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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Chaetodon: [ 226 ] records


abhortani, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:58 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9671. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:117 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Burgess 1978:673 [ref. 700], Fricke 1999:334 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

adiergastos, Chaetodon Seale [A.] 1910:116, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 14595] Bantayan Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 5800 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP 5791 (1, apparently destroyed). •Valid as Chaetodon adiergastos Seale 1910 -- (Burgess 1978:546 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:118 [ref. 26476] dated 1810, Kuiter 1997:216 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:895 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:264 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3234 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:895 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1288 [ref. 29090], Hobbs et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29249], Hobbs et al. 2008:8 [ref. 39350], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:518 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32988], Nakae in Kimura et al. 2018:207 [ref. 36460], Koeda in Motomura et al. 2021:38 [ref. 38121], Higuchi & Yagishita 2022:41 [ref. 39154]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon adiergastos Seale 1910. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Australia), Malaysia and Indonesia east to Philippines and Palau, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan) and Nagasaki (Japan), south to Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

afer, Chatodon Desjardins [J.] 1837:39 [Rapport Annuel sur les travaux de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice No. 8; ref. 20928] Red Sea. No types known. Genus should have been Chaetodon. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:21 [ref. 30339]. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863 -- (R. Fricke, pers. comm., June 2020). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

albipinnis, Chaetodon striatus var. Ahl [E.] 1923:91 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] South Atlantic. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1216. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:662 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

amplecticollis, Sarothrodus Poey [F.] 1868:353 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. Possible syntypes: MCZ 16250 (1), USNM 15033 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:205 [ref. 22926]. Spelled amplexicollis in Poey 1875:137 [ref. 3509]. Possibly prevailing usage can be used to retain the spelling amplexicollis. •Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:733 [ref. 700] with question and as amplexicollis, Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764] as amplexicollis). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

andamanensis, Chaetodon Kuiter [R. H.] & Debelius [H.] 1999:232, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 79 (no. 2); ref. 24303] Great Nicobar Island, Nicobar Islands, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SMF 12311. Paratypes: SMF 28844 (1). •Synonym of Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831 -- (Schneidewind 2000:516 [ref. 27929]). •Valid as Chaetodon andamanensis Kuiter & Debelius 1999 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Satapoomin 2009:183 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:518 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2020:511 [ref. 37272], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:447 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon andamanensis Kuiter & Debelius 1999. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Maldives, India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar east to northern Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

aphrodite, Chaetodon Ogilby [J. D.] 1889:55, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney No. 2 (art. no. 3); ref. 18489] Lord Howe Island. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1791. •Synonym of Chaetodon flavirostris Günther 1874 -- (Burgess 1978:558 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon flavirostris Günther 1874. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

arabica, Chaetodon trifasciatus var. Steindachner [F.] 1899:162 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 36 (no. 12) (for 4 May 1899); ref. 21723] Makalla, southeastern Arabia. Syntypes: ?NMW 70996 (3), 71100 (3). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetodon mesoleucas arabicus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:487 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:457 [ref. 39746]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

arabicus, Chaetodon mesoleucus var. Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Forsskål) 1792:411 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Red Sea (is Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea). •Synonym of Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål 1775 -- (Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182].). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

argentatus, Chaetodon Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1911:319, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1822); ref. 10246] Agojo Point, Catanduanes Islands, southern Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 67353. Paratypes: USNM 346582 (1). First author is H. M. Smith. •Valid as Chaetodon argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1911 -- (Burgess 1978:411 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:892 [ref. 25182], Pyle 2001:3235 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:892 [ref. 26193], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Motomura et al. 2010:134 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:518 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon argentatus Smith & Radcliffe 1911. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Vietnam, Taiwan, Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

assarius, Chaetodon Waite [E. R.] 1905:66, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 4562] Between Fremantle and Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.13255-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:27 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:30 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Chaetodon assarius Waite 1905 -- (Burgess 1978:682 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Gomon et al. 1994:626 [ref. 22532], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:220 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:264 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Allen et al. 2006:1289 [ref. 29090], Allen & Gomon 2008:608 [ref. 30653], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon assarius Waite 1905. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

ataeniatus, Sarothrodus Poey [F.] 1868:353 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 16251. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:205 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:733 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:274 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

auratus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1795:122, 128 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Name in index, refers to account of Chaetodon maculatus on p. 104, pl. 427. Chaetodon maculatus not found in index. Can be considered as two names for the same taxon, name may be used for a valid species if Cahetoton maculatus is preoccupied. Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700]. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

aureofasciatus, Chaetodon Macleay [W.] 1878:351, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: AMS 16350-001 [ex MAMU F686] (6 or 10). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Chaetodon aureofasciatus Macleay 1878 -- (Burgess 1978:642 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:221 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:362 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:210 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:221 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3235 [ref. 26117], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Allen et al. 2006:1289 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:519 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon aureofasciatus Macleay 1878. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aureus, Chaetodon Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:81, Pl. 42 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan. Holotype: RMNH 1121. Type information: Boeseman 1947:82 [ref. 12876]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetodon aureus Molina 1782 and Bloch 1787. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

auriga, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:60, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, or Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P52401 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 32 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:581 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:172 [ref. 29757], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:221 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:221 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:248 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:402 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:439 [ref. 24023], Chen et al. 1997:118 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:214 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:221 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:326 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:889 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:294 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:162 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:179 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3236 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:889 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:352, 623 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:286 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:309 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:393 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1289 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:279 [ref. 30952], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:71 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:184 [ref. 30463], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:134 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:519 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:261 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:98 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Trnski 2015:1301 [ref. 34198], Koeda et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Fricke et al. 2018:234 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:108 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:207 [ref. 36460], Arndt & Fricke 2019:14 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:53 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:181 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:82 [ref. 36871], Kim et al. 2020:141 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37637], Durville et al. 2021:312 [ref. 38802], Kovačić et al. 2021:59 [ref. 39014], Mochizuki et al. 2021:50 [ref. 38974], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:447 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), northern Line Islands (Kiribati) and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Korea and southern Sea of Japan (Japan), south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

auripes, Chaetodon Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:90 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 3 (pts 2 & 3); ref. 2505] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype: RMNH 1121. Replacement name for Chaetodon aureus Temminck & Schlegel, preoccupied. •Valid as Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Burgess 1978:531 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Chen et al. 1997:118 [ref. 26476], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:895 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:163 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:179 [ref. 25987], Pyle 2001:3236 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:895 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:352, 623 [ref. 26218], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Motomura et al. 2010:135 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011: 48 [ref. 31432], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:519 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Kim et al. 2020:141 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37637]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: South China Sea to Taiwan, southern Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan) and Ogasawara Islands (Japan). Habitat: marine.

auromarginatus, Chaetodon Bliss [R.] 1883:48 [Transactions of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius (N. S.) v. 13; ref. 16966] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MCZ 5943. •Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:602 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:340 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

aurora, Chaetodon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:453 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.200 (poor condition). •Synonym of Chaetodon ulietensis Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:607 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Allen et al. 2006:1295 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ulietensis Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

austriacus, Chaetodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:30, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah market, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1466 (1), 6184 (1), 2844 (1, dry). •Valid as Chaetodon austriacus Rüppell 1836 -- (Burgess 1978:494 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:173 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:248 [ref. 22896], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:108 [ref. 36273], Golani 2021:62 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:60 [ref. 39014], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:448 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon austriacus Rüppell 1836. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, rarely east to southern Oman; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

baro, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1816:333 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] No locality. Based on Renard as, "(2) baro, Cuv. Renard, pl. xx, fig. 109." (see Pietsch 1995:113 [ref. 26080]). •Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700] in Chaetodontidae. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

baronessa, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:190 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:131 [ref. 20718]. Based on Renard v. 1, xliii, 218. Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:45 [ref. 4881]. •Valid as Chaetodon baronessa Cuvier 1829 -- (Burgess 1978:434 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:221 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:403 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:221 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:891 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:294 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3237 [ref. 26117] dated 1831, Nakabo 2002:891 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830] dated 1831, Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:310 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1289 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:135 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:520 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988] dated 1831, Fricke et al. 2014:98 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:167 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36673], Mochizuki et al. 2022:23 [ref. 39612]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon baronessa Cuvier 1829. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island and Cocos-Keeling Islands and Indonesia east to Fiji, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

bellamaris, Chaetodon Seale [A.] 1914:72, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 14174] Market in Hong Kong. Holotype (unique): BSMP 6321 (probably destroyed). Originally published as bella-maris, correction mandatory. •Synonym of Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:538 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:165 [ref. 25480] as bella-maris). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

bellicosus, Chaetodon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:383 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Agana, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. No description, passing reference, but appears minimally available. •Mention -- (Burgess 1978:744 [ref. 700]). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

bellicosus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1831:120 [The animal kingdom, arranged according to its organization Vol. 2. Reptiles-fishes.; ref. 26487] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. No types known. Name not available; appeared in footnote with no description. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetodon bellicosus Quoy & Gaimard 1825 and possibly based on same source (Freycinet, Voy. World). Nomen Nudum. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

bellulus, Chaetodon Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:443 [165] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 165 of reprint. •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:699 [ref. 700] with question, Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

bellus, Chaetodon Solander [D. C.] in Lay & Bennett 1839:61 [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Not available, Solander manuscript name mentioned in synonymy. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

bennetti, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:84 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:134 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Chaetodon bennetti Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:467 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:222 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:403 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:119 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:212 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:222 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:326 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:890 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:295 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:164 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3237 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:890 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:288 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:310 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1289 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:135 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:520 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:261 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:98 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:52 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:234 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:82 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:448 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon bennetti Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes (Mauritius) east to Caroline Islands (Micronesia) and Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Lord Howe Island (Australia) and Rapa (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

bifascialis, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:190 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: MNHN 0000-9908. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:130-131 [ref. 20718] under trigascialis, with bifascialis dated to Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831. Available from footnote as, "Ch. bifascialis, N., Voyage de Freyc., pl. 62, f. 5." •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1790:9, Pl. 219 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] "East Indies" [=West Indies]. On p. 5 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:733 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:274 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

biocellatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:62 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Kosrae, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9912 (1) Bauchot's holotype, MNHN 0000-9928 (2) unknown locality. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:118 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratypes. Also appeared as Cuvier in Lesson 1831:176 [ref. 2776]. Two specimens mentioned in original description. •Synonym of Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802) -- (Burgess 1978:566 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Mundy 2005:395 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

blackburnii, Chaetodon Desjardins [J.] 1836:58 [Rapport Annuel sur les travaux de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice No. 7; ref. 17400] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Illustrated in Valenciennes 1837: Pl. 37 (fig. 3) [ref. 17868] as C. blackburni. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:327 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:21 [ref. 30339]. •Valid as Chaetodon blackburnii Desjardins 1836 -- (Burgess 1978:706 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Fricke 1999:327 [ref. 24106], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:286 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:71 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:235 [ref. 35805], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:448 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon blackburnii Desjardins 1836. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal, straying to eastern Cape (South Africa), and East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya) east to Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues). Habitat: marine.

bricei, Chaetodon Smith [H. M.] 1898:102, fig'd [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 17 (art. 3) (for 1897); ref. 10220] Quisset Harbor, Wood's Hole, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 48526. Paratypes: USNM 125592 (2). •Synonym of Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:658 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:274 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

burgessi, Chaetodon Allen [G. R.] & Starck [W. A., II] 1973:17, Figs. 1-2 [Tropical Fish Hobbyist v. 21 (no. 7); ref. 57] Off Bairakaseru Island, Ngemelis Islands, Palau Islands, Philippine Sea, 7°05'45"N, 134°15'15"E, depth 150 feet. Holotype: USNM 207943. Paratypes: BPBM 13229 (1), USNM 207944 (1). •Valid as Chaetodon burgessi Allen & Starck 1973 -- (Burgess 1978:378 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Yamakawa & Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:250 [ref. 8256], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3232 [ref. 26117], Randall et al. 2002:159 [ref. 26192], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:311 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:125 [ref. 28745], Allen & Erdmann 2012:520 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:182 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon burgessi Allen & Starck 1973. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Eastern Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Tonga, north to Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

capistratus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:275 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] 'In Indiis' [erroneous, should be western Atlantic]. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.68 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), NRM 58 (2), ZMUU Linn. Coll. 51 (2). Type catalog: Lönnberg 1896:22 [ref. 23530], Wheeler 1958:225 [ref. 13434], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:250 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1991:174-175, Fig. 13 [ref. 20102]. Based on the 'Labrus rostro reflexo, ocello purpureo iride alba juxta caudam' of Linnaeus 1749:314 [ref. 38023], which was based on the 'Tetragonopterus laevis, ad caudam brunna macula circulari ...' of Klein 1744: 37 [ref. 30141], the 'Klip-visch seu Soldaten-visch' of Willughby 1686:Appendix pl. 5, fig. 4 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:151 [ref. 30231], and the 'Piscis militaris' of Ruysch; the 'Chaetodon pallidus, fascia capitis ocelloque subcaudali fusco' of Linnaeus 1754:63, pl. 33, fig. 4 [ref. 31115], and the 'Chaetodon macrolepidotus, linea nigra ad oculos ...' of Gronow 1756:37 [ref. 20783]. •Mention -- (Monod 1973:422 [ref. 7193]). •Valid as Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:658 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Robins & Ray 1986:193 [ref. 23100], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Boschung 1992:148 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:331 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:274 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:111 [ref. 26784], Burgess 2003:1666 [ref. 27101], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Smith et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:460 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:59 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34961], Robertson et al. 2020:152 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:77 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:69 [ref. 39585]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: North Carolina (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Trinidad and Tobago, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. IUCN (2010): Least concern. Habitat: marine.

carens, Chaetodon Seale [A.] 1910:115, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 14595] Bantayan Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 6173 (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Chaetodon nippon Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 -- (Burgess 1978:386 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon nippon Steindachner & Döderlein 1883. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

caudifasciatus, Chaetodon trifasciatus Ahl [E.] 1923:57 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Padang, Sumatra; Siporab; Madagascar; Mozambique; Tanzania; Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH; ZMB 1234 (1), 14637 (2), 18198 (1), 20472 (1), 20474 (1), plus 2 more at ZMB. •Mentioned -- (Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]). •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

chrysurus, Chaetodon Desjardins [J.] 1832:107 [v. 3; ref. 30331] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9672. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:119-120 [ref. 20718]. Also in Desjardins 1834:117 [ref. 17398]. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:20 [ref. 30339]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetodon chrysurus Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Chaetodon paucifasciatus Ahl 1923 -- (Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Chaetodon madagaskariensis Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:398 [ref. 700] as madagascarensis, Fricke 1999:333 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:455 [ref. 39746]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon madagaskariensis Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

cingulatus, Chaetodon Fowler [H. W.] 1934:480, Fig. 45 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 55264. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:41 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:700 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:453 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

citrinellus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Broussonet) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:27 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9905. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1987-1408 [ex MNHN 0000-9905] (1). Bauchot 1963:120 [ref. 20718] selected a "lectoholotype", which was changed to lectotype in Bauchot 1969:135 [ref. 20807]. •Valid as Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:696 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:519, 693 [ref. 8056], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:222 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:222 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:119 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:218 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:222 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:328 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:897 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:295 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3238 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:897 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830] dating to 1866, Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:116 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:287 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:311 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:394 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1289 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:279 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:135 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:521 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:183 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:449 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Mascarenes (Mauritius), Lakshadweep Islands (India), Maldives and Chagos Archipelago east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands (Kiribati) and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia), Norfolk Island (Australia), New Caledonia, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

collare, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:116, Pl. 216 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Japan [in error]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8151 (right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:59 [ref. 24282]. On p. 87 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Mention -- (Dor 1984:176 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:522 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:248 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Pyle 2001:3238 [ref. 26117], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Hobbs et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29249], Hobbs et al. 2008:8 [ref. 39350], Satapoomin 2009:184 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:521 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2015:290 [ref. 34104], Eagderi et al. 2019:53 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:82 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:511 [ref. 37272], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:449 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf and Maldives east to Malaysia, Brunei and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

confluens, Chaetodon ulietensis var. Ahl [E.] 1923:172 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Indo-Pacific. ?BMNH. •Mentioned -- (Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]). •Synonym of Chaetodon ulietensis Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:607 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ulietensis Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

consuelae, Chaetodon Mowbray [L. L.] in Borodin 1928:23, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Oceanographic Museum v. 1 (art. 1); ref. 526] Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas, depth 8 fathoms. Holotype (unique): VMM unnumbered (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:661 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

corallicola, Chaetodon Snyder [J. O.] 1904:531, Pl. 11 (fig. 20) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Southern coast of Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 4032, depth 27-29 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 50880. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7732 (3), USNM 55317 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:80 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:700 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Randall 2005:313 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:395 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

cordiformis, Chaetodon Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:443 [165] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 165 of reprint. •Synonym of Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:450 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

daedalma, Chaetodon Jordan [D. S.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1902:538, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1296); ref. 10572] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 7190. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7159 (1), USNM 51390 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:80 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Chaetodon daedalma Jordan & Fowler 1902 -- (Burgess 1978:726 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Nakabo 2000:897 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:897 [ref. 26193], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon daedalma Jordan & Fowler 1902. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

dahli, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:143, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Ralum, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype: ZMB 20417 (2.9 cm). Non-types: ZMB 20417 (2 of 3). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- (Burgess 1978:594 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

dayi, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:127 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] India. No types at ZMB: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:602 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

decipiens, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:79 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Misaki, Japan, Albatross. Syntypes: USNM 50802 (3), 72111 (3). Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:558 [ref. 31656]. No types at ZMB: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon nippon Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 -- (Burgess 1978:386 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon nippon Steindachner & Döderlein 1883. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

declevis, Chaetodon Burgess [W. E.] & Randall [J. E.] in Burgess 1978:382 [Butterflyfishes of the World; ref. 700] Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Islands. Syntypes: BPBM 11733-34 (2, 1); CAS 33467 [ex BPBM 11777] (1), MNHN 1975-0695 [ex BPBM 11777] (1), USNM 214674 [ex BPBM 11777] (1). Described first from the same specimens by Randall 1975 as declivis. •Wrongly valid as Chaetodon declevis Burgess & Randall 1978 -- (Yamakawa & Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:250 [ref. 8256]). •Objective synonym of Chaetodon declivis Randall 1975 -- (Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon declivis Randall 1975. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

declivis, Chaetodon Randall [J. E.] 1975:16, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Uo (Japanese Society of Ichthyologists) No. 25; ref. 7464] Off point at northern side of Hanauu Bay, Fatu Hiva, Marquesas Islands, depth 23 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11734. Paratypes: BPBM 11733 (2), CAS 33467 [ex BPBM 11777] (1), MNHN 1975-0695 [ex BPBM 11777] (1), USNM 214674 [ex BPBM 11777] (1). Also appeared as new as Burgess & Randall in Burgess 1978 as declevis; based on the same specimens. •Valid as Chaetodon declivis Randall 1975 -- (Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Pyle 2001:3239 [ref. 26117], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall 2005:312 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon declivis Randall 1975. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

decoratus, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:71, Pl. 1 (fig. 6) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Yokohama, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7572. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon semeion Bleeker 1855 -- (Burgess 1978:618 [ref. 700]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon semeion Bleeker 1855. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

decussatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:190 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] India. Cuvier & Valenciennes specimens: MNHN A-2691 (1, dry). Available from footnote as, "Ch. decussatus, N., Russel, 53; et Klein., Miss., IV, ix, 2." Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:54 [ref. 4881]. Specimen (MNHN A-2691) listed by Bauchot 1963:120-121 [ref. 20718] as holotype is not a type but the specimen from the 1831 description. •Valid as Chaetodon decussatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Burgess 1978:591 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3239 [ref. 26117] dated 1831, Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830] dated 1831, Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:40 [ref. 27712], Allen et al. 2006:1290 [ref. 29090] dated 1831, Hobbs et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29249], Satapoomin 2009:184 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:521 [ref. 31980], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Mohanty et al. 2020:1439 [ref. 37820], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:449 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon decussatus Cuvier 1829. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Yemen, Oman; Maldives, Sri Lanka; Andaman Sea and Christmas Island (Australia) east to Flores (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

dialeucos, Chaetodon Salm [R. V.] & Mee [J. K. L.] 1989:8, Figs. 1-3 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 17725] Southwest Barr al Hikman, Sultanate of Oman, northwestern Indian Ocean, 20°24'N, 58°13'E, depth 2.5 meters. Holotype: CAS 63116. Paratypes: BPBM 31972 (1). •Valid as Chaetodon dialeucos Salm & Mee 1989 -- (Randall 1995:249 [ref. 22896], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:450 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon dialeucos Salm & Mee 1989. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: southern Oman. Habitat: marine.

dixoni, Chaetodon Regan [C. T.] 1904:276, Fig. [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 76) (art. 34); ref. 15200] Vanuatu. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.3.15.53-54 (2). •Synonym of Chaetodon mertensii Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:394 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon mertensii Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

dizoster, Chaetodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:527 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:132 [ref. 20718]. Based on a drawing. •Synonym of Chaetodon falcula Bloch 1795 -- (Burgess 1978:609 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:329 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:451 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon falcula Bloch 1795. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

dolosus, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:99 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. No types at ZMB: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Chaetodon dolosus Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:687 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Fricke 1999:328 [ref. 24106], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:287 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:71 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:235 [ref. 35805], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Durville et al. 2021:312 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:450 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon dolosus Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia) east to Seychelles, Madagascar, Walters Shoals and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius). Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Chaetodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] (ex Reinwardt) 1829:41, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Al Muwaylih, Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Syntypes: RMNH D473 (1, stuffed), SMF 424 (1). Bauchot 1963:134 [ref. 20718] attributes this species to Cuvier 1831 with holotype at RMNH, but Cuvier clearly cites Rüppell. •Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Burgess 1978:673 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

dorsimacula, Chaetodon striatus var. Ahl [E.] 1923:91 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] South Atlantic. Holotype: ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:662 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

dorsiocellatus, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:111, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Kaohsiung [Takao], Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 20416. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:48 [ref. 31432]. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Burgess 1978:531 [ref. 700] with question, Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ho & Shao 2011:48 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Chaetodon flavirostris Günther 1874 -- (Burgess 1978:558 [ref. 700]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

duplicicollis, Chaetodon collare var. Ahl [E.] 1923:137 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Indian coast. ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847] as duplicollis. •Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:523 [ref. 700] as duplicollis). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

ephippium, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:80, Pl. 174 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Bora Bora, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9665. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-9687 (1); RMNH D475 (1, dry), D476 (1 dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:121-122 [ref. 20718]. Also appeared as Cuvier in Lesson 1831:174, Pl. 29 (fig. 1) [ref. 2776]. Lectotype established in Bauchot 1863:121 [ref. 20718]. Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764] places the earlier-named Chaetodon principalis Cuvier 1829 in synonymy •Valid as Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:598 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:222 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:221 [ref. 23929], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:404 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:120 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:214 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:222 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:889 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:295 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:164 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3240 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:889 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:312 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:394 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1290 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:280 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:135 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:522 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:183 [ref. 36673], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:12 [ref. 39607]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka, Christmas Island and Cocos-Keeling islands east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga, Rapa and Gambier Islands. Habitat: marine.

falcula, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1795:102, Pl. 425 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] No locality stated [is Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India]. Syntypes: ZMB 1237 (2) Tranquebar, India. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:59 [ref. 24282]. On p. 100 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. •Mention -- (Dor 1984:176 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Chaetodon falcula Bloch 1795 -- (Burgess 1978:609 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Kuiter 1993:220 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:329 [ref. 24106], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:322 [ref. 28239], Satapoomin 2009:185 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:522 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:261 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:235 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:82 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:451 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon falcula Bloch 1795. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya), Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and eastern Mascarenes (Mauritius, Rodrgues) east to Andaman Sea and Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

fallax, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:64 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Japan. No types at ZMB: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Burgess 1978:531 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auripes Jordan & Snyder 1901. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:59, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype: ZMUC P52400 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 31 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:574 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:173 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:290 [ref. 28072], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:108 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:451 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen). Habitat: marine.

festivus, Chaetodon Desjardins [J.] 1832:106 [v. 3; ref. 30331] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Also in Desjardins 1834:117 [ref. 17398]. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:20 [ref. 30339]. •Mention -- (Burgess 1978:744 [ref. 700], Fricke 1999:326 [ref. 24106]). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Chaetodon Bennett [E. T.] 1831:61 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 19795] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.12.26.439 [ex Zool. Soc.]. Holotype purchased in 1855 from Zoological Society London. •Synonym of Pygoplites diacanthus, but a valid subspecies flavescens (Bennett 1831) -- (Coleman et al. 2016:243 [ref. 34402]). •Valid as Pygoplites flavescens (Bennett 1831) -- (Golani & Fricke 2018:112 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 37020]). •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:699 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:330 [ref. 24106], R. Fricke, pers. comm, 11/18). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

flavirostris, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1874:41, Pl. 32 (fig. A) [Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee Bd 1 (Heft 2); ref. 14190] Vavau, Tonga. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1873.4.3.236 or 226. •Valid as Chaetodon flavirostris Günther 1874 -- (Burgess 1978:558 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:223 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:223 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:218 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:223 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:295 [ref. 25191], Pyle 2001:3240 [ref. 26117] dated 1873, Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624] dated 1873, Randall 2005:313 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1290 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon flavirostris Günther 1874. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

flavocoronatus, Chaetodon Myers [R. F.] 1980:297, Figs. 1-2 [Micronesica v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 8684] About 1 kilometer south of Orote Point, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific, depth 36 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 24790. •Valid as Chaetodon flavocoronatus Myers 1980 -- (Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Myers 1999:163 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3232 [ref. 26117], Randall et al. 2002:159 [ref. 26192], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:320 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon flavocoronatus Myers 1980. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Mariana Islands endemic. Habitat: marine.

flavoniger, Holacanthus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:529, 535, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9769. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:142 [ref. 20718]. Originally flavo-niger. •Synonym of Chaetodon meyeri Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Burgess 1978:502 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:335 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon meyeri Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Forsskål) 1801:225 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 31 [ref. 20847] as Chaetodon fasciatus. Unnecessary replacement name for Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. •Synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:574 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:173 [ref. 29757], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:451 [ref. 39746]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Chaetodon Klausewitz [W.] 1955:313, Fig. 2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 36 (nos 5/6); ref. 12205] Java Sea near Jakarta, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 3358. •Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:523 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

fremblii, Chaetodon Bennett [E. T.] 1828:42 [Zoological Journal, London v. 4 (no. 13, art. 3); ref. 16783] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.75 [ex Zool. Soc.]. Misspelled frehmlii by Cuvier. •Valid as Chaetodon fremblii Bennett 1828 -- (Burgess 1978:708 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Mundy 2005:394 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:280 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon fremblii Bennett 1828. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

frenatus, Chaetodon Fowler [H. W.] 1935:154, Fig. 123 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 62658. Paratypes: ANSP 62659-65 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:41 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:538 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

gardineri, Chaetodon Norman [J. R.] 1939:65, Fig. 22 [Scientific Reports, John Murray Expedition v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 6556] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: BMNH 1888.12.29.37 (150-mm spec.). Paratypes: (should be 3) BMNH 1888.12.29.38-39 (now 2) Muscat, BMNH 1939.5.24.963 (1). •Valid as Chaetodon gardineri Norman 1939 -- (Burgess 1978:631 [ref. 700] as gardneri, Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553] as gardneri, Randall 1995:249 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:194 [ref. 23922], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Allen & Erdmann 2012:522 [ref. 31980], Eagderi et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:452 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon gardineri Norman 1939. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf east to Andaman Sea (western Thailand) and western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

garnoti, Chaetodon Lesson [R. P.] 1831:174 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Not available, manuscript name mentoned in passing under Chaetodon ephippium. Subsequent publication in an available way not researched. •Treated as synonym of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:598 [ref. 700] as garnotii, Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764] as garnotii). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

garretti, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:96 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Samoa. ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •In part with question, synonym of Chaetodon miliaris Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:680 [ref. 700]). •In part a synonym of Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:685 [ref. 700]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon miliaris Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

germanus, Chaetodon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:454 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.198. •Synonym of Chaetodon pelewensis Kner 1868 -- (Burgess 1978:719 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon pelewensis Kner 1868. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1860:20 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] West Indies. Syntypes: BMNH 2016.8.15.1-3 (3). •Synonym of Chaetodon sedentarius Poey 1860 -- (Burgess 1978:692 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon sedentarius Poey 1860. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

guentheri, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:99 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1871.7.19.22 (1), 1871.7.19.58 (1). Originally Güntheri. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:685 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553] as guntheri, Randall et al. 1990:223 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:222 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:218 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:223 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:897 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:296 [ref. 25191], Pyle 2001:3241 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:897 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:313 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1290 [ref. 29090], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:523 [ref. 31980], Trnski 2015:1302 [ref. 34198], Motomura et al. 2017:167 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Australia, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

guttatissimus, Chaetodon Bennett [E. T.] 1833:183 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1832 (pt 2); ref. 16789] Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.2.9.13.152 [ex Zool. Zoc.]. •Valid as Chaetodon guttatissimus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:722 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:329 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle 2001:3241 [ref. 26117] dated 1832, Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:287 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:185 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:523 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:235 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Durville et al. 2021:312 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:452 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon guttatissimus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Western Cape, eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos) and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mazritius, Rodrigues) east to Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Andaman Sea coast of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

hadjan, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Forsskål) 1801:227 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Arabia, Red Sea (is Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea). •Synonym of Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:622 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiiensis, Chaetodon setifer var. Borodin [N. A.] 1930:55, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 2); ref. 16069] Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: VMM 512 (now at AMNH). Described as a new color variety; perhaps should be regarded as infrasubspecific and unavailable. •Synonym of Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:588 [ref. 700], Mundy 2005:400 [ref. 28379]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

hemichrysus, Chaetodon Burgess [W. E.] & Randall [J. E.] in Burgess 1978:714, Figs. [Butterflyfishes of the World; ref. 700] Rapa Island and Pitcairn Island, southern Pacific. Syntypes: AMNH 32455-56 (8) Rapa Island, BMNH 1975.8.13.2 [ex BPBM 13219] (1), USNM 214673 [ex BPBM 13219] (1) Pitcairn Island. •Synonym of Chaetodon smithi Randall 1975 -- (Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon smithi Randall 1975. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

hoefleri, Chaetodon Steindachner [F.] 1881:158 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 18 (no. 16) (for 23 June 1881); ref. 20482] Gorée, Senegal. Syntypes: (2) NMW. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1881:30 [p. 14 of separate], Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [ref. 13333]. •Valid as Chaetodon hoefleri Steindachner 1881 -- (Monod 1973:422 [ref. 7193], Burgess 1978:664 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Nalbant in Whitehead et al. 1986:915 [ref. 13676], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Maugé 1990:837 [ref. 17126], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:275 [ref. 25013], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:291 [ref. 28072], Psomadakis et al. 2012:17 [ref. 33457], Wirtz et al. 2013:128 [ref. 32972], Bailly in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2669 [ref. 34618], Fermon et al. 2022:299 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon hoefleri Steindachner 1881. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Morocco south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.

humeralis, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1860:19 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] "Sandwich Islands" [error for Central America]. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1855.9.19.345-346 (2), 1855.9.19.534-535 (2) Haslar coll., BMNH 1855.9.19.576 (1) Haslar coll. •Valid as Chaetodon humeralis Günther 1860 -- (Hiyama in Kumada 1937:53 [ref. 39147], Burgess 1978:670 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:225 [ref. 9277], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:180 [ref. 22193], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1002 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:438 [ref. 24023], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:102 [ref. 24545], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:340 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:390 [ref. 24550], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:123 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:151 [ref. 25640], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:130 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:394 [ref. 28379], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:254 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:303 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon humeralis Günther 1860. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Chile, including Gulf of California (Mexico) asnd Galapagos Islands (Ecuador); central Pacific: one record from Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: marine.

interruptus, Chaetodon unimaculatus Ahl [E.] 1923:142, Pl. 2 (fig. 9) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Possible types: ZMB 9526 (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:637 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). •Synonym of Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251], Fricke 1999:337-338 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Chaetodon interruptus Ahl 1923 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:288 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:322 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:185 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:523 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:235 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:453 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon interruptus Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

jordani, Chaetodon vagabundus var. Ahl [E.] 1923:181 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Sri Lanka. ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon decussatus Cuvier 1829 -- (Burgess 1978:591 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon decussatus Cuvier 1829. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

karraf, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:46 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1242. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:132 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon larvatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:439 [ref. 700], Dor 1984:174 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:454 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon larvatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

kaupi, Chaetodon ornatissimus var. Ahl [E.] 1923:52 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Samoa; Ralum; Matupi. No types known. Based on literature account of Kaup. •Mentioned -- (Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]). •Synonym of Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:507 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

kleinii, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1790:7, Pl. 218 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Ostindien [Indonesia]. Syntypes: (2) ZMB 1229 (1), 1231 (1 ex 2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:59 [ref. 24282]; use of holotype [ZMB 1229] in the "Catalog of Fishes" 1998 may have established a lectotype. On p. 4 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:699 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:223 [ref. 15987], Francis & Randall 1993:122 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:222 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:404 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:438 [ref. 24023] as kleini, Chen et al. 1997:120 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:218 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:223 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:330 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:896 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:296 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:165 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3242 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:896 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:117 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:289 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:313 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:395 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1291 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:281 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:186 [ref. 30463], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:75 [ref. 35264], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:135 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:524 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:167 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:236 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:184 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Durville et al. 2021:312 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:452 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Western Cape, eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands (Kiribati) and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island (Australia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

klunzingeri, Chaetodon Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:391 [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Red Sea. Holotype (unique): Apparently lost. Also appeared in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:10, Pisces Pl. 2 (fig. 11) [ref. 14246]. •Synonym of Chaetodon austriacus Rüppell 1836 -- (Burgess 1978:494 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:173 [ref. 29757], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:448 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon austriacus Rüppell 1836. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

knerii, Chaetodon collare var. Ahl [E.] 1923:137 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Java, Indonesia; Hong Kong, China. Syntypes: ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:538 [ref. 700] as kneri, Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764] as kneri). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

larvatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:45 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 1240 (1), 1241 (2, poor condition), 1242 (6, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:134-135 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Chaetodon larvatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:439 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:173 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:250 [ref. 22896], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:108 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Golani 2021:62 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:60 [ref. 39014], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:454 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon larvatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), rarely southern Oman; Mediterranean Sea (Red sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

layardi, Chaetodon Blyth [E.] 1852:50 [Report on Ceylon mammals, birds, reptiles and fishes; ref. 16969] Sri Lanka. No types known. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

leachii, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:49 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality. Holotype: MNHN 0000-4412. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:122 [ref. 20718]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetodon leachii Bowdich 1825. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

leucopleura, Chaetodon Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:35, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.116 (skin). •Valid as Chaetodon leucopleura Playfair 1867 -- (Klausewitz 1970:2 [ref. 39503], Burgess 1978:628 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:174 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:250 [ref. 22896], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:454 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon leucopleura Playfair 1867. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea; western Indian Ocean: East Africa (Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania) east to Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles and Aldabra (Seychelles). Habitat: marine.

leucopygus, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:72, Pl. 2 (fig. 12) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): ZMB 13610. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon leucopleura Playfair 1867 -- (Burgess 1978:628 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:454 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon leucopleura Playfair 1867. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

lineolatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:40 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9801 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:122 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:612 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:174 [ref. 29757], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:224 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:220 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:405 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:120 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:216 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:224 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:331 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:893 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:296 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:165 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:101 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3242 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:893 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:629 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:314 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:395 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1291 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:280 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:186 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:136 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:524 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:237 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:208 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:184 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:454 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos) and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands (Kiribati) and Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia), New Caledonia and Gambier Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

litus, Chaetodon Randall [J. E.] & Caldwell [D. K.] 1973:2, Figs. 1-2 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 237; ref. 7582] Anakena Cove, Easter Island, southeastern Pacific, depth 6-10 feet. Holotype: BPBM 6659. Paratypes: BMNH 1972.10.5.2 (1); BPBM 6655-58 (2, 1, 1, 1), 6660-64 (1, 2, 4, 1, 1), 10438 (1); LACM 6560-1 (19); USNM 208218 (1); BC 65-403 (1), 65-407 (1), 65-429-430 (2, 2), 65-434 (1), 65-440 (2), 65-446 (2), 65-451 (1), 65-455 (2), 65-457-58 (1, 2). •Valid as Chaetodon litus Randall & Caldwell 1973 -- (Burgess 1978:711 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon litus Randall & Caldwell 1973. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Easter Island endemic. Habitat: marine.

luciae, Chaetodon Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1880:160 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3790] Saint Lucie [Saint Luzia Island], Cape Verde Islands. Type lost. •Synonym of Chaetodon robustus Günther 1860 -- (Burgess 1978:731 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Maugé 1990:837 [ref. 17126]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon robustus Günther 1860. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

luctuosus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:37 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality. Possible syntypes: MNHN 0000-9779 (2). Described independently of (and preoccupied by) Chaetodon luctuosus Quoy & Gaimard 1824; specimens used by Cuvier perhaps are the same ones as used by Quoy & Gaimard -- (see Bauchot 1963:123 [ref. 20718]). Objectively invalid. 1°Homonym. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

lunaris, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:70 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] India. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:582 [ref. 700]). Current status: Uncertain as Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

lunatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:57 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1236. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:135-136 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:612 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:174 [ref. 29757], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:454 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

lunula, Pomacentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:507, 511 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality stated [Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: MNHN B-2121 (2, dry), MNHN 0000-9740 (?). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:123-124 [ref. 20718], Bauchot et al. 1978:48 [ref. 20862]. •Valid as Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802) -- (Burgess 1978:566 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:224 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:223 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:250 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:440 [ref. 24023], Chen et al. 1997:121 [ref. 26476] dated 1803, Kuiter 1997:218 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:224 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:332 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:891 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:296 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:166 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:105 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:101 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3243 [ref. 26117] dated 1803, Nakabo 2002:891 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:352, 624 [ref. 26218] with authorship as Cuvier 1831, Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576] dated 1803, Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:289 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:314 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:395 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1291 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:282 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:186 [ref. 30463], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:136 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:524 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:114 [ref. 36167], Francis & Duffy 2015:483 [ref. 36161], Trnski 2015:1303 [ref. 34198], Koeda et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:237 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:14 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:184 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Kim et al. 2020:141 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37637], Durville et al. 2021:313 [ref. 38802], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:12 [ref. 39607], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:455 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Western Cape, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos) and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), Line Islands (Kiribati) and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan), south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia), northern New Zealand, Kermadec Islands and Rapa (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

lunulatus, Chaetodon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:381 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Hawaiian Islands, or possibly Guam, western Pacific. Holotype: MNHN A-0277. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:124 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). •Valid as Chaetodon lunulatus Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Kuiter 1995:105 [ref. 22918], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:220 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:892 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:892 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:117 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:315 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:396 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1291 [ref. 29090], Hobbs et al. 2008:8 [ref. 39350], Hobbs et al. 2010:64 [ref. 30769], Hobbs et al. 2010:67 [ref. 30769], Randall 2007:282 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:136 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:525 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:99 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:54 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon lunulatus Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Caledonia, Tonga, Rapa and Gambier Islands. Habitat: marine.

lunulatus, Chaetodon Shaw [G.] 1803:352 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Unjustified emendation of Pomacentrus lunula Lacepède 1802. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802). Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

lydiae, Chaetodon Curtiss [A.] 1938:118 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Also appeared in Curtiss 1944:15 [ref. 12574]. •Synonym of Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:507 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Choetodon (Tetragonoptrus) Sauvage [H.-E.] (ex Liénard) 1891:259 [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] [Réunion (erroneous)] is Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0902. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:124-125 [ref. 20718]. Original genus should have been Chaetodon. Based on 'Chétodon tachete' of Liénard 1839:36 [ref. 17536] and Liénard 1840:297 [ref. 30337]; description quoted from Liénard. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Tetragonopterus maculatus Bleeker (ex Liénard) 1875. Objectively invalid; Preoccupied by Chaetodon maculatus Bloch 1795. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon guttatissimus Bennett 1832 -- (Burgess 1978:722 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:452 [ref. 39746] as Chaetodon (Tetragonopterus) maculatus). •Synonym of Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802) -- (Fricke 1999:332 [ref. 24106]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède 1802). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

maculiceps, Megaprotodon Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:14 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.868. •Synonym of Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:450 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

maculocinctus, Sarothrodus Gill [T. N.] 1861:99 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 1772] Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP. Originally as maculo-cinctus, correction mandatory. •Valid as Chaetodon maculocinctus (Gill 1861) -- (Herrera 1896:60 [ref. 39336]). •Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:733 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

madagaskariensis, Chaetodon chrysurus Ahl [E.] 1923:163 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean [not Madagascar]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9672. Usually seen as madagascariensis but probably should not be emended; authors however may wish to evoke a prevailing usage argument. Based on description of Choetodon (Tetragonoptrus) miliaris (non Quoy & Gaimard 1825) by Sauvage 1891:259 [ref. 14503], allegedly from Madagascar, but in fact from Mauritius based on Chaetodon chrysurus Desjardins 1834. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847] as madagascariensis. •Synonym of Chaetodon mertensii Cuvier 1831 -- (Randall 2005:316 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Chaetodon madagaskariensis Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:398 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553] as madagascariensi, Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251] as madagascariensis, Chen et al. 1997:119 [ref. 26476] as madagascariensis, Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:333 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125] as madagascariensis, Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:290 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:525 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:237 [ref. 35805], Durville et al. 2021:313 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:455 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon madagaskariensis Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Mozambique Channel, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Andaman Sea, Cocos-Keeling Islands and Christmas Island (Australia). Habitat: marine.

mantelliger, Chaetodon Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:394, Fig. 7 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 49699. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23317 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:80 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Chaetodon miliaris Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:680 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Mundy 2005:396 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon miliaris Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:57 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1254. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:136 [ref. 20718]. Preoccupied by Chaetodon marginatus Bloch 1787 and Chaetodon marginatus Lichenstein 1823. Objectively invalid. •Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Burgess 1978:673 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

marleyi, Chaetodon Regan [C. T.] 1921:1 [Annals of the Durban Museum v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 15326] East London, South Africa, depth 40 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1920.7.23.25. •Valid as Chaetodon marleyi Regan 1921 -- (Burgess 1978:667 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:290 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2018:237 [ref. 35805], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:456 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon marleyi Regan 1921. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) noth to southern Mozambique, east to southern Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

melammystax, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:224 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:699 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

melannotus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:224 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1253. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:60 [ref. 24282]. Spelled melanotus by authors. See Chaetodon melanotus Cuvier 1831. •Valid as Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Burgess 1978:673 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:174 [ref. 29757], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:224 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:220 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:405 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:121 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:216 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:224 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:334 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:894 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:297 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:166 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Shimizu 2001:32 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3243 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:894 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:117 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:315 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1292 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:187 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:136 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:525 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:54 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:238 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:456 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos) and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Marshall Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

melanopoma, Chaetodon Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:35, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Aden. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.124 (right half skin). •Synonym of Chaetodon semilarvatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:554 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon semilarvatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

melanopterus, Chaetodon Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:34 [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Unjustified emendation of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863. •Synonym of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:487 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

melanotus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Reinwardt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:71 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH D474 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:136-137 [ref. 20718]. Cuvier referred to "Chaetodon melanotus, Reinw." Not based on Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 [ref. 471]. See Chaetodon reinwardtii Günther 1860, a new name for Chaetodon melanotus Cuvier 1831. •Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Bauchot 1963:136-137 [ref. 20718], Burgess 1978:673 [ref. 700]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

melapterus, Choetodon Guichenot [A.] 1863:C-6 [Faune ichthyologique 2nd Partie, Annexe C.; ref. 1943] Réunion (probably in error). Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1316 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:125 [ref. 20718]. Original genus should have been spelled Chaetodon. •Valid as Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:487 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Randall 1994:265 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:251 [ref. 22896] with remark on locality, Carpenter et al. 1997:194 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:326 [ref. 24106] with remark on locality, Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:457 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon melapterus Guichenot 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

melastomus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:224 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Syntypes: ZMB 1231 (2). •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

mendoncae, Chaetodon Smith [J. L. B.] 1953:9 [Memorias do Museu Dr. Alvaro de Castro No. 2; ref. 4087] Mozambique Channel, western Indian Ocean, depth 60 fathoms. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 6. Paratypes: (2) not researched. •Synonym of Chaetodon dolosus Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:687 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:628 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:450 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon dolosus Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

mertensii, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:47 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:132-133 [ref. 20718]. Based on a drawing. •Valid as Chaetodon mertensii Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:394 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:225 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:223 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:220 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:225 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:896 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:297 [ref. 25191], Pyle 2001:3244 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:896 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:290 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:316 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1292 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:526 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon mertensii Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Eastern Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, east to Vanuatu and Marquesas Islands, New Caledonia east to Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

mesoleucos, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:61, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Mochhæ] Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea. No types known. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]. Spelled mesoleucus by some authors, but Chaetodon mesoleucus Bloch is a different species. •Valid as Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:618 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182], Randall & Rocha 2009:511 [ref. 30410], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871] as cf. mesoleucos, Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:457 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon mesoleucos Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

meyeri, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:223 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): Museum Meyer, Leiden (whereabouts unknown). Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:334 [ref. 24106] as the specimen figured as 'Dowing' by Renard (1718:Pl. 25 (fig. 135)) restricting the locality to Ambon. •Valid as Chaetodon meyeri Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Burgess 1978:502 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:15 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:225 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:440 [ref. 24023], Chen et al. 1997:121 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:212 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:225 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:894 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3244 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:894 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:118 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:291 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:316 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1292 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:72 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:187 [ref. 30463], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:526 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:54 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:238 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:457 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon meyeri Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion) east to Line Islands (Kiribati), north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga; eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

miliaris, Chaetodon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:380, Pl. 62 (fig. 6) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8976. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:125 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Chaetodon miliaris Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:680 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Mundy 2005:396 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:283 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon miliaris Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

mitratus, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1860:16 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1842.7.26.14 (stuffed and mounted). •Valid as Chaetodon mitratus Günther 1860 -- (Burgess 1978:374 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Yamakawa & Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:250 [ref. 8256], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251], Fricke 1999:335 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall 2005:320 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2009:73 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:526 [ref. 31980], Tea et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37258], Durville et al. 2021:313 [ref. 38802], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:458 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon mitratus Günther 1860. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa (Mozambique), Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Andaman Sea, Christmas Island and Cocos-Keeling Islands (Australia). Habitat: marine.

modestus, Paracanthochaetodon Schmidt [P. Yu.] & Lindberg [G. U.] 1930:469 [Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. A (Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS), Leningrad 1930; ref. 3940] Tsuruga, western Japan. Holotype (unique): ZIN 22949. Treated by Burgess 1978:351 [ref. 700] as a new combination in the synonymy of Chaetodon modestus Temminck & Schlegel 1842, but the description is clearly intended as a new species. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Chaetodon if Burgess' placement is correct. 2°Homonym. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

mulsanti, Chaetodon Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:441 [163] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 163 of reprint. •Synonym of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:598 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764] as melsanti). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

multicinctus, Chaetodon Garrett [A.] 1863:65 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3; ref. 13928] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: (2, destroyed in 1906). •Valid as Chaetodon multicinctus Garrett 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:725 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Mundy 2005:397 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:284 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon multicinctus Garrett 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

nesogallicus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:190 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Cuvier specimens: MNHN 0000-9670 (2). Available from footnote as, "Ch. nesogallicus, N., Ren., I, v, 37." Also appeared in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:63 [ref. 4881]. Misspelled nasogallicus by Griffith & Smith 1834:173 [ref. 1908]. Bauchot 1963:125 [ref. 20718] lists syntypes (MNHN 9670), but they apply to the 1831 description. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:339 [ref. 24106] is invalid. Species epithet misspelled nasogallicus by Cuvier 1831:139 [ref. 30376] with author Risso. •Synonym of Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:587 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:338 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:462 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Chaetodon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:453 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.199. •Synonym of Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:696 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Allen et al. 2006:1290 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

nigripes, Chaetodon citrinellus Ahl [E.] 1923:105 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Not an independent description; based on Chaetodon nigripes of De Vis 1884. Current status: Uncertain as Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

nigripinnatus, Chaetodon Desjardins [J.] 1836:57 [Rapport Annuel sur les travaux de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Ile Maurice No. 7; ref. 17400] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. For comments on authorship see Monod 1976:21 [ref. 30339]. •Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:602 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:340 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

nigripinnis, Chaetodon Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:438 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Possible types: ZMB 1272 (1). Also described as new in Peters 1855:246 [ref. 13448]. •Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:602 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

nigromaculatus, Chaetodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:453, 473 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] East Indies; Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 1256-1257 (1, 1). Originally nigro-maculatus, correction mandatory. Unneeded new name for Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787. Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700]. •Synonym of Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm., 10/17/03). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

nigropunctatus, Chaetodon (Tetragonoptrus) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:222 [12] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3888] Oman. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:125-126 [ref. 20718]. On p. 12 of separate. •Valid as Chaetodon nigropunctatus Sauvage 1880 -- (Burgess 1978:633 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Carpenter et al. 1997:194 [ref. 23922], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Eagderi et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37020], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:458 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon nigropunctatus Sauvage 1880. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: southern Oman and Gulf of Oman to Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

nippon, Chaetodon Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1883:124 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 20 (no. 15) (for 14 June 1883); ref. 20490] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: (several) NMW 71094 (2), ?ZMB 12062 (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:23, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [ref. 4247]. Type information (ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:162 [ref. 26515]. •Valid as Chaetodon nippon Steindachner & Döderlein 1883 -- (Burgess 1978:386 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Yamakawa & Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:250 [ref. 8256], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:897 [ref. 25182] with author as Döderlein, Pyle 2001:3245 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:897 [ref. 26193] with author as Döderlein, Choi et al. 2003:352, 624 [ref. 26218] with author as Döderlein, Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon nippon Steindachner & Döderlein 1883. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

notophthalmus, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:81, Pl. 2 (fig. 10) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Unknown locality. ZMB 20415. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon marleyi Regan 1921 -- (Burgess 1978:668 [ref. 700], Heemstra 1986:629 [ref. 5660], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:456 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon marleyi Regan 1921. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

obscurus, Chaetodon Boulenger [G. A.] 1888:657 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 4); ref. 14479] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1887.11.11.109 (1), BMNH 1887.11.11.110 (1, dried skin). •Synonym of Chaetodon nigropunctatus Sauvage 1880 -- (Burgess 1978:633 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Randall 1995:251 [ref. 22896], Eagderi et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37020], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:458 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon nigropunctatus Sauvage 1880. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:68 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. Preoccupied by Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787. •Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm., 10/17/03). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] (ex Seba) 1787:105, Pl. 211 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] "East Indies" [actual is West Indies]. No types known. Based on the “Chaetodon macrolepidotus, albescens“ of Seba 1759:67 (no. 11), Pl. 25 (fig. 11) [ref. 18716]. On p. 78 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:733 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:387 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:193 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:394 [ref. 25518], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], McAllister 1990:152 [ref. 14674], Boschung 1992:149 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:335 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:225 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:389 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:274 [ref. 25013], Nakabo 2000:888 [ref. 25182], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:141 [ref. 27639], McBride in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:446 [ref. 26158], Burgess 2003:1667 [ref. 27101], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:462 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:59 [ref. 33341] dated 1778, Robertson et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34961], Carneiro et al. 2019:278 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:152 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:546 [ref. 38945], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:77 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:69 [ref. 39585]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Maine (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. IUCN (2010): Least concern. Habitat: marine.

ocellicaudus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:69 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago? Holotype: MNHN 0000-9914. Spelled Chaetodon ocellicauda by Günther 1860:29 [ref. 1963]. Type information: Bauchot 1963:126 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Chaetodon ocellicaudus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:677 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:225 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:220 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:216 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:225 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:166 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3245 [ref. 26117], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830] as ocellicauda, Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Allen et al. 2006:1292 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:527 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon ocellicaudus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Malay Peninsula east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines and Palau, south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

ocellifer, Chaetodon Franz [V.] 1910:49, Pl. 5 (fig. 35) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: ZSM [old collection] (3) destroyed in WW II Type catalog: Neumann 2006:268 [ref. 28925]. •Synonym of Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:455 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

octofasciatus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:113, Pl. 215 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Indian Ocean. Lectotype: ZMB 1221. Paralectotypes: ZMB 8152 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:60 [ref. 24282]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:60 [ref. 24282]. On p. 85 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Mention -- (Monod 1973:422 [ref. 7193]). •Valid as Chaetodon octofasciatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:650 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:406 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:122 [ref. 26476], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:893 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:168 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3246 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:893 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1292 [ref. 29090], Satapoomin 2009:187 [ref. 30463], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:528 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:208 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:185 [ref. 36673], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Koeda in Motomura et al. 2021:39 [ref. 38121], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:459 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon octofasciatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, India and Sri Lanka east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

octolineatus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:69 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.71 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:225 [ref. 13434] but with a holotype. •Synonym of Chaetodon octofasciatus Bloch 1787 -- (Wheeler 1958:225 [ref. 13434], Burgess 1978:650 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon octofasciatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

ornatissimus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Solander) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:22 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-0279 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:126 [ref. 20718]. Also appeared as Cuvier in Lesson 1831:179, Pl. 30 (fig. 1) [ref. 2776]. •Valid as Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:507 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477] as ornatus, Blum 1989:15 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:226 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:122 [ref. 26476], Randall et al. 1997:226 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:894 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:297 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3246 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:894 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:317 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:397 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:284 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:528 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Hernández et al. 2015:525 [ref. 34036], Koeda et al. 2016:54 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:8 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:186 [ref. 36673], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:12 [ref. 39607], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:459 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Maldives and Sri Lanka east to Hawaiian Islands (U. S. A.), northern Line Islands (Kiribati), Pitcairn Group and Easter Island (Chile), north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe Island (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga, Rapa and Gambier Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Chaetodon Gray [J. E.] 1831:33 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18153] Hawaiian Islands. BMNH 2004.10.31.2 (skin). Illustrated in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 20 (opp. p. 324) [ref. 1908]. •Valid as Chaetodon ornatus Gray 1831 -- (Kuiter 1997:212 [ref. 25488]). •Synonym of Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:507 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Mundy 2005:397 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ornatissimus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

ovalis, Chaetodon Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:442 [164] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 164 of reprint. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

oxycephalus, Chaetodon Bleeker [P.] 1853:603 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 337] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Chaetodon oxycephalus Bleeker 1853 -- (Burgess 1978:615 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:226 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:216 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:226 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:893 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3232 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:893 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Randall 2005:314 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:528 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:67 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:186 [ref. 36673], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:459 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon oxycephalus Bleeker 1853. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and Sri Lanka east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, east to to Philippines, Palau and Pohnpei, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

papek, Chaetodon Montrouzier [X.] 1857:441 [163] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 163 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Chaetodon mulsanti Thiollière 1857; Woodlark I., South Pacific. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831 based on placement of mulsanti Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

parallelus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:70 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:523 [ref. 700] but with Ahl as author, Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:449 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

paucifasciatus, Chaetodon chrysurus Ahl [E.] 1923:162 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Al-Qusair, Red Sea Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7888. Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Chaetodon paucifasciatus Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:402 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:175 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:164 [ref. 23965], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:109 [ref. 36273], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:459 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon paucifasciatus Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

pelewensis, Chaetodon Kner [R.] 1868:27 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Palau Islands [= Pelew Islands], western Pacific (erroneous, should be Society Islands). Holotype (unique): ?NMW 71181 [ex Museum Godeffroy, Hamburg]. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:306 [p. 14 of separate] [ref. 2646]. Type locality corrected according to Schmeltz 1869:15 [ref. 37694]. •Valid as Chaetodon pelewensis Kner 1868 -- (Burgess 1978:719 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:226 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:224 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:220 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:226 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:297 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3247 [ref. 26117], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:317 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:529 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:100 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2019:186 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon pelewensis Kner 1868. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western and southern-central Pacific: New South Wales (Australia), West Papua (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea east to French Polynesia and Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

pepek, Chaetodon Montrouzier [X.] 1857:441-444 [162-166] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] On p. 162 of reprint. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy of 7 species; Woodlark I., South Pacific. •Treated as synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]) and in part a synonym of Chaetodon ephippium -- (Burgess 1978:598 [ref. 700]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

pictus, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:65, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Mochhæ] Al-Mukhā, Yemen, Red Sea. No types known. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:587 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:176 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Chaetodon pictus Forsskål 1775 -- (Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:293 [ref. 28072], Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182], Psomadakis et al. 2015:291 [ref. 34104], Golani & Fricke 2018:110 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:460 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon pictus Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), southern Oman and Gulf of Oman. Habitat: marine.

plebeius, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Broussonet) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:68 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] South Seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9664. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:126 [ref. 20718], Bauchot 1969:135-136 [ref. 20807]. •Valid as Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:447 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:96 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:227 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:224 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:148 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:123 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:220 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:227 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Kuiter & Debelius 1999:234 [ref. 24303], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:888 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:297 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:169 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3247 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:888 [ref. 26193], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:318 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:529 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:101 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:186 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Moore et al. 2020:110 [ref. 37357]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon plebeius Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Australia and Papua New Guinea east to Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Fiji, north to Japan. Habitat: marine.

praetextatus, Chaetodon Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1138 [156], Pl. 3 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia. Holotype (?): BMNH 1860.3.19.285 (left half skin). Paratypes (?): BMNH 1860.3.19.9 (1, skin), 1860.3.19.1471 (1, skin), 1860.3.19.286 (2, left half skins). On p. 156 of separate. •Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:522 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

princeps, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:33 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Port Praslin, New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9923. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:126-127 [ref. 20718]. Not included in 1999. •Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- (Burgess 1978:594 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764] as rafflesi). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

principalis, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] 1829:190 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:133 [ref. 20718]. Available from footnote as, "Ch. principais, Renard. 2e part., lvi, 239, Valent., no. 407" ('Ikan sarasa jang variska' of Valentyn 1726:474, fig. 407 [ref. 30358]). Also in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:81 [ref. 4881]. •Synonym of the older name Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:598 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon ephippium Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

pulcher, Chelmo Steindachner [F.] 1875:382 [8] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 70 (1. Abth.); ref. 4219] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): Possibly Cambridge. Correct spelling for genus is Chelmon. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:602 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:340 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

punctatofasciatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:28 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9929. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:127 [ref. 20718]. Originally as punctato-fasciatus. •Valid as Chaetodon punctatofasciatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:716 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:98 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:227 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:224 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:123 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:220 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:227 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:892 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3248 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:892 [ref. 26193], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall 2005:317 [ref. 28239], McCosker & Stewart 2006:90 [ref. 28702], Allen et al. 2006:1293 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:529 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:101 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:187 [ref. 36673], Fujiwara et al. 2020:33 [ref. 38631]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon punctatofasciatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Malaysia east to Line Islands, north to Kagoshima Prefecture (southern Japan) and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

punctatolineatus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:70 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] India. Holotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.70 (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:225 [ref. 13434]. Originally as punctato-lineatus. •Synonym of Chaetodon punctatofasciatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Wheeler 1958:225 [ref. 13434], Burgess 1978:716 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764] as punctatofasciatus). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon punctatofasciatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Chaetodon Ahl [E.] 1923:97, Pl. 2 (fig. 8) [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Indo-Australian Archipelago. Syntypes: ZMB 15712 (2). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:685 [ref. 700]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

quadrimaculatus, Chaetodon Gray [J. E.] 1831:33 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18153] Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2004.10.31.3 (skin). Originally as 4-maculatus, correction mandatory. •Valid as Chaetodon quadrimaculatus Gray 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:728 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:890 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Pyle 2001:3248 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:890 [ref. 26193], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:318 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:397 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:285 [ref. 30952], Craig et al. 2008:159 [ref. 29754], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon quadrimaculatus Gray 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands, Mariana Islands and Marshall Islands, Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands, Samoa, Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago, Pitcairn. Habitat: marine.

rafflesii, Chaetodon Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:689 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1852.9.12.76-77 [ex Zool. Soc.] (2). Often seen as rafflesi. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. •Valid as Chaetodon rafflesii [Bennett] 1830 as a nomen protectum over Chaetodon sebae Cuvier 1828 -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:401 [ref. 29507]). •Valid as Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- (Burgess 1978:594 [ref. 700] as rafflesi, Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764] as rafflesi, Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441] as rafflesi, Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553] as rafflesi, Randall et al. 1990:227 [ref. 15987] as rafflesi, Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977] as rafflesi, Chen et al. 1997:123 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:214 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:227 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:165 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471] as rafflesi, Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:895 [ref. 25182] as rafflesi, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:298 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3249 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:895 [ref. 26193] as rafflesi, Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830] as rafflesi, Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125] as rafflesi, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:118 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624] as rafflesi, Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715] as rafflesi, Randall 2005:318 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1294 [ref. 29090], Hobbs et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29249] as rafflesi, Hobbs et al. 2008:8 [ref. 39350] as rafflesi, Satapoomin 2009:188 [ref. 30463], Hobbs et al. 2010:67 [ref. 30769] as rafflesi, Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:530 [ref. 31980] as rafflesi, Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:101 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:187 [ref. 36673], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:460 [ref. 39746]). Nomen Protectum. Current status: Valid as Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka and Christmas Island (Australia) east to Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

rainfordi, Chaetodon (Chaetodon) McCulloch [A. R.] 1923:4, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 15410] Holbourne Island, off Port Dennison, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.273. Paratypes: AMS IA.272 (1), IA 274-77 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Chaetodon rainfordi McCulloch 1923 -- (Burgess 1978:645 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:228 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:154 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:210 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:228 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Pyle 2001:3249 [ref. 26117], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Allen et al. 2006:1294 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:530 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon rainfordi McCulloch 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Great Barrier Reef (Australia) and southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

reinwardtii, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1860:23 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] Molucca Islands. Holotype (unique): RMNH D474 (stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:136-137 [ref. 20718]. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Chaetodon melanotus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:71 [ref. 4881]. Not based on Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Bauchot 1963:136-137 [ref. 20718], Burgess 1978:673 [ref. 700] as reinwardti, Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764] as reinwardti). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Broussonet) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:32, Pl. 171 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific; Uléa, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9860 (1) Tahiti [Bauchot's holotype], 0000-9861 (1) South seas. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:126 [ref. 20718] and Bauchot 1969:136 [ref. 20807] as holotype and paratype. Based on Chaetodon superbus in manuscript by Broussonet (Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet , 1761-1807, French naturalist and medical doctor), and on a drawing from Ulea, probably by Kittlitz (Friedrich Heinrich Freiherr von Kittlitz, 1799-1874, German ornithologist and naturalist). •Valid as Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:514 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:185 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:15 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:228 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:212 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:228 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:891 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:298 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Pyle 2001:3250 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:891 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:319 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:398 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1294 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:285 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:530 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific: Indonesia and Philippines east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga, Austral Islands and Gambier Islands. Habitat: marine.

ribulorum, Chaetodon Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:376 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Spelled rivulorum (from Uruguay) in Devincenzi 1925. See Chaetodon rivulorum Larrañaga in Devincenzi 1925. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1860:18 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 2; ref. 1963] No locality. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.9.19.539. •Valid as Chaetodon robustus Günther 1860 -- (Burgess 1978:731 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Maugé 1990:837 [ref. 17126], Afonso et al. 1999:76 [ref. 25466], Parenti & Randall 2000:10 [ref. 24943], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Wirtz et al. 2007:36 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:128 [ref. 32972], Bailly in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2670 [ref. 34618], Almeida & Alves 2019:269 [ref. 37509], Reiner 2019:229 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:299 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon robustus Günther 1860. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands, São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

sanctaehelenae, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1868:227 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 2) (art. 4) (for 26 Mar. 1868); ref. 1991] Saint Helena Island, South Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.10.8.29-30 (2). Additional material: ? 1868.3.11.6 (1), ? 1868.6.15.19 (1). Originally as sanctae helenae, correction mandatory. •Valid as Chaetodon sanctaehelenae Günther 1868 -- (Burgess 1978:690 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Edwards & Glass 1987:643 [ref. 9166], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Maugé 1990:838 [ref. 17126], Brito & Falcón 1996:99 [ref. 22304], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Wirtz et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33516], Bailly in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2671 [ref. 34618], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon sanctaehelenae Günther 1868. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southern-central Atlantic: Ascension and St. Helena islands; eastern Atlantic: straying to Canary Islands and Liberia. Habitat: marine.

sebae, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:52 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] New Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 0000-9913. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:126-127 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- (Burgess 1978:594 [ref. 700] as rafflesi, Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764] as rafflesi). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

sebae, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:no page number, Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 25 (no. 10) published in 1827. •Predates Chaetodon sebae Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831, but cannot be regarded as a junior synonym -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:399, 400 [ref. 29507]). •Senior synonym of Caranx rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:399, 400 [ref. 29507]). •Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:401 [ref. 29507] invoking reversal of precedence). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

sebanus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:no page number, Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 25 (no. 11) published in 1827. Predates Chaetodon sebanus Cuvier 1831. See Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:395, 400 [ref. 29507]. •Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775 -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:395, 400 [ref. 29507]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

sebanus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:74 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Sea of the Indies; Tumor, Guam; Tongatabu; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; Oualau; Jakarta, Java. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9681 (3), 0000-9682 (1), 0000-9744 (1), 0000-9746 (1), 0000-9869 (1), 0000-9909 (1), 0000-9915 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:128-129 [ref. 20718]. Predated by Chaetodon sebanus Cuvier in Guérin-Méneville 1827-31, Pl. 25 [ref. 29508]. •Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:582 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:327 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:447 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

sedentarius, Chaetodon Poey [F.] 1860:203 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 16198 (2), USNM 153580 [ex MCZ 16198] (1), ZMB 5949 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:205 [ref. 22926] with largest specimen in MCZ 16198 as holotype. •Valid as Chaetodon sedentarius Poey 1860 -- (Burgess 1978:692 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:386 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:193 [ref. 23100], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Boschung 1992:149 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:336 [ref. 24474], Santos et al. 1997:128 [ref. 23531], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:275 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:111 [ref. 26784], Burgess 2003:1668 [ref. 27101], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:464 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:59 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:21 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34961], Carneiro et al. 2019:278 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:152 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:547 [ref. 38945], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:77 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:69 [ref. 39585]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon sedentarius Poey 1860. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Caribbean Sea; northeastern Atlantic: Azores. Habitat: marine.

selene, Chaetodon Bleeker [P.] 1853:76 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4). •Valid as Chaetodon selene Bleeker 1853 -- (Burgess 1978:625 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall 1995:249 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:893 [ref. 25182], Pyle 2001:3250 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:893 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:531 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon selene Bleeker 1853. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

semeion, Chaetodon Bleeker [P.] 1855:450 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 16841] Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (2). •Valid as Chaetodon semeion Bleeker 1855 -- (Burgess 1978:618 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:228 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977] as semion, Kuiter 1997:214 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:228 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268] as semion, Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:889 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3251 [ref. 26117] as semion, Nakabo 2002:889 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:319 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:398 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1294 [ref. 29090], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:531 [ref. 31980] as semion, Fricke et al. 2014:101 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:187 [ref. 36673], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:460 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon semeion Bleeker 1855. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka, Christmas Island (Australia) and Cocos Keeling Islands (Australia) east to Line Islands (Kiribati) and Tuamotu Islands (French Polynesia), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia). Habitat: marine.

semilarvatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:39 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea; Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9772 (1) Red Sea, ZMB 1235 (2) Massawa. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:129 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratypes. •Valid as Chaetodon semilarvatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:554 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:176 [ref. 29757], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Goren & Dor 1994:47 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:251 [ref. 22896], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Golani & Fricke 2018:110 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon semilarvatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra (Yemen), southern Oman. Habitat: marine.

semipunctatus, Chaetodon citrinellus var. Ahl [E.] 1923:104 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] Indo-Pacific. ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:697 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon citrinellus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

setifer, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1795:101, Pl. 426 (fig. 1) [not Pl. 425] [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1264. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:60 [ref. 24282]. On p. 99 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775 -- (Burgess 1978:581 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:326 [ref. 24106], Mundy 2005:393 [ref. 28379], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:447 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon auriga Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

smithi, Chaetodon Randall [J. E.] 1975:13, Pl. 2 (figs. 1-2) [Uo (Japanese Society of Ichthyologists) No. 25; ref. 7464] Off Young's Rock, Pitcairn Island, southern Pacific, depth 9 meters. Holotype: BPBM 13220. Paratypes: AMNH 32455-56 (4, 4); AMS I.17916-001 (1); BMNH 1975.8.13.2 (1); BPBM 13058 (2), 13216-18 (1, 1, 1), 13221 (1); CAS 33466 (1); MNHN 1975-0696 (1); USNM 214673 (1). •Valid as Chaetodon smithi Randall 1975 -- (Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall 1999:17 [ref. 25829], Pyle 2001:3251 [ref. 26117], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall 2005:320 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon smithi Randall 1975. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

speculum, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:73 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH D498 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH D497 (1, dry), D500 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:1367 [ref. 20718]. Lectotype established in Bauchot 1963:137 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:454 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:98 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:229 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:406 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:124 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:212 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:229 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:890 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:298 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:169 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:102 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3252 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:890 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:320 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1294 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:137 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:531 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:102 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:56 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:188 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:157 [ref. 36626], Lee et al. 2021:375 [ref. 38845]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) east to Palau, Yap, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Korea, Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

sphenospilus, Chaetodon Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:395, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 (1899); ref. 2340] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: CAS-SU 23322 (10); USNM 49705 (4), ?50704 (1). Holotype established in caption to Fig. 8 if specimen is identifiable. •Synonym of Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:637 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Mundy 2005:399 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

spilopleura, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Reinwardt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:74 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:133 [ref. 20718]. Based on a Reinwardt figure. •Synonym of Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:454 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:275 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "Indii". Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.67 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), NRM 61 (1), ZMUU 50 (1, half-skin). Type catalog: Lönnberg 1896:22 [ref. 23530], Wheeler 1958:225 [ref. 13434], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:249 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1991:175, Fig. 14 [ref. 20102]. Rosenthal (1812-1825) 1821:12-13 [ref. 19804] gives a description of the species and illustrates a skeleton on Pl. 13 (fig. 2), but this clearly represents a scatophagid -- see Parenti 2004:3 [ref. 27605]. Based on the 'Chaetodon macrolepidotus, lineis utrinque tribus' of Artedi 1738: 95 [ref. 30529]; the 'Labrus rostro reflexo, fasciis lateralibus tribus fuscis' of Linnaeus 1749:313 [ref. 38023], which was based on the 'Iaguacaquare' of Markgraf von Liebstad 1648:156 [ref. 30347] from Brazil; the 'Chaetodon rostro longo osseo, microlepidotus, albo flavescens...' of Gronow 1754:49 [ref. 20783], which was based on the 'Ikan Batoe Barista' of Valentyn 1726:427 [ref. 30358] from Ambon (Indonesia); the 'Chaetodon flavescens, fasciis quinque fuscis' of Linnaeus 1754:62, Pl. 33, fig. 7 [ref. 31115]. •Valid as Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:661 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Robins & Ray 1986:193 [ref. 23100], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Maugé 1990:839 [ref. 17126], Boschung 1992:149 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1993:338 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:275 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:163 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:111 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Burgess 2003:1669 [ref. 27101], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:90 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:39 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:466 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Page et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:59 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:21 [ref. 34324], Bailly in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2668 [ref. 34618], Spier et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36103], Robertson et al. 2020:152 [ref. 38098], Carvalho-Filho et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:548 [ref. 38945], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:77 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:69 [ref. 39585]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Caribbean Sea; western-central Atlantic: Saint Paul's Rocks. Habitat: marine.

striatus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:no page number, Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 25 (no. 9) published in 1827. See Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:395, 400 [ref. 29507]. •Not available, homonym and synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:395, 400 [ref. 29507]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

strigangulus, Chaetodon Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] (ex Solander) 1839:60, Pl. 17 (fig. 2) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Tahiti, Society Islands. Lectotype: whereabouts unknown. Description independent of Chaetodon strigangulus Cuvier 1831. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:336 [ref. 24106] as the fish shown in the original illustration (Pl. 17, fig. 2) thereby restricting the type locality to Tahiti, Society Islands. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Chaetodon strigangulus Cuvier 1831. •Synonym of Megaprotodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) based on placement of C. strigangulus Cuvier. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Fricke 1999:336 [ref. 24106], Randall 2005:321 [ref. 28239]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

strigangulus, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Solander) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:42, Pl. 172 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Tahiti, Society Islands. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9680. Paralectotypes: RMNH D469 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:130 [ref. 20718], Bauchot 1969:135 [ref. 20807]. Also appeared as new in Lay & Bennett 1839:60, pl. 17, fig. 2 [ref. 2730]. Lectotype selected by Bauchot 1963:126 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Megaprotodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:178 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764] with author as Gmelin 1789, Mundy 2005:399 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:286 [ref. 30952], Golani & Fricke 2018:110 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

superbus, Chaetodon Lesson [R. P.] (ex Broussonet) 1831:178 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Not available, Broussonet manuscript name mentioned in passing under Chaetodon reticulatus; also in synonymy in other works. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:514 [ref. 700]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

superbus, Chaetodon Broussonet [P. M. A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:32 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Otaïti [Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific]. No types preserved. Name mentioned in passing in account of Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon reticulatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

tabak, Chaetodon Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Forsskål) 1792:421 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 31 [ref. 20847] as Chaetodon fasciatus. Unnecessary replacement name for Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700] in Chaetodontidae. . •Synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775 -- (Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

tallii, Chaetodon Bleeker [P.] 1854:97 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16924] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

taunayi, Eteira Kaup [J. J.] 1860:148 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 26 (pt. 1); ref. 2583] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. No types known. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

taunigrum, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:38 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: MNHN A-0277. Originally as tau-nigrum, correction mandatory. Type information: Bauchot 1963:124, 130 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). •Objective synonym of Chaetodon lunulatus Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Mundy 2005:396 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

tearlachi, Chaetodon Curtiss [A.] 1938:117 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

tinkeri, Chaetodon Schultz [L. P.] 1951:485, Pl. 15 (fig. A) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 101 (no. 3285); ref. 10147] Off Nanakuli, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth 15 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 111976. Paratypes: USNM 111977 (2). •Valid as Chaetodon tinkeri Schultz 1951 -- (Burgess 1978:370 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764], Yamakawa & Tameka in Okamura et al. 1982:250 [ref. 8256], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Pyle 2001:3252 [ref. 26117], Randall et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26192], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall 2005:320 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:398 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:286 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon tinkeri Schultz 1951. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Marshall Islands, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

triangularis, Chaetodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:42, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 1642. •Synonym of Megaprotodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:177 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Golani & Fricke 2018:110 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

triangulum, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:44 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 1135. Paralectotypes: RMNH D487 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:138 [ref. 20718]. Lectotype established in Bauchot 1963:138 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Chaetodon triangulum Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:427 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:221 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1997:124 [ref. 26476], Pyle 2001:3232 [ref. 26117], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:310 [ref. 28239], Satapoomin 2009:188 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:532 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:238 [ref. 35805], Psomadakis et al. 2020:512 [ref. 37272], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon triangulum Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa and Madagascar east to Andaman Sea and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

triangulum, Chaetodon Reinhardt [J. C. H.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:42 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Not available, name mentioned in passing in account of Chaetodon strigangulus Cuvier 1831; from Moluccas. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Unknown. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

trichrous, Chaetodon Günther [A.] 1874:40, Pl. 36 (fig. A) [Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee Bd 1 (Heft 2); ref. 14190] Society Islands. •Valid as Chaetodon trichrous Günther 1874 -- (Burgess 1978:703 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Pyle 2001:3253 [ref. 26117], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Randall 2005:321 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon trichrous Günther 1874. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southern-central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tricinctus, Chaetodon Waite [E. R.] 1901:45, Fig. 12 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 14772] Lord Howe Island, 31°33'S, 159°05'E, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): AMS I.3306. •Valid as Chaetodon tricinctus Waite 1901 -- (Burgess 1978:648 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Kuiter 1993:218 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Kuiter 1997:210 [ref. 25488], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Allen et al. 2006:1295 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon tricinctus Waite 1901. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

trifascialis, Chaetodon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:379, Pl. 62 (fig. 5) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9908. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:130-131 [ref. 20718]. •Valid as Megaprotodon trifascialis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:177 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825 -- (Burgess 1978:418 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:630 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:229 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:252 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:124 [ref. 26476] dated 1824, Kuiter 1997:222 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:229 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:336 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:888 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:298 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:170 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3253 [ref. 26117] dated 1824, Nakabo 2002:888 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:118 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:122 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:292 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:321 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:398 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1295 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:286 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:73 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:188 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:138 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:532 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:102 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:56 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:238 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:110 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:188 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Koeda in Motomura et al. 2021:39 [ref. 38121], Fujiwara et al. 2022:91 [ref. 39094], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Aliwal Shoal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals (Cargados Carajos) and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.), northern Line Islands (Kiribati) and Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to southern Japan, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island (Australia) and Rapa (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

trifasciatus, Chaetodon Park [M.] 1797:34 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 17801] Habitat in Sumatræ littore [Bengkulu Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.11.12.4 (1, dry, right half skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1974:474 [ref. 31545]. Author often seen as Mungo Park. Chaetodon trifasciatus Walbaum 1793 is senior homonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 but also is a nomen oblitum. Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 is here treated as a nomen protectum. •Valid as Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797, subspecies trifasciatus -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251]). •Valid as Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:630 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:98 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:229 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Kuiter 1995:105 [ref. 22918], Randall 1995:248 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:407 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:125 [ref. 26476] with author as Mungo Park, Randall et al. 1997:229 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:336 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:623 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:171 [ref. 25480], Pyle 2001:3254 [ref. 26117], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:305 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:315 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1291 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:73 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:189 [ref. 30463], Hobbs et al. 2010:67 [ref. 30769], Allen & Erdmann 2012:532 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:238 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:461 [ref. 39746]). Nomen Protectum. Current status: Valid as Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Cocos-Keeling Islands (Australia), Christmas Island (Australia), Sumatra and Java (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

trifasciatus, Chaetodon Walbaum [J. J.] 1793:86 [J. T. Kleinii ichthyologia enodata; ref. 12604] Chaetodon trifasciatus Walbaum 1793 is senior homonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 but is here treated as a nomen oblitum. Name also appeared in Suckow 1799:374 [ref. 18858]. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

trivirgatus, Anisochaetodon (Lepidochaeton) Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1936:101, Fig. 27 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 7; ref. 4606] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 113095. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:84 [ref. 19236]. Spelling of subgenus should have been Lepidochaetodon. •Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:662 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

ulietensis, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:39 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:134 [ref. 20718]. Based on a Parkinson drawing. •Valid as Chaetodon ulietensis Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:606 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:98 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:230 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1993:231 [ref. 21003], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:122 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:220 [ref. 23929], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:407 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:125 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:216 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:230 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:18 [ref. 25829], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:894 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:299 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3254 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:894 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:119 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:322 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:399 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:287 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:138 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:533 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:102 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:56 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:189 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon ulietensis Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands and Ducie (Pitcairn Group), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, and Tonga, waifs reaching Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

unifasciatus, Chaetodon van Hasselt [J. C.] in Bleeker 1877:63 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 17 (art. 2); ref. 17112] Not available, name mentioned in passing in the synonymy of Tetragonoptrus speculum (Cuvier 1831) = Chaetodon speculum Cuvier 1831. Nomen Nudum. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

unifasciatus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:69 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.69 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin, poor condition). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:226 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Identified as Chaetodon sp. -- (Wheeler 1958:226 [ref. 13434]). Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

uniformis, Chaetodon sanctaehelenae var. Ahl [E.] 1923:93 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte Berlin (N.F.) v. 89 Abt. A, Heft 5; ref. 5113] St. Helena Island, South Atlantic (15°58'S, 5°43'W). ?BMNH. Originally sanctae helenae as 2 words, correction mandatory. Types mentioned by Paepke 1995:97 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Chaetodon sanctaehelenae Günther 1868 -- (Burgess 1978:690 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Maugé 1990:838 [ref. 17126]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon sanctaehelenae Günther 1868. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

unimaculatus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:75, Pl. 201 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] East Indies [Indonesia]. Syntypes: ZMB 1256-1257 (1, 1). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:60-61 [ref. 24282]. On p. 54 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:637 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:630 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:98 [ref. 25477], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Randall et al. 1990:230 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:224 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:150 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:125 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:214 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:230 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:166 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:18 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:890 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:299 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:15 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3255 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:890 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:119 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:72 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:18 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:288 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:322 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:399 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1295 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:287 [ref. 30952], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:138 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1003 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:533 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:102 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:189 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon unimaculatus Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island and Cocos-Keeling Islands (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

vagabundus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:276 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Indies (probably Indonesia). No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:339 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Burgess 1978:587 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Dor 1984:176 [ref. 29757], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:630 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251], Kuiter 1993:221 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:163 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:48 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:252 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:126 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:214 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:518 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:167 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:338 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:892 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:300 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:172 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:102 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841] as vababundus, Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3255 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:892 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:292 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:323 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:400 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1295 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:73 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:189 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:138 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:533 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:102 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:57 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:168 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:239 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:14 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:54 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:189 [ref. 36673], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Kim et al. 2020:141 [ref. 39118], Lee & Kim 2021:129 [ref. 39736], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:462 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Persian Gulf, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Marshall Islands, northern Line Islands (Kiribati) and Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to southern Korea and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island (Australia), New Caledonia and Austral Islands (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.

variegatus, Chetodon Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Forsskål) 1788:88 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype: ZMUC P2400 (dry skin). Based on Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775:59 [ref. 1351]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 31 [ref. 20847] for Chaetodon fasciatus. Unnecessary replacement name for Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. Objective synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775 (see Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]). •Objective synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775 -- (Fricke 2008:44 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon fasciatus Forsskål 1775. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

vinctus, Chaetodon Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] 1839:62, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] South Pacific. Holotype: not preserved. Based on a drawing by Mr. Smyth. Evidently from Tuamotu Is., not Byam Martin I., Northwest Territories, Canada. •Synonym of Chaetodon bennetti Cuvier 1831 -- (Burgess 1978:467 [ref. 700]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon bennetti Cuvier 1831. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

virescens, Chaetodon Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:30 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9694 (1), A-0106 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:131 [ref. 20718]. •Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790 -- (Burgess 1978:699 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:158 [ref. 22764], Fricke 1999:330 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

viridis, Chaetodon Bleeker [P.] 1845:520 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 2 (3); ref. 312] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Batavia, Java. •In the synonymy of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787 -- (Burgess 1978:522 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon collare Bloch 1787. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

vittatus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:227 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH uncat. (skin). Based on Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. •Synonym of Chaetodon austriacus Rüppell 1836 -- (Dor 1984:173 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797 -- (Burgess 1978:478 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:160 [ref. 22764]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

vitulus, Chaetodon Whitley [G. P.] 1957:63, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1955-56; ref. 4727] Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.3655. Paratypes: AMS IB.3656-57 (2). •Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700] in Chaetodontidae. •Synonym of Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923 Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon guentheri Ahl 1923. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.

wiebeli, Chaetodon Kaup [J. J.] 1863:127 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 1; ref. 18376] Canton, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.12.12.7 (1). •Valid as Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863 -- (Burgess 1978:538 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:159 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:184 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Chen et al. 1997:126 [ref. 26476] dated 1860, Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:895 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:172 [ref. 25480], Pyle 2001:3256 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:895 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:352, 624 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830] as weibli, Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Motomura et al. 2010:138 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:534 [ref. 31980], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Nakae in Kimura et al. 2018:209 [ref. 36460], Kim et al. 2020:141 [ref. 39118], Sonoyama et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup 1863. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, China and Taiwan, north to southern Sea of Japan (Korea, Japan). Habitat: marine.

wilderi, Roaops declivis Pyle [R. L.] 1988:56, Fig. 1 [Freshwater and Marine Aquarium v. 11 (no. 9); ref. 6613] Northwestern side of Christmas [Kiritimati] Island, 0.25 miles southwest of North London Resettlement Area, Line Islands, Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 31936. Paratypes: AMS I.27263-001 (1); BPBM 31892 (1), 31961 (1), 31963 (4); CAS 62451 (4); MNHN 1988-0256 (1); USNM 291692 (4). •Synonym of Chaetodon declivis Randall 1975, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Randall 2005:312 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon declivis Randall 1975. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae.

xanthocephalus, Chaetodon Bennett [E. T.] 1833:182 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1832 (pt 2); ref. 16789] Ceylon [Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.157. •Valid as Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833 -- (Burgess 1978:602 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Heemstra 1986:630 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:13 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251], Fricke 1999:340 [ref. 24106], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:303 [ref. 27125], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2009:73 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:534 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:239 [ref. 35805], Psomadakis et al. 2020:512 [ref. 37272], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:462 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia), Seychelles, Comoros, Mozambique Channel, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Riodrigues) east to Thailand and western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

xanthurus, Chaetodon Bleeker [P.] 1857:53 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4). •Valid as Chaetodon xanthurus Bleeker 1857 -- (Burgess 1978:406 [ref. 700], Allen 1980:161 [ref. 22764], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:183 [ref. 6441], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Allen 1997:152 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:167 [ref. 23965], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:896 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:173 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:106 [ref. 25868], Pyle 2001:3256 [ref. 26117], Nakabo 2002:896 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:42 [ref. 26830], Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125], Motomura et al. 2010:138 [ref. 31256], Zuo & Tang 2011:1004 [ref. 32151], Allen & Erdmann 2012:534 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon xanthurus Bleeker 1857. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: East Indian Region, to West Papua, Indonesia and north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

zanzibarensis, Chaetodon Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:33, Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1868.5.30.110. Original spelling was zanzibarensis and that spelling should be used. •Valid as Chaetodon zanzibarensis Playfair 1867 -- (Burgess 1978:462 [ref. 700] as zanzibariensis, Allen 1980:162 [ref. 22764] as zanzibariensis, Heemstra 1986:630 [ref. 5660], Blum 1989:14 [ref. 37553], Winterbottom et al. 1989:43 [ref. 13251], Fricke 1999:340 [ref. 24106], Kuiter & Debelius 1999:234 [ref. 24303] as zanzibariensis, Smith et al. 2003:304 [ref. 27125] as zanzibariensis, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3323 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2009:73 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:239 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:83 [ref. 36871], Heemstra & Heemstra 2022:463 [ref. 39746]). Current status: Valid as Chaetodon zanzibarensis Playfair 1867. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Aldabra (Seychelles), Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

zebra, Chaetodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:458, 489 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] East Indies; America. Not treated by Burgess 1978 [ref. 700] in Chaetodontidae. •Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm., 10/17/03). Current status: Synonym of Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus 1758. Chaetodontidae: Chaetodontinae. Habitat: marine.


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