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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Synchiropus: [ 80 ] records


achates, Callionymus De Vis [C. W.] 1883:620 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 4); ref. 17381] Queensland, Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1981:68 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:588 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:75 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Foetorepus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

agassizii, Callionymus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [B. A.] in Agassiz 1888:29, Fig. 207 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 15 (in 2 vols.); ref. 1845] Off Barbados, West Indies, 13°00.5'N, 59°36.2'W, depth 209 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 86660 [not MCZ 43091]. Non-types: MCZ 27988 (5), USNM 153582 (2). Lectotype selected by Davis 1966:858 [ref. 12452]; original locality of Gulf of Mexico in error; Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704] treat a holotype and do not accept the lectotype designation. •Valid as Callionymus agassizii Goode & Bean 1888 -- (Scott & Scott 1988:478 [ref. 25518] as agassizi). •Valid as Foetorepus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:239 [ref. 23100] as agassizi, McAllister 1990:176 [ref. 14674] as agassizi, Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704], Moore et al. 2003:229 [ref. 27076], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Roa-Varón et al. 2003:17 [ref. 27814], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:649 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341]). •Valid as Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Fricke 1981:46 [ref. 1499] as agassizi, Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432] as agassizi, Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:453 [ref. 14275], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375] as agassizi, Andreata & Séret 1996:588 [ref. 16204] as agassizi, Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:172 [ref. 37485], Klautau et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37903], Fricke et al. 2022:8 [ref. 39825], Carvalho-Filho 2023:232 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean Sea to northern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Callionymus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:155, Pl. 79 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1012 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH 2077 (1). Type information: Boeseman 1947:133 [ref. 12876]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:134 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Foetorepus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Yatou in Okamura et al. 1985:607, 733 [ref. 8056], Nakabo 1987:340 [ref. 6375], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:542 [ref. 27969] as altivelus, Nakabo 2000:1127 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1127 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:390, 652 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370], Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989], Shinohara et al. 2014:271 [ref. 33330], Kim et al. 2020:167 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:101 [ref. 37637]). •Valid as Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:229 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1981:55 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:576 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Fricke 1993:371 [ref. 22077], Lee & Kim 1993:8 [ref. 23164], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2000:66 [ref. 25197], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547], Psomadakis et al. 2020:545 [ref. 37272] as cf. altivelis). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

altivelis, Synchiropus Regan [C. T.] 1908:249, Pl. 30 (fig. 2) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Seychelles, Indian Ocean, depth 44 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.264. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Callionymus altivelis Temminck & Schlegel 1845, replaced by Synchiropus normani Schultz & Woods 1948. May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:663 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:11 [ref. 34659], Fricke & Anderson 2022:465 [ref. 39659]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

apricus, Callionymus McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:209, Pl. 54 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Great Australian Bight south of Eucla, South Australia, depth 350-450 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.3563. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Fricke 1981:27 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:572 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Foetorepus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:779 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Foetorepus apricus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Gomon & Yearsley 2008:743 [ref. 30631], Williams et al. 2018:99 [ref. 36359]). •Valid as Synchiropus apricus (McCulloch 1926). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus apricus (McCulloch 1926). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: southern Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

atrilabiatus, Callionymus Garman [S.] 1899:122 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Panama Bay, 3°-7°N, 79°-81°W, Albatross stations 3378 and 3387, depth 112-127 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28696 (now 0), 28697 (1); CAS-SU 25249 (1); USNM 153598 [ex MCZ 28696] (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899) -- (Fricke 1981:33 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:567 [ref. 8349], Castro-Aguirre 1991:82 [ref. 19554], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1993:86 [ref. 21807], Bussing & López S. 1994:142 [ref. 23101], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:545 [ref. 24023], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:126 [ref. 25206], Groce et al. 2001:149 [ref. 25753], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:160 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Beltrán-León et al. 2016:159 [ref. 36623], Robertson et al. 2017:97 [ref. 35676], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248], Love et al. 2021:203 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico), Cocos Island (Costa Rica) and Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

australis, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] & McKay [R. J.] 1989:563, Figs. 1-2 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 16169] Off Queensland, Australia, 23°59'S, 152°59'E, depth 380 meters. Holotype: QM I.21255. •Valid as Synchiropus australis (Nakabo & McKay 1989) -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:53 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus australis Nakabo & McKay 1989 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus australis (Nakabo & McKay 1989). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Habitat: marine.

bacescui, Neosynchiropus Nalbant [T. T.] 1979:349, Figs. 1-5 [Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 3142] Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): MGAB 363. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432]. MAy use Neosynchiropus or Synchiropus; authors differ.& •Valid as Neosynchiropus bacescui Nalbant 1979 -- (Fricke 1982:73 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:555 [ref. 8349]). •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bartelsi, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1981:103, Fig. 32 [v. 1; ref. 1499] About 3/4 mile south of San Juan town, western side of Siquijor Island, Philippines, 9°08'30"N, 123°29'22"E, depth 0-6 meters. Holotype: USNM 225711. Paratypes: USNM 225712-13 (2, 1), 227213-14 (2, 2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus bartelsi Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:583 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:53 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:850 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468] Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus bartelsi Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea (New Britain). Habitat: marine.

bicornis, Callionymus Norman [J. R.] 1939:74, Fig. 26 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] Zanzibar area, Tanzania, 5°34'24"S, 39°14'06"E to 5°37"S, 39°14'36'E, depth 238-293 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1939.5.24.1426. Non-types: BMNH 1939.5.24.1427-1430 (4). Description based upon the holotype only. May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935 -- (Fricke 1981:61 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:627 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleomaculatus, Callionymus Jatzow [R.] & Lenz [H.] 1898:510, Pl. 35 (fig. 6) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 21; ref. 14685] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SMF 597. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

calauropomus, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:10, Pl. 7 (figs. 4-5) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.183. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1981:68 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:587 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3570 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:53 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus calauropomus (Richardson 1844) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:223 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:342 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:777 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:340 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:744 [ref. 30631], Struthers 2015:1558 [ref. 34302] as cf. calauropomus). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus calauropomus (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia (southern Queensland to Tasmania and to Western Australia); New Zealand region (Kermadec Islands). Habitat: marine.

circularis, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1984:68, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 85; ref. 8161] Beach Cave Cove, northwest of Tinian Town, Tinian, Marianas Islands, 14°59.7'N, 145°36.2'E. Holotype: USNM 267390 [ex Univ. Guam 5130]. Paratypes: USNM 267391 (1). Other material: BPBM 29653 (1); UGM 5130 (1), 5764 (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus circularis Fricke 1984 -- (Randall et al. 1997:524 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 2000:27 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:850 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:154 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus circularis Fricke 1984. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines, Mariana Islands and Chesterfield Islands. Habitat: marine.

claudiae, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 1990:2, Figs. 1-2 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 446; ref. 15493] Madang Barrier Reef, Papua New Guinea, 5°15'S, 145°50'E, depth 5 meters. Holotype: SMNS 9048. Paratypes: BPBM 16113 (1); SMNS 8466 (1), 8479 (1), 9049 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:7 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547] questionably identifies one paratype (BPBM 16113) of this species as Synchiropus springeri Fricke 1983. May use Synchiropus or Minysynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Minysynchiropus claudiae (Fricke 1990) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:850 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932]). •Valid as Synchiropus claudiae Fricke 1990 -- (Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:20 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus claudiae Fricke 1990. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Australia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

dagmarae, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) agassizi Fricke [R.] 1985:241, fig'd [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 85; ref. 8972] Off Venezuela, 9°45'N, 59°45'W. Holotype: USNM 188521. Paratypes: USNM 266454 (10); plus other material. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Foetorepus dagmarae (Fricke 1985) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:192 [ref. 28938]). •Valid as Synchiropus dagmarae Fricke 1985 -- (Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:173 [ref. 37485], Fricke et al. 2022:8 [ref. 39825], Carvalho-Filho 2023:233 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus dagmarae Fricke 1985. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Venezuela south to Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

delandi, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1943:81, Fig. 20 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Mabul Island, Sibuko Bay, Borneo, Indonesia, 4°12'10"N, 118°38'08"E, Albatross station 5589, depth 260 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 99524. Paratypes: USNM 99525-27 (1, 1, 1). May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus delandi Fowler 1943 -- (Fricke 1981:61 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:592 [ref. 8349], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:54 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus delandi (Fowler 1943) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1583 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus delandi Fowler 1943. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Callionymus Bianconi [G. G.] 1858:52 [Rendiconto delle Sessioni dell'Accademia delle Scienze dell'Instituto dei Bologna 1856-1857 (for 8 Apr. 1858); ref. 33220] Mozambique. No types known. Not available; primary homonym of Callionymus elegans Lesueur 1814. Subsequently redescribed as Callionymus perelegans Bianconi 1858. •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae.

festivus, Callionymus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1833:fasc. 3, punt. 16, Pls. 104 (fig. 1), 105 (fig. 1) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 516] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ANSP 10945-56 (12) An original description (see Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]) and therefore objectively invalid; preoccupied by Callionymus festivus Pallas 1814 (a description known to Bonaparte but which placed questionably under Callionymus dracunculus Linnaeus); Callionymus phaeton Günther 1864 is based on Bonaparte's account, and the specimens cited by Böhlke might be types of festivus Bonaparte and of phaeton. •Synonym of Callionymus phaeton Günther 1861 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190]). •Synonym of Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

flavistrigatus, Synchiropus Fricke [R.], Ordines [F.] & Ramírez-Amaro [S.] 2022:3, Figs. 1-2 [Integrative Systematics v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 39825] Guinea-Bissau, 230 km southwest of Bissau, eastern Atlantic Ocean, 10°26'06"N, 17°06'39.6"W - 10°25'15.6"N, 17°06'25.2"W, depth 222 meters. Holotype: SMNS 27157. Paratypes: CFM-IEOMA, HUJ, SMNS. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Synchiropus flavistrigatus Fricke, Ordines & Ramírez-Amaro 2022. Current status: Valid as Synchiropus flavistrigatus Fricke, Ordines & Ramírez-Amaro 2022. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Guinea-Bissau to Angola. Habitat: marine.

garthi, Callionymus Seale [A.] 1940:36, Pl. 3 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 12332] Port Utria, Colombia. Holotype (unique): CAS 5746. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899) -- (Fricke 1981:33 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1983:567 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Synchiropus garthi (Seale 1940) -- (Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Foetorepus garthi (Seale 1940) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus garthi (Seale 1940). Callionymidae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: marine.

goodenbeani, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] & Hartel [K. E.] 1999:115, Fig. 3-5 [Copeia 1999 (no. 1); ref. 23704] 39°53'N, 71°42'W, about 90 miles south of Montauk Point, Long Island, New York, U.S.A., depth 180-243 meters. Holotype: MCZ 95955. Paratypes: BMNH 1933.10.12.85 (1); FAKU 57148 (1); FSBC 2227 (1); GCRL V62:763 (2); MCZ 38492 (1), 54855 (1), 76000-01 (1, 1), 85838 (2), 95954 (1), 123587 (2), 150758 (1); CAS-SU 17434-35 (3, 1); UF 3597 (1), 33153 (1), 33170 (3), 33173 (1), 72138 (2), 72354 (1), 210121 [ex UMML 10121] (5), 213512 [ex UMML 13512] (1), 228669 [ex UMML 28669] (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Foetorepus goodenbeani Nakabo & Hartel 1999 -- (Moore et al. 2003:229 [ref. 27076], Hartel & Nakabo 2003:1776 [ref. 27110], Nelson et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:650 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Synchiropus goodenbeani (Nakabo & Hartel 1999) -- (Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Fricke et al. 2022:8 [ref. 39825]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus goodenbeani (Nakabo & Hartel 1999). Callionymidae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic: Canada south to the Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

grandoculis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:69, Fig. 33 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] 70 kilometers southeaste of Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, 18°01'S, 118°25'E, depth 351-353 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30418-001 [not P. 20418-001]. Paratypes: NTM S.12728-041 (1), SMNS 12822 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Foetorepus grandoculis (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Synchiropus grandoculis Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2019:265 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus grandoculis Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Rowley Shoals (Western Australia); New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

grinnelli, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:24, Fig. 15 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] San Bernardino Strait to San Miguel Bay, Philippines, 12°55'26"N, 124°22'12"E, Albatross station 5475, depth 195 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 99436. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus grinnelli Fowler 1941 -- (Fricke 1981:51 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:596 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus grinnelli Fowler 1941. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:71, Fig. 34 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Hawaiian Islands, northwest of Kaho`olawe Island, 20°38'18"N, 156°40'36"W - 20°41'06"N, 156°41'18"W, depth 292-296 meters. Holotype: USNM 314624. Paratypes: BPBM 9840 (1), 24219 (9), 24244 (16), 24358 (14); SMNS 21816-17 (10, 4), 21929 (4); USNM 314596 (2), 314598 (1), 314611-13 (2, 4, 4), 314616 (2), 315443 (5), 315445 (4), 344611 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. Some catalog number were given incorrectly in the original descritpion. •Valid as Synchiropus hawaiiensis Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:55 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:467 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:388 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus hawaiiensis Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

himantophorus, Callionymus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:296, Pl. 76 (figs. 268, 268a-b) [Special Bulletin U. S. National Museum No. 2; ref. 1848] 20-32°N, 77-89°W, depth 26-231 fathoms. Holotype: MCZ 86660 [not 43091]. Paratypes: MCZ 27988 (5), 27992 (1), 27994 (1); USNM 47640 (4), 153582 [ex MCZ 27988] (2). See Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704] for remarks on types. •Synonym of Synchiropus agassizii [sometimes as agassizi] (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Fricke 1981:46 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Objective synonym of Foetorepus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). •Synonym of Foetorepus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

ijimae, Synchiropus Jordan [D. S.] & Thompson [W. F.] 1914:295, Pl. 36 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 2543] Misaki, Japan. Holotype: FMNH 57078 [ex CM 6015a]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:98 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:82 [ref. 12367]. The spelling ijimae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012]. But current authors use Ijimai. •Valid as Synchiropus ijimai Jordan & Thompson 1914 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:229 [ref. 7348], Fricke 1981:88 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:599 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:56 [ref. 26547] as ijimae). •Valid as Neosynchiropus ijimai (Jordan & Thompson 1914) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1128 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1128 [ref. 26193], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:65 [ref. 31555], Fricke 2016:10 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus ijimai Jordan & Thompson 1914. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

kamoharai, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] 1983:210, Fig. 5 [Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory v. 27 (nos 4-6) (art. 11); ref. 8300] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: BSKU 7452. Paratypes: BSKU 50007 [ex BSKU 4820] (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Questionably a synonym of Synchiropus phasis Günther 1880 -- (Fricke 1983:572 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Foetorepus kamoharai Nakabo 1983 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 1987:340 [ref. 6375], Nakabo 2000:1127 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1127 [ref. 26193]). •Valid as Synchiropus kamoharai (Nakabo 1983) -- (Fricke 2002:56 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kamoharai (Nakabo 1983). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

kanmuensis, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.], Yamamoto [E.] & Chen [C.-H.] 1983:351, Fig. 3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8299] Kanmu Seamount Chain [Hawaiian Ridge, northern central Pacific], 32°00'N, 172°50'E, depth 355-375 meters. Holotype: FAKU 50671. Paratypes: FAKU 50672 (1), NSMT-P 21033 (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Fricke 1983:577 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Foetorepus kanmuensis Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983 -- (Savinykh & Balanov 1999:424 [ref. 24871]). •Valid as Synchiropus kanmuensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983) -- (Fricke 2002:56 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kanmuensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983). Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

kinmeiensis, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.], Yamamoto [E.] & Chen [C.-H.] 1983:349, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8299] Kinmei [Kimmei] Seamount, 35°20.2'N, 171°24.1'E, [northern central Pacific], depth 350 meters. Holotype: HUMZ 68699. Paratypes: FAKU 50670 (1). •Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Fricke 1983:577 [ref. 8349]). •Valid as Foetorepus kinmeiensis Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983 -- (Randall 1999:199 [ref. 24082]). •Valid as Synchiropus kinmeiensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983) -- (Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:468 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:388 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kinmeiensis (Nakabo, Yamamoto & Chen 1983). Callionymidae. Distribution: Northern central Pacific: Hawaiian Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

kiyoae, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] & Zaiser [M. J.] 1983:122, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 30 (no. 2); ref. 8346] Toga Bay, Miyake-jima, Izu Islands, Japan, 34°06'N, 139°28'E, depth 5-13.5 meters. Holotype: USNM 257078. Paratypes: AMS I.23508-001 (2); BMNH 1983.3.3.1-2 (2); MNHN 1983-0003 (2); NSMT-P 21713-14 (1, 1), 29834 [ex TMBS 820808] (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 17926-27 (1, 1); USNM 232249 (1); ZIN 46504 (1); ZMH 6453 (1); ZUMT 42861-63 (3), 42881 (1). Type catalog: Fricke et al. 1984:107 [ref. 21539], Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Minysynchiropus kiyoae (Fricke & Zaiser 1983) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1131 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1131 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256], Fujiwara et al. 2020:38 [ref. 38631]). •Valid as Synchiropus kiyoae Fricke & Zaiser 1983 -- (Fricke 1983:603 [ref. 8349], Clark & Fricke 1985:542 [ref. 8172], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus kiyoae Fricke & Zaiser 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

laddi, Synchiropus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1960:406, Fig. 131 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Ocean reef off Bikini Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 141127. Paratypes: USNM 141128-31 (2, 1, 2, 1), 141132 (8). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. May use Minysynchiropus or Synchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus laddi Schultz 1960 -- (Fricke 1981:124 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:608 [ref. 8349], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:57 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:75 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Allen & Erdmann 2012:851 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Minysynchiropus laddi (Schultz 1960) based on status of Minysynchiropus. Current status: Valid as Synchiropus laddi Schultz 1960. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Palau, Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Islands. Habitat: marine.

lateralis, Callionymus Richardson [J.] 1844:65, Pl. 37 (figs. 5-6) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] "Pacific" [probably Hong Kong]. Holotype: BMNH 1844.9.11.35. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1981:77 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]). •Valid as Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1983:611 [ref. 8349] in error for lineolatus, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Ng & Rainboth 2011:67 [ref. 31577], Ng 2012:27 [ref. 31795] as not in Singapore, Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:250 [ref. 36460] as leteralis). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore, Gulf of Thailand and Vietnam to southern China and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

lateralis, Callionymus Macleay [W.] 1881:628 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16398-001 [ex MAMU F1015]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Callionymus lateralis Richardson 1844, replaced by Callionymus macleayi Ogilby 1886. •Synonym of Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000]). •Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

leopoldi, Synchiropus Giltay [L.] 1933:83, Figs. 23-24 [Mémoires du Musée royal d'histoire naturelle de Belgique v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 16489] Between Banda Neira and Goenoeng Api, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): IRSNB 40. Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:44 [ref. 20755], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927) -- (Fricke 1981:127 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:670 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

lili, Synchiropus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:415, Pl. 53 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51762. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:637 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Callionymus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Puducherry, India; Bora Bora, Society Islands (erroneous). Syntypes: MNHN A-1814 [?1514] (1, dry), A-1815 [? 1515] (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. •Valid as Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1981:77 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:615 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106] with remark on type locality, Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Ng 2012:35 [ref. 31795] with author as Richardson, Roy et al. 2021:215 [ref. 38220]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern India east to Java (Indonesia) and Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

macleayi, Callionymus Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:37 [Catalogue of the fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms; ref. 13268] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16398-001 [ex MAMU F1015]. Replacement name for Callionymus lateralis Macleay 1881, preoccupied by Callionymus lateralis Richardson 1844. •Synonym of Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000]). •Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Callionymus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:446 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.10.5 (1), ZMB 2167 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:96 [ref. 20293]. Also described as new in Peters 1855:255 [ref. 13448]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:393 [ref. 28072]). •Valid as Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659], Fricke & Anderson 2022:463 [ref. 39659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Tanzania and Mozambique, including Zanzibar Island (Tanzania). Habitat: brackish, marine.

masudai, Foetorepus Nakabo [T.] 1987:335, Figs. 1, 2, 3A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 6375] Mimase fish market, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 52494. Paratypes: BSKU 30011-13 (3), 50005 (1); FAKU-K1135 (1), K1159 (1), 25516 (1, c&s), 25519 (1), 102029 (1), 104233 (1); NSMT-P 21030 (1). May use Synchropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus masudai (Nakabo 1987) -- (Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus masudai Nakabo 1987 -- (Ho et al. 1993:10 [ref. 22789], Nakabo 2000:1127 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:331 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1127 [ref. 26193], Shinohara et al. 2005:438 [ref. 28370]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus masudai (Nakabo 1987). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

microps, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1877:192, Pl. 113 (fig. C) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Tonga Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1871.9.13.209. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

minutulus, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1981:119, Fig. 38 [v. 1; ref. 1499] Southwest of Mafilifleuri, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype: FMNH 78973. Paratypes: ROM 36863 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:82 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Synchiropus minutulus Fricke 1981 -- (Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:624 [ref. 8349], Winterbottom et al. 1989:62 [ref. 13251], Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke & Anderson 2022:463 [ref. 39659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus minutulus Fricke 1981. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

monacanthus, Synchiropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1935:187 [Records of the Albany Museum Grahamstown v. 4; ref. 4066] Port Alfred, South Africa, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 135 [ex AMG]. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935 -- (Fricke 1981:61 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:627 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:59 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:93 [ref. 36871], Fricke & Anderson 2022:464 [ref. 39659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus monacanthus Smith 1935. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape (South Africa) north to Tanzania, east to Socotra (Yemen) and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

morrisoni, Synchiropus Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1960:409, Fig. 132 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Lagoon coral head off Arji Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific, depth 20-40 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 141126. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. Neosynchiropus Nakabo 1982 is preoccupied by Neosynchiropus Nalbant 1979 in the same family. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus morrisoni (Schultz 1960) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1129 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1129 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1585 [ref. 29000], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:65 [ref. 31555]). •Valid as Synchiropus morrisoni Schultz 1960 -- (Fricke 1981:98 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:630 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:388 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:60 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Shao et al. 2008:260 [ref. 29952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:10 [ref. 31759], Allen & Erdmann 2012:851 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus morrisoni Schultz 1960. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines north to Japan, south to Great Barrier Reef and Western Australia to Micronesia and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

moyeri, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Zaiser [M. J.] & Fricke [R.] 1985:389, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 31 (no. 4); ref. 5267] Igaya Bay, Miyake-jima, Japan, 34°06'N, 139°28'E, depth 12 meters. Holotype: USNM 26773. Paratypes: AMS I.24794-001 (1), I.24795-001 (1); BMNH 1984.11.6.4-5 (2); CAS 55654 (1); MNHN 1984-0704 to 0705 (1, 1); NSMT-P 23213-14 (1, 1); NTM (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21638-399 (1, 1); NSMT-P 29833 [was TMBS 820821] (1); USNM 26771-72 (1, 1); WAM P.28366-001 (1); ZIN 47203 (1); ZMB 31446-47 (1, 1); ZMH 6603 (1); ZUMT 54586 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moyer & Matsuura 1991:82 [ref. 19927], Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:419 [ref. 21161], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Neosynchiropus moyeri (Zaiser & Fricke 1985) -- (Nakabo 2000:1130 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1130 [ref. 26193], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:65 [ref. 31555], Koeda et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35333], Wada et al. 2021:47 [ref. 38521], Dewa et al. 2022:26 [ref. 40001], Fujiwara et al. 2022:91 [ref. 39094]). •Valid as Synchiropus moyeri Zaiser & Fricke 1985 -- (Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:60 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Allen & Erdmann 2012:852 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659], Fricke et al. 2019:265 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus moyeri Zaiser & Fricke 1985. Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: central Indonesia east to Palau, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Izu Islands (Japan), south to northern Australia. Possibly east to Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

normani, Synchiropus Schultz [L. P.] & Woods [L. P.] 1948:419 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 38 (no. 12); ref. 10177] Seychelles, Indian Ocean, depth 44 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.3.23.264. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. Replacement name for Synchiropus altivelis Regan 1908, secondarily preoccupied in Synchiropus by Callionymus altivelis Temminck & Schlegel 1845. •Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1981:84 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:664 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:11 [ref. 34659]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

novaecaledoniae, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 1993:372, Fig. 3A-C [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 158; ref. 22077] Submarine bank, 23°40.1'S, 167°59.7'E, New Caledonia, depth 246 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1993-0140. Paratypes: MNHN 1993-0138 (1) 1993-0139 (1); SMNS 12539 (1), 12540 (2, 1 head). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:8 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:22 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus novaecaledoniae Fricke 1993 -- (Fricke 2000:29 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:60 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:13 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus novaecaledoniae Fricke 1993. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

novaehiberniensis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2016:13, Figs. 1-5 [Journal of Natural History v. 50 (no. 47-48); ref. 34659] New Ireland Province, Kavieng District, 3.7 km west-northwest of Kavieng, Papua New Guinea, 02°33.56'S, 150°45.67'E to 02°32.92'S, 150°46.53'E, depth 84-92 meters. Holotype: NTUM 11377. Paratypes: NTUM. Misspelled novaebhibernensis on page 18 (Fricke 2016, ref. 34659). •Valid as Synchiropus novaehiberniensis Fricke 2016 -- (Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548], Fricke et al. 2019:266 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus novaehiberniensis Fricke 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Ireland (Papua New Guinea). Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) picturatus Fricke [R.] 1983:653, Fig. 202 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] Southeast of Elphik's Knob, northeastern end of Rosemary Island, Dampier Islands, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.22027-001. Paratypes: WAM P.22028-001 (1), P.22029-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:38 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:42 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Pterosynchiropus occidentalis (Fricke 1983) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1588 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Synchiropus occidentalis Fricke 1983 -- (Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus occidentalis Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Callionymus Pallas [P. S.] 1770:25, Pl. 4 (figs. 1-3) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 8); ref. 12293] [Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia.] Neotype locality: Lapu Lapu City, Cebu Island, 10°19'S, 123°57'E, Santa Rosa, Philippines. Neotype: SMNS 21263. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 2005:21 [ref. 29864]. Neosynchiropus Nakabo 1982 is preoccupied by Neosynchiropus Nalbant 1979 in the same family. Neotype designated by Fricke 2000:32 [ref. 29157]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:343 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 1991:2 [ref. 24604], Nakabo 2000:1130 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1130 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Bray 2006:1585 [ref. 29000], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256], Iwatsubo & Motomura 2010:69 [ref. 31555]). •Valid as Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:90 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:635 [ref. 8349], Randall et al. 1990:389 [ref. 15987], Fricke 1993:374 [ref. 22077], Kuiter 1993:343 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:389 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:747 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:401 [ref. 25191], Fricke 2000:31 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Philippines, Palau, Chuuk (Federated States of Micronesia) and Pitcairn, north to Izu Islands (Japan), south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Records from eastern Mariana and Marshall Islands apparently based on S. moyeri. Habitat: marine.

ocellifer, Callionymus Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:49 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Cape Schanck, Victoria; Hobson's Bay, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4554 (2, dry), A-4555 (1, dry). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke et al. 1984:106 [ref. 21539]. •Synonym of Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000]). •Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1981:111 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:643 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Callionymus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:41, Pl. 6 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype: ZMB (missing). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293]. •Questionably valid as Synchiropus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]). Current status: Uncertain as Synchiropus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1931:308, Fig. 12 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 1408] Saukiwan, Hong Kong. Holotype: ANSP 53456. Paratypes: ANSP 53457 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1981:77 [ref. 1499]). •Questionably a synonym of Synchiropus lineolatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432]). •Synonym of Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844) -- (Fricke 1983:611 [ref. 8349]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus lateralis (Richardson 1844). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

orstom, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:33, Fig. 16 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Norfolk Ridge, East Jumeau Seamont, New Caledonia, 23°45'52.2"S, 168°16'57"E, depth 402 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1999-1254. Paratypes: SMNS 11612 (1), 21276 (1). •Valid as Synchiropus orstom Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Fricke 2015:5 [ref. 33807], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:20 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548], Fricke et al. 2019:266 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus orstom Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Sandaun, West Sepik and New Hanover (Papua New Guinea); northern Norfolk Ridge (New Caledonia). Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1941:23, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 90 (no. 3106); ref. 1439] Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 99437. Type information: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Fricke 1981:55 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:576 [ref. 8349], Lee & Kim 1993:8 [ref. 23164], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Synonym of Foetorepus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Kottelat 2013:385 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

papilio, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1864:197 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 14 (no. 81); ref. 18182] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.22.70. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Eocallionymus; authors differ. •Valid as Eocallionymus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Kuiter 1993:341 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:776 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:340 [ref. 25488], Hoese & Bray 2006:1582 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:742 [ref. 30631], Hoschke et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36626]). •Valid as Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864) -- (Fricke 1981:111 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:642 [ref. 8349], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus papilio (Günther 1864). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: New South Wales to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

paxtoni, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:75, Fig. 35 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] 190 kilometers northwest of Port Hedland, Western Australia, 19°01'S, 117°21'E, depth 200-202 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22828-011. Paratypes: AMS I.22828-000 (1), CSIRO H 3193-01 (1). May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus paxtoni Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:62 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus paxtoni (Fricke 2000) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus paxtoni Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Australia and Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: marine.

perelegans, Callionymus Bianconi [G. G.] 1858:437, fig. [Memorie della Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna v. 9; ref. 26454] Mozambique. No types known. Replacement name for Callionymus elegans Bianconi 1858, preoccupied by Callionymus elegans Lesueur 1814. Name also appeared as new in Bianconi 1859:263, Pl. 9 [ref. 295]. •Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855) -- (Fricke 1981:73 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:76 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:620 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:773 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:58 [ref. 26547] dated 1859, Fricke 2016:8 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus marmoratus (Peters 1855). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

phaeton, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1861:147 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ?ANSP 19945-56 (12), NMW 58817 (1). Originally as phaëton. Regarded as a replacement name for Callionymus festivus Bonaparte 1833, preoccupied by Callionymys festivus Pallas 1814. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Callionymus phaeton Günther 1861 -- (Wheeler 1973:517 [ref. 7190]). •Valid as Foetorepus phaeton (Günther 1861) -- (Santos et al. 1997:102 [ref. 23531]). •Valid as Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861) -- (Fricke 1981:39 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke in Whitehead et al. 1986:1093 [ref. 13677], Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375], Arruda 1997:105 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:65 [ref. 24045], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:129 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Golani 2005:55 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:102 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:61 [ref. 36649], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2823 [ref. 34618], Fricke & Ordines 2017:166, 169 [ref. 35468], Carneiro et al. 2019:294 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:59 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:47 [ref. 37519], Golani 2021:73 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:67 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:218 [ref. 39448], Fricke et al. 2022:8 [ref. 39825]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Synchiropus phaeton (Günther 1861). Callionymidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Gambia, including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

phasis, Callionymus Günther [A.] 1880:28, Pl. 15 (fig. C) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Off Twofold Bay, New South Wales, Australia, 37°06'S, 149°55'E, depth 120 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.564. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Fricke 1981:27 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:75 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:571 [ref. 8349], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus phasis (Günther 1880) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:223 [ref. 24556], Kuiter 1993:342 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:778 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1584 [ref. 29000], Gomon & Yearsley 2008:744 [ref. 30631], Struthers 2015:1559 [ref. 34302] as cf. phasis). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus phasis (Günther 1880). Callionymidae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand region (cf. phasis). Habitat: marine.

picturatus, Callionymus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:840 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] Salawatty, 1°07'N, 130°54'E, off northwestern New Guinea [Irian Jaya]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9770. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke & Paepke 1992:97 [ref. 20293]. May use Synchiropus or Pterosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus picturatus, subspecies picturatus (Peters 1877) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Allen & Erdmann 2012:853 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877) -- (Fricke 1981:134 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:646 [ref. 8349], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292] dated 1876, Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:510 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877). Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

postulus, Synchiropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:560, Fig. 7; Pl. 86 (fig. E) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Ibo, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 157. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 122 (1), missing 2. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus postulus Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1981:116 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:658 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:774 [ref. 5653], Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke & Anderson 2022:464 [ref. 39659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus postulus Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) north to Tanzania, east to Oman, Aldabra (Seychelles) and Mauritius. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Callionymus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:328, 340 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality [Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia.]. Neotype locality: Lapu Lapu City, Cebu Island, 10°19'S, 123°57'E, Santa Rosa, Philippines. Neotype: SMNS 21263. Unnecessary replacement name for Callionymus ocellatus Pallas 1770. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:213, 230 [ref. 30473]. Neotype designated (for Callionymus ocellatus Pallas 1770) by Fricke 2000:32 [ref. 29157]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:90 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:636 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

rameus, Orbonymus McCulloch [A. R.] 1926:201, Pl. 53 [Biological Results Endeavour v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2947] Off Cape Capricorn, Queensland, Australia, depth 13 fathoms. Holotype: AMS E.6504 (not found). Paratypes: (6) AMS IA.728-729 (1, 1), E.1469 (1), E.6506-06 (1, 1), IA.727 (1), IA.1735 (1); QM I.4012 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. •Valid as Synchiropus rameus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Fricke 1981:144 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:684 [ref. 8349], Allen & Swainston 1988:132 [ref. 25477], Fricke 1993:374 [ref. 22077], Allen 1997:212 [ref. 23977], Fricke 2000:38 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3571 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872]). •Valid as Orbonymus rameus (McCulloch 1926) -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1586 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:183 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus rameus (McCulloch 1926). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Synchiropus Clark [G. T.] & Fricke [R.] 1985:539, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 98 (no. 3); ref. 8172] West coast off southern end of Hanga Roa, Easter Island, 27°09.5'S, 109°27'W, southeastern Pacific, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 6754. Paratypes: BPBM 26409 (1), USNM 221485 (1). •Valid as Synchiropus randalli Clark & Fricke 1985 -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125], Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus randalli Clark & Fricke 1985. Callionymidae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

rhodonotus, Synchiropus Fowler [H. W.] 1946:196, Fig. 61 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ANSP 72071. Paratypes: ANSP 72072-75 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Böhlke 1984:32 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:637 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

richeri, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:39, Fig. 19 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Grande Terre, eastern slope, 30 kilometers east of Thio, 21°43'03"S, 166°38'34.2"E, New Caledonia, depth 565 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1999-1253. Paratypes: SMNS 21281 (4). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:23 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus richeri Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:64 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus richeri Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia (Grande Terre) endemic. Habitat: marine.

rosulentus, Synchiropus Randall [J. E.] 1999:200, Pl. IG,H [Pacific Science v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 24082] Off Sampan Channel to Kaneohe Bay, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37260. Paratypes: AMS I.38795-001 (2); BPBM 34807 (1), 36806 (1), 37123 (1), 37613 (4), 37855 (1), 38397-99 (1, 1, 1); NSMT-P 55041 (2); SMNS 20269 (2); USNM 348991 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:23 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus rosulentus Randall 1999 -- (Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:469 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:388 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus rosulentus Randall 1999. Callionymidae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Ridge and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

rubrovinctus, Callionymus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:650, Fig. 252 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Between Maui Island and Lanai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3876, depth 28-43 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51580. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8567 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:103 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Neosynchiropus rubrovinctus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Nakabo & Aizawa 1991 [ref. 20442]). •Valid as Synchiropus rubrovinctus (Gilbert 1905) -- (Fricke 1981:139 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:660 [ref. 8349], Randall 1999:204 [ref. 24082], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Mundy 2005:469 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:348 [ref. 28867], Fricke 2006:11 [ref. 28872], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Randall 2007:389 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus rubrovinctus (Gilbert 1905). Callionymidae. Distribution: Western and central North Pacific: southern Japan, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

sechellensis, Synchiropus Regan [C. T.] 1908:249, Pl. 30 (fig. 1) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, depth 37 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.265-266 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Neosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908 -- (Fricke 1981:84 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:662 [ref. 8349], Dor 1984:236 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Fricke 2000:41 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2002:65 [ref. 26547], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Gökoğlu et al. 2014:440 [ref. 33365], Fricke 2016:11 [ref. 34659], Kondylatos et al. 2016:188 [ref. 39531], Fricke & Ordines 2017:166, 169 [ref. 35468], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:146 [ref. 36273], Kovačić et al. 2021:67 [ref. 39014], Fricke & Anderson 2022:465 [ref. 39659], Chalari & Zafeiridis in Langeneck et al. 2023:622 [ref. 40699], Stern & Tagar in Langeneck et al. 2023:62 [ref. 40699]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus sechellensis Regan 1908. Callionymidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden and Somalia to Maldives and Seychelles; Chesterfield Islands to Grande Terre Group (New Caledonia); eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

shoe, Synchiropus Okada [Y.] & Ikeda [H.] 1937:90, Figs. 4-5 [Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan v. 7; ref. 17211] Kowan, Okinawa Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: Okada coll. spec. 2298 (lost). Paratypes: YCM-P 31084 [ex Okada coll. 2299] (1), Okada coll. spec. 3000-01 (2, lost). Type catalog: Hayashi 1995 [ref. 22717], Shibata et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31469]. •Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770) -- (Fricke 1981:91 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:637 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:61 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus ocellatus (Pallas 1770). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.

signipinnis, Synchiropus Fricke [R.] 2000:43, Fig. 21 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 617; ref. 25197] Chesterfield Islands, Coral Sea, 19°43'48"S, 158°35'15"E, depth 348 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1999-1252. Paratypes: SMNS 21271 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:23 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Synchiropus signipinnis Fricke 2000 -- (Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus signipinnis Fricke 2000. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

splendidus, Callionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:416, Pl. 2 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 32 (no. 3); ref. 2102] Bungau, Philippines, depth 2 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). Genus misspelled Gallionymus in main heading; correctly as Callionymus on figure. May use Synchiropus or Pterosynchiropus; authors differ. •Valid as Pterosynchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927) -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:344 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1128 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1128 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:173 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Bray 2006:1588 [ref. 29000]). •Valid as Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927) -- (Fricke 1981:127 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:668 [ref. 8349], Randall et al. 1990:389 [ref. 15987], Fricke 1993:374 [ref. 22077], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:342 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:389 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:490 [ref. 24106], Fricke in Randall & Lim 2000:634 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:401 [ref. 25191], Fricke 2000:45 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:510 [ref. 28239], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:854 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Fricke 2016:51 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:21 [ref. 34659], Fricke 2017:183 [ref. 35548], Fricke et al. 2019:266 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus splendidus (Herre 1927). Callionymidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: central Indonesia east to Palau, Micronesia, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

springeri, Synchiropus (Synchiropus) Fricke [R.] 1983:673, Fig. 208 [Theses Zoologicae v. 3; ref. 8349] South side of channel at northeastern end of Malolo Island barrier reef, Fiji Islands, 17°45'S, 177°04'E, depth 0-20 meters. Holotype: USNM 235725. Paratypes: USNM 246705 (2). •Valid as Synchiropus springeri Fricke 1983 -- (Fricke 2000:46 [ref. 25197], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292], Fricke 2002:66 [ref. 26547], Fricke 2006:12 [ref. 28872], Allen & Erdmann 2012:854 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus springeri Fricke 1983. Callionymidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Rotuma and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Synchiropus Smith [J. L. B.] 1963:559, Pl. 85 (figs. A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 28; ref. 4129] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 167 or 162. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1000-01 (1, 1). Type catalog: Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432]. Neosynchiropus Nakabo 1982 is preoccupied by Neosynchiropus Nalbant 1979 in the same family. •Valid as Neosynchiropus stellatus (Smith 1963) -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:392 [ref. 28072]). •Valid as Synchiropus stellatus Smith 1963 -- (Fricke 1981:107 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:677 [ref. 8349], Fricke 1986:774 [ref. 5653], Randall et al. 1990:389 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:353 [ref. 22896], Myers 1999:232 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:494 [ref. 24106], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Fricke 2002:67 [ref. 26547], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:509 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1585 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:97 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:855 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33442], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:9 [ref. 34659], Fricke et al. 2018:316 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36871], Fricke & Anderson 2022:465 [ref. 39659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus stellatus Smith 1963. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

sycorax, Synchiropus Tea [Y.-K.] & Gill [A. C.] 2016:86, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4173 (no. 1); ref. 34800] Jolo Island, Sulu Archipelago, Philippines. Holotype: AMS I.47200-001. Paratypes: AMS, CAS, USNM, ZRC. •Valid as Synchiropus sycorax Tea & Gill 2016. Current status: Valid as Synchiropus sycorax Tea & Gill 2016. Callionymidae. Distribution: Jolo Island, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

talarae, Synchiropus Hildebrand [S. F.] & Barton [O.] 1949:21, Fig. 6 [Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections v. 111 (no. 10); ref. 13015] Talara, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 144258. Type catalog: Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432]. May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Valid as Synchiropus talarae Hildebrand & Barton 1949 -- (Fricke 1982:74 [ref. 5432] as talaarae, Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:231, 266 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Synchiropus atrilabiatus (Garman 1899) -- (Fricke 1981:33 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1983:567 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:52 [ref. 26547]). •Valid as Foetorepus talarae (Hildebrand & Barton 1949) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus talarae Hildebrand & Barton 1949. Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tudorjonesi, Synchiropus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:10, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 18 (no. 1); ref. 31759] Oceanic patch reef, 2°25.830'S, 134°54.409'E, north of Tridacna Atoll, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua Province, Indonesia, depth 70 meters. Holotype: MZB 20019. Paratypes: MZB 20020 (1); WAM P.33357-001 (1), P.33368-002 (1). •Valid as Synchiropus tudorjonesi Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:853 [ref. 31980], Fricke 2016:50 [ref. 34468], Fricke 2016:12 [ref. 34659], Tea & Gill 2016:90 [ref. 34800], Fricke & Anderson 2022:466 [ref. 39659]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus tudorjonesi Allen & Erdmann 2012. Callionymidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to western New Guinea (West Papua, Indonesia), north to southern Japan. IUCN (2020): not assessed. Habitat: marine.

valdiviae, Callionymus Trunov [I. A.] 1981:59, Fig. 4 [Byulleten Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii [Bulletin of the Moscow Society of Naturalists Biological Series] v. 86 (no. 5); ref. 8532] Southeastern Atlantic, 26°13'S, 6°19'E, depth 235 meters. Holotype (unique): ZIN 45302. Non-types, not mentioned in original description: ZIN 45303 (1). May use Synchiropus or Foetorepus; authors differ. •Synonym of Synchiropus agassizii (Goode & Bean 1888) -- (Davis & Fricke 1990:923 [ref. 19375] as agassizi). •Valid as Foetorepus valdiviae (Trunov 1981) -- (Nakabo & Hartel 1999:114 [ref. 23704]). •Valid as Synchiropus valdiviae (Trunov 1981) -- (Fricke 2002:67 [ref. 26547], Anderson et al. 2005:28 [ref. 28396], Fricke in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2823 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2022:8 [ref. 39825]). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus valdiviae (Trunov 1981). Callionymidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic: Walvis Ridge and Tristan da Cunha. Habitat: marine.

zamboangana, Synchiropus Seale [A.] 1910:540 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Zamboanga, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 4456 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: BSMP 3070 (1, destroyed in WWII). •Valid as Synchiropus zamboangana Seale 1910 -- (Fricke 1981:150 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:78 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:681 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2001:3555 [ref. 26292] as zamboanganus, Fricke 2002:67 [ref. 26547] as zamboanganus). Current status: Valid as Synchiropus zamboangana Seale 1910. Callionymidae. Distribution: Philippines, Habitat: marine.

zaspilus, Callionymus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:24 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Sitankai, Sibutu Islands, Sulu Province, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25515. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:104 [ref. 12291], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432]. •Synonym of Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877) -- (Fricke 1981:134 [ref. 1499], Fricke 1982:77 [ref. 5432], Fricke 1983:646 [ref. 8349], Fricke 2002:63 [ref. 26547]). Current status: Synonym of Synchiropus picturatus (Peters 1877). Callionymidae. Habitat: marine.


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