habitat: marine.

natalensis, Cubiceps Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & von Bonde [C.] 1923:7, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Spec. Rep. no. 4; ref. 5931] South Africa, Pickle stations 291 and 292. Syntypes: (14) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 70 (2) Pickle station 291, 29°37'50"S, 31°44'15"E, depth 157 fathoms. Type information: Winterbottom 1974:7 [ref. 19544]. •Probably a synonym of Cubiceps squamiceps (Lloyd 1909) -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Cubiceps squamiceps (Lloyd 1909) -- (Butler 1979:237 [ref. 8841], Agafonova 1994:167 [ref. 22696]). •Synonym of Psenes whiteleggii Waite 1894 -- (Haedrich 1986:850 [ref. 5659], Last 2001:3776 [ref. 26309]). •Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894) -- (Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

nesiotes, Cubiceps Fowler [H. W.] 1938:195, Pl. 8 (fig. 19) [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 2; ref. 1428] 40 miles south of Kiritimati [formerly Christmas Island], Line Islands. Holotype: ANSP 68380. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357] with question, Butler 1979:236 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Cubiceps Nümann [W.] in Franca 1958:10, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Anais, Junta das Missões Geográficas e de Investigações do Ultramar, Estudos de Biologia Marítima v. 12 (pt. 2) (for 1957); ref. 12097] Luanda, Angola. Holotype: MEPA II.116. Paratypes: MEPA I.130 (1). Authorship given in original as Nümann sp. nov., but he may not have been responsible for the description. Holotype wrongly given as "Neótypo." •Probably a synonym of Cubiceps capensis (Smith 1845) -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Haedrich 1990:1018 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Psenes Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:158 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Andaman Sea, 13°29'30"N, 95°29'E, Investigator station 310, depth 960 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F1038/1-1049/1 (17). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:144 [ref. 20743]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 47 (fig. 6) [ref. 20539]. •Synonym of Psenes maculatus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357] with question, Myoung et al. 2001:196 [ref. 25731]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes maculatus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

noel, Seriolella Whitley [G. P.] 1958:32 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1956-57; ref. 4728] Beauty Point, Middle harbor, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.3890 (poor condition). •Status uncertain, not a Seriolella, possibly Nomeidae -- (Haedrich 1967:72 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1796 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

obtusirostris, Aphareus Borodin [N. A.] 1930:91 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 11; ref. 16067] Northern Atlantic, 39°58'N, 29°46'W, probably surface. Syntypes: MCZ 32119 (2). •Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843) -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Astakhov 1978:140 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:234 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696], Santos et al. 1997:111 [ref. 23531]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

oxyurus, Nomeus Poey [F.] 1860:236 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 16963 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:186 [ref. 22926] wrongly with a holotype. •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:84 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509]). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Psenes Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1925:409, Pl. 40 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 226); ref. 13609] Chame Point, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: USNM 82196. Paratypes: USNM 82197 (2). •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Allen & Robertson 1994:284 [ref. 22193]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

paradoxa, Alepidichthys Torres-Orozco [R.] & Castro-Aguirre [J. L.] 1982:38, Figs. 1-3 [Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, México v. 26 (for 1982); ref. 5384] East of Puerto Balleto, María Madre Island, Nayarit, Mexico, depth 0-950 meters. Holotype: ENCB-IPN 5143. Paratypes: ENCB-IPN 5141 (1), 5143 (5). Type catalog: Guzmán 2011:174 [ref. 32186]. •Synonym of Psenes sio Haedrich 1970 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:85 [ref. 21807], Guzmán 2011:174 [ref. 32186]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes sio Haedrich 1970. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

paradoxus, Cubiceps Butler [J. L.] 1979:235, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 8841] Off Portuguese Bend, Los Angeles County, California, U.S.A. Holotype: LACM 37048-1. Paratypes: SFC J7210 (1); SIO 71-310 (1), 72-11 (1, missing). •Valid as Cubiceps paradoxus Butler 1979 -- (Ellis et al. 1988:174 [ref. 23110], Agafonova 1994:170 [ref. 22696], Haedrich in Fischer et al. 1995:1325 [ref. 22829], Parin 2003:S31 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:511 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:519 [ref. 33547], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Sutton et al. 2020:265 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps paradoxus Butler 1979. Nomeidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: off Mauritania; central and eastern North Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, Galápagos Archipelago, California (U.S.A.) to Peru. Habitat: marine.

pauciradiatus, Cubiceps Günther [A.] 1872:423 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 60) (art,. 60); ref. 18195] Misol Island [Pulau Misool, Raja Ampat Islands, Papua Barat, Indonesia, Seram Sea, western Pacific]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1870.8.31.124. •Valid as Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872 -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Astakhov 1978:149 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:236 [ref. 8841], Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:422 [ref. 14275], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Haedrich 1986:848 [ref. 5659], Scott & Scott 1988:473 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:68 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:181 [ref. 14674], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:176 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:839 [ref. 22532], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:603 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:292 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:567 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:964 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Last 2001:3778 [ref. 26309], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:964 [ref. 26193], Moore et al. 2003:231 [ref. 27076], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Figueiredo et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:104 [ref. 27192], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:213 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443], Mundy 2005:512 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:805 [ref. 28815], Hoese & Bray 2006:1795 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Last 2008:801 [ref. 30651], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Ho et al. 2010:257 [ref. 33328], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Motomura et al. 2017:177 [ref. 35490], Robertson et al. 2017:99 [ref. 35676], Kawai et al. 2020:52 [ref. 37785], Psomadakis et al. 2020:578 [ref. 37272], Sutton et al. 2020:263 [ref. 37832]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps pauciradiatus Günther 1872. Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.

pellucidus, Psenes Lütken [C. F.] 1880:516 [108], 610, Fig. (p. 516) [Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, Naturvidenskabelig og mathematisk afdeling, Kjøbenhavn (Ser. 5) v. 12; ref. 17569] Surabaja Strait, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMUC 28. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:72 [ref. 9588]. On p. 108 of separate. •Valid as Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:563 [ref. 7216], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:319 [ref. 7348], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:281 [ref. 9277], Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:425 [ref. 14275], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Haedrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:1187 [ref. 13677], Haedrich 1986:850 [ref. 5659], Robins & Ray 1986:270 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:477 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:68 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:236 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:182 [ref. 14674], Haedrich 1990:1018 [ref. 19509], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:176 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:842 [ref. 22532], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:605 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:291 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:567 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:340 [ref. 25013], Last in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:963 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Last 2001:3779 [ref. 26309], Myoung et al. 2001:197 [ref. 25731], Shimizu 2001:43 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:963 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:425, 678 [ref. 26218], Moore et al. 2003:231 [ref. 27076], Haedrich 2003:1872 [ref. 27117], Parin 2003:S32 [ref. 28536], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S53 [ref. 28443], Mundy 2005:513 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:809 [ref. 28815], Hoese & Bray 2006:1797 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Last 2008:804 [ref. 30651], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Shinohara et al. 2011:54 [ref. 31715], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Shinohara et al. 2014:273 [ref. 33330], Parin et al. 2014:520 [ref. 33547], Stewart & Last 2015:1667 [ref. 34320], Haedrich in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2923 [ref. 34618], Koeda et al. 2016:107 [ref. 35333], Kells et al. 2016:322 [ref. 35888], Cabebe & Motomura 2019:122 [ref. 37815], Fricke et al. 2019:314 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:580 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Psenes pellucidus Lütken 1880. Nomeidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including southern Sea of Japan). Habitat: marine.

peronii, Nomeus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833:247 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 9; ref. 1002] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-5381 (1, poor condition) A-5382 (1), A-5405 (1, poor condition). Type catalog: Le Danois 1963:228-229 [ref. 21543]. Also in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 26 (fig. 1) (opp. p. 194) [ref. 1908]. •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (Haedrich 1967:84 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Haedrich 1990:1016 [ref. 19509], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

rotundus, Psenes Smith [J. L. B.] 1949:307, Fig. 854a [The sea fishes of southern Africa; ref. 5846] Off Dassen Island, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, depth 200 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 69. •Synonym of Psenes arafurensis Günther 1889 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357] with question, Haedrich 1986:849 [ref. 5659]). •Valid as Parapsenes rotundus (Smith 1949) -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiv [ref. 21953], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377]). •Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833 -- (Haedrich 1990:1017 [ref. 19509], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S53 [ref. 28443]). Current status: Synonym of Psenes cyanophrys Valenciennes 1833. Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

sio, Psenes Haedrich [R. L.] 1970:2, Fig. 1 [Breviora No. 351; ref. 7748] Eastern Pacific, 11°10'S, 80°01'W. Holotype: ZMUC P691001. Paratypes: (4) ZMUC P691002-3 (2), P691108 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:72 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Psenes sio Haedrich 1970 -- (Pequeño 1989:68 [ref. 14125], Fujita 1991 [ref. 20438], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:85 [ref. 21807], Haedrich in Fischer et al. 1995:1325 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:606 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:291 [ref. 24555], Béarez et al. 2002:18 [ref. 38420], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Robertson et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Psenes sio Haedrich 1970. Nomeidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California (Mexico) south to Chile, including Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

squamicepoides, Cubiceps Deng [S.-M.], Xiong [G.-Q.] & Zhan [H.-X.] 1983:319 (English p. 321), Figs. 3, 4B [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 8355] Eastern China Sea, depth 200-700 meters. Holotype: ECSFI SH80D-0177. Paratypes: ECSFI E-1038 (1), E-1231 (1), SH80D-0176 (1). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

squamiceps, Mulichthys Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:158 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Arabian Sea, 20°15'N, 69°08'28"E, Investigator station 305, depth 512 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F1020/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:151 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:42 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 47 (fig. 4) [ref. 20539]. •Valid as Psenes squamiceps (Lloyd 1909) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], Fricke 1999:568 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Cubiceps squamiceps (Lloyd 1909) -- (Haedrich 1967:81 [ref. 5357], Astakhov 1978:146 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:237 [ref. 8841], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:235 [ref. 6441], Okamura in Okamura et al. 1985:551, 709 [ref. 8056], Gomon et al. 1994:840 [ref. 22532], Agafonova 1994:167 [ref. 22696], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:5 [ref. 24339], Chen et al. 1997:162 [ref. 26476], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Last in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:964 [ref. 25182], Myoung et al. 2001:198 [ref. 25731], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:333 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:964 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:425, 677 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Shinohara et al. 2005:441 [ref. 28370]). •Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894) -- (Last 2001:3776 [ref. 26309], Heemstra 2004:3338 [ref. 27945], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443], Hoese & Bray 2006:1795 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

stigmapleuron, Psenes Fowler [H. W.] 1939:1 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 3; ref. 17189] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60245. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:132 [ref. 13621]. Replacement name for Psenes guttatus Fowler 1934, preoccupied by Psenes guttatus Fowler 1906. •Perhaps a synonym of Psenes whiteleggii Waite 1894 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357]). •Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894) -- (Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

sulcatus, Navarchus De Filippi [F.] & Verany [J. B.] 1857:191 [7], Fig. 1 [Memorie / Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino (Ser. 2) v. 18; ref. 1329] Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUT 448. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:143 [ref. 21559]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843) -- (Haedrich 1967:80 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1973:562 [ref. 7216], Astakhov 1978:140 [ref. 37323], Butler 1979:234 [ref. 8841], Haedrich 1990:1015 [ref. 19509], Agafonova 1994:164 [ref. 22696]). Current status: Synonym of Cubiceps gracilis (Lowe 1843). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

tigrinus, Gobius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:204 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] American Ocean, below torrid zone. •Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Nomeus gronovii (Gmelin 1789). Nomeidae. Habitat: marine.

whiteleggii, Psenes Waite [E. R.] 1894:218, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 14568] Maroubra, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.3297. Paratypes: (several) AMS I.3297 (8). •Valid as Psenes whiteleggii Waite 1894 -- (Haedrich 1967:88 [ref. 5357], Haedrich 1986:850 [ref. 5659]). •Synonym of Cubiceps squamiceps (Lloyd 1909) -- (Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471]). •Valid as Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:148 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:236 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Last 2001:3775 [ref. 26309], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331, 3338 [ref. 27945], Parin & Piotrovsky 2004:S49 [ref. 28443], Hoese & Bray 2006:1795 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Last 2008:802 [ref. 30651], Fricke et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30213], Larson et al. 2013:221 [ref. 32988], Shinohara et al. 2014:273 [ref. 33330], Psomadakis et al. 2015:320 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:178 [ref. 35490], Cabebe & Motomura 2019:117 [ref. 37815], Fricke et al. 2019:314 [ref. 36673], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 18 [ref. 38321], Kawai et al. 2020:54 [ref. 37785], Psomadakis et al. 2020:578 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:84 [ref. 37637], Viji et al. 2021:143 [ref. 38376]). Current status: Valid as Cubiceps whiteleggii (Waite 1894). Nomeidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa and Mascarenes east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Japan, south to Australia. Habitat: marine.