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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Terapontidae: [ 135 ] records


acutirostris, Therapon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:398 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.424. Lectotype selected by Yoshino et al. 2002:238. •Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:270 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1337 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Datnia argentea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adamsoni, Therapon Trewavas [E.] 1940:284 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 25); ref. 17250] Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1940.3.11.1-5 (5), BMNH 1975.3.1.1 [ex 1940.3.11.1-5] (1). •Valid as Hephaestus adamsoni (Trewavas 1940) -- (Vari 1978:292 [ref. 4514], Allen 1991:123 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus adamsoni (Trewavas 1940). Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Therapon Mees [G. F.] & Kailola [P. J.] 1977:72, Fig. 12 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 153; ref. 5183] Lake Murray, Western District, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.19132-001 [ex DPI No. F 0383] (1). Paratypes: AMS I.19133-001 (1), I.19134-001 (2); DPI uncat. (24); KFRS F.3803 (1); RMNH 27578-80 (1, 1, 1); USNM 216418-19 (2, 1). •Valid as Therapon affinis Mees & Kailola 1977 -- (Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Amniataba affinis (Mees & Kailola 1977) -- (Allen 1991:122 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2008:122 [ref. 30265], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013]). Current status: Valid as Amniataba affinis (Mees & Kailola 1977). Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

aheneus, Therapon Mees [G. F.] 1963:2, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 19331] Millstream Pool, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.5350-001 (destroyed). Paratypes: RMNH 24650 [ex WAM P.5351] (2); WAM P.5351-001 (11, now 9), P.5358-001 (3), P.5373-001 (5), P.5423-001 (2, missing), P.5424-001 (1, missing). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Leiopotherapon aheneus (Mees 1963) -- (Vari 1978:236 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:225 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Morgan et al. 2014:22 [ref. 36567]). Current status: Valid as Leiopotherapon aheneus (Mees 1963). Terapontidae. Distribution: Western Australia: Pilbara endemic (Fortescue, Ashburton and Robe rivers). Habitat: freshwater.

alligatoris, Terapon Rendahl [H.] 1922:185 [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] South Alligator River, northwestern Australia. Holotype: apparently missing. Paratypes: (2) NRM 10439 (1) McKinley R. Specimen ZMUO J5230 is labeled a paratype but is not a type according to Pethon 1969:1, 7 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:280 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1335 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

annularis, Grammistes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:188 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Djiddae (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea). Unneeded replacement name for Sciaena jarbua Fabricius 1775; see Fricke 2008:46 [ref. 30182]. •In the synonymy of Terapon jarbua (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). •In the synonymy of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:46 [ref. 30182]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argentea, Datnia Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:139, Pl. 54 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:106 [ref. 12478]. Lectotype (existence unknown) designated by Kottelat 2000: 92 [ref. 25865]. •Valid as Datnia argentea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2000:92 [ref. 25865], Yoshigou 2019:138 [ref. 36562]). •Valid as Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:270 [ref. 4514], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:529 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:83 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:127 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:107 [ref. 23448], Chen et al. 1996:161 [ref. 22889] as Mesoprites, Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:953 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:94 [ref. 25693], Vari 2001:3309 [ref. 26126], Allen et al. 2002:240 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:953 [ref. 26193], Yoshino et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26332], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Allen et al. 2006:1337 [ref. 29004], Maeda et al. 2011:45 [ref. 32004], Fricke et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:200 [ref. 36673], Keith et al. 2021:60 [ref. 38257], Kim et al. 2021:172 [ref. 39117]). Current status: Valid as Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and New Guinea, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), Solomons and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argentea, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:294 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality [Indo-West Pacific]. Holotype (unique): NRM 4295-1. A senior synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829, but regarded as a nomen oblitum (forgotten name) by Parenti. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •In the synonymy of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Parenti et al. 2013:303 [ref. 32762]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Autisthes De Vis [C. W.] 1884:398 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype: QM I.176 (dry mount). •Synonym of Terapon puta Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:263 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442] with genus as Authistes, Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon puta Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ater, Therapon Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

bancrofti, Therapon Ogilby [J. D.] & McCulloch [A. R.] 1916:119, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 5; ref. 15061] Eureka Creek, Stannary Hills, York Peninsula, northern Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: (4) QM I.2318 (1, figured specimen), (3, not researched). •Synonym of Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:280 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1335 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

barcoo, Therapon McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1917:474, Fig. 2 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia v. 41; ref. 10021] Coopers Creek, South Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F.607. Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Scortum barcoo (McCulloch & Waite 1917) -- (Vari 1978:305 [ref. 4514], Larson & Martin 1990:54 [ref. 16606], Allen et al. 1993:73 [ref. 20788], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:231 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Allen et al. 2006:1340 [ref. 29004], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:162 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Scortum barcoo (McCulloch & Waite 1917). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

bidyana, Acerina (Cernua) Mitchell [T. L.] 1838:95, opp. 95, Pl. 8 [Three expeditions into the interior of eastern Australia v. 1; ref. 3029] 29°09'S, river between Gwydir River and McIntyre River, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. •Valid as Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838) -- (Vari 1978:297 [ref. 4514], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:116 [ref. 25473], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Merrick in McDowall 1996:164 [ref. 22909], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:212 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Allen et al. 2006:1333 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32988], Kuiter 2018:64 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Terapontidae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Murray-Darling River system of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales; introduced in other areas of southern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

bonapartensis, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:26, Fig. 8 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Off Cossack Road, Katherine River, Australia, 14°32'52.8''S, 132°7'48''E. Holotype: NTM S.17646-003. Paratypes: NTM, WAM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Syncomistes bonapartensis Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes bonapartensis Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia: Carson River (Kimberley, Western Australia) east to Finnis River (Northern Territory). Habitat: freshwater.

bostockii, Therapon Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:129 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Swan River, Fremantle, Western Australia. No types known. Proposed conditionally, but available. •Synonym of Amniataba caudavittata (Richardson 1845) -- (Vari 1978:242 [ref. 4514] as caudavittatus, Paxton et al. 1989:531 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba caudavittata (Richardson 1845). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bouzetianus, Therapon Hombron [J. B.] & Jacquinot [H.] in Jacquinot & Guichenot 1853:43, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Voyage au Pôle Sud et dans l'Oceanie v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 18307] No locality. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7938. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Vari 1978:255 [ref. 4514] as bounzetianus, Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachycentrus, Therapon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1869:705 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1869; ref. 14098] •Replacement name for brevispinnis of Peters 1868:256 -- (Vari 1978:229 [ref. 4514]). •Synonym of Leiopotherapon plumbius (Kner 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner 1864). Terapontidae.

brevipinnis, Therapon Mees [G. F.] 1971:209 [Zoologische Mededeelingen (Leiden) v. 45 (no. 20); ref. 690] Hann River, Kimberley Division, Western Australia. Holotype: RMNH 26398. Paratypes: RMNH 26399 (52, some to be presented to WAM). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Hephaestus jenkinsi (Whitley 1945) -- (Vari 1978:285 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1335 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Hephaestus jenkinsi (Whitley 1945). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevispinis, Datnia Steindachner [F.] 1867:309 [3] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56 (1. Abth.); ref. 14188] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 35319-21 (3), 35323 (2). On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859) -- (Vari 1978:231 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brevispinnis, Therapon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:256 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Quingoa River, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: ZMB 6681 (6). •Synonym of Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner 1864) -- (Vari 1978:229 [ref. 4514], Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

burnettensis, Amniataba percoides Whitley [G. P.] 1943:183 [Australian Zoologist v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 4703] Upper Burnett River, Eidsvold, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.12197. A new subspecific name based on Amniataba percoides discussed in Ogilby & McCulloch 1916:107 [ref. 15061]. •Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Vari 1978:239 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004], Pusey et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

butleri, Syncomistes Vari [R. P.] 1978:311, Figs. 87-88 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 159 (art. 5); ref. 4514] Lilly (Barramundi) Lagoon near Barramundi Creek, a tributary of the South Alligator River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25385-001 (destroyed). Paratypes: AMNH 35642-53 (2, 11, 9, 10, 3, 11, 11, 10, 2, 10, 2, 13); WAM P.21536-001 (1), P.25386-001 (5), P.25387-001 (9), P.25388-001 (11, 4 c&s), P.25389-001 (5), P.25390-001 (8), P.25427-003 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Syncomistes butleri Vari 1978 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:538 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:55 [ref. 16606], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:236 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1341 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:162 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35250], Shelley et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35712]). Current status: Valid as Syncomistes butleri Vari 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia: Adelaide River east to Goyder River (Northern Territory endemic). Habitat: freshwater.

cancellata, Datnia Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:144 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 347. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:106 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Datnia cancellata Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989], Yoshigou 2019:140 [ref. 36562]). •Valid as Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:273 [ref. 4514], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:529 [ref. 25598], Allen 1991:127 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:107 [ref. 23448], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:952 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:94 [ref. 25693], Vari 2001:3310 [ref. 26126], Nakabo 2002:952 [ref. 26193], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Maeda et al. 2011:45 [ref. 32004], Amick & Toko 2021:11 [ref. 38599], Keith et al. 2021:62 [ref. 38257]). Current status: Valid as Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cancellatoides, Datnia Bleeker [P.] 1853:247 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman, Sumatra (marine); Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia (freshwater). Lectotype: RMNH 5630. Paralectotypes: (2) possibly in RMNH 33842 (2 of 3). Original as cancellatoïdes. Lectotype selected by Yoshino et al. 2002:237 [ref. 26332]. •Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:270 [ref. 4514], Yoshino et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26332]). •Synonym of Datnia argentea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carbo, Therapon Ogilby [J. D.] & McCulloch [A. R.] 1916:116, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 5; ref. 15061] Upper waters of Gregory River, northern Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.2445-46 (1, 1). •Valid as Hephaestus carbo (Ogilby & McCulloch 1916) -- (Vari 1978:294 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:46 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:125 [ref. 21090], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:220 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1334 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Larson et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus carbo (Ogilby & McCulloch 1916). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

carbo, Therapon Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Queensland, Australia. Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

carcharus, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:37, Fig. 12 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Upper Prince Regent at confluence with Pitta Creek, Prince Regent River, Western Australia, 15°50'56.82''S, 125°39'0.41''E. Holotype: NMV A31452-001. Paratypes: WAM. •Valid as Syncomistes carcharus Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes carcharus Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Upper Prince Regent River, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

caudavittata, Datnia Richardson [J.] 1845:24, Pl. 18 (figs. 3-5) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Harvey River in fresh water, Western Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1844.12.15.44-46. Originally Datnia ?. •Valid as Amniataba caudavittata (Richardson 1845) -- (Vari 1978:241 [ref. 4514] as caudavittatus, Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477] as caudovittatus, Paxton et al. 1989:531 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:241 [ref. 25930], Vari 2001:3308 [ref. 26126] as caudovittatus, Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013] as caudovittatus, Larson et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32988], Morgan et al. 2014:20 [ref. 36567], Steinke et al. 2017:8 [ref. 35255] with remarks, Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Amniataba caudavittata (Richardson 1845). Terapontidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: New Guinea and Australia, south to Swan River (Western Australia) and northeastern Queensland (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cavifrons, Therapon Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

chalybeus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1883:259 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Normanby Island, New Guinea, in freshwater. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9215. •Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:270 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Yoshino et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26332], Allen et al. 2006:1337 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Datnia argentea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cincta, Perca Günther [A.] 1859:279 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimens from India mentioned under Therapon servus. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

cinereus, Therapon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:138 ?129 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Indian Ocean. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7927. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym or Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cuvieri, Therapon Bleeker [P.] 1854:211 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 16926] Kupang, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Syntypes: (10). Based on literature and specimens. •Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Vari 1978:250 [ref. 4514], Kottelat 2013:370 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Terapontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dilliensis, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:42, Fig. 14 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Charnley River at Pearson Creek confluence, Charnley River, Western Australia, 16°12'39.63''S, 125°30'17.53''E. Holotype: WAM P.34547.001. Paratypes: NMV, NTM, WAM. •Valid as Syncomistes dilliensis Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes dilliensis Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Isdell, Charnley and Calder Rivers, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

eadesii, Cernua Blandowski [W.] 1857:131, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria v. 2 (art. 15); ref. 34539] Lower Murray River, South Australia, Australia No types known. Name not available, as p. 131 and Pl. 1 were omitted from distributed journal copies and reprints by order of the Council, of 7 Apr. 1858, therefore not meeting criteria of publication according to ICZN Art. 8.1.1.; publication disclaimed according to ICZN Art. 8.2. See remarks under ref. 34539; see also Iredale & Whitley 1932 [ref. 2299]. •In the synonymy of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Current status: Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Terapontidae.

elliptica, Datnia Richardson [J.] 1848:118, Pl. 52 (figs. 4-8) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Rivers of Western Australia. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 2012.10.25.1 (stuffed) (seen in 2004). List as the holotype by Günther 1861but differs considerably in total length to that given by Richardson; Maclaine email 10/25/2012. •Synonym of Bidyanus welchi (McCulloch & Waite 1917) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442]). •Incertae sedis in Terapontidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1343 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Uncertain as Bidyanus welchi (McCulloch & Waite 1917). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Datnia Guichenot [A.] 1866:133 [Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg v. 12 (= Ser. 2, v. 2); ref. 14054] Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4170. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:87 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot 1866) -- (Vari 1978:276 [ref. 4514], Daget & Smith 1986:304 [ref. 6204], Vari 1992:1 [ref. 19770], Poll & Gosse 1995:117 [ref. 24781], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Yoshino et al. 2002:238 [ref. 26332], Maeda et al. 2011:45 [ref. 32004], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot 1866). Terapontidae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

elphinstonensis, Therapon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:57 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 17385] Lake Elphinstone, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.2288 (1), I.1906 (1) •Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859) -- (Vari 1978:231 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

epirrhinos, Hephaestus Vari [R. P.] & Hutchins [J. B.] 1978:4, Figs. 6, 9a [American Museum Novitates No. 2654; ref. 8868] Drysdale River, 15°01'S, 126°54'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25724-001. Paratypes: AMNH 36418 (2); WAM P.25403-002 (1), P.25404-003 (4), P.25407-003 (1), P.25410-001 (3), P.25421-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Hephaestus epirrhinos Vari & Hutchins 1978 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:221 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1334 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31262], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus epirrhinos Vari & Hutchins 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

farna, Therapon (Datnia) Bleeker [P.] 1879:11 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 18; ref. 17121] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No type known. Appeared as "Therapon (Datnia) farna Blkr = Therapon servus CV." •In the synonymy of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 1999:217 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae.

fasciata, Datnia Steindachner [F.] 1867:322 [16] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56 (1. Abth.); ref. 14188] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW. On p. 16 of separate. •Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:531 [ref. 12442]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Therapon Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:11 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.7136 (1, skin), MNHN A-4561 (2, dry) Swan R. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Vari 1978:238 [ref. 4514], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fuliginosus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1883:201 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Upper Burdekin River, northern Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.17824 (1); A.17819 (destroyed), A.17820-22 (3), A.17823 (destroyed), A.17824 (1); QM I.2384 (1). •Valid as Therapon fuliginosus Macleay 1883 -- (Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:280 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:47 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:123 [ref. 21090], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:222 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1335 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35250]). •See Hephestus species -- (Allen et al. 2008:1230 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia (not including Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

gerager, Therapon Montrouzier [X.] 1857:425 [147] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 147 of reprint. Appeared as Therapon? gerager (Johnius gerager, mss.). •Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ghebul, Therapon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:133 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Red Sea. Holotype (?): MNHN 0000-7904. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Terapon puta Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:262 [ref. 4514], Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757] Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon puta Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gilberti, Pingalla Whitley [G. P.] 1955:46 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1953-54; ref. 4724] Gilbert River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.3148. Paratypes: AMS (not found); QM I.10786 [ex DHMB 2847-49] (4). •Valid as Pingalla gilberti Whitley 1955 -- (Vari 1978:309 [ref. 4514], Allen & Merrick 1984:79 [ref. 6248], Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:228 [ref. 25930], Pusey et al. 2017:60 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Pingalla gilberti Whitley 1955. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

greenwayi, Hannia Vari [R. P.] 1978:244, Fig. 39 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 159 (art. 5); ref. 4514] Hann River at Moll Gorge, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25380-002 [ex AMNH] (deteriorated/destroyed). Paratypes: AMNH 35641 (now 52, 4 c&s), WAM P.25380-001 [ex AMNH] (48, 5 deteriorated/destroyed). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:21 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Hannia greenwayi Vari 1978 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:537 [ref. 20887], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:219 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Allen et al. 2006:1334 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31262], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Shelley et al. 2020:577 [ref. 37869]). Current status: Valid as Hannia greenwayi Vari 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Streams between Fitzroy River and Glenelg River, western Kimberley, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

habbemai, Therapon Weber [M.] 1910:234 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Lorentz River, New Guinea. Syntypes: FMNH 52496 [ex CM 754] (1) Alkmaar; SMF 10670 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 112455-59 (7, 22, 2, 1, 2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:83 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Hephaestus trimaculatus (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:288 [ref. 4514]). •Valid as Therapon habbemai Weber 1910 -- (Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Hephaestus habbemai (Weber 1910) -- (Allen 1991:124 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:99 [ref. 27467] dated 1908, Allen et al. 2008:124 [ref. 30265], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus habbemai (Weber 1910). Terapontidae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

hillii, Therapon Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:226 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Taroom, upper Dawson River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:106 [ref. 12478]. •Valid as Scortum hillii (Castelnau 1878) -- (Vari 1978:303 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 1993:73 [ref. 20788] as hilli, Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:232 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1340 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Valid as Scortum hillii (Castelnau 1878). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

holsworthi, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:47, Fig. 16 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Flying Fox Creek, Ord River, Western Australia, 16°32'54.258''S, 128°22'13.31''E. Holotype: WAM P.34530.001. Paratypes: NMV, NTM, WAM. •Valid as Syncomistes holsworthi Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes holsworthi Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Ord, Pentecost and Durack Rivers, eastern Kimberley region, Western Australia, and Victoria River, Northern Territory. Habitat: freshwater.

humeralis, Therapon Ogilby [J. D.] 1899:177 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 3279] Pelsart Island, Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.866. •Valid as Pelsartia humeralis (Ogilby 1899) -- (Vari 1978:265 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:561 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:134 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2006:1339 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:619 [ref. 30653], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Pelsartia humeralis (Ogilby 1899). Terapontidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

idoneus, Terapon Ogilby [J. D.] 1906:37 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 20; ref. 15161] Upper Condamine River, southern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.2250. •Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859) -- (Vari 1978:231 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

indica, Perca Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:114 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] India. No types known. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Parenti et al. 2013:307 [ref. 32762]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

inoko, Stereolepis Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1931:52, Fig. 7 [Transactions of the Pacific Committee of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. v. 2; ref. 16332] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 22902. •Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Vari 1978:256 [ref. 4514], Daget & Smith 1986:305 [ref. 6204], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

interruptus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1883:258 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Fresh water of Normanby Island, New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9145-46 (1, 1), I.13668 (1). •Synonym of Datnia cancellata Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:273 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

iravi, Mesopristes Yoshino [T.], Yoshigou [H.] & Senou [H.] 2002:234, Figs. 1A, 2A [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 3); ref. 26332] Urauchi-gawa River, 24°21'27"N, 123°47'34"E, Iriomote Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: URM-P 31874. Paratypes: KPM-NI 2004 (1); URM-P 4287 (1, c&s), 7558 (1), 30152 (1), 32190 (1), 32314 (1), 38654-55 (2); YCM-SSP 10056 (4). •Valid as Mesopristes iravi Yoshino, Yoshigou & Senou 2002 -- (Maeda et al. 2011:45 [ref. 32004]). •Valid as Datnia iravi (Yoshino, Yoshigou & Senou 2002) -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989], Yoshigou 2019:139 [ref. 36562]). Current status: Valid as Mesopristes iravi Yoshino, Yoshigou & Senou 2002. Terapontidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

jamesonoides, Archeria Nichols [J. T.] 1949:6 [American Museum Novitates No. 1433; ref. 3182] Archer River, Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMNH 18533. •Synonym of Hephaestus suavis (Whitley 1948) -- (Vari 1978:295 [ref. 4514]). •Synonym of Hephaestus carbo (Ogilby & McCulloch 1916) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1334 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Hephaestus carbo (Ogilby & McCulloch 1916). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

jamoerensis, Therapon Mees [G. F.] 1971:214, Fig. 5 [Zoologische Mededeelingen (Leiden) v. 45 (no. 20); ref. 690] Lake Jamur [= Yamur], Irian Jaya, about 3°39'S, 134°58'E. Holotype: RMNH 25225. Paratypes: RMNH 25224 (4). •Valid as "Terapon" jamoerensis Mees 1971 -- (Vari 1978:246 [ref. 4514]). •Valid as Varia jamoerensis (Mees 1971) -- (Allen 1991:128 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Variichthys jamoerensis (Mees 1971) -- (Allen 1993:453 [ref. 21140], Allen et al. 2000:102 [ref. 27467]). Current status: Valid as Variichthys jamoerensis (Mees 1971). Terapontidae. Distribution: Lake Yamur, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

jarbua, Sciaena Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:xii, 44, 50 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Djiddae (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea). Lectotype: ZMUC P43571 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P43572 (1, dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:62 [ref. 9588], Fricke 2008:46 [ref. 30182]. Types figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pls. 17-18 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:46 [ref. 30182]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:20 [ref. 20847]. Also named Sciaena djabub on p. 44. Originally also described from Sues (As-Suways, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea). Authorship follows Fricke 2008:46 [ref. 30182]. Misspelled jerbua by Griffith & Smith 1834:120 [ref. 1908], in synonymy. •Valid as Therapon [sic] jarbua (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:248 [ref. 26639], Ataur Rahman 1989:342 [ref. 24860], Zheng 1989:329 [ref. 21202] in Terapon, Ye in Pan et al. 1991:411 [ref. 23876]). •Valid as Terapon jarbua (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vari 1978:255 [ref. 4514], Kyushin et al. 1982:104 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6204], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:528 [ref. 25598], Randall et al. 1990:134 [ref. 15987], Allen 1991:128 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:811 [ref. 20764], Suzuki & Uno 1992:3 [ref. 24139], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Kuiter 1993:148 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:280 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Poll & Gosse 1995:117 [ref. 24781], Kottelat & Lim 1995:245 [ref. 23210], Randall 1995:152 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:249 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:192 [ref. 22772], Rema Devi et al. 1996:142 [ref. 24021], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:149 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:106 [ref. 26476], Takahashi et al. 1997:45 [ref. 24971], Kuiter 1997:134 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:134 [ref. 25919], Sato et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24972], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:216 [ref. 24106], Lee & Tsai 1999:279 [ref. 24218], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:243 [ref. 24754], Mizuno et al. 1999:8 [ref. 25311], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:951 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:66 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:208 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:182 [ref. 25480], Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25482], Johnson 2001:731 [ref. 25471], Sakai et al. 2001:94 [ref. 25693], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Shimizu 2001:28 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:242 [ref. 25930], Vari 2001:3314 [ref. 26126], Nakabo 2002:951 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:358, 627 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:125 [ref. 27510], Khan 2003:9 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:374 [ref. 31338], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:180 [ref. 28072], Seegers et al. 2003:42 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:183 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004], Khalaf & Zajonz 2007:427 [ref. 31739], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], Ghanbarifardi & Malek 2009:[4] 498 [ref. 37937], Satapoomin 2009:197 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:142 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:362 [ref. 31980], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hata et al. 2012:29 [ref. 32412], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:163 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:168 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:418 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:203 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:61 [ref. 35333], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Motomura et al. 2017:176 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:319 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:110 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:270 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:31 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:118 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:200 [ref. 36673], Yoshigou 2019:129 [ref. 36562], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:400 [ref. 37272], Freyhof et al. 2020:208 [ref. 37658], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 21 [ref. 38321], Kim et al. 2020:143 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37637], Golani 2021:43 [ref. 38303], Hibino in Motomura et al. 2021:51 [ref. 38121], Keith et al. 2021:64 [ref. 38257], Esmaeili et al. 2022:497 [ref. 39253]). •Valid as Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182], Kovačić et al. 2021:64 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Madagascar, western Mascarenes (now extinct in Réunion) and Persian Gulf east to Palau, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Korea and central Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia); Mediterranean Sea (immigrant through Suez Canal). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

jenkinsi, Mesopristes Whitley [G. P.] 1945:26 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Ivanhoe Station, Ord River, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.2763-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Hephaestus jenkinsi (Whitley 1945) -- (Vari 1978:285 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:538 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:50 [ref. 16606], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:223 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Allen et al. 2006:1335 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31262], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Larson et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:62 [ref. 35250] with remarks). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus jenkinsi (Whitley 1945). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia: Northern Territory and Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

kalkaya, Holocentrus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:222 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Also appeared in Hamilton in McClelland 1841:39 [ref. 6175]. Not available, name mentioned in passing. •In the synonymy of Therapos jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Kottelat 2313"371 [ref. 32989]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae.

katlaya, Holocentrus Hamilton [F.] in Chaudhuri 1923:720 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 5 (no. 11); ref. 20272] As Holocentrus (?) katlaya; not available, a Hamilton name handwritten on back of a drawing; in the synonymy of Therapon jarbua (Forsskål 1775). •In the synonymy of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Vari 1978:256 [ref. 4514] as katakya, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:811 [ref. 20764] as katakya). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae.

kimberleyensis, Syncomistes Vari [R. P.] 1978:315, Fig. 91 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 159 (art. 5); ref. 4514] Bow River at Nicholson-Wyndham Highway crossing, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25383-001 (destroyed). Paratypes: AMNH 35636 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Syncomistes kimberleyensis Vari 1978 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:237 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1341 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31262], Shelley et al. 2017:53 [ref. 35712]). Current status: Valid as Syncomistes kimberleyensis Vari 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Durack, Pentecost and Ord Rivers, eastern Kimberley region, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

kneri, Therapon Bleeker [P.] 1876:115 [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises v. 7; ref. 4861] Fiji. Based on Kner 1868:299, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [ref. 2646]. •Valid as Mesopristes kneri (Bleeker 1876) -- (Vari 1978:278 [ref. 4514], Yoshino et al. 2002:238 [ref. 26332], Maeda et al. 2011:45 [ref. 32004]). •Valid as Datnia kneri Bleeker 1876. Current status: Valid as Mesopristes kneri (Bleeker 1876). Terapontidae. Distribution: Fiji. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

komaensis, Hephaestus Allen [G. R.] & Jebb [M.] 1993:235, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 21102] Side branch of Koma River, 6°41'S, 145°10'E, mountainous upper Purari River system of Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.30348-004. Paratypes: AMS I.34181-001 (5), WAM P.30348-005 (22). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Hephaestus komaensis Allen & Jebb 1993 -- (Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus komaensis Allen & Jebb 1993. Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

lacustris, Therapon Mees [G. F.] & Kailola [P. J.] 1977:40, Fig. 4 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 153; ref. 5183] Balimo Lagoon, western Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.19135-001. Paratypes: AMS I.19135-002 (3), I.19136-001 (2), I.19137-001 (1), I.19138-001 (1), I.19139-001 (2), I.19140-001 (1); ?KFRS 418 (2, missing 2/03), KFRS F.1320 (1), F.3733 (4); RMNH 27465-66 (1, 1), 27575-76 (1, 1); USNM 216416-17 (1, 1) •Valid as Therapon lacustris Mees & Kailola 1977 -- (Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Varia lacustris (Mees & Kailola 1977) -- (Allen 1991:128 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Variichthys lacustris (Mees & Kailola 1977) -- (Allen 1993:460 [ref. 21140], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:240 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1343 [ref. 29004], Allen et al. 2008:126 [ref. 30265], Pusey et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Variichthys lacustris (Mees & Kailola 1977). Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

lambertoni, Therapon Fowler [H. W.] 1923:40 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 75; ref. 15403] Tananarive, Madagascar. Holotype: ANSP 51096. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:161 [ref. 13621], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot 1866) -- (Vari 1978:276 [ref. 4514], Daget & Smith 1986:304 [ref. 6204], Vari 1992:2 [ref. 19770], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot 1866). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lineatus, Hephaestus Allen [G. R.] 1984:393, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 11 (pt 4); ref. 6243] Small stream at Fruata Village, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, about 2°59'S, 132°32'E. Holotype: LBN 4947. Paratypes: LBN 4948 (2), WAM P.27867-002 [not P.27868-002] (2), WAM P.27868-002 [not P.27869-002] (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Hephaestus lineatus Allen 1984 -- (Allen 1991:124 [ref. 21090], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus lineatus Allen 1984. Terapontidae. Distribution: Irian Jaya. Habitat: freshwater.

longulus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1881:367 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Fresh waters inland from Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859) -- (Vari 1978:231 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lorentzi, Helotes Weber [M.] 1910:236 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Lorentz River, New Guinea. Syntypes: FMNH 52495 [ex CM 753] (1); ZMA 112446-47 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:88 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:43 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Therapon lorentzi (Weber 1910) -- (Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Pingalla lorentzi (Weber 1910) -- (Vari 1978:307 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Allen 1991:127 [ref. 21090], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Allen et al. 2000:101 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:229 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1339 [ref. 29004], Allen et al. 2008:125 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:161 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Pingalla lorentzi (Weber 1910). Terapontidae. Distribution: Northern Australia and south-central New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

macleayana, Therapon Ramsay [E. P.] 1882:831 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 6 (pt 4); ref. 18591] Macquarie River, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838) -- (Vari 1978:297 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1333 [ref. 29004], Kuiter 2018:65 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

macracanthus, Mesopristes Bleeker [P.] 1873:372 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 12588] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Appeared as name only in Bleeker 1845:523 [ref. 312] [see account of Mesopristes]; then as name in synonymy as above. •In the synonymy of Datnia argentina Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). •In the synonymy of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:270 [ref. 4514], Yoshino et al. 2002:234 [ref. 26332], Allen et al. 2006:1337 [ref. 29004]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae.

macrolepis, Leiopotherapon Vari [R. P.] 1978:235, Fig. 34 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 159 (art. 5); ref. 4514] Youwanjela Creek, tributary of Prince Regent River, Western Australia, 15°34'S, 125°25'E. Holotype: WAM P.25392-001. Paratypes: AMNH 33976-77 (15, 12); WAM P.25025-002 (1), P.25026-003 (5), P.25027-003 (6), P.25029-002 (20), P.25032-005 (10), P.25040-002 (12, 3 deteriorated). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Leiopotherapon macrolepis Vari 1978 -- (Vari 1978:235 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:226 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Leiopotherapon macrolepis Vari 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia: King Regent River and upper Roe River endemic (Kimberley, Western Australia). Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Therapon Kendall [W. C.] & Goldsborough [E. L.] 1911:288, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 26 (pt 7); ref. 2594] Suva, Fiji Islands. Holotype: USNM 66061. Paratypes: MCZ 29494 (2), USNM 66062 (5). •Synonym of Datnia kneri Bleeker 1876 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Mesopristes kneri (Bleeker 1876) -- (Vari 1978:278 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes kneri (Bleeker 1876). Terapontidae.

maculosus, Therapon Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

micracanthus, Datnia Bleeker [P.] 1860:55 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 8 (art. 7); ref. 379] Lagusi, Sulawesi, Indonesia, in rivers. Syntypes: RMNH 5632 (3). •Valid as Lagusia micracanthus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Vari 1978:247 [ref. 4514], Kottelat et al. 1993:107 [ref. 23448], Vari & Hadiaty 2012:158 [ref. 31811], Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Lagusia micracanthus (Bleeker 1860). Terapontidae. Distribution: Selatan Province, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Therapon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1842:4 [Fische und deren Skelette; ref. 3846] Indian Ocean. No types known. Syntypes: SMF. From Kottelat 181. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989] with question). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae.

midgleyi, Pingalla Allen [G. R.] & Merrick [J. R.] 1984:76, Figs. 1-2 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 1 (no. 8); ref. 6248] Katherine River, above gorge at junction of Birdie Creek, 13°58'S, 132°45'E, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.10795-001. Paratypes: AMNH 35638-39 (14, 2), 35640 (5, not 4, 2 c&s); AMS I.16859-018 (2), I.16859-018 (2); NTM S.1239-001 (1), S.1249-S.1254 (6); WAM P.26702-002 (1), P.27050-001 (5, not 7), P.27051-002 (4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:22 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:23 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pingalla midgleyi Allen & Merrick 1984 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Larson & Martin 1990:51 [ref. 16606], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:230 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1339 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:161 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Pingalla midgleyi Allen & Merrick 1984. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

moranensis, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:58, Fig. 20 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Mid Moran, Moran River, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia, 15°22'33.97''S, 125°44'29''E. Holotype: NMV A31448-011. Paratypes: NMV, NTM, WAM. •Valid as Syncomistes moranensis Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes moranensis Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Middle Moran River catchment, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

nasutus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1883:258 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Fresh water on Normanby Island, New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.13048-49 (1, 1), I.9758 (1). •Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:270 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Yoshino et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26332], Allen et al. 2006:1337 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Datnia argentea Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes argenteus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

neili, Scortum Allen [G. R.], Larson [H. K.] & Midgley [S. H.] 1993:71, Fig. 1 [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 20788] Limestone Gorge, East Baines River, 16°02'S, 130°24'E, Northern Territory, Australia, depth 0-3 meters. Holotype: NTM S.11869-005. Paratypes: AMS I.39873-001 (3); NTM S.13094-001 (1), 13094-002 (3); WAM P.30285-001 (3). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Scortum neili Allen, Larson & Midgley 1993 -- (Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:233 [ref. 25930], Corbett et al. 2002:57 [ref. 26718], Allen et al. 2006:1340 [ref. 29004], Larson et al. 2013:162 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:60 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Scortum neili Allen, Larson & Midgley 1993. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish.

nicholsiana, Cernua Blandowski [W.] 1857:132, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria v. 2 (art. 15); ref. 34539] Lower Murray River, South Australia, Australia. No types known. Name not available, as p. 132 and Pl. 2 were omitted from distributed journal copies and reprints by order of the Council, of 7 Apr. 1858, therefore not meeting criteria of publication according to ICZN Art. 8.1.1.; publication disclaimed according to ICZN Art. 8.2. See remarks under ref. 34539; see also Iredale & Whitley 1932 [ref. 2299]. •In the synonymy of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Current status: Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Terapontidae.

niger, Therapon Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:59 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Murray River, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:106 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838) -- (Vari 1978:297 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1333 [ref. 29004], Kuiter 2018:65 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigripinnis, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1881:366 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Rockingham Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16428-001 [ex MAMU F574a]. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004]), Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

obscurus, Therapon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:135 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Sea of the Indies. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2933 (4); Peron specimen not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Eutherapon therops (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

obtusifrons, Therapon Mees [G. F.] & Kailola [P. J.] 1977:63, Fig. 10 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 153; ref. 5183] Upper course of the Sermowai River, Irian Jaya, elevation 400-500 meters. Holotype: ZMA 114203. Paratypes: ZMA 112781 (13). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Hephaestus obtusifrons (Mees & Kailola 1977) -- (Allen 1991:124 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus obtusifrons (Mees & Kailola 1977). Terapontidae. Distribution: Irian Jaya, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusirostris, Datnia Guichenot [A.] 1866:132 [Mémoires de la Société Impériale des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg v. 12 (= Ser. 2, v. 2); ref. 14054] Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2113. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:87 [ref. 12478], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot 1866) -- (Vari 1978:276 [ref. 4514], Daget & Smith 1986:304 [ref. 6204], Vari 1992:2 [ref. 19770], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes elongatus (Guichenot 1866). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

octolineatus, Helotes Jenyns [L.] 1840:18 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1917.7.14.41. •Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Vari 1978:253 [ref. 4514]). •Valid as Pelates octolineatus (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:560 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:134 [ref. 25488], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004], Allen & Gomon 2008:618 [ref. 30653]). •Valid as Helotes octolineatus Jenyns 1840 -- (Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Kottelat 2013:370 [ref. 32989], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Helotes octolineatus Jenyns 1840. Terapontidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia, South Australia. Habitat: marine.

ogilbyi, Scortum Whitley [G. P.] 1951:397 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 4715] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Scortum hillii (Castelnau 1878) -- (Vari 1978:303 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Scortum ogilbyi Whitley 1951 -- (Allen et al. 2002:230 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1340 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Larson et al. 2013:162 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:60 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Scortum ogilbyi Whitley 1951. Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

oxyrhynchus, Therapon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:16, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [Fauna Japonica Part 1; ref. 4370] Bays of southern Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D95 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: ?RMNH D93 and D94 (2), RMNH D96-98 (3, stuffed), 344 (1), 2872 (1); ZMB 818 (1, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 2001:331 [ref. 25566]. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:34 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Therapon oxyrhynchus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:247 [ref. 26639], Zheng 1989:328 [ref. 21202], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:410 [ref. 23876]). •Valid as Terapon oxyrhynchus Temminck & Schlegel 1843 -- (Okada 1961:643 [ref. 6363], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:527 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Rhynchopelates oxyrhynchus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Vari 1978:267 [ref. 4514] and Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:173 [ref. 6441] as Rhyncopelates, Takahashi et al. 1997:45 [ref. 24971], Sato et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24972], Mizuno et al. 1999:8 [ref. 25311], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:952 [ref. 25182] as Rhyncopelates, Sadovy & Cornish 2000:182 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:28 [ref. 25799] as Rhyncopelates, Vari 2001:3313 [ref. 26126] as Rhyncopelates, Nakabo 2002:952 [ref. 26193] as Rhyncopelates, Choi et al. 2003:358, 627 [ref. 26218] as Rhyncopelates, Matsunuma et al. 2010:83 [ref. 31558], Hata et al. 2012:28 [ref. 32412], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458] as Rhyncopelates, Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:109 [ref. 36460], Yoshigou 2019:134 [ref. 36562], Kim et al. 2020:143 [ref. 39118] as Rhyncopelates oxyrhynchus, Sonoyama et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Rhynchopelates oxyrhynchus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Terapontidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam and southern China to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

parviceps, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1883:201 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Upper Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.17847 (1), A.17851 (1). •Valid as Scortum parviceps (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:302 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 1993:73 [ref. 20788], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:235 [ref. 25930]). Current status: Valid as Scortum parviceps (Macleay 1883). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

percoides, Therapon Günther [A.] 1864:374 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 14 (no. 83); ref. 18183] Fitzroy River near Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.10.9.1-2 (2). •Valid as Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Vari 1978:238 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:531 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:537 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:43 [ref. 16606], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:216 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:15 [ref. 31262], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:158 [ref. 32988], Morgan et al. 2014:21 [ref. 36567], Pusey et al. 2017:58 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Distribution: Northern Australia, south to Pilbara (Western Australia). Habitat: freshwater.

plumbea, Datnia Kner [R.] 1864:484 [4] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 49; ref. 4927] Cape of Good Hope and from St. Paul Island [Incorrect: = Philippines]. Syntypes: NMW 38325 (3), 76470 (1). On p. 4 of separate. •Valid as Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner 1864) -- (Vari 1978:229 [ref. 4514], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Kner 1864). Terapontidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

polytaenia, Helotes Bleeker [P.] 1854:53 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16923] Indangole, Halmahera, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Vari 1978:249 [ref. 4514], Kottelat 2013:370 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Terapontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

profundior, Helotes De Vis [C. W.] 1884:397 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] South Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Vari 1978:253 [ref. 4514]). •Synonym of Pelates octolineatus (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Helotes octolineatus Jenyns 1840 -- (Jeff Johnson, pers. comm. 2/16/2011). Current status: Synonym of Helotes octolineatus Jenyns 1840. Terapontidae. Habitat: marine.

puta, Therapon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:148 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Visakhapatnam, India. Holotype: Not known. Cuvier's 1829:148 specimens: MNHN 0000-7930 (1) Mahé, A-5421 (1) Puducherry, 0000-7932 (1) Puducherry. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. Original genus should have been spelled Terapon. Specimen on which Russell 1803, pl. 126. •Valid as Therapon puta Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Terapon puta Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:262 [ref. 4514], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:799 [ref. 13676], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:811 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:152 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:250 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:149 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Vari 2001:3315 [ref. 26126], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:27 [ref. 27712], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004], Satapoomin 2009:197 [ref. 30463], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Larson et al. 2013:163 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:169 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:204 [ref. 34104], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:72 [ref. 34319], Ali et al. 2018:319 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:105 [ref. 36262], Suresh et al. 2018:271 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:118 [ref. 37020], Bariche & Fricke 2020:143 [ref. 37515], Golani 2021:43 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:64 [ref. 39014], Manasırlı & Mavruk 2021:99 [ref. 38310]). Current status: Valid as Terapon puta Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

qinglanensis, Helotes Sun [B. L.] 1991:254 (English p. 256), Fig. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 37 (no. 3); ref. 20089] Qinglan Harbour, Hainan, China. Holotype: ASIO 36468. •Valid as Pelates qinglanensis (Sun 1991). •Probably a synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Current status: Valid as Pelates qinglanensis (Sun 1991). Terapontidae. Distribution: China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

quadrilineatus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:82, Pl. 238 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Auch aus dem Orient [= Ostindien, see previous species; is Indonesia, but label says Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: ZMB 449 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:147 [ref. 24282]. On p. 63 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Pelatus quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Vari 1978:249 [ref. 4514], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Tortonese 1973:363 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:798 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:544 [ref. 5660], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:249 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:809 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Gomon et al. 1994:561 [ref. 22532], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:151 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:249 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:149 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:107 [ref. 26476] dated 1797, Kuiter 1997:134 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:506 [ref. 25919], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Fricke 1999:216 [ref. 24106], Lee & Tsai 1999:279 [ref. 24218], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:951 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:181 [ref. 25480], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Vari 2001:3311 [ref. 26126], Nakabo 2002:951 [ref. 26193], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:80 [ref. 26753], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:124 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:180 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:37 [ref. 37112], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004], Fricke et al. 2007:91 [ref. 29533], Satapoomin 2009:196 [ref. 30463], Larson et al. 2013:161 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:370 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:167 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:203 [ref. 34104], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:71 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:175 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:319 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:109 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:268 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:117 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:200 [ref. 36673], Yoshigou 2019:122 [ref. 36562], Bariche & Fricke 2020:142 [ref. 37515], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 21 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:400 [ref. 37272], Golani 2021:43 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:64 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Terapontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and southeastern Queensland (Australia); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

quadrilineatus, Pelates Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:146, Pl. 55 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN [Port Jackson spec.] (1, not found), MNHN B-3035 (1) no locality. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:88 [ref. 12478]. •Secondarily preoccupied in Pelates by Holocentrus quadrilineatus Bloch 1790 of which it is also a synonym -- (Vari 1978:249 [ref. 4514], Kottelat 2013:370 [ef. 32989]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Terapontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

quadrivittatus, Grammistes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:189 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Indian Ocean. New name for Holocentrus quadrilineatus Bloch 1790. •In the synonymy of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Kottelat 2013:370 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Terapontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

quinquelineatus, Pelates Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7896. Possible types; SMF 1066 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:88 [ref. 12478]. Appeared as name only in Cuvier 1829:148 [ref. 995]. Redescribed in Lesson 1830:223 [ref. 2776]. Appeared as quinque lineatus Cuvier. •Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Vari 1978:149 [ref. 4514] with Lesson as author, Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004], Kottelat 2013:370 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Terapontidae. Habitat: marine.

rastellus, Syncomistes Vari [R. P.] & Hutchins [J. B.] 1978:1, Figs. 1, 4a [American Museum Novitates No. 2654; ref. 8868] North Creek, tributary of Gibb River, on road to Drysdale Crossing, 16°12'S, 126°30'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25723-001 [ex AMNH 36419]. Paratypes: AMNH 36419 (now 3) 36420 (now 2); WAM P.25402-004 (3), P.25404-010 (3), P.25410-004 (13), P.25405-007 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Syncomistes rastellus Vari & Hutchins 1978 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:539 [ref. 20887], Allen & Pusey 1999:157 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:238 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1341 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31262], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Larson et al. 2013:162 [ref. 32988], Shelley et al. 2017:63 [ref. 35712]). Current status: Valid as Syncomistes rastellus Vari & Hutchins 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Drysdale River basin, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

raymondi, Therapon Mees [G. F.] & Kailola [P. J.] 1977:78, Fig. 14 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 153; ref. 5183] Tiperrse Creek, 2 1/2 miles from Moreshead station, Western District, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.19127-001. Paratypes: RMNH 27581 [ex FO 3735] (1). •Valid as Hephaestus raymondi (Mees & Kailola 1977) -- (Allen 1991:125 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus raymondi (Mees & Kailola 1977). Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

richardsoni, Therapon Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:60 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Murray River, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9250 (1, dry), 0000-9173 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89-90 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838) -- (Vari 1978:297 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1333 [ref. 29004], Kuiter 2018:65 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Bidyanus bidyanus (Mitchell 1838). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

roemeri, Therapon Weber [M.] 1910:233 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Lorentz River, Irian Jaya. Syntypes: ZMA 104730-31 (1, 1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236]. Species originally spelled as römeri. •Valid as Hephaestus roemeri (Weber 1910) -- (Vari 1978:283 [ref. 4514], Allen 1991:125 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:100 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2008:123 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus roemeri (Weber 1910). Terapontidae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

rosenbergii, Datnia Bleeker [P.] 1860:237 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 22 (no. 3-6); ref. 16990] Ruwata River, southern Ceram, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Datnia cancellata Cuvier 1829 -- (Kottelat 2013:368 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Vari 1978:273 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopristes cancellatus (Cuvier 1829). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rubricatus, Therapon Richardson [J.] 1842:127 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 56); ref. 12568] Northwestern coast of Australia. No types known. Based on a drawing. •Synonym, of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

scotus, Helotes Haacke [W.] 1885:508 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 8 (no. 203); ref. 31813] Adelaide, St. Vincent Gulf, South Australia. Syntypes: SAMA. Appeared first as name only in Haacke 1885:507 [ref. 14450]. •Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Vari 1978:253 [ref. 4514]). •Synonym of Pelates octolineatus (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Helotes octolineatus Jenyns 1840. Current status: Synonym of Helotes octolineatus Jenyns 1840. Terapontidae. Habitat: marine.

servus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:80, Pl. 238 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 439 (1), 8724 (1, right skin), 8725 (1, left skin), 8727 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:148 [ref. 24282]. On p. 61 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Therapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Vari 1978:255 [ref. 4514], Daget & Smith 1986:304 [ref. 6204], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:338 [ref. 28867], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004], Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:244 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sexlineatum, Pristipoma Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:320 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Sydney, Port Jackson, Australia. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0000-7936 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:53 [ref. 21546], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:88 [ref. 12478]. See Therapon sexlineatus Quoy & Gaimard 1825, a different species. •Valid as Helotes sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471]). •Synonym of Pelates octolineatus (Jenyns 1840) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004]). •Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Vari 1978:249 [ref. 4514], Kottelat 2013:370 [ef. 32989], Parenti 2019:187 [ref. 37021]). •Valid as Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Tavera et al. 2012:10 [ref. 32469]). Current status: Valid as Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Terapontidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific Ocean: Fraser Island (southeastern Queensland) to Jervis Bay (New South Wales). Habitat: brackish, marine.

sexlineatus, Pelates Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:147 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Hawaiian Islands [in error]; Port Jackson, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7936 (2), 0000-2931 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:88 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Kottelat 2013:370 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Terapontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sexlineatus, Terapon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:340, Pl. 60 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7941. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:90 [ref. 12478]. Secondarily preoccupied by Pristipoma sexlineatum Quoy & Gaimard 1824 when both are in Pelates. Some status references refer to Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). •Valid as Pelates sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Vari 1978:252 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:535 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:147 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:561 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:132 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:181 [ref. 25480], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Vari 2001:3312 [ref. 26126], Allen et al. 2006:1338 [ref. 29004], Yoshida et al. 2013:168 [ref. 34464] dated 1824). •Valid as Helotes sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Jeff Johnson, pers. comm. 2/16/2011, Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Larson et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:370 [ref. 32989], Ali et al. 2018:319 [ref. 36183]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Valid as Helotes sexlineatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia: Shark Bay (Western Australia) across northern Australia to Moreton Bay (Queensland). Habitat: marine.

spinosior, Therapon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:397 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.203. •Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Vari 1978:238 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

squalidus, Therapon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:136 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] No locality. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7926. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:89 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514]), Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

suavis, Leiopotherapon Whitley [G. P.] 1948:279 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 3); ref. 12927] Coen District, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.1982. •Valid as Hephaestus suavis (Whitley 1948) -- (Vari 1978:295 [ref. 4514]). •Synonym of Hephaestus carbo (Ogilby & McCulloch 1916) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442], Allen & Pusey 1999:158 [ref. 24291], Allen et al. 2006:1334 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Hephaestus carbo (Ogilby & McCulloch 1916). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

terraereginae, Therapon Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:227 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 761] Northern Queensland, Australia (probably Fitzroy River). Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0703. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:90 [ref. 12478]. Original as terrae-reginae. •Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Vari 1978:238 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:531 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004], Gill et al. 2018:570 [ref. 36070]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.

theraps, Therapon Cuvier [G.] (ex Commerson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:129, Pl. 53 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia; Mahé [Seychelles, western Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: MNHN A-5518 (1, dry) Indian Ocean, 7901 (1) Java, A-0210 (2, dry) Java; Bélanger spec. not found. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:90 [ref. 12478], Bauchot & Daget 1996:241 [ref. 22899]. Original genus should have been spelled Terapon. Based on drawing by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist), misidentified by Lacepède as Holocentrus servus (non Bloch 1790). Also appeared as footnote in Cuvier 1829:148 [ref. 995] with reference to Cuvier 1829 [ref. 21175]. Declared a nomen protectum by Parenti et al. 2013:306. •Valid as Pseudoterapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Lee & Tsai 1999:283 [ref. 24218], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Therapon [sic] theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757], Cheng & Zhou 1997:312 [ref. 26385]). •Valid as Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989], Yoshigou 2019:132 [ref. 36562]). •Valid as Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:259 [ref. 4514], Kyushin et al. 1982:105 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:544 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:812 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:153 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:250 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Shimizu & Hatooka 1997:4 [ref. 24377], Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:107 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:134 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:507 [ref. 25919], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:243 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:951 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:208 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:183 [ref. 25480], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368], Johnson 2001:731 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Vari 2001:3316 [ref. 26126], Nakabo 2002:951 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:358, 628 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:125 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:181 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004], Satapoomin 2009:197 [ref. 30463], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], Allen & Erdmann 2012:362 [ref. 31980], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hata et al. 2012:30 [ref. 32412], Minos et al. 2013:401 [ref. 32860], Larson et al. 2013:163 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:169 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:418 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:204 [ref. 34104], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:72 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:176 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:110 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:272 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:118 [ref. 37020], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 21 [ref. 38321], Kim et al. 2020:143 [ref. 39118], Kovačić et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:401 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37637], Kovačić et al. 2021:64 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Rotuma, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia, north to Korea and central Japan; Mediterranean Sea (immigrant through Suez Canal). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

timoriensis, Terapon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:341 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Coupang, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype: MNHN 0000-7912. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:90 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Vari 1978:255 [ref. 4514], Daget & Smith 1986:304 [ref. 6204] as timorensis, Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

transmontanus, Therapon Mees [G. F.] & Kailola [P. J.] 1977:58, Fig. 8 [Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) No. 153; ref. 5183] Utigantz River, tributary of the Ramu River, at Aiome, Papua New Guinea, elevation 1600 meters. Holotype: RMNH 27426 [ex FO 1632]. Paratypes: AMS I.17149-001 (2), I.19128-001 (1), IB.3350-52 (1, 1, 1); KFRS F.4282.01 (2); RMNH 27427 [ex FO 1632] (1). •Valid as Hephaestus transmontanus (Mees & Kailola 1977) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:82 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:125 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:301 [ref. 21400]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus transmontanus (Mees & Kailola 1977). Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

transversus, Therapon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:137 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Malabar, India and unknown localities. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0937 (2), 0000-0939 (2), 0000-7918 (2), 0000-7934 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:91 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

trigonicus, Syncomistes Vari [R. P.] 1978:316, Figs. 92-93 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 159 (art. 5); ref. 4514] Wyulda Creek, about 2 kilometers above junction with Roe River, Western Australia, 15°34'4.89"S, 125°49'12.87"E. Neotype: WAM P.25028.006. Paratypes: AMNH 35637 (4); WAM P.25026-002 (2), P.25027-002 (1), P.25028-006 (1). Type information: Hutchins & Smith 1991:23 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:24 [ref. 30117]. Original holotype WAM P.25391-001 destroyed. Neotype designated by Shelley et al. 2017:73 [ref. 35712]. •Valid as Syncomistes trigonicus Vari 1978 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:536 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:539 [ref. 20887], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:239 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1341 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:17 [ref. 31262], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Shelley et al. 2017:68 [ref. 35712]). Current status: Valid as Syncomistes trigonicus Vari 1978. Terapontidae. Distribution: Drysdale, King Edward and Moran Rivers, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

trimaculatus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1883:259 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Goldie River, near Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9174-79 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1), I.13410 (1). •Valid as Hephaestus trimaculatus (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:288 [ref. 4514], Allen 1991:126 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus trimaculatus (Macleay 1883). Terapontidae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

trivittatus, Coius Hamilton [F.] 1822:92, 370 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Calcutta, Ganges River estuary, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:40 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 54 [ref. 37532]. •In Terapon -- (Kottelat 2000:91 [ref. 25865]). •In the synonymy of Terapon puta Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:262 [ref. 4514]). •Questionably the same as Terapon puta Cuvier 1829 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:811 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Therapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775) (author often seen as Forsskål 1775) -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:374 [ref. 31338] as jarbus, Kottelat 2013:371 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon jarbua (Fabricius 1775). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

trivittatus, Pterapon Gray [J. E.] in Richardson 1846:238 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Not available, name mentioned under Therapon theraps. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

truttaceus, Therapon Macleay [W.] 1881:366 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 3); ref. 17577] Endeavour River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16335-001 [ex MAMU F573], I.16336-001 [ex MAMU F573a] (1). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859) -- (Vari 1978:231 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004]). Current status: Synonym of Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tulliensis, Hephaestus De Vis [C. W.] 1884:399 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Tully and Murray rivers, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.12625 (1), QM I.115 (1), I.9803 (1). •Synonym of Hephaestus fuliginosus (Macleay 1883) -- (Vari 1978:280 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:533 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Hephaestus tulliensis De Vis 1884 -- (Allen & Pusey 1999:158 [ref. 24291], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:224 [ref. 25930], Allen et al. 2006:1335 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013]). Current status: Valid as Hephaestus tulliensis De Vis 1884. Terapontidae. Distribution: Easterly flowing rivers of the Wet Tropics bioregion, Daintree River south to Tully River, Queensland, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

unicola, Therapon Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] Not available, name only; from Queensland, Australia. Nomen Nudum. Terapontidae.

unicolor, Therapon Günther [A.] 1859:277 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Mosquito Creek and Gwydir River, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (at least 11, skins) BMNH 1846.3.24.6 (1), 1846.3.24.8 (1), 1846.8.16.2-4 (3), 1846.3.24.4 (1), 1853.1.4.12-15 (4). Also listed was Plate XVI. fig. A, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859) -- (Vari 1978:231 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:534 [ref. 12442], Allen & Leggett 1990:538 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:50 [ref. 16606], Merrick in McDowall 1996:166 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:227 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Allen et al. 2006:1336 [ref. 29004], Morgan et al. 2011:16 [ref. 31262], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32988], Morgan et al. 2014:23 [ref. 36567], Pusey et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Leiopotherapon unicolor (Günther 1859). Terapontidae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

versicolor, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:74, Fig. 26 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Lower Prince Regent, Prince Regent River, 15°25'1.68''S, 125°14'13.28''E. Holotype: WAM P.34540.001. Paratypes: NMV, NTM, WAM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Syncomistes versicolor Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes versicolor Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Prince Regent River basin, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

virgata, Datnia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Bay of Bengal, India. Syntypes: MHNG 148.22 (1), MNHN 0000-2963 (10); SMF 1081 [ex MNHN in 1830] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:87 [ref. 12478], Weber 1998:13 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:260 [ref. 4514]). Current status: Synonym of Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

welchi, Therapon McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1917:472, Fig. 1 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia v. 41; ref. 10021] Coopers Creek, near Innamincka, South Australia, 27°45'S, 140°44'E. Holotype (unique): SAMA F606. Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Bidyanus welchi (McCulloch & Waite 1917) -- (Vari 1978:300 [ref. 4514], Paxton et al. 1989:532 [ref. 12442], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:218 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Allen et al. 2006:1333 [ref. 29004], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:159 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Bidyanus welchi (McCulloch & Waite 1917). Terapontidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

wintoni, Hannia Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.], Le Feuvre [M. C.], Dempster [T.], Raadik [T. A.] & Swearer [S. E.] 2020:573, Fig. 5 [Zootaxa 4869 (no. 4); ref. 37869] Unnamed creek flowing into the lower Prince Regent River, Western Australia, 15°25'1.7"S, 125°14'13.3"E, elevation 25 meters. Holotype: WAM P.35010-001. Paratypes: NMV, WAM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Hannia wintoni Shelley, Delaval, Le Feuvre, Dempster, Raadik & Swearer 2020. Current status: Valid as Hannia wintoni Shelley, Delaval, Le Feuvre, Dempster, Raadik & Swearer 2020. Terapontidae. Distribution: Prince Regent and Roe River catchments, Kimberley, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

wunambal, Syncomistes Shelley [J. J.], Delaval [A.] & Le Feuvre [M. C.] 2017:79, Fig. 28 [Zootaxa 4367 (no. 1); ref. 35712] Mitchell Falls, Mitchell River, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia, 14°49'10.06''S, 125°41'29.13''E. Holotype: WAM P.34536.001. Paratypes: NMV, NTM, WAM. •Valid as Syncomistes wunambal Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Current status: Valid as Syncomistes wunambal Shelley, Delaval & Le Feuvre 2017. Terapontidae. Distribution: Mitchell River catchment, northern Kimberley region, Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

xanthurus, Therapon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:135 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 339 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:106 [ref. 12478]. •Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790) -- (Vari 1978:249 [ref. 4514], Kottelat 2013:370 [ef. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pelates quadrilineatus (Bloch 1790). Terapontidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

yorkensis, Therapon percoides Nichols [J. T.] 1949:3 [American Museum Novitates No. 1433; ref. 3182] Coen River, Cape York, Queensland, Australia, elevation 700 feet. Holotype: AMNH 18535. Paratypes: AMNH 18544-45 (11, 6), 18560 (1). •Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864) -- (Vari 1978:239 [ref. 4514], Allen et al. 2006:1332 [ref. 29004], Pusey et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Synonym of Amniataba percoides (Günther 1864). Terapontidae. Habitat: freshwater.


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