Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 June 2021

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the genus Pomacanthus: [ 49 ] records


alternans, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:193 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN A-0228 (1), A-0618 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:140-141 [ref. 20718], Fricke et al. 2018:243 [ref. 35805]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Fricke et al. 2018:243 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

amarus, Chaetodon asfur var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:220 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Mocha, Yemen, Red Sea. Unneeded replacement name for Chaetodon asfur caerulescens Forsskål 1775; see Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

amiralis, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] 1829:192 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. An available name but unused and can be suppressed. In footnote as, "Holac. amiralis, N., Renard, I, xvi, 92." (see Pietsch 1995:113 [ref. 26080]). •Probably the same as Pomacanthus navarchus (Cuvier 1831) -- (R. Pyle, pers. comm. 11/10/2003). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus navarchus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:114, Pl. 215 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Indian Ocean. Lectotype: ZMB 1315. Paralectotypes: ZMB 8150 (1, dry, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:117 [ref. 24282]. On p. 86 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:117 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch 1787) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:148 [ref. 19754], Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:187 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:625 [ref. 5714], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:411 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:129 [ref. 26476] dated 1789, Khan 1998:231 [ref. 24980], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:899 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:176 [ref. 25480], Pyle 2001:3284 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:899 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Satapoomin 2009:194 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:557 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2015:292 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:242 [ref. 35805], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:514 [ref. 37272], Koeda in Motomura et al. 2021:40 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

arcuatus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:273 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "Indiis" No types known. •Valid as Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:391 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:195 [ref. 23100], Maugé 1990:840 [ref. 17126], Boschung 1992:150 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:383 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:343 [ref. 24474], Kelley 1995:826 [ref. 21350], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:278 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:148 [ref. 25640], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Collette et al. 2003:112 [ref. 26784], Burgess 2003:1682 [ref. 27101], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:40 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:479 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:60 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34961], Robertson et al. 2020:160 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

arusa, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:62 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P52402 (dry skin). Originally Chaetodon maculosus, arusa on p. 62, Chaetodon maculosus on p. xiii. See account of Chaetodon maculosus. Not available from this combination as the author of p. 62 (Fabricius) did not decide how to name the species, maculosus or arusa (see Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Name made available by Bonnaterre 1788:89 [ref. 4940] (see Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). •In the synonymy of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae.

arusa, Chaetodon Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:89 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P52402 (dry skin). Makes available the Chaetodon maculosus, arusa of Forsskål 1775:62 [ref. 1351]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775 ) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

aruset, Holacanthus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:528, 535 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P52402 (dry skin). Based on vernacular name 'L'Aruset' given by Bonnaterre 1788:89 [ref. 4940] for Chaetodon arusa. Unneeded replacement name for Chaetodon arusa Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Holacanthus asfur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). • Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

asfur, Chaetodon Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:61, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. No types known. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Arusetta asfur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:169 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Pomacanthus asfur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Randall 1995:254 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Jawad et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36262], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36871]). •Valid as Pomacanthus asfur (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus asfur (Fabricius 1775). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra. Habitat: marine.

aureus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:49, Pl. 193 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Antilles. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetoton aureus Molina 1782. On p. 37 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787) -- (Burgess 2003:1683 [ref. 27101]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

balteatus, Pomacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:208 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Puerto Rico. Syntypes: MNHN A-3857 (1) [Bauchot's holotype] Puerto Rico, MNHN A-0259 (1) Dominican Republic. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:147 [ref. 20718] with holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764] as baltcatus). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

bishopi, Holacanthus Seale [A.] 1901:106 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Agaña, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 194. •Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

caerulescens, Chaetodon asfur var. Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:61, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Mocha (Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea). No types known. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. Nomen oblitum according to Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775).

caerulescens, Holacanthus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:133 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 2834-35 (1, 1). Not an independent species description, but based on Chaetodon asfur caerulescens Forsskål 1775; see Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757], Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:194 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: MNHN A-0615 (poor condition). Possible types: ZMB 1324-25 (6, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:141-142 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757] as coeruleus, Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus asfur (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall 1988:3 [ref. 12862]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus asfur (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus asfur (Fabricius 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysurus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:188 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Dorey Harbor, New Guinea [? Madagascar]. Holotype: MNHN A-0605. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:141 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Pomacanthus chrysurus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Smith & Heemstra 1986:625 [ref. 5714], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:282 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:242 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus chrysurus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: East Africa to Seychelles, Comoros and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

cingulatus, Pomacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:209, Pl. 185 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN A-3855 (1, dry), A-7753 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:148 [ref. 20718]. Predated by Pomacanthus cingulatus Cuvier in Guérin-Méneville 1827-31, Pl. 25 [ref. 29508]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

cingulatus, Pomacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:no page number, Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 25 (no. 5a) published in 1827. Predates Pomacanthus cingulatus Cuvier 1831. See Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:399, 400 [ref. 29507]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:399 400 [ref. 29507]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Pomacanthops Smith [J. L. B.] 1955:383, Pl. 4 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 89) (art. 46); ref. 4098] Tekomaji Island, Mozambique, ca. 10°40'S, 40°40'E, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 432. Paratypes: not researched. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757], Smith & Heemstra 1986:626 [ref. 5714], Randall 1995:255 [ref. 22896], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

geometricus, Holacanthus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:528, 535, Pl. 13 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:142-143 [ref. 20718]. Based on figure in Renard, fol. 1, pl. 5 (fig. 34). •Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

haddaja, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:175 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. No types known. Unneeded replacement name for Chaetodon asfur caerulescens Forsskål 1775; see Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. H. heddaje is a misspelling. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

ignatius, Holacanthus Playfair [R. L.] 1868:852, Pl. 41 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 3) (art. 6) (for 14 Nov. 1867); ref. 14049] Seychelles. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.8.16.74. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall 1995:255 [ref. 22896]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

imperator, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:51, Pl. 194 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Japan sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8570 (right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:118 [ref. 24282]. On p. 38 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Pomacanthodes imperator (Bloch 1787) -- (Klausewitz 1972:368 [ref. 30491]). •Valid as Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:170 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:187 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:626 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:244 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:255 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:412 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:129 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:226 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:244 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:172 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:349 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:19 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:899 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:309 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3285 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:899 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:631 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:281 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:341 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:407 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1308 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:297 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:194 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:141 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:558 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:263 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:170 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:335 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:242 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:198 [ref. 36673], Othman & Stern in Stern et al. 2019:446 [ref. 36863], Zajonz et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 23 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:514 [ref. 37272], Golani 2021:63 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Tonga and Austral Islands; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

imperialis, Chaetodon Shaw [G.] 1803:324, Pl. 46 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Japan. No types known. Based on Chaetodon imperator Bloch 1787. •Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

leachii, Chaetodon Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:124 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Madeira. •Possible synonym of Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787) -- (Maugé 1990:841 [ref. 17126]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787) -- (Parenti 2019:7 [ref. 36934]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

lepidolepis, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:468 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Holacanthus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:133 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 426 (2). •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

littoricola, Chaetodon Poey [F.] 1868:351 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 16165 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:205-206 [ref. 22926] with largest specimen in MCZ 16165 as holotype. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

lutescens, Chetodon Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Browne) 1788:82 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Jamaica. No types known. Genus should have been Chaetodon. Based on the Chaetodon luteo-variegatus & fasciatus of Browne 1756:454, No. 4 [ref. 669]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

luteus, Chetodon Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Plumier) 1788:88, Pl. 92 (fig. 381) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Antilles. No types known. Original genus should have been Chaetodon. Based on 'La dorade' in a manuscript of Plumier, described by Bloch (1787) as Chaetodon aureus; since Bonnaterre refers to Bloch, luteus is an unneeded new name for Bloch's aureus (P. Parenti, pers. comm. 10/17/2003). •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm. 10/17/2003). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xiii, 62 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P52402 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588], Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. Originally Chaetodon maculosus, arusa on p. 62, Chaetodon maculosus on p. xiii. Available by indication (ICZN Art. 12.2.2) from p. xiii, with diagnosis from p. 62 (Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]). Authorship according to Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. Nomen protectum according to Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 33 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:187 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757], Smith & Heemstra 1986:626 [ref. 5714], Randall 1988:2 [ref. 12862], Masuda & Senou 1994:5 [ref. 24337], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:255 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:195 [ref. 23922], Senou 2001:2 [ref. 25720], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:283 [ref. 28072], Fricke 2008:45 [ref. 30182], Bariche 2010:31 [ref. 30715], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:427 [ref. 33460], Jawad et al. 2014:124 [ref. 34075], Psomadakis et al. 2015:292 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:118 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 37020], Othman & Stern in Stern et al. 2019:446 [ref. 36863], Zajonz et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:135 [ref. 37515], Golani 2021:64 [ref. 38303] as maculates). Nomen Protectum. Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Red Sea; western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra and Persian Gulf east to Pakistan; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

marianas, Holacanthus Seale [A.] 1901:104 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Agaña, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 192 [not 193]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

meleagris, Holacanthus alternans var. Alcock [A. W.] 1896:303 [3] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 65 (pt 2, No. 3); ref. 91] Palk Straits, 9°51'50"N, 79°53'22"E, Investigator station 174, depth 7 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZSI F14070. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:145 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:39 [ref. 22148]. On p. 3 of separate. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

mokhella, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:177 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:143 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

navarchus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:171 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Nagasaki, Japan [erroneous, is Indonesia]. Lectotype: Figure only. Possible syntypes: ?MNHN A-0295 (1), ?RMNH 544 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:143-144 [ref. 20718], who suggests that a figured specimen of Valentyn should be designated lectotype to conserve current usage of the name. Based on "Vlaming (No. 22)", "Renard Tom. I. fol. 16, no. 92, no. 93, t. 2, pl. 4, fig. 17", and 'Pantiop Japon' of Valentyn 1726:364, 367, figs. 58, 64 [ref. 30358] from Japan [Nagasaki] [erroneous, is Indonesia]. •Valid as Pomacanthus navarchus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:244 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:228 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:172 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3285 [ref. 26118], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:123 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1308 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:558 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:106 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:198 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus navarchus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: South China Sea and Vietnam east to Caroline islands, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

nicobariensis, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:219 (574), Pl. 50 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Nicobar Islands [as Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1320. As nicobarcensis on pp. 219 and plate caption; corrected in Corrigenda (p. 574). •Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

paru, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:57, Pl. 197 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Brazil and Jamaica. No types known. Name appeared first in Forsskål 1775:xviii [ref. 1351] as name only. On p. 42 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:390 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:196 [ref. 23100], Maugé 1990:841 [ref. 17126], Cervigón 1992:383 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:345 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221] as parus, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:278 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:148 [ref. 25640], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:112 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Burgess 2003:1683 [ref. 27101], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:40 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:481 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:179 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:60 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33516], Bailly in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2679 [ref. 34618], Robertson et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34961], Marceniuk et al. 2017:41 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:278 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:160 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus paru (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including St. Paul's Rocks; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

poecilus, Holacanthus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:454 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 7935] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean (purchased). Holotype: ZMB 6785. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

pseudannularis, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1858:170 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 15 (no. 1); ref. 16957] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch 1787) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

quinquecinctus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:192 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality [West Indies]. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:148 [ref. 20718]. Available from footnote as, "Ch. 5-cinctus, N., Guaperva, Margr., 178." Originally as Ch. 5-cinctus; correction to quinquecinctus mandatory. Appeared as Pomacanthus quinquecinctus in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:210 [ref. 4881]. Bauchot 1963:148 [ref. 20718] listed 2 syntypes (MNHN A-0172 (1) St. Dominique, A-3837 (1) Martinique) in reference to C. & V. 1831. •Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764] as cinquecinctus dated 1831). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus arcuatus (Linnaeus 1758). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

reginae, Holacanthus Liénard [F.] in Sauvage 1891:268, Pl. 34 (fig. 2) [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1037. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:144 [ref. 20718]. Based on 'Holacanthe de la Reine' of Liénard 1839:37 [ref. 17536] and Liénard 1840:297 [ref. 30337]; description quoted from Liénard. •Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:350 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

resimus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:71 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. Holotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.61 (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:224 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Heteropyge sexstriatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Wheeler 1958:224 [ref. 13434]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus sexstriatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus sexstriatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

rhomboides, Holacanthus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:161 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.=, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 9905. Second specimen not regarded as a type. •Synonym of Pomacanthus striatus (Rüppell 1836) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Smith & Heemstra 1986:626 [ref. 5714]). •Valid as Pomacanthus rhomboides (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908) -- (Randall 1988:3 [ref. 12862], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:282 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:242 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus rhomboides (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: South Africa and Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

semicirculatus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:191, Pl. 183 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Timor, Bourou, Waigeo, Indonesia, and Port Praslin, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Syntypes: MNHN A-0083 (1) [Bauchot's holotype] Bourou, A-0150 (1) Timor, A-0606 (1) New Ireland. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:145 [ref. 20718] wrongly with a holotype and paratypes. See Holacanthus semicircularis De Vis 1884, an incorrect subsequent spelling. •Valid as Pomacanthodes semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Khan 1998:231 [ref. 24980]). •Valid as Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757] on Red Sea specimens -- but see Randall 1988:2 [ref. 12862], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:187 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:626 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:245 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:229 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:256 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:129 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:226 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:245 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:173 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:349 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:740 [ref. 25471], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:899 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:90 [ref. 37268], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:310 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:177 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3285 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:899 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:283 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:342 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:407 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1308 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:195 [ref. 30463], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:75 [ref. 35264], Motomura et al. 2010:141 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:559 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:263 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:243 [ref. 35805], Jawad et al. 2018:118 [ref. 36262], Arndt & Fricke 2019:25 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:198 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 23 [ref. 38321], Mohanty et al. 2020:1438 [ref. 37820]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus semicirculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

sexstriatus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:194 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH D562 (dry). Paralectotypes: MNHN A-3858 (1, dry). Non-type: RMNH 2397 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:145 [ref. 20718]. Lectotype established in Bauchot 1963:145 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Arusetta sexstriata (Cuvier 1831) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:147 [ref. 19754]). •Valid as Euxiphipops sexstriatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:363 [ref. 23967]). •Valid as Pomacanthus sexstriatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:187 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:245 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:413 [ref. 27969] with Kuhl & van Hasselt as authors, Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:128 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:226 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:245 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:173 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:898 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:310 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3286 [ref. 26118] as sextriatus, Nakabo 2002:898 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:343 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1309 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:559 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:157 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35333], Matsuo & Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:212 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:198 [ref. 36673], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 23 [ref. 38321] misidentified). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus sexstriatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sumatra (Indonesia) and South China Sea east to Philippines, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Holacanthus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:32, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1436. Paralectotypes: SMF (2). •Valid as Pomacanthus striatus (Rüppell 1836) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:171 [ref. 29757], Smith & Heemstra 1986:626 [ref. 5714], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall 1988:2 [ref. 12862], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:283 [ref. 28072], Golani & Fricke 2018:111 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål 1775). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

vorticosus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:74 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.66 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:224 [ref. 13434] as holotype. •Synonym of Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch 1787) -- (Wheeler 1958:224 [ref. 13434], Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch 1787). Pomacanthidae. Habitat: marine.

xanthometopon, Holacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:258 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Telok betong, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Euxiphipops xanthometopon (Bleeker 1853) -- (Klausewitz 1972:366 [ref. 30491]). •Valid as Pomacanthus xanthometopon (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:187 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:246 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:413 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:158 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:228 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:246 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:173 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:898 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:107 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:266 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3286 [ref. 26118] as xanthometapon, Nakabo 2002:898 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1309 [ref. 29090], Shao et al. 2008:255 [ref. 29952], Satapoomin 2009:195 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:560 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:60 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:198 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus xanthometopon (Bleeker 1853). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and Western Australia to Japan. Habitat: marine.

zonipectus, Pomacanthodes Gill [T. N.] 1862:244 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1665] San Salvador, El Salvador. Holotype (unique): USNM 5922. Type catalog: Smith 2018:76 [ref. 36061]. •Valid as Pomacanthus zonipectus (Gill 1862) -- (Allen 1980:251 [ref. 22764], Lea et al. 1989 [ref. 21789], Allen & Robertson 1994:183 [ref. 22193], Krupp & Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1391 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:260 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:446 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:340 [ref. 24555], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:124 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:147 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:447 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:254 [ref. 35888], González-Murcia et al. 2019:305 [ref. 36544], Walker et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37499]). Current status: Valid as Pomacanthus zonipectus (Gill 1862). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.