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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Conger: [ 57 ] records


altipinnis, Conger Kaup [J. J.] 1856:72 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: MNHN 0000-2129. Paratypes: MNHN B-3155 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:113 [ref. 20810]. Also appeared as new in Kaup 1856:114 [ref. 2573]. Not used as valid after 1900; therefore reversal of precedence in favor of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 -- (Bauchot et al. 1993:113 [ref. 20810], Fricke 1999:68 [ref. 24106]). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Conger Kaup [J. J.] 1856:73 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8427. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:113 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:115 [ref. 2573]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Conger brasiliensis Ranzani 1840, replaced by Conger triporiceps Kanazawa 1958. •Objective synonym of Conger triporiceps Kanazawa 1958 -- (Smith 1989:519 [ref. 13285], Bauchot et al. 1993:113 [ref. 20810]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Conger triporiceps Kanazawa 1958. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

candidissimus, Leptocephalus Costa [O. G.] 1832:Leptocephalus p. 2, Pl. 20 (figs. 1-2) [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Gulf of Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:160 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Leptocephalus Fowler [H. W.] 1912:9, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 64; ref. 1385] Off Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): ANSP 1055. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:64 [ref. 13621]. Genus misspelled in main heading, but correct in figure caption. Locality probably in error (Kanzawa 1958:228 [ref. 12078]). •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

cinereus, Conger Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] in Klunzinger 1871:607 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 766. Validating the name Conger cinereus of Rüppell 1830:115, Pl. 29 [ref. 3843], which was not an independent species description, but a new genus applied to Conger assigned to Muraena cinerea Forsskål 1775, a muraenesocid. First available usage as Conger cinereus Rüppell in Klunzinger 1871 [ref. 2622] -- (Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182]). Authorship changed to Rüppell in Klunzinger, Aug. 2013. Name in prevailing usage. Nomen protectum according to Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 (dated 1830 by authors) -- (Dor 1984:33 [ref. 29757], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:28 [ref. 6441], Castle 1986:164 [ref. 5644], Allen & Swainston 1988:34 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:141 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:25 [ref. 14125], Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Paulin et al. 1989:74 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:11 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:46 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:8 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:76 [ref. 22017], Randall 1995:59 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:46 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:58 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:68 [ref. 24106], Smith 1999:1687 [ref. 24661], Johnson 1999:722 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:5 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:229 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:120 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:294 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:229 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:24 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:612 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624] dated 1828, Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:101 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:27 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:141 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:291 [ref. 28997], Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:20 [ref. 30213], Zhang et al. 2010:204 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:354 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:113 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:251 [ref. 32706] dated 1830, Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988] as cinereus cineereus dated 1828, Duffy & Ahyong 2015:108 [ref. 36167], Ho et al. 2015:146 [ref. 34130], Psomadakis et al. 2015:149 [ref. 34104], Springer & Johnson 2015:604 [ref. 33937], Smith et al. 2016:737 [ref. 34834], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:49 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:25 [ref. 36273], Smith & Ho 2018:170 [ref. 36044], Arndt & Fricke 2019:14 [ref. 36883], Dalleau-Coudert et al. 2019:117 [ref. 40104], Eagderi et al. 2019:17 [ref. 37020], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 5 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:283 [ref. 37272], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:515 [ref. 38842], Eudeline 2022:130 [ref. 39191], Smith & Heemstra 2022:90 [ref. 39685], Kodeeswaran et al. 2023:483 [ref. 40021], Allen & Erdmann 2024:124 [ref. 40796]). Nomen Protectum. Current status: Valid as Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Mayotte (France), Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

communis, Conger Costa [O. G.] 1844:Conger p. 2 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] [Napoli] Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Published Oct. 1844. •Valid as Conger communis Costa 1844 -- (Herrera 1896:34 [ref. 39336]). •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

conger, Anguilla Shaw [G.] 1803:20 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Mediterranean Sea, North Sea. No types known. •Evidently a synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

conger, Muraena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:245 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic [original: "in Oceano Europæo"]; localities include Gloucester, England; Marseille, France; Rome, Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria. No types known. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:19 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Originally based on multiple species and at least 27 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:24 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:40 [ref. 30349] as Muræna supremo margine pinnæ dorsalis nigro; Rondelet 1554:394 [ref. 30354] as Conger, Charleton 1668:125 [ref. 30580] as Myrus, Willughby 1686:111 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:37 [ref. 30231] as Conger. •Valid as Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Bauchot & Saldanha in Whitehead et al. 1986:569 [ref. 13676], Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454], Santos et al. 1997:23 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:58 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:61 [ref. 24045], Porteiro et al. 1999:27 [ref. 24203], Fricke 1999:19 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:33 [ref. 26753], Falcón et al. 2003:144 [ref. 39343], Golani 2005:17 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:24 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:43 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:15 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:164 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:19 [ref. 36649], Bañón et al. 2011:262 [ref. 31676], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:50 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:511 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:304 [ref. 34397], Smith 2016:1687 [ref. 34556], Martins & Carneiro 2018:22 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:66 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:78 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:32 [ref. 37515], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 5 [ref. 38321], Kovačić et al. 2020:10 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:50 [ref. 38883], Golani 2021:17 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:19 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Norway south to Senegal, including Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

congricinerei, Leptocephalus D'Ancona [U.] 1928:38, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-2c) [Memoria, Reale Comitato Talassografico Italiano No. 146; ref. 15917] Red Sea. Holotype: MSNVE P-3. Original as congri cinerei; not listed as a new species and not intended as such. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 -- (Dor 1984:33 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

erebennus, Leptocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:849, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1239); ref. 2508] Misaki, Sagami, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6466. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6968 (1), 12924-25 (1, 1); USNM 49866 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:9 [ref. 21917]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:549 [ref. 31656]. The paratypes are also paratypes of Conger jordani Kanazawa 1958. •Status uncertain, in Conger (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Conger erebennus (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:28 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:229 [ref. 25086], Nakabo 2002:229 [ref. 26001], Smith et al. 2016:737 [ref. 34834], Koeda et al. 2021:5 [ref. 38857]). Current status: Valid as Conger erebennus (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

esculentus, Conger Poey [F.] 1861:346 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 9330 [or 9328]. Poey specimens: ZMB 5971 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:173 [ref. 22926], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35195]. •Valid as Conger esculentus Poey 1861 -- (Smith 1989:519 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:744 [ref. 13285], Cervigón 1991:67 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:303 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:142 [ref. 25013], Smith 2003:750 [ref. 26989], Mincarone & Smith 2005:59 [ref. 28406], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:26 [ref. 33341], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:50 [ref. 37485], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35195], Carvalho-Filho 2023:55 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Conger esculentus Poey 1861. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cuba and Jamaica south to Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). Habitat: marine.

flavipinnatus, Conger Bennett [E. T.] 1832:168 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1856.2.15.17 [ex Zool. Soc.]. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 -- (Fricke 1999:68 [ref. 24106] dated 1830). Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Leptocephalus Storer [D. H.] 1846:524 [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 18840] Cherryfield, Maine, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Also described as new in Storer 1847:76 [ref. 18838]. •Synonym of Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

gruncus, Echelus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:65, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:42 [ref. 3595]. •Questionable synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:110 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Uncertain as Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae. Habitat: marine.

gussoni, Leptocephalus Cocco [A.] 1829:139 [Giornale di Scienze Lettere e Arti per La Sicilia Anno 7, v. 26 (no. 77); ref. 857] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

hesperius, Leptocephalus wilsoni Whitley [G. P.] 1944:25, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1943-44; ref. 4704] Leighton Beach, near Fremantle, Western Australia (found on beach). Holotype (unique): WAM P.2603-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:7 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:5 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Conger wilsoni (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:141 [ref. 12442], Hoese & Gates 2006:292 [ref. 28997], Moore et al. 2009:5 [ref. 30117]). Current status: Synonym of Conger wilsoni (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

inaequalis, Leptocephalus Facciolà [L.] 1883:7, Pl. 4 (fig. 5) [Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali. Memorié v. 6 (pt 1); ref. 17476] Straits of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MZUF 5692 (1). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:220 [ref. 20099]. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:160 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1879:32, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 18; ref. 460] Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMH 3748. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:414 [ref. 21161]. •Status uncertain -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Conger japonicus Bleeker 1879 -- (Ida in Okamura et al. 1982:61, 318 [ref. 8256], Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:28 [ref. 6441], Lee & Joo 1999:28 [ref. 25724], Nakabo 2000:229 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:294 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:229 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:146, 494 [ref. 26218], Motomura et al. 2010:74 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:203 [ref. 31511], Kim et al. 2020:57 [ref. 39118]). •Synonym of Conger myriaster (Brevoort 1856) -- (Ho et al. 2015:147 [ref. 34130], Smith et al. 2016:734 [ref. 34834]). Current status: Synonym of Conger myriaster (Brevoort 1856). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Conger Kanazawa [R. H.] 1958:250, Fig. 4; Pl. 1 (fig. G) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 108 (no. 3400); ref. 12078] Misaki, Japan, Albatross. Holotype: USNM 71844. Paratypes: FMNH 62579 [ex USNM 71818] (1); CAS-SU 12924-5 (1, 1), 23466 (1); UMMZ 142803 (1), 165503-04 (?, 1), 165508 (1), 165517 (3), 165521 (2), 165535 (1), 165537 (1); USNM 26250 (1), 49866 (1), 71715-16 (1, 1), 71819 (1), 71843 (1), 71845 (1), 71963 (1), 72003 (1), 163467 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:27 [ref. 12367], Smith 1994:5-6 [ref. 21917]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:549 [ref. 31656]. •Status uncertain -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Conger jordani Kanazawa 1958 -- (Ho et al. 2015:146 [ref. 34130], Smith et al. 2016:737 [ref. 34834], Smith & Ho 2018:173 [ref. 36044], Sonoyama et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37637], Murase et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40935]). Current status: Valid as Conger jordani Kanazawa 1958. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: Taiwan to Japan; possibly South Africa (southwestern Indian Ocean). Habitat: marine.

kellersi, Paramyrus Fowler [H. W.] 1932:1, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 81 (no. 2931); ref. 16368] Niuafoou Island, Tonga Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 91870. Type catalog: Smith 1994:10 [ref. 21917]. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

kiusiuanus, Leptocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:851 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1239); ref. 2508] Hakata, Chikuzen Province, Kuisiu, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6467. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Conger erebennus (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Personal communication, David G. Smith, June 2017). Current status: Synonym of Conger erebennus (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

labiata, Conger Castelnau [F. L.] 1879:396 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 4); ref. 764] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: MNHN A-1233. Type information: Bauchot et al. 1993:113-114 [ref. 20810]. Original as Conger? labiata. •Incertae sedis in Congridae -- (Paxton et al. 1989:143 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Conger wilsoni (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Bauchot et al. 1993:113 [ref. 20810], Gomon et al. 1994:212 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Gates 2006:292 [ref. 28997]). Current status: Synonym of Conger wilsoni (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Leptocephalus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:39, Pl. 86 (fig. 359) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Holyhead, Anglesey, Anglesey County, northwestern Wales, United Kingdom. No types known. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

linnei, Conger Malm [A. W.] 1877:591 [ ref. 2881] Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded replacement name for Muraena conger Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

macrocephalus, Conger Kanazawa [R. H.] 1958:254, Pl. 1 (fig. M) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 108 (no. 3400); ref. 12078] Verde Island passage, Luzon Island, Philippines, 13°34'37"N, 121°07'30"E, Albatross station 5367, depth about 180 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 164334. Type catalog: Smith 1994:6 [ref. 21917]. •Possibly the same as Conger philippinus Kanazawa 1958 -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Conger macrocephalus Kanazawa 1958 -- (Smith 1999:1686 [ref. 24661], Ho et al. 2015:146 [ref. 34130], Smith et al. 2017:35 [ref. 36260], Smith & Ho 2018:176 [ref. 36044], Ali et al. 2021:195 [ref. 38674], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:515 [ref. 38842], Ali et al. 2022:195 [ref. 39462], Kodeeswaran et al. 2023:480 [ref. 40021]). Current status: Valid as Conger macrocephalus Kanazawa 1958. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden (Yemen), Oman, Réunion; Philippines to Taiwan; Samoa. Habitat: marine.

macropterus, Echelus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:64, Pl. 17 (fig. 3) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:42 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:110 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Conger Valenciennes [A.] in Eydoux & Souleyet 1850:201, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 4501] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2152. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:114 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871, but a valid subspecies -- (Mundy 2005:141 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Conger marginatus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Randall 2005:27 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:55 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Conger marginatus Valenciennes 1850. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. Habitat: marine.

melanopterus, Conger Kodeeswaran [P.], Smith [D. G.], Dhas [D.], Kumar [T. T. A.] & Lal [K. K.] 2023:475, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 5244 (no. 5); ref. 40021] Colachel fishing harbour (deep-sea trawl), Indian Ocean, southwest coast of India, 8°10'21.92"N, 77°15'2.98"E. Holotype (unique): NBFGR CONCMEL. •Valid as Conger melanopterus Kodeeswaran, Smith, Dhas, Kumar & Lal 2023. Current status: Valid as Conger melanopterus Kodeeswaran, Smith, Dhas, Kumar & Lal 2023. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: southwest coast of India. Habitat: marine.

monganius, Leptocephalus Phillipps [W. J.] 1932:230 [The New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology v. 13 (no. 4); ref. 16393] Wharf at Mangonui, Doubtless Bay, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.433. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:7 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Conger monganius (Phillipps 1932) -- (Smith & Stewart 2015:276 [ref. 34234]). Current status: Valid as Conger monganius (Phillipps 1932). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

morrisianus, Leptocephalus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:142, 143, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Holyhead, Great Britain. No types known. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

morrisii, Leptocephalus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1150 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] North Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

multidens, Conger Castelnau [F. L.] 1855:84, Pl. 44 (fig. 1) [Animaux nouveaux or rares v. 2; ref. 766] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8428. •Synonym of Conger orbignianus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Smith 1990:160 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger orbignianus Valenciennes 1837. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

myriaster, Anguilla Brevoort [J. C.] 1856:282 [30], Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Notes on some figures of Japanese fish taken from recent specimens by the artists of the U. S. Japan Expedition. Pp. 253-288, Pls. 3-12 (color) In: M. C. Perry, Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan.; ref. 17284] Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan. No types known. On p. 30 of separate. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Conger myriaster (Brevoort 1856) -- (Asano in Masuda et al. 1984:28 [ref. 6441], Machida in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:93, 318 [ref. 8057], Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Cheng & Zhou 1997:98 [ref. 26385], Nakabo 2000:229 [ref. 25086], Smith in Randall & Lim 2000:586 [ref. 25122], Shimizu 2001:20 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:294 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:229 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:146,494 [ref. 26218], Shinohara et al. 2005:401 [ref. 28370], Zhang et al. 2010:199 [ref. 31511], Shinohara et al. 2014:237 [ref. 33330], Ho et al. 2015:146 [ref. 34130], Motomura et al. 2015:14 [ref. 34709], Smith et al. 2016:737 [ref. 34834], Smith & Ho 2018:178 [ref. 36044], Kim et al. 2020:57 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37637], Ramos-Castro et al. 2021:516 [ref. 38842]). Current status: Valid as Conger myriaster (Brevoort 1856). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: China and Taiwan to Korea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

nigra, Muraena Risso [A.] 1810:93 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8401 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:116, 130 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

noordziekii, Conger Bleeker [P.] 1857:86 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Prigi, southeastern Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) ?BMNH 1867.11.28.290 (1) E. Indian Arch. Not used as valid after 1900; therefore reversal of precedence in favor of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 -- (Mundy 2005:141 [ref. 28379] dated 1830). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

novaecaesariensis, Atopichthys Fowler [H. W.] 1912:35, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 64; ref. 14955] Beesley's Point, Cape May County, New Jersey, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 982. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:120 [ref. 13621]. Originally as novae-caesariensis. •Synonym of Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818). Current status: Synonym of Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

obtusa, Anguilla (Ophisoma) Swainson [W.] 1839:334, 395 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

occidentalis, Conger DeKay [J. E.] 1842:314, Pl. 53 (fig. 172) [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] New York, U.S.A. Holotype or syntypes: Cabinet of the Lyceum (whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). Current status: Synonym of Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

oceanica, Anguilla Mitchill [S. L.] 1818:407 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 17775] Near Block Island, off New York, U.S.A. No types known. •Valid as Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818) -- (Smith 1986:393 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:57 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:628 [ref. 9166], Scott & Scott 1988:82 [ref. 25518], Smith 1989:509 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:742 [ref. 13285], McAllister 1990:49 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:37 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:64 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:300 [ref. 23897], Smith & Tighe in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:101 [ref. 26158], Smith 2003:750 [ref. 26989], Moore et al. 2003:174 [ref. 27076], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807]. Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], Page et al. 2023:56 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Conger oceanicus (Mitchill 1818). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; reported from St. Helena. Habitat: marine.

oligoporus, Conger Kanazawa [R. H.] 1958:251, Pls. 1 (fig. B), 3 (fig. B) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 108 (no. 3400); ref. 12078] 200 yards west of Diamond Head lighthouse, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 5-20 feet. Holotype: USNM 162512 [ex UH 1506]. Paratypes: (5) CAS 35772 (1), USNM 163567 (3). Type catalog: Smith 1994:6 [ref. 21917]. •Valid as Conger oligoporus Kanazawa 1958 -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Mundy 2005:141 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:55 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Conger oligoporus Kanazawa 1958. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands Ridge (Hancock Seamount to Moloka'i) and Johnston Atoll endemic. Habitat: marine.

orbignianus, Conger Valenciennes [A.] 1837:Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale; ref. 20720] Atlantic off South America. Holotype or Valenciennes specimens: MNHN 0000-8415 (2) Montivedeo. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:114 [ref. 20810]. Name available from plate as above; description in Valenciennes 1847:10 [ref. 5010] as Conger orbignyanus. Holotype (unique) should be the figured specimen. Pl 12 was published in 1837. •Valid as Conger orbignianus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:64 [ref. 14235] as orbignyanus, Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Smith 1990:160 [ref. 13454], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:56 [ref. 25942] as orbignyanus, López et al. 2002:62 [ref. 26808] as orbingyanus, Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27192] as orbignyanus, Mincarone & Smith 2005:59 [ref. 28406], Figueroa & Ehrlich 2006:234 [ref. 29812] dated 1847 and as orbignyanus, Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Nión et al. 2016:25 [ref. 35565] as orbignyanus, Fermon et al. 2022:119 [ref. 39448] with question, Carvalho-Filho 2023:55 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Conger orbignianus Valenciennes 1837. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Espiritu Santo (Brazil) south to southern Argentina. Habitat: marine.

pellucidum, Ophidium Couch [J.] 1832:313, Fig. 65 [Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Minerology, Geology, and Meterology v. 5 (no. 26, art. 3); ref. 18047] Cornwall, England. Syntypes: (4, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

pellucidus, Lepidopus Risso [A.] 1810:152, Pl. 5 (fig. 19) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN B-0847 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin 1945:375 [ref. 21554]. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Conger Kanazawa [R. H.] 1958:255, Pl. 1 (fig. K) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 108 (no. 3400); ref. 12078] Market in Cebu, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 134969. Paratypes: CAS-SU 26848 (1 or 2), 27116 (1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:6 [ref. 21917]. •Possibly the same as Conger macrocephalus Kanazawa 1958 -- (Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285]). •Valid as Conger philippinus Kanazawa 1958 -- (Smith 1999:1686 [ref. 24661], Smith & Ho 2018:180 [ref. 36044], Ho et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36050], Prokofiev 2020:26 [22] [ref. 37917]). Current status: Valid as Conger philippinus Kanazawa 1958. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam east to Philippines, north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Helmictis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:49, 62 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

riukiuanus, Leptocephalus Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:852, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 23 (no. 1239); ref. 2508] Ishigaki Island, Yaeyama Islands, southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6468. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:48 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 -- (Personal communication, David G. Smith, June 2017). Current status: Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

rubescens, Conger Ranzani [C.] 1839:82 [18], Pl. 12 (figs. 2a-c) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 4 [1840]; ref. 18606] Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MZUB 982. Appeared first without description as Ranzani in Alessandrini 1838:433 [ref. 25852]. Dates to publication in a separate, on p. 18 and Pl. 5 in 1839; journal version in 1840. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

simulatus, Conger Facciolà [L.] 1913:109 [Bollettino della Società Zoologica Italiana (3. Ser.) v. 2; ref. 14952] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Uncertain as Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

spallanzani, Leptocephalus Risso [A.] 1810:85 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN B-0847 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:115 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Dalophis imberbis (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:249 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

stenops, Leptocephalus Kaup [J. J.] 1857:150 [Catalogue of the apodal fish in the collection of the British Museum; ref. 2573] Probably from Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype or syntype: MNHN 0000-3414 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1935:104 [ref. 21550], Bauchot et al. 1993:121-122 [ref. 20810]. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185] in part, Smith 1990:160 [ref. 13454]). •Synonym of Gnathophis mystax (Delaroche 1809) -- (Blache et al. 1973:242 [ref. 7185] in part). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

triporiceps, Conger Kanazawa [R. H.] 1958:243, Figs. 2-3; Pls. 1D, 4A [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 108 (no. 3400); ref. 12078] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8427. Replacement name for Conger brasiliensis Kaup 1856, preoccupied by Conger brasiliensis Ranzani 1840. •Valid as Conger triporiceps Kanazawa 1958 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:58 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:519 [ref. 13285], Smith 1989:743 [ref. 13285], Boschung 1992:38 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:303 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:301 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:142 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:149 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:99 [ref. 26784], Menezes et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27192], Smith 2003:750 [ref. 26989], Smith et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:64 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:64 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:26 [ref. 33341], Carneiro et al. 2019:66 [ref. 37250], Carvalho-Filho 2023:55 [ref. 40480], Page et al. 2023:56 [ref. 40505]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Conger triporiceps Kanazawa 1958. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to São Paulo (Brazil); larvae straying to Madeira (eastern Atlantic). Habitat: marine.

verreauxi, Conger Kaup [J. J.] 1856:72 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 22 (pt. 1); ref. 2572] Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:129 [ref. 20810]. Also in Kaup 1856:115 [ref. 2573]. •Valid as Conger verreauxi Kaup 1856 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:141 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Paulin et al. 1989:74 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:105 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:30 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:212 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Gates 2006:292 [ref. 28997], Smith 2008:176 [ref. 30621], Fricke et al. 2011:354 [ref. 31242], Smith & Stewart 2015:277 [ref. 34234]). Current status: Valid as Conger verreauxi Kaup 1856. Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Australia and New Zealand, Raoul Island and ? New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

verrens, Veternio Snyder [J. O.] 1904:516, Pl. 2 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50862. •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871 -- (Smith 1994:12 [ref. 21917] dated 1830). •Synonym of Conger cinereus Rüppell 1871, subspecies marginatus Valenciennes 1850 -- (Mundy 2005:141 [ref. 28379]). •Synonym of Conger marginatus Valenciennes 1850. Current status: Synonym of Conger marginatus Valenciennes 1850. Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

verus, Conger Risso [A.] 1827:201 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:159 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

vitreus, Leptocephalus Kölliker [R. A. von] 1853:360 [Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie v. 4 (no. 6); ref. 13614] North Atlantic. Syntypes: (20). •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:240 [ref. 7185], Smith 1990:160 [ref. 13454]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Conger Yarrell [W.] 1832:158 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 17746] Substitute name (to avoid Strickland tautonymy). •Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Blache et al. 1973:239 [ref. 7185], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:33 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:19 [ref. 36649]). Current status: Synonym of Conger conger (Linnaeus 1758). Congridae: Congrinae. Habitat: marine.

wilsoni, Gymnothorax Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Banning) 1801:529 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:155 [ref. 26380]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:70 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Needs more research, including the status of its 3 synonyms; a neotype or petition might be needed to continue usage in Congridae. •Nomen dubium in Muraenidae -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:155 [ref. 26380]). •Valid as Conger wilsoni (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Castle 1975:21 [ref. 25984], Castle 1986:164 [ref. 5644], Paxton et al. 1989:141 [ref. 12442], Smith 1989:515 [ref. 13285], Paulin et al. 1989:74 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:105 [ref. 24625], Kuiter 1993:30 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:212 [ref. 22532], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:76 [ref. 22017], Fricke 1999:70 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:722 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945], Andrew et al. 1995:11 [ref. 38009], Hoese & Gates 2006:292 [ref. 28997], Randall 2007:56 [ref. 30952] with author as Schneider, Fricke et al. 2009:20 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:354 [ref. 31242], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:108 [ref. 36167], Arndt & Fricke 2019:14 [ref. 36883], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626] as "wilsoni", Kodeeswaran et al. 2023:483 [ref. 40021]). Current status: Valid as Conger wilsoni (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Congridae: Congrinae. Distribution: Southern-central Atlantic: Gough Island; Indo-West Pacific (southern warm temperate waters): Cape of Good Hope (South Africa) to southern Mozambique and Mascarenes; southern Australia, Lord Howe Island and New Zealand east to Kermadec Islands and Tuvalu; possibly Japan. Habitat: marine.


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